Archive for the ‘Uncategorized’ Category

Posted by admin at 9 December 2014

Category: Uncategorized

DALITS/SCHEDULED CASTES

1. Murder of Dalit family in Ahmednagar sparks protest on streets of New York (2)

MUMBAI: A month after the mutilated body parts of three members of a Dalit family were recovered from their village in Ahmednagar, the incident, reminiscent of the Khairlanji massacre, has drawn worldwide attention. While the incident sparked protests across the state, Dalit organizations staged a protest in the streets of New York over the weekend and submitted a petition to the UN. Protests are to follow in other parts of the world, including Japan and Canada. The three people who were butchered last month were a teen studying in a city college, Sunil Jadhav, and his parents in Ahmednagar. “Three weeks have already passed but the concerned police authorities have not nabbed the culprits. The police administration appears to be clueless about this village-based horrendous crime or most likely they are under pressure, which is the case in most caste atrocities against Dalits,” says the petition submitted to the UN HQ in New York by Dr Ambedkar International Mission, an umbrella organization of Dalit groups across the world. The petition talks of how India’s legal justice system has, so far, been “ineffective” as far as caste-based discrimination is concerned, and calls for the intervention of the United Nations Human Rights Commission for justice in the Ahmednagar case. Demands include the immediate suspension of the Ahmednagar district magistrate and superintendant of police and the inclusion of Ahmednagar in the list of ‘Dalit Atrocity-Prone Areas’. “The protest in New York was unique as people travelled from across America to attend it. We had people coming in from areas such as Michigan, California, Connecticut and Washington. People turned up on the streets despite the bitter cold and the wind-chill in support of the cause,” said Raju Kamble, who founded Dr Ambedkar International Mission 20 years ago. Dalits were not the only ones present at the New York protest; it included African Americans, Indian church groups and Arab artists. Miss Arab runner-up Ratiba Lazizi joined the protest. The protest involved a candlelight vigil and a sit-in before the UN. Retired businessman Markand Warade from Canada was at the NY protest and wants to hold one in Toronto. “Nobody, from the district collector, police, chief minister, president or prime minister have taken any interest in the Ahmednagar case,” said Warade. The Ambedkar International Mission in Japan is preparing to stage a protest in Tokyo, said Dr Sushant Godghate, an engineering doctorate who works as a consultant for a multinational. It will be a joint protest between Dalits in Japan and local Buddhist organizations, and will take place in front of the UN office in Tokyo. US-based entrepreneur Deelip Mhaske said the murders should not be seen solely as a Dalit issue but as a grave violation of human rights. (Times of India 20/11/14)

2. Dalit family alleges harassment by police and caste Hindus (2)

Hassan: Alleging torture and harassment by Konanuru police and some Upper caste people for complaining of atrocity on Dalits, a family of three persons from Konapura in Arkalgud taluk staged a dharna outside the Deputy Commissioner’s office here on Friday. They appealed to the State government to allow them commit suicide or undergo mercy killing as they could not lead a contented life. K.P. Rajashekhar (26) and his parents Papaiah and Sarojamma, who staged the dharna, alleged that false complaints had been filed against Mr. Rajashekhar for raising the voice against the atrocities on Dalits. Besides, the police were torturing the family on the basis of false complaints, they charged. “All this began in 2009 when my uncle was assaulted by Upper caste people for refusing to continue with the works like digging grave for the dead. I, along with my uncle, had filed a complaint against the Upper caste. Since then, I have been targeted and tortured. Women belonging to the families of those against whom I had filed the complaint had lodged false complaints alleging that I tried to molest them,” Mr. Rajashekhar said. Mr. Rajashekhar, who was in tears, alleged that the police were ‘hand in glove’ with the caste Hindus. “The police have often assaulted me in the station and they have threatened to spoil my life. The police have seized my two-wheeler without any reason and also threatened to take my parents into custody,” he claimed. (The Hindu 22/11/14)

3. Muslims, dalits and tribals make up 53% of all prisoners in India (2)

NEW DELHI: Muslims, dalits and adivasis — three of the most vulnerable sections of Indian society — make up more than half of India’s prison population, according to an official report on prisons released this month. Although the proportion of these three communities in India adds up to about 39%, their share amongst prisoners is considerably higher at 53%.India had 4.2 lakh people in prison in 2013. Nearly 20% of them were Muslims although the share of Muslims in India’s population is about 13% according to Census 2001. Religion-wise data from Census 2011 is yet to be released but it is unlikely to be much different. Dalits make up 22% of prisoners, almost one in four. Their proportion in population is about 17% according to Census 2011. While adivasis make up 11% of prisoners, their share in the general population is 9%.Most experts say that this disturbing trend is not because these communities commit more crimes. Rather, it arises because they are economically and socially under-privileged, unable to fight costly cases or often even pay for bail. Some say that these communities are targeted with false cases. Former chief justice of Delhi high court Rajinder Sachar, who headed the committee that brought out a report on the condition of Muslim community in India in 2006, pointed out that there had been several cases of Muslim youths being acquitted after years in prison. “Poverty is more prevalent among these three communities and that becomes an obstacle in dealing with the legal system,” said Colin Gonsalves, human rights activist and lawyer. “Our system has an ingrained communal and casteist bias. Also, the proportion of these communities in the police officers and even judiciary is less. These are key factors behind this shocking imbalance,” he added. Pointing out that nearly 68% of the prisoners are undertrials, Abusaleh Sharif, who was member-secretary of the Sachar Committee and later brought out an updated report on the conditions of Muslims, said that they had to remain behind bars because of inability to negotiate the hostile system.”Among those in prison under preventive detention laws, nearly half are Muslims. This is the kind of thing that the government needs to speedily investigate and resolve,” Sharif said. Ramesh Nathan of the National Dalit Movement for Justice alleged that false cases are filed against dalits in order to intimidate them, causing this disturbingly high number of prisoners among vulnerable sections. “In my experience as a lawyer, whenever a dalit person files a case under the Atrocities Act, a false countercase under some penal code provision is filed by the culprits,” he said. Prison statistics are published annually by the National Crime Records Bureau since 1995, although caste breakup is available since 1999. The proportions of Muslims, dalits and adivasis have remained virtually unchanged over the past 15 years indicating that this is a systemic problem. ITimes if India 24/11/14)

4. Dalit youth beaten up for ‘obscene’ dance moves (2)

Athani (Belagavi dist): Tension prevailed at Gundewadi village in Athani taluk after a dalit youth was allegedly assaulted by persons belonging to an upper caste, objecting to his ‘obscene’ dance moves on stage, on Sunday night. The victim, Sagar Kamble’s dance was part of a drama titled ‘Dharmavantaru’. What started with an exchange of verbal abuse, escalated and Kamble was beaten up, the police said. In the scuffle, three others also suffered injuries, the police added. According to the police, the miscreants also set Kamble’s dhaba on fire and tore a picture of Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar. Kamble then brought his community people to the spot. As the news spread, an influential person incited the people to rebel, which led to stone throwing from both the sides, the police said. Police personnel have been deployed in the village to prevent any untoward incident. (Deccan Herald 25/11/14)

5. Dalit hanged by UP panchayat over affair, family alleges (2)

BULANDSHAHR: A 28-year-old dalit man was allegedly hanged to death by a panchayat at Nagla Tota in Bulandhahr for having an affair with a married woman, his family alleged on Wednesday. The police said they were investigating the allegation but no complaint was filed. Lala, according to a family member, was first thrashed and then ‘sentenced to hang till death’ after the woman’s husband caught them in a compromising position. “Lala and this woman were in a relationship before she got married to someone else. But six months ago, she eloped with Lala and the duo stayed in Dehradun for a while,” said Surender, Lala’s uncle. “On Tuesday, Lala had gone to meet her. But the woman’s husband caught him. He raised an alarm and villagers gathered within minutes. Lala was trapped,” he added. Lala was hanged from a tree for the whole village to see. The police said the body had been sent for an autopsy. The Bulandshahr SSP said, “The police have still not received any complaint.” (Times of India 27/11/14)

TRIBALS

6. Save us, tribals urge Vara Vara Rao (6)

HYDERABAD: Over five dozen tribal people hailing from Visakhapatnam district landed at the residence of social activist and revolutionary poet Vara Vara Rao on Wednesday morning and made a plaintive plea asking him to save their lives from attacks from Maoists. Around 9.30 a.m, they gathered at the residence of Mr. Vara Vara Rao near Ashok Nagar and holding placards, shouted slogans requesting him to use his good offices and see that that they were not attacked by the Maoists. There was a sizeable bandobust by the police. Mr. Rao however, was not at his residence. Among those who participated in the protest were Jammala Bhikka and Arjun, who said they had come to seek Mr. Rao’s help. Interestingly, the placards held by them told a different story with some of them appearing to be in support of the government. “The murder of Rammohan and Rambabu is in revenge, against the extremist acts of Maoists”, “If you surrender, it means lakhs worth financial assistance”, “Permanent rehabilitation is the policy of the government”, were the lines on the placards carried by the tribals. (The Hindu 20//11/14)

7. Police Brought Tribals to Stage Protests: Varavara (6)

HYDERABAD: A day after several tribals from Chintapally in Visakhapatnam district staged a protest outside his residence at Gandhinagar, Virasam leader Varavara Rao said on Thursday that incriminating video footage and photographs showing police bringing the tribals to the city were available with him. Speaking at a press conference here, he said: “About 60 Girijans were brought in a bus by the Vizag police after seeking permission from their Telangana counterparts and government. It was an organised attack at my house when I was not there. We have clippings of police bringing them in an auto and bus and taking them to Sanjeevaiah Park”. Further, he said: “It was done primarily to disturb the surroundings of my new residence and threaten neighbours”. Demanding that Maoists stop harassing tribal people, some of the placards carried by the Girijans, according to Rao, read, “We killed Ram Mohan and Ram Babu in revenge to killing of Sanjeeva Rao”, “Maoists, you surrender and you get lakhs of rupees” and “Maoists surrender means permanent rehabilitation.” He said it was shocking to find Girijans sloganeering. “It is a conspiracy well directed by the police with support from both State governments to create a divide between tribals and Maoists”. Civil liberties activists and members of Revolutionary Writers Association condemned the incident. Senior journalist Potturi Venkateswara Rao recalled Varavara Rao’s struggles in the last 45 years for the downtrodden. Surepally Sujatha, activist and assistant professor, Satavahana University, Karimnagar, said: “This oppression of democratic voices will kill the spirit of Adivasis. We appeal to Adivasis not to fall prey into the trap laid by police.” (New Indian Express 21/11/14)

8. Forest department to settle land dispute with BNP tribals soon (6)

Bengaluru: The Forest department has finally woken up to the fact that land sharks are trying to take advantage of its dispute with tribals over the ownership of 350 acres of land near Bannerghatta National Park, on the outskirts of the City. After learning that land developers were eyeing the disputed property, the Forest Department has now decided to hold a meeting with tribals, in a couple of days, to resolve the issue. This is being done to ensure that the pricey land does not fall into the hands of real estate developers. A senior forest department official told Deccan Herald that it had come to their notice that many land developers were eyeing the land and some had even visited the site, despite the fact that the disputed land was part of the Bannerghatta National Park. “A meeting with tribals will be held this week to settle the matter at the earliest. Over 225 tribal families reside in the BNP. Protecting the disputed land is important as Bannerghatta Road and surrounding areas are real estate hotspots. On November 15, 2014 we had cleared encroachments in Weavers’ Colony were people had constructed 120 houses,” he added. The official recollected that then government of Mysore on January 29, 1962, had notified 350 acres in Ragihalli State Forest to establish a colony for settlement and rehabilitation of Hakki Pikki and Iruliga tribals. However, a field survey by the forest department in 1990s revealed that the actual land allotted for the purpose was 396 acres. The additional 46 acres is at Bhutanahalli in survey no 120 in Ragihalli Forest, which is part of the BNP. The tribals had occupied more land at Bannerghatta Kaval survey no 1 and Bhutanahalli survey no 120. To sort out the dispute over the ownership of the said lands, a meeting was held with the chief secretary in 2012. The Ministry of Environment and Forests too sought clarification about the case in 2012 and 2013. Last week, over 50 people from the Hakki Pikki and Iruliga Tribal Society met Forest and Ecology Minister Ramanath Rai and gave him a memorandum. They stated that Karnataka High Court in 2010 had directed the government to settle the matter at the earliest, but till date no action had been taken. They demanded that a ‘No Development Zone’ be created three kilometres from the BNP boundary to prevent land exploitation in the eco-sensitive zone. They also urged that the land be given to tribals for housing, agriculture, apiculture and horticulture. During the meeting, the minister reportedly assured the tribals that they would not be evicted and the land dispute would be settled soon. (New Indian Express 25/11/14)

9. ‘Give tribe status to U’khand Gorkhas’ (6)

DEHRADUN: The over 12 lakh Gorkhas in Uttarakhand demand recognition as a tribal group. The demand grew even more strident after Gorkhas in West Bengal and Sikkim were reportedly to be granted tribal status. There are at least 15 groups of Gorkhas — Bhujel, Gurung, Mangar, Newar, Jogi, Khas, Rai, Sunuwar, Thami and Yakhna, among them – that at present are not considered tribal groups. Groups like Bhutia and Letcha have been already been granted tribal status. Tamang and Limboo communities were recognised as tribals in 2003. President of the All India Gorkha Ex-Servicemen Welfare Association (AIGEWA), West Bengal region, SP Pradhan, said tribal status would make for easier access to higher education and jobs for young people from the community. In Assam, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Punjab, Sikkim, West Bengal, Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram, Gorkhas are listed as an Other Backward Caste (OBC) group. Given that retirement from the army happens at an early age of 35, Gorkha ex-servicemen should be offered re-employment opportunities too, members at the AIGEWA meeting said. They have also sought that the budget allocated by the Centre for Gorkhas, which is a mere Rs 8 lakh per annum, should be increased. (Times of India 26/11/2014)

WOMEN

10. NCW denied arrest powers (8)

New Delhi, Nov. 19: The law ministry has turned down the women and child welfare ministry’s request to give the National Commission for Women statutory powers to arrest, punish and penalise those accused of domestic and matrimonial violence against women. Union law minister Sadananda Gowda said his ministry had recently rejected the request, saying the NCW couldn’t be given powers vested only with the judiciary. “We told them no such power can be given to the NCW because it can be exercised only by the judiciary through due process of law,” the minister told reporters. Gowda also said the Centre would amend the Lokpal act to ensure that the leader of the largest single party finds a place in the panel to select the anti-corruption ombudsman. Under the existing act, the leader of the Opposition should be on the panel. Following the Narendra Modi government’s refusal to grant the Congress the status of leader of Opposition (LoP), the Supreme Court, while hearing a PIL challenging certain provisions of the act, had asked how it proposed to fill the vacuum in the absence of an LoP. Gowda said the government was working on a policy to reduce the number of cases in courts and prevent inter-ministerial and inter-departmental litigations. In the coming winter session, the government, he added, would bring amendments to the arbitration law to settle commercial disputes. Other proposed bills, he said, include amendments to the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955, and the Special Marriage Act, 1954, to make irretrievable breakdown of marriage a ground for divorce. Irretrievable breakdown of marriage is not a ground for divorce now. Gowda said a fresh bill would be introduced as an earlier one, which the previous government had managed to pass in the Lok Sabha, could not be taken up in the Rajya Sabha and had lapsed. (The Telegraph 20/11/14)

11. Female Foeticide Is as Bad as ‘Sati’ Custom: Gujarat CM (8)

VALSAD: Without mincing words, Gujarat Chief Minister Anandi Patel today said female foeticide was as evil a custom as the old practices of ‘sati’ or ‘doodhpeeti’. “There was a time when our legendary leaders abolished the traditions like sati (women immolating themselves on the husband’s funeral pyre) and doodhpeeti (the practice of killing the unwanted new-born girl by drowning her in vat of milk). Now this modernised society is witnessing the cases of female foeticide, this is shameful,” Patel said.    The Chief Minister was speaking at the two-day ‘National Youth Convention’ here. “Women’s situation can be improved only if they are given proper education. Education is the only solution for their betterment. A country or a state where women are not given education remains under-developed,” Patel added. She also pointed out that Gujarat government had announced that it would build toilets in every house with the people’s participation. Citing Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s ‘Clean India’ campaign, Patel said the women should take extra efforts to keep the society clean. (New Indian Express 22/11/14)

12. 1 in 4 Chennai women faces sexual assault, violence, finds survey (8)

CHENNAI: One in four women in the city Chennai have been at the receiving end of sexual or physical violence, a study shows. A survey conducted by Women and Children Foundation (WCF) Hospitals in Chennai says most of them were victims of incest or sexual harassment from people in their close circles. The hospital, to as part of raising raise awareness on International Day for Elimination of Violence Against Women (Nov 25) took responses from 7,605 people in the city including women, men and transgenders. It analyzed gender gap, domestic violence, incest, sexual harassment and violence against women. WCF chairman Dr D Rajasekar said in order to do a comprehensive survey to understand the prevalence of gender violence, the survey team included men and transgenders in it. “We decided to do a survey after the increasing incidents of rape across the country but the results were shocking. Transgenders were often victims of sexual violence with nearly 58% of them being subjected to it. Moreover, 18% of men were also violated physically or sexually,” he said. The survey uncovered that 24.6% of men and 23% of women experienced same sex abuse or molestation or harassment at their home, work place or during travel. “This indicates sex crimes are not exclusively heterosexual and almost one-third of men and women experience such incidents in their lives in our society,” said the doctor. Curiously enough, 48%, most of them women, thought the way people dress provokes sexual crime. When asked about the kind of punishment people thought that sexual offenders deserved, it was found that a majority supported capital punishment or mutilation. An analysis of the victims of rape included nuns, children, elderly women and men so claiming the way individuals dress provokes sex crimes is plain ignorant,” said Dr Rajasekar. This response shows that the public needs proper factual awareness about sex crimes. Women’s rights activists say they have observed a positive trend of policemen recording cases of rape instead of brushing them aside. “However, the rise in cases cannot be attributed to this phenomenon. Alcohol and drug abuse lead to a spurt in all forms of crime against women. Proper awareness, mostly at the school level, is needed to curb gender violence,” said Women’s Struggle Committee advisor R Geetha. (Times of India 25/11/14)

13. False dowry charge ground for divorce, Supreme Court rules (8)

NEW DELHI: If a woman’s complaint accusing her husband and in-laws of cruelty under the dreaded Section 498A of Indian Penal Code turns out to be false, then the man is entitled to divorce, the Supreme Court has ruled. Allowing dissolution of marriage between K Srinivas and K Sunita, the court said, “We unequivocally find that the respondent-wife had filed a false criminal complaint, and even one such complaint is sufficient to constitute matrimonial cruelty. We accordingly dissolve the marriage of the parties.” After the wife left her matrimonial home on June 30, 1995, the husband filed a divorce suit on July 14, 1995 on the ground of cruelty as well as irretrievable breakdown of marriage. The wife retaliated by filing a criminal complaint against her husband and seven of his family members under various provisions of IPC and Dowry Prohibition Act. The husband and his family members were arrested and jailed. A Hyderabad court on June 30, 2000, acquitted the husband and his family members of the charges leveled against them by the wife. Another family court granted divorce to the husband on December 30, 1999 on grounds of cruelty as also irretrievable breakdown of marriage. But the HC, on the woman’s appeal, set aside the divorce decree. On the woman’s statement to police on the complaint lodged by her against her husband and his relatives, an apex court bench of justices Vikramjit Sen and PC Pant said, “This is clearly indicative of the fact that the criminal complaint was a contrived afterthought. We affirm the view of the HC that the criminal complaint was ‘ill advised’.” The judgment, authored by Justice Sen, added. “In these circumstances, the HC ought to have concluded that the wife knowingly and intentionally filed a false complaint, calculated to embarrass and incarcerate the husband and seven members of his family and that such conduct unquestionably constitutes cruelty as postulated under Section 13(1)(a) of the Hindu Marriage Act. In any event, both parties were fully aware of this facet of cruelty which was allegedly suffered by the husband.”… (Times of India 24/11/14)

14. 72% of rape accused are victims’ boyfriends: Mumbai Police Commissioner (8)

Mumbai: As much as 71.9 per cent of the accused facing rape charges in Mumbai are alleged to have lured their victims on the pretext of marriage, according to a review of such cases reported till October 2014. Data compiled by police shows that of the 542 rape cases filed so far in Mumbai in 2014, 389 offences (71.9 pc) were committed by “boyfriends” of the victims after they had promised marriage, Police Commissioner Rakesh Maria said on Wednesday. He added that while six per cent of the sexual assault cases involved unknown persons, the accused in the rest were either relatives or immediate siblings of the victims. Maria was responding to queries by journalists on the increasing number of rape cases in the metropolis. Of the 542 cases lodged till October 31, 477 have been solved. Of the 333 cases which were registered during the same period in 2013, 316 were solved, police added. He added that while six per cent of the sexual assault cases involved unknown persons, the accused in the rest were either relatives or immediate siblings of the victims. “We have been exhorting people to come forward and lodge complaints. Hence, women who faced sexual assault are approaching us without any fear,” Maria added. He said that more victims approaching police was one of the reasons why the registration of rape cases had seen a jump in the metropolis. The Police Commissioner, meanwhile, said that special focus would be given on tracking down missing persons. He said that chain-snatching cases fell to 1,257 from 1,832 reported in the January-October period in 2013, a drop of 31 per cent. The top cop shared the above data a day after a report compiled by Mumbai-based NGO Praja Foundation suggested that crimes against women, including rape, molestation and chain snatching, have risen sharply in the metropolis in 2013-14. Meanwhile, police said that they have so far in 2014 deported 12 Nigerians and one Tanzanian who were arrested in connection with narcotics cases. (CNN-IBN 27/11/14)

15. ‘Humiliation may amount to sexual harassment’ (8)

New Delhi: Humiliating treatment of women that is likely to affect their health and promise of preferential or detrimental treatment can now amount to sexual harassment under amended service rules for government employees. This information was given by Jitendra Singh, Union MoS for personnel, public grievances and pensions in a written reply to a question in Lok Sabha. The service rules were amended by the ministry on November 19 to widen definition of sexual harassment and to make work place more conducive for women to work. “The implied or explicit promise of preferential or detrimental treatment in employment, threat about present or future employment and humiliating treatment likely to affect her health or safety may amount to sexual harassment,” Mr Singh said. Besides, interference with her work or creating an intimidating or offensive or hostile work environment for women employees may amount to sexual harassment, he said. onsteps to check sexual harassment of women at work place. The new rules are expected to bring in more clarity on various sexual harassment offences punishable under the law. As per the new definition under the Central Civil Services (Conduct) Rules, 1964, sexual harassment includes physical contact and advances, a demand or request for sexual favours, making sexually coloured remarks, showing pornography and any other unwelcome physical, verbal, non-verbal conduct of a sexual nature, the House was told. As per rules, work place includes any department, organisation, undertaking, establishment, enterprise, institution, office, branch or unit which is established, owned, controlled or wholly or substantially financed by funds provided directly or indirectly by the Central government. President Pranab Mukher-jee had last year given his assent to the Protection of Women Against Sexual Harassment at Work Place Bill, 2010, aimed at providing protection against sexual harassment of women at workplace and for the prevention and redressal of complaints of sexual harassment. (Asian Age 27/11/14)

CHILDREN/ CHILD LABOUR

16. Child marriage still prevalent, district registers 26 cases in 6 months (14)

COIMBATORE: Despite efforts to create more awareness among various communities over the past few decades, the practice of child marriage is still prevalent. Coimbatore district has registered 26 child marriage attempts in the last six months. “We receive at least four to five calls a month,” said district child protection officer G Vijaya. Child welfare committee officers say the perpetrators range from parents, children themselves, traffickers and young men. “Often school girls run away and try to get married, sometimes parents from middle-class educated backgrounds try to force their children into marriage for different reasons and then there are traffickers who try to sell girls to older men as brides,” says P Samson, chairman, child welfare committee, Coimbatore, speaking at a programme organised by Childline and seven other NGOs to create awareness on different forms of child abuse on Thursday. Officers say, contrary to popular perception, the complaints are not restricted to the suburbs or rural areas. “Many parents, belonging to wealthy families in cities, try to get their daughters married when they are in Class 11 or 12 in case the child gets into any relationship or do something which they do not approve of,” said Vijaya. The complainants are often the children themselves or their friendsif the parents are forcing them into it or the parents if the children have run away. “If the children elope, it is a lot more traumatising because it starts with a police complaint and goes to court,” said Samson. The seven NGOs are now conducting street plays and putting up posters in 40 places across the citywith focus on child marriage and abuse. “Among the 96 cases childline has received since April this year, the second highest number were about child marriages, first being child labour,” said Arockiapandian, Childline spokesperson . “We are conducting a lot of awareness programmes in slums for direct impact and schools so teachers can influence parents to stay away from such initiatives,” said the spokesperson. The highest number of calls was 37 which was received for child labour. (Times of India 21/11/14)

17. Social Norms Biggest Challenge in Child Rights: UNICEF (14)

KOLKATA: Prevailing social norms such as early marriage and child labour are the biggest challenge in implementing child rights in the country, a UNICEF official said. “The main challenge for us is not the lack of resources but existing social norms. We have to change them to give a better future to our children,” David Mcloughlin, Deputy Representative (Programmes), UNICEF India said after launching the State of the World’s Children Report. Giving the example of child malnutrition, he said more than half of the infants in the country are not exclusively breastfed during the first six months resulting in poor child health. “We must keep motherhood out of childhood. Children are born to young mothers who marry in teenage. They then adopt unhygienic and unsafe feeding practices. These social norms are the challenges before us,” the official told PTI. He said UNICEF is getting full support from both the government and India’s private sector in their fight for improving the lives of children. Marking 25 years of Convention on Rights of The Child (CRC) which was adopted by the United Nations’ General Assembly in 1989, the State of the World’s Children Report focuses on leveraging the power of innovation to reach out to every child on the planet. “It also sets the agenda for Sustainable Development Goals as the Millennium Development Goals end in 2015,” Mcloughlin said. (New Indian Express 23/11/14)

18. 168 million kids engaged in child labour (14)

Washington: A new report has revealed that some 168 million children around the world are still engaged in some form of child labour. According to UCLA’s World Policy Analysis Center has published comprehensive analysis of children’s rights in 190 countries around the world, 74 percent of the countries no longer allow children to engage in hazardous work, once legal exceptions are taken into account. It was also found that nearly half of the countries under Convention on the Rights of the Child still allow children to work in jobs that endanger their health and safety, including mining and factory work. When it came to education, it was found that twenty-four percent of the countries that ratified the CRC charge tuition before the end of secondary education, while in case of child marriage, 88 percent of countries that ratified the CRC have set a minimum age for marriage of 18 or older. But when exceptions with parental consent are included, only 49 percent of these countries protect girls from early marriage. Dr. Jody Heymann, founding director of the World Policy Analysis Center and dean of the UCLA Fielding School of Public Health, said that the CRC is a promise from our global community to all children and everyone deserves to know whether their country is fulfilling that promise and how it compares to other countries facing similar opportunities and constraints. (The Hind 24/11/14)

19. Crimes against kids in state soared 85% in ’13; most kidnaps, rapes in city: CID (14)

On April 27, 2014, the body of a 12-year-old boy was found in a nullah close to the APMC flower market in Kalyan (West). Rohan Gucchait, a Class VII student of All Saints High School, Bhiwandi, was kidnapped ten days earlier by an electrician employed by his father, a jeweller. A day after his kidnap, Rohan was strangled and his body chopped with an electric saw when his abductor, Ishtiyaq Shaikh, learned that his parents had approached the police. This gruesome kidnap and murder is a pointer to how vulnerable children are in face of rising crimes. The state Criminal Investigation Department (CID) report, released on Tuesday, showed an 85.5% increase in crimes against children in Maharashtra in 2013 compared with 2012. Mumbai recorded the largest chunk at 902 offences among the nine commissionerates in the state. Kidnap and rape of children aged under 18 have increased in Mumbai with 279 and 221 cases registered in 2013, respectively, against 142 and 141 in 2012. Thane is placed second with 241 kidnap and 81 rape cases in 2013 against 85 and 50 in 2012 while Pune recorded 126 and 83 cases in 2013 against 74 and 51 in 2012. Nagpur and Navi Mumbai stand fourth and fifth in Maharashtra, the report said. Overall, the report showed a sharp rise in overall crimes against children, with Navi Mumbai topping the crime chart among the nine police commissionerates. The satellite city has registered 180 cases of crimes against children in 2013 (a 172.7% rise) against 66 in 2012. Thane is second with a 120.9% rise in 2013 compared with the previous year while Mumbai has registered 902 cases (74% rise) against 517 in 2012. The report has put crimes under different heads of kidnap, rape, murder, exposure and abandonment of newborn, infanticide, foeticide, buying and selling of girls, child marriage and procurement of minor girls. Experts blamed police failure in acting at the nick of time. The first few hours of an incident are critical to investigation. Precious time is lost because at the first instance police presume the disappearance of a child is a voluntary act of running away either due to domestic discord or teenage passion. “With the passage of time, criminals have learnt of this weakness in the system and use it to their fullest advantage,” said former IPS officer turned lawyer Y P Singh. “Another reason is that the police patrolling beats do not collect adequate local intelligence. Hence, they miss out on information like a girl being harassed by a chronic stalker. Failure to take preventive action in time leaves an open field for criminals to act with the confidence of impunity,” Singh added. Praja Foundation program director Milind Mhaske said a major concern is that people no longer fear the police. “A person commits an offence thinking that he/she will go scot-free. Children are the most vulnerable lot. Investigating agencies should fix the loopholes to ensure even distribution of conviction rate, which is not the case now. Police cannot be blamed entirely because they are burdened with workload. The government should first resolve staff shortage along with getting skilled and technical help to ensure a high conviction rate,” Mhaske told TOI. Officials at Maharashtra child’s rights commission said, “The commission drafted several ideas to tackle these but till date the government hasn’t done anything,” they said. A senior IPS officer said children are easy targets. “The accused lure kids by offering goodies and easily gain their trust. Take the example of Kurla’s Nehru Nagar rape and murder of minor girls in 2011. All three victims were lured with chocolates.” (Times of India 26/11/14)

20. Central Delhi’s shelter home for homeless children cries for attention (14)

NEW DELHI: Everyone seems to have forgotten the little girl who was burnt to death in 2011 at Central Delhi’s only shelter home for the homeless children as government agencies continue to house nearly 20-odd children in porta cabins made of inflammable material. The roof of this home – which is located amid stomach-churning rotting waste — is “covered with a foil that can easily catch fire,” confided the caretaker of the unit situated near Gurdwara Bangla Sahib. “I clearly remember the little girl who was covered under several blankets and was forgotten in the home when the place caught fire some years back,’’ says Manav, who is a Class VIII student and has been a resident here for many years now. “When the accident happened the homeless were housed in tents made of cloth. Now we have portable cabins but the material can easily be destroyed in a fire. Lack of proper ventilation in this large one room temporary shelter for children and the single entrance and exit (the other is locked) adds to the problem,’’ said another child resident here. But dying or getting injured in a fire isn’t the primary fear in the minds of the children here. Unaware of their rights, privileges and protection that they can avail of as children; several of them work to survive. Fighting Delhi’s harsh weather and harsher street life “it is almost routine that many find themselves locked out when they come ‘home’ to the shelter simply because either the place is full or the caretaker has already locked up this 24-hour facility,” complains Sunil Kumar Aledia, of the Centre for Holistic Development (CHD), which works for homeless in Delhi. “A proper toilet, clean drinking water, at least one balanced hot meal a day, safety from violence by police, locals and other older children/adults in the house, beneficial recreational facilities and life skill training these are the basic rights of the children that neither the government nor the NGOs working in the area are able to provide to the optimum here,’’ adds Mr. Aledia. “Hygiene and safety are the major problems. The government has given us facilities but there is little effort to make it work for the betterment of the residents here,’’ adds Sonia, a resident of the shelter home. (The Hindu 26/11/14)

MINORITIES – GENERAL

21. ‘Minorities continue to be targets of violence’ (7)

New Delhi: Vice-President Hamid Ansari has said despite the constitutional and legal guarantees, religious minorities continue to be target of violence and discrimination from time to time. He was speaking on the topic ‘Citizens and State Conduct’ at the 8the VM Tarkunde memorial lecture Friday. Ansari said weaker sections of society such as minorities, women, SCs, STs, children and persons with disabilities were still being discriminated against. “These cut into the root of constitutional principle of equality of opportunity and equal access to justice and highlight the failure of the state to act properly,” he said. Quoting a study by the South Asian Human Rights Documentation Centre, Ansari also said the “most serious human rights abuses” in India were the violations by the State of Article 21. “This is particularly acute in areas of internal conflict, such as Jammu and Kashmir, the Northeast and the Naxal belt where serious complaints about the misuse of laws like the AFSPA, the Disturbed Areas Act (DDA) or the Public Safety Act (PSA) continue to be made,” said the Vice-President. (Indian Express 22/11/14)

22. Bahais demand minority status (7)

New Delhi: Less than a year after the UPA government declared Jains as a minority community, the Bahai community has reignited its demand for the status. The community much like the Jains is affluent, but it asserts that the status is a matter of recognition rather than plea for help. Bahai representatives had met Minority Affairs Minister Najma Heptulla in this regard and she, it was learnt, referred the matter to the National Commission for Minorities. The matter was also taken up by the NCM in more than one meeting, but the commission felt that it did not have enough data on the socio-economic condition of the community to make a concrete recommendation. It is now for the Ministry of Minority Affairs to take a call. There are around two million Bahais in India and the community is perhaps best known for the Lotus Temple. The religion traces its roots to Iran — the birthplace of Bahaullah, its prophet. The issue of minority status for the Bahai community in India was first raised in 2004. The Bahais had approached the UPA government in January this year immediately after the Jain community was designated as the sixth minority. They then took the matter up with the NDA government in August. The NCM considered the demand over several meetings in September and October. “The commission deliberated on the issue, but felt that we did not have enough data to decide either way. We had asked for more information from the community and they did submit some… But, that was not enough for the commission,” said a source in NCM. The spokesperson for the Bahai community, meanwhile, maintains that minority status is a matter of recognition and the community is not looking for scholarships and other support from the government. “The Bahai community does not accept money from others. That is why we do not charge an entry fee at Lotus Temple where we get 16,000 visitors a day… Even Jains did not require the government support but they were granted the status,” said Nilakshi Rajkhowa, an official at the office of public affairs in the National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahais. There are around 2 million Bahais in India. (Indian Express 22/11/14)

23. Minority welfare schemes in state on track (7)

PATNA: Bihar is probably the first state in the country to have an independent minority welfare directorate under the home department. It has deputed district minority welfare officers in all 38 districts. This exercise has yielded positive results as far as implementation of the minority welfare schemes is concerned. Acting as deputy collectors and taking care of the implementation of the schemes, these officers help in checking the misuse of funds earmarked for the minority welfare schemes, said principal secretary, home and minority welfare department, Amir Subhani. Bihar has over 16% Muslim population which is 25% in 20 districts. Subhani said he monitors their working through monthly meetings. Most of the officers, selected by the BPSC, do not belong to minority community. “They are supposed to work for the minority welfare and not necessarily belong to minority class,” Subhani said. These officers have been trained at the Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration, Mussoorie, he said. After the Sachar committee report, which was submitted some eight years back, the Centre launched major schemes for the minorities and Bihar also introduced its own ambitious programmes for their welfare. Apart from the central and state sponsored schemes, including the MSDP, these officers have also been entrusted with the task to look after the state government’s ambitious project to fence all the graveyards. The fencing of the open cemeteries has been a sensitive job and often leads to communal tension. Subhani said another ambitious state government scheme for the minorities is education loan named as Mukhya Mantri Alpsankhyak Shiksha Rin Yojana under which loan at a simple rate of interest at 4% is made available to the educational and economic uplift of the minorities. “The government is providing an annual grant of Rs 10 crore for this scheme,” he said and added that launched two years back, it has helped minority community students in pursuing engineering, medical and management education. So far about 500 students have benefited from this scheme. Even Justice (retd) Rajnder Sachar lauded the works done by the Bihar government for Muslims. At a seminar held here in April, over a month before CM Nitish Kumar resigned, the Sachar committee author complemented that the Nitish government has made good plans in 19 districts where Muslim population is 25% to 30% and above. He had advised that the targeted schemes should be made for minorities and implemented at block level. (Times of India 23/11/14)

MINORITIES – MUSLIMS

24. Muslims complain of being targeted in Kerala (7)

THIRUVANANTHAPURAM: A section of Muslims in the State are aggrieved that they are being targeted by the police and being looked at with suspicion, National Commission for Minorities member Farida Abdulla Khan has said. Ms. Khan, who is in charge of Kerala, was here on Thursday as part of a fact-finding mission to review the implementation of the Prime Minister’s 15-point programme for the minorities. She told reporters that members of the Muslim community complained that the police were looking at them with suspicion and stamping them as fundamentalists. The Nadar community complained that they were not getting adequate reservation in different realms. She would be visiting the coastal areas and the hilly regions such as Wayanad to make an on-the-spot study of the minorities as well as the marginalised sections of society. Asked about the traditional attire being worn by Muslim women, Ms. Khan said it was strictly a personal affair and rests with individuals. “What is more significant is providing education and other basic amenities.” Regarding the role of private educational institutions in bettering the lot of the marginalised sections, she said the government should play a pivotal role and not private institutions. “Private institutions can play only a negligible role and the onus is on the government in providing education,” she said. Kerala State Minority Commission chairman M.Veerankutty said the commission had received around 2,000 complaints, of which about 1,400 had been sorted out. Minister for Minority Welfare Manjalamkuzhi Ali sought the intervention of the National Commission for Minorities to provide more financial assistance for the State. During an interaction with Ms. Khan at his office, Mr. Ali sought more financial assistance as scholarship for students belonging to the minority communities. He also sought permission to implement the multi-sector development programme at the block panchayat level. (The Hindu 21/11/14)

25. Govt committed to free Waqf properties of encroachment: Najma Heptulla (7)

CHENNAI: Centre is committed to free Waqf properties of encroachment and develop them with the help of a “strong legislation”, Union Minority Affairs Minister Najma Heptulla said today. “In the last standing committee meeting (in this regard), all members cutting across political lines supported a strong legislation. As soon as it is passed, we will remove illegal encroachments and develop them,” she told reporters here. She said records of Waqf properties were being digitised and computerised, adding that Prime Minister Narendra Modi was “happy” over this effort. On Samajwadi Party leader and UP Minister Azam Khan’s statement that the iconic Taj Mahal in Agra should be handed over to the Waqf Board, she said “Taj Mahal is a national asset and it should be protected.” To a question on why her Ministry was celebrating the 125th anniversary of freedom fighter Abul RPT Abul Kalam Azad and not that of former Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, she said the former was chosen not because of his religion but his vision for India’s development. Recalling that he was India’s first Education Minister, Heptulla said that the UGC and IIT took shape under him and “he wanted to develop Indians and Indian youth, not just Muslims”, and therefore the focus was on him. “He laid the foundation stone for India’s future development,” she said, adding, even as she hailed Nehru, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel and S Radhakrishnan were ‘great leaders.’The Minister earlier inaugurated the Regional Office of the National Minorities Development and Finance and the Skill Development Center of Maulana Azad National Academy for Skills. She also signed MoUs with some sector skill councils for skill development. (Times of India 22/11/14)

26. Muslims, dalits and tribals make up 53% of all prisoners in India (7)

NEW DELHI: Muslims, dalits and adivasis — three of the most vulnerable sections of Indian society — make up more than half of India’s prison population, according to an official report on prisons released this month. Although the proportion of these three communities in India adds up to about 39%, their share amongst prisoners is considerably higher at 53%.India had 4.2 lakh people in prison in 2013. Nearly 20% of them were Muslims although the share of Muslims in India’s population is about 13% according to Census 2001. Religion-wise data from Census 2011 is yet to be released but it is unlikely to be much different. Dalits make up 22% of prisoners, almost one in four. Their proportion in population is about 17% according to Census 2011. While adivasis make up 11% of prisoners, their share in the general population is 9%.Most experts say that this disturbing trend is not because these communities commit more crimes. Rather, it arises because they are economically and socially under-privileged, unable to fight costly cases or often even pay for bail. Some say that these communities are targeted with false cases. Former chief justice of Delhi high court Rajinder Sachar, who headed the committee that brought out a report on the condition of Muslim community in India in 2006, pointed out that there had been several cases of Muslim youths being acquitted after years in prison. “Poverty is more prevalent among these three communities and that becomes an obstacle in dealing with the legal system,” said Colin Gonsalves, human rights activist and lawyer. “Our system has an ingrained communal and casteist bias. Also, the proportion of these communities in the police officers and even judiciary is less. These are key factors behind this shocking imbalance,” he added. Pointing out that nearly 68% of the prisoners are undertrials, Abusaleh Sharif, who was member-secretary of the Sachar Committee and later brought out an updated report on the conditions of Muslims, said that they had to remain behind bars because of inability to negotiate the hostile system.”Among those in prison under preventive detention laws, nearly half are Muslims. This is the kind of thing that the government needs to speedily investigate and resolve,” Sharif said. Ramesh Nathan of the National Dalit Movement for Justice alleged that false cases are filed against dalits in order to intimidate them, causing this disturbingly high number of prisoners among vulnerable sections. “In my experience as a lawyer, whenever a dalit person files a case under the Atrocities Act, a false countercase under some penal code provision is filed by the culprits,” he said. Prison statistics are published annually by the National Crime Records Bureau since 1995, although caste breakup is available since 1999. The proportions of Muslims, dalits and adivasis have remained virtually unchanged over the past 15 years indicating that this is a systemic problem. ITimes if India 24/11/14)

27. Gujarati Muslims welcome Sharia-based SBI mutual fund (7)

Ahmedabad: Muslims in Gujarat have welcomed the decision of the State Bank of India to launch the Shariah-compliant mutual fund from next month. SBI is the first government bank in the country to launch Shariah-based equity and equity-related instruments. Social and religious leadership of the community have reacted with approval about the development as objective of the new equity fund, they say, is to provide medium and long term capital gains by those Muslims who avoid investing in interest-based and other business activities not approved by Shariah, or the Islamic financial and business laws. “We welcome it with open arms if the new mutual fund launched by SBI is based on principles of Shariah”, said Mufti Ahmed Devlavi, president of the Gujarat unit of the Board for Protection of Madrasas  and a member of the All India Muslim Personal Law Board (AIMPLB). Devlavi said that AIMPLB had been demanding for long for a permission to set up an Islamic Bank in India but the government denied it on the ground that the demand was not in consistence with the policies of the Reserve Bank of India. Welcoming the decision, social activist J S Bandukwala said that a large number of Muslims avoided investing in companies because they were not aware of which companies were doing what kind of business and whether it was in line with the business laws prescribed by Shariah. Shariah prevents investment in companies or projects associated with taking and giving of interest,  gambling, alcohol, pork and pornography. Stating that the new initiative of SBI would bring into circulation a huge amount of money which was lying idle, social and political activist Zubair Gopalani said that it was a “revolutionary step” of SBI that would change the economic scenario of the country. He said that SBI seemed to have been attracted to launch the new equity fund  because of  better performance of Shariah-compliant mutual fund activities run by some private players for the last several years and returns on these investments were higher than in non-Shariah mutual fund investment. Mufti Imtiaz Malek of the Darul Qaza(Islamic Court), appreciating the effort of the SBI in this regard, said that it would help in economic integration of a large section of the Muslim community who kept themselves aloof from investing in equity market. He said that  the new fund was quite okay as it was not interest based and customers were to share both the profit as well as losses. The scheme will be advised by a Shariah Advisory Board to ensure adherence to Shariah law in the portfolios. (Indian Express 26/11/14)

MINORITIES – CHRISTIANS

28. Sister Euphrasia, Father Chavara: spiritual motivation for devotees (7)

Thrissur: : Sister Euphrasia and Father Kuriakose Chavara were spiritual motivation for the believers, said Auxiliary Bishop of Thrissur Archdiocese Mar Raphael Thattil. He was delivering homily during a holy mass at St. Mary’s convent chapel, Ollur, on Sunday just an hour before Pope Francis conferred sainthood on Sister Euphrasia and Father Kuriakose Chavara at Vatican. “Thrissur is the cradle of Christian belief. St. Thomas apostle first landed in the country at Kodungallur. The Church in India was first established at Palayur. Ollur, which was blessed with the long association of Sister Euphrasia, has been known as ‘Little Rome’. Thrissur has a rich tradition in Christian faith,” said Mar Thattil. Though she was confined to the convent for her entire life, Sister Euphrasia prayed for everyone around her, he said. Her life was for the poor. The Auxiliary Bishop received a torchlight procession and relics taken out from Sister Euphrasia’s house at Aranattukara to St. Mary’s Church, Ollur. Many people paid floral tribes to the relics. Statues of Sister Euphrasia and Father Kuriakose Chavara were installed at St. Thomas Church Aranatukara, where Sister Euphrasia’s mother house is situated. (The Hindu 24/11/14)

29. A historic day for Catholic Church in Kerala (7)

KOTTAYAM: The services of Kuriakose Elias Chavara were recalled by leaders from all sections of society at a civic gathering held at St. Joseph’s Monastery, Mannanam, to coincide with his canonisation. Inaugurating the meeting, Chief Minister Oommen Chandy said the call made by St. Chavara in his capacity as the vicar general of the Catholic community to start a school along with every parish church (Palliyodoppam Pallikkudom) was one of the key factors that led to the State’s march in the education sector during the past more than a century. He could not be claimed by any particular community or Church, but was part of the common heritage of Kerala society, Mr. Chandy said. His contributions were never confined to the spiritual and religious spheres but transcended them into the sphere of social reform where he crusaded for the downtrodden. Though acknowledgements of greatness were delayed, entire society could take pride in the recognition of his work globally, Mr. Chandy said. K.M. Mani, Ramesh Chennithala, Thiruvanchoor Radhakrishnan, Anoop Jacob (all Ministers); P.C. George, Government Chief Whip; Anto Antony and Joy Abraham, MPs, and others spoke on the occasion. The day began early Sunday at the last resting place of St. Chavara at Mannanam where thousands of devotees arrived to participate in the special prayers arranged in connection with his canonisation, along with that of five others, including Euphrasia Eluvathinkal. In the morning, there were special masses at 6.30 a.m. and 8 a.m. to coincide with the canonisation process. By 10.30 a.m., the rosary rallies taken out by the Kudamaloor, Athirampuzha, and Kaipuzha parishes started arriving. After the prayers at 1 p.m., the direct telecast of the canonisation process began. This was followed by a special thanksgiving mass celebrated by 100 priests. The special prayers of the day came to a close with the first rasa carrying the image of St. Chavara at Mannanam. (The Hindu 24/11/14)

30. Replace ‘Father’ with ‘Pracharya’, VHP asks Catholic church-run schools in Bastar (7)

In the tribal district of Bastar in Chhattisgarh, the Catholic missionaries are under intense pressure from the Vishwa Hindu Parishad, a Hind right-wing organisation, to implement a number of changes in the schools run by the Christian diocese, said an Indian Express report. As per the demands of VHP, the missionaries have now agreed that instead of the word “Father”, students will now on use the word “Pracharya”, or “Up-pracharya”, or “Sir” to address school principal. Also, photographs of “Maa Saraswati” and “great personalities who have worked for national interest” will be put up in classrooms. VHP wants Catholic school system changed According to a pact jointly signed by Bastar district VHP president Suresh Yadav and the spokesperson of the Bastar Catholic Community, Abraham Kannampala, “notice boards and assemblies of all Catholic educational institutions of Bastar” should specify that instead of “Father”, principals be addressed as Pracharya or Up-Pracharya or Sir. A statement issued by the Catholic missionaries adds, “The Catholic community expresses regret if any community, religion or society was hurt by our community.” In Bastar, a district which spreads over an area bigger than Kerala, the Catholic missionaries run 22 schools.’ The right-wing Hindu organisation has been targeting the missionaries for long over issues like religious conversion. The organisation which has gathered a new momentum after BJP took over the rule at the Centre has been organising “Ghar Vapasi” programmes in interior villages in Bastar to reconvert neo-Christians. Last week, during an address in Bastar, the Bishop of Jagdalpur church had said that a missionary school should be established with every church in the region. This enraged the VHP which immediately sent a letter to the Bastar Commissioner, Chief Minister Raman Singh and the Governor accusing the Church of trying to promote communalism and narrow-mindedness. (One India 24/11/14)

31. Woman made to parade naked for not working well in Pakistan (7)

Lahore: A 28-year-old pregnant Christian woman in Pakistan was allegedly paraded naked for not working up to the expectation of her employer. The victim is a resident of Christian Colony Rana Town of Sheikhupura district in Punjab Province. She worked as a maid.  The victim claimed that she was made to walk naked for about half an hour for not up to the expectations of her employer.  She said her employer’s son dragged her outside and tore her clothes with his four friends.  She said the culprits left her naked in the corner of the street where an elderly woman gave her clothes. She was later shifted to hospital by her relatives.  Flanked by her husband and other Christian leaders, the mother of four, said: “I was two-month pregnant and I lost my baby in the incident. Police are not arresting the accused. I will commit suicide if I am not given justice,” she warned.  Her husband said the police had registered a case against the accused after medical report confirmed five injuries. (Zee News 25/11/14)

32. Christian forum complains of VHP “pressure” (7)

RAIPUR: The Chhattisgarh Christian Forum (CCF) has accused the Vishva Hindu Parishad (VHP) of “pressuring and threatening” the Catholic Diocese of Bastar to accept the demands of putting Hindu Goddess Saraswati’s picture in Catholic schools of Bastar and allowing non-Christian students to call Catholic teachers “Pracharya” instead of “Father”. The Catholic Diocese of Jagdalpur (Bastar) allegedly held a joint press conference with representatives of the VHP in Bastar on Sunday and issued a statement giving its “acceptance” to the VHP’s demands. “The Diocese and his people were pressurised and threatened to sign the statement, which says that Saraswati’s picture will be put in every Catholic school of Bastar and ‘Father’ can be called ‘Pracharya’ or ‘Up-pracharya’. This is a clear violation of our fundamental right to religion, which the Constitution provides us. Neither the VHP nor any of our own Diocese has the right to violate our fundamental rights,” Arun Pannalal, CCF president told The Hindu. “There is a decision-making system in our Church and any such decision has to go through a series of committees from town level to national level. The final decision is taken by the national body, which can issue statements on behalf of the community. The Jagdalpur Diocese is not authorised to take any such decisions or issue any statement,” claimed the CCF chief. However, the spokesperson of Catholic Diocese of Jagdalpur, Abraham Kannampala, denied being “threatened or pressured” into accepting VHP’s demands. “We gave an in-principle acceptance to VHP’s demands. But our decision will have to be endorsed by the Bishop, who is the final authority,” said Mr.Kannampala. According to Father Dominic Emanuel, former Delhi Archdiocese spokesperson, the Christian community is “certainly not [going] along” with the decision of Jagdalpur Diocese. “The Jagdalpur diocese may not be simply under physical pressure, but does he have a choice? He has to stay in Bastar and run schools there. We don’t know what kind of pressure he has faced and what will be the consequences if he goes back on his word,” said Father Emanuel. Both Father Emanuel and Mr.Pannalal claimed that the whole “drama” was an attempt by the VHP to “frighten” the minority community. However, the VHP denied the allegations levelled by the Christian bodies. “The Jagdalpur Catholic body had invited us for the meeting. We just proposed our demands and they accepted them. The allegations against us are baseless. They (CCF) want to disturb the peaceful atmosphere here,” VHP Bastar district president Mr.Suresh Yadav told The Hindu. The CCF president informed that the body will take a legal route against the demands imposed by the VHP. (The Hindu 26/11/14)

REFUGEES/ MIGRANTS

33. Seven refugee camp inmates consume sleeping pills, stable (13)

TRICHY: High drama prevailed at the special camp for refugees inside the Trichy Central Prison on early Wednesday morning after 26 inmates were found in ‘drowsy’ condition following their alleged consumption of sleeping pills. Seven of them were taken to the Mahatma Gandhi Memorial Government Hospital (MGMGH). The seven inmates were identified as Eela Nehru, 45, Srijeyan, 37, Chandrakumar, 44, Ramesh, 32, Sivaneswaran, 28, Maheswaran, 30, and Dhaya, 35. Doctors at the special camp and MGMGH said the condition of the inmates were stable. Twenty-six inmates of the special camp went on a fast since November 15 demanding their release at the earliest so that they could join with their family and relatives at the Sri Lankan refugee camp at Kottapattu in Trichy. Thirty-one refugees from Sri Lanka and Malaysia lodged at the special camp face charges of overstaying, trying to illegally enter into Australia, alleged links with Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam and ATM fraud. District collector Jayashree Muralidharan said the health condition of all the inmates was stable. “A very few of them consumed sleeping pills and they had mild drowsiness. They recovered after treatment and none of them is serious,” the collector said. The inmates accessed to the sleeping pills through their relatives who met them in the special camp. In the wake of the Wednesday’s incident, the doctors in the camp and the hospital were told to keep vigil on the inmates to prevent them from consuming any pills without the doctors’ advice. Sources said the district administration made several attempts to pacify the protestors by explaining to them about the legal procedures involved in their matter. A senior officer held talks with them on Tuesday night for more than an hour but the protestors refused to abandon their protest. Police sources said their demand to release them from the special camp could not be decided immediately as the cases were pending against them. (Times of India 20/11/14)

34. Keep tabs on refugees living in Hyderabad, cops tell NGO (13)

HYDERABAD: In no mood to take chances with Myanmarese refugees after the recent arrest of Mohammed Khalid by the National Investigation Agency for alleged links to the Burdwan blast case, the police came knocking on the doors of Cova, an NGO to examine if they have processes to monitor their movement. Officials of Cova, which is an implementing partner of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and coordinates with asylum seekers of various nationalities, said that police from both Cyberabad and Hyderabad, in deliberations held on Wednesday, asked the NGO to devise strong tracking mechanisms, which is not in place. The thrust of the meeting was on community-based monitoring. It was also decided that the asylum seekers and refugees living in various parts of the city would be divided into clusters. A “reliable” person of each cluster would be appointed as a “cluster head”. Cluster members can report any suspicious activity or person to the cluster head. The cluster head in turn would appraise Cova and police, sources privy to the meeting said. Admitting that it is difficult to keep a watch on “migrant” refugees, those who move from city to city, a Cova official, who did not wish to be identified, said: “In case any Myanmarese wants to leave the city, he or she will now have to provide details of their destination, including the address where they will be living, and also the purpose of leaving the city. The refugees are afraid of being profiled and do not want any trouble with police, which is why they have assured us of their full cooperation.” Registration of refugees is an international United Nations convention and does not give asylum seekers special privileges, the source clarifed. The refugees and asylum seekers were asked to submit copies of documents such as proof of identity and also their application for refugee status filed at the UNHCR office in New Delhi with Cova. The NGO estimates the number of asylum seekers and refugees in the city to over 2,000 living in Balapur, from where Khalid was arrested, Barkas, Shaheen Nagar, Shastri Puram, Hafeez Baba Nagar and Kishan Bagh. (Times of India 21/11/14)

35. 270 Syrian refugees saved off coast of Cyprus (13)

Nicosia: A boat carrying 270 Syrian refugees trying to reach Europe was towed to the Turkish controlled northern coast of Cyprus after drifting for several hours. The rescue operation took place overnight between Saturday and Sunday, reported Xinhua citing a Turkish Cyprus media release. According to the statement, the boat left the Turkish port of Mersin for Italy, a favourite destination of most illegal immigrants from the Middle East. The authorities controlling northern Cyprus did not comment on the reports. Reports said the Syrian refugees, including 30 children, were initially taken into an indoor stadium. Most of the refugees were returned to Turkey Sunday but 10 were left behind to be treated at a hospital. The reports said the crew abandoned the boat which was left drifting off the Cypriot coast. In September, Cypriot authorities saved 340 people from Syria after their boat met rough seas off the coast of the island. (The Hindu 24/11/14)

36. Rehabilitation Package for Migrant Indians (13)

Delhi: Recently, 6977 persons have been evacuated from Iraq and 3284 persons have been evacuated from Libya. However, there may be other persons who have come back to India on their own & the assessment in this regard is not feasible. Rehabilitation of returnees rests mainly with the State Governments. The Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs (MOIA) has advised the State Governments that the existing State/ Central Sector Schemes be used for rehabilitation. Presently, the Ministry does not have any scheme for providing assistance to State Governments for rehabilitation of returnees from abroad. This information was given by Minister of State Overseas Indian Affairs General & External Affairs (Retd.) V.K. Singh in Lok Sabha Today. (Business Standard 26/11/14)

37. Rohingya Muslims at the crossroads (13)

HYDERABAD: On a chilly morning, 30-year-old Akram (name changed) stood at the gate of the colony where he stays in Balapur, near Chandrayangutta. He is one among the thousands of Rohingya Muslim refugees living in the city after fleeing from persecution in his homeland of Myanmar. Now, after few years of calm, Akram and several others in his colony are a worried lot, after they learnt that a member of their community had been arrested by the National Investigation Agency (NIA) over alleged terror charges. “Our name is tainted now because of this one incident. We don’t even feel like showing our faces to the people we meet everyday,” said Wasim (name changed), another refugee, who does labour work daily. Wasim explained that apart from the daily hardships he and his community members face, they now have to deal with questions regularly about their identity as well. “Of course, people ask about the arrest, and also whether we knew that man (Khaled). But the truth is that none of us knew him, as he would barely talk to us. We only knew that he was living nearby,” he said. Reflecting on the past, of the persecution they had to flee from, both Wasim and Akram are now wondering about their uncertain future. They narrated how they left their properties and valuables and fled from their State of Arakan in Myanmar, hoping to live in India. “We chose to come to India thinking that life would be better here, and that we would be safe. But our existence here is also a question mark now,” said Akram. With limited work available for men, who are burdened with taking care of their families, both the them hope that the coming days would be better, so that they can at least carry on with their existence here. (The Hindu 27/11/14)

RIGHT TO INFORMATION

38. Depts ignoring DoPT rules in RTI matters: notice issued (1)

New Delhi: Even nine years after enactment of the Right to Information Act, officials have been found to be rejecting applications with fee drawn in favour of ‘Accounts Officer’ as mandated by the Central Government. Taking a stern view against the practice, the Central Information Commission recently issued a show-cause notice to the Delhi Government for rejecting an RTI application on the grounds it was drawn in favour of “Accounts Officer” and not in favour of “Executive Engineer” as per their internal rules. This is not the only case where application has been rejected. In a number of cases, public authorities like Army and Indian Air Force demand fee drawn as per their rules and do not follow the DoPT norms. The application sought details of MPLAD funds and their expenses during the last five years on flood control measures. It was returned by the Irrigation Department claiming that name of the payee was wrong on the fee submitted by the applicant. “The Commission directs Rajesh Singh, Executive Engineer: Civil Division:IV to show cause as to why penalty u/s 20 should not be imposed upon him for not accepting the IPO in the name of the Accounts Officer despite clear instructions from DoPT. “He is directed to submit his response so as to reach the Commission within three weeks of receipt of this order,” Information Commissioner Sridhar Acharyulu said. If the officer fails to explain the reason for rejecting the application, the Commission may penalise him at the rate of Rs 250 per day from the day the application was filed subject to a maximum penalty of Rs 25,000. He also directed the PIO to ensure that while responding to the RTI application, the PIO should ensure that reference date is mentioned so that appellants do not find it difficult to link it to their RTI application. “Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT) has repeatedly reminded public authorities to accept all payments under RTI Act made in ‘Accounts Officer’. But difficulties are being faced by RTI petitioners because of public authorities not complying with DoPT circulars,” RTI applicant Subhash Agrawal said. (Business Standard 20/11/14)

39. 55 info officers to be fined Rs 25,000 each (1)

MEERUT: State Information Commissioner (SIC)Rajkeshvar Singh, on a visit to Meerut on Saturday, instructed the district magistrate to penalise 55 information officers from different departments with a penalty of Rs 25,000 each. The SIC was in the city to address a meeting of officials on the Right to Information (RTI) Act 2005. On getting to know that there were as many as 832 RTI applications pending in Meerut, the official said those responsible for the large pendency – and Meerut has the dubious distinction of being the district with the largest pendency of RTI applications in the state – should be penalised. Chaudhary Charan Singh University accounts for 116 of the pending RTI applications. The SIC asked the district magistrate to recover Rs 13,75,000 from the 55 information officers who showed laxity in responding to RTI applicants. He directed all departments to dispose of pending applications in a period of one or two months. Addressing the media, he said, “Awareness of RTI Act is a big reason of the increasing pendency. Information officers are not intentionally showing laxity. This is the system. It is not so perfect. Under the law, information must be provided in 30 days.” The SIC explained that departments that have the largest public dealings also have the highest pendency. “Following the CCSU, the revenue department is at second position, having 100 pending cases. Power Corporation and Meerut Development Authority have 60 and 54 pending applications respectively.” Asked about threats to RTI applicants, the SIC said, “The protection of RTI activists is not in the hands of the Information Commission. It is the responsibility of police and district administration.” He urged citizens to refrain from misusing the RTI Act. If bizarre information is sought, it takes up time and energy that could be better spent elsewhere, he said. “Information on a private person cannot be provided. Information that affects business interests is also not given. There is a provision to consider the needs of secrecy,” the SIC explained. A special hearing of RTI applications is scheduled in Lucknow on December 27. RTI applications that pertain to the Meerut Development Authority and the city municipal corporation will be heard on January 17 next year. (Times of India 22/11/14)

40. PM Modi’s wife Jashodaben files RTI on her security cover (1)

Mehsana: Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s wife Jashodaben has filed an RTI application with Mehsana police to seek clarity on security cover given to her and wanted to know what she is entitled to. Mehsana Superintendent of Police(SP) J R Mothalia said that Jashodaben wants to know what are her rights as PM’s wife as far as the security aspect is concerned. “Today, she came to our office and filed an RTI to know about her rights as PM’s wife with regard to security cover. We will give our written reply to her in stipulated time,” said Mothalia. Jashodaben lives with her brother Ashok Modi at Unjha town of Mehsana district. After Modi was sworn-in as PM, she has been given security by Mehasana police. “We have deployed ten of our policemen, including armed guards, for her security. They work in two shifts, five each in one shift.” said Police Inspector of Mehsana Special Operations Group(SOG) J S Chavda. In her application, Jashodaben sought several documents from the police department related to her security cover given as per the protocol, including the certified copy of actual order passed by government about providing security. She also wanted to know the laws and related provisions in Indian Constitution about security cover given to a PM’s wife. She asked the government to explain the definition of protocol and sought details about what is included under it and what other benefits she is entitled for as per that protocol. She also expressed unhappiness about the current security set-up, where her guards travel in government vehicles like car, while despite being a PM’s wife she has to travel in public transport. Jashodaben noted that late Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was killed by her own bodyguards and that she felt scared of her guards. She asked the government to make it compulsory for each guard to produce copy of deployment order. (Business Standard 25/11/14)

41. Govt ignoring monthly reports: RTI (1)

What’s the best way to ensure your government works? The answer may lie in the monthly summaries that every ministry and department must submit to the cabinet secretariat on the work they’ve been doing. But when transparency activist Venkatesh Nayak attempted to obtain reports for 27 departments under 10 ministries through the Right to Information Act, only six replied in full. More than half didn’t bother writing back at all. And some replied without giving him the information. Nayak, programme coordinator with Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative, is now set to petition the government to disclose these monthly summaries on all ministry and department websites. Filing monthly summaries is mandatory under the ‘Rules of procedure in regard to proceedings of the cabinet,’ a manual compiled in 1987 which itself was kept secret until Nayak battled the administration through RTI in order to get hold of a copy. Nayak filed an RTI query in August this year, asking for monthly summaries for departments under key ministries such as home, finance, defence, external affairs, social justice and water resources. While Nayak received the maximum number of replies from departments under the ministry of finance, his applications were rejected by the ministry of defence. The department of defence under the ministry of defence rejected the RTI application to provide monthly reports on the grounds that it was exempt from disclosing information under section 8 (1) (a) of the RTI act, dealing with national security. “This is a complete misreading of the clause. Information is exempt only if disclosure will affect national security. The department did not bother to explain how the entire monthly summary attracts this provision,” says Nayak. Ironically the department of personnel and training, which looks after the implementation of the RTI and the Lokpal Act, did not reply to the RTI query on monthly submissions. Strangely, while Nayak did not receive any information from the departments of disinvestment and financial services under the ministry of finance, sister departments such as expenditure, revenue and economic affairs were prompt with their response. “One of the reasons for what was believed to be policy paralysis under the previous government may have been a lack of adequate monitoring of the work that each department did. If a report does not come at all, or a report with the word ‘nil’ is filed, how will the cabinet secretariat or the prime minister even get to know if work is progressing well or has slowed down?” asks Nayak. (Times of India 27/11/14)

RIGHT TO EDUCATION

42. Anganwadi workers protest dilution of ICDS (11)

NEW DELHI: As UNICEF acknowledged India’s success in improving the lot of children in the State of the World Children Report 2015 — unveiled on Friday — hundreds of anganwadi workers took to the streets in the Capital to protest the dilution of the Integrated Child Development Scheme (ICDS), one of the biggest interventions made at the national level for early childhood development. Under the banner of the All India Federation of Anganwadi Workers and Helpers — associated to the Centre of Indian Trade Unions — the anganwadi employees submitted four crore signatures to the Prime Minister’s Office seeking his intervention in saving ICDS from privatisation. Apart from flagging the problems faced by anganwadi workers who “have no minimum wages or pension after 38 years of service,” the Federation said India still accounts for 42 per cent of the world’s undernourished children. “Seventy-eight per cent of them are anaemic. 85 lakh children die at birth every year.’’ Asserting every child’s right to education and healthcare, the Federation said: “Shall we leave our future to the mercy of some ‘big’ ‘good’ people and corporate companies who may or may not help some of the `poor’ to eat food through some of their ‘charity’ programmes which fund the ICDS?’’ (Th Hindu 22/11/14)

43. Future uncertain for boy admitted under RTE Act (11)

JAIPUR: Seven-year-old Rohan (Name changed), a Class II student, is sitting at home from past 40 days. He is missing his classes and missed his exams. Every day he argues with his father to take him to school but is left disappointed. For the second time in this year he was expelled by his school Jaipuria Bal Vidhalaya situated on JLN Marg for non-payment of fees. He was admitted in the 2011-12 session under the Right to Education Act-2009. It means the state has to reimburse his fees to the concerned school. His father, Mahesh Kumar Tak, is a clerk in education department at Shiksha Sankul on contractual basis. The family had been all praises for the Act which made it possible for them to see their ward studying in a reputed private school. The dream lasted for a year. This January, the school issued a notice to them asking to deposit the fees as education department hadn’t reimbursed a single penny on account of Rohan’s admission. Rohan was forced out of school for a week then. The family was under the pressure due to final exams which were round the corner. They borrowed money and paid the fees thinking that the matter will be fixed soon. Mahesh Tak then approached the education department officers who refused to help him saying that they cannot waste time and energy on a single case. This left him with no choice but to knock on the door of Rajasthan High Court which directed the school that since the petitioner was given admission under RTE……the respondent (School) is restrained to charge fees in April 2014. Even after the court order, the school refuses to budge. Again in October this year, the school issued a notice to Rohan’s parents asking them to pay the fees of this session as they had again not received any reimbursement from the government. It came as a rude shock for the parents to see the matter was not resolved even after the court issued orders. “I went to school and showed them the court order but they refused to honor it. I again went to the court which directed me to file contempt petition on November 7,” said Tak who is suffering from a chronic disease and does not even have enough money to file a contempt case in the court which amounts to more than his son’s annual fees. Sunil Upadhaya, additional block officer, Jaipur, said, “I have already written a letter to the school directing them to admit the expelled student. Though, we have not received any communication from the school. On Monday, we will take further action against the school for not complying with the court order.” (Times of India 23/11/14)

44. Sangham: How the RSS is charting out changes in education (11)

On the 30th of October, Union Human Resource Development Minister Smriti Irani had a meeting with a group of 22 at Delhi’s Madhya Pradesh Bhawan. Though this was the sixth meeting between her and RSS leaders in six months, that group was the largest to meet her. The guests represented 11 outfits of the RSS involved in education, who offered their suggestions to Irani over a six-hour meeting, with the understanding that there would be many such meetings in the days to come. Nine days later, a former RSS pracharak, Ram Shankar Katheria of Agra, joined Irani as Minister of State, HRD. The Sangh’s “role” in the Narendra Modi government may now be no more than a matter of academic debate, but a sphere where it is more or less settled is education. It is also one area where Modi’s “development agenda”, both when he was chief minister of Gujarat and now in the Prime Minister’s chair, is quite at peace with the Sangh’s. To interact with the government and the BJP, the RSS has divided its frontal organisations into six groups, namely Arthik Samooh, Sewa Samooh, Shiksha Samooh, Suraksha Samooh, Jan Samooh and Vichar Samooh. The 11 outfits that met Irani are part of the ‘Shiksha Samooh’, and vary in scale, ambition and spread. The shortlisting of 11 “liaisons” from them, to be in constant touch with the minister, was just an indication of the kind of broad policy-level changes the RSS wants, though things may have got off on the wrong foot. RSS functionaries have been irked by Irani’s “indecisiveness”. “Several appointments are delayed,” said a representative who attended the October 30 meeting. “We have offered Irani possible names for some posts but she did not show enthusiasm.” The choice of Katheria as MoS is being seen as dictated by the RSS, to advise Irani on “Sangh interests” and to keep her “in tune” with them. However, Katheria’s start too has been wobbly, shadowed by the charge that he forged his graduation marksheet. Irani has stressed several times that a new education policy is in the works. At an RSS function in Varanasi last week, she said that the new policy would be announced next year. Her most controversial move so far has been the decision to discontinue German as third language in Kendriya Vidyalaya schools. The board of governors of the Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan led by Irani announced that Central schools could only offer a Indian language, especially Sanskrit, as third language. Interestingly, the organisation fighting this cause, the Sanskrit Shikshak Sangh, is not affiliated to the RSS but patronised by former Congress MP Mahabal Mishra. On December 13-14, RSS-affiliated organisations will hold a national-level seminar on the “recommendations, implementation and relevance of education commissions since Independence”, in Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh. Topics such as autonomy of educational institutions, value-based education, science and spirituality, examination system, teachers’ training and research are on the agenda. (The Hindu 24/11/14)

45. Delhi high court wants 25% free EWS seats in playschools (11)

NEW DELHI: In a landmark verdict, Delhi high court on Monday directed playschools that were allotted land at concessional rates in the capital to offer 25% of their seats free of charge to children from the weaker sections. A division bench of Chief Justice G Rohini and Justice R S Endlaw said Directorate of Education (DoE) must do a yearly compliance check and Delhi Development Authority (DDA) must cancel the lease of schools flouting this order. “People affected by such an attitude of the respondents (government and DDA) are most in need of education, and for providing which the scheme (allotment of land at concessional rates) was devised,” the court said, slamming DoE and DDA for passing the buck. While DoE had said the issue of compliance was between DDA and the schools, the land owning agency claimed it had not received any complaints. “We do not expect the weaker sections of the society, for whose benefit the aforesaid scheme of allotment of prime land at concessional rates on the condition aforesaid was devised, to be in the know of the said condition or to claim enforcement thereof. It is also not as if the respondents have taken any steps, year after year at the time of admission to schools, to advertise the said scheme so as to make the citizens belonging to the weaker sections of the society aware, to be able to approach the schools who are bound by the said condition,” HC observed. HC’s directions came on a plea filed on behalf of the NGO Justice For All by advocate Khagesh Jha, seeking directions for admitting 25% of students from the EWS category in aided and unaided schools that have been granted land at concessional rates. The court said, although orders were passed from time to time, it is issuing fresh directions to “avoid any ambiguity” and its orders will extend to all schools, including nursery, primary, middle or secondary. It further directed DoE to verify annually if schools are abiding with their land allotment clause and providing free education to EWS students. The bench also made a distinction between the 25% EWS clause provided in the lease deed and a separate obligation for another 25% imposed by the Right to Education Act for which the government has to reimburse these schools. It requested the LG, who is also chairman of DDA, to look into the issue and file an affidavit before March 31, 2015 explaining to what extent RTE Act is being enforced on the 25% EWS quota. It also asked whether the government is reimbursing schools that provide free-ships. The RTE Act 2009 requires every recognized school imparting elementary education to admit at least 25% of its strength from children belonging to the weaker sections and disadvantaged groups in the neighbourhood, and provide free and compulsory education to them. (Times of India 24/11/14)

46. Court order on school admission (11)

Guwahati, Nov. 26: A Gauhati High Court division bench of Chief Justice K.S. Rao and Justice Ujjal Bhuyan today delivered a slew of directives regulating admissions to all schools in Assam imparting pre-primary education from the calendar year 2015. The order was passed after a public interest litigation (PIL No. 94/2013) was filed by Children’s Welfare Association, a non-government organisation, on October 31, highlighting various issues confronting pre-elementary or pre-primary education in Assam, particularly the one relating to admission. The court said no school would conduct any admission test or interview of the child or parents and the number of seats available should be clearly indicated. Admission can be based on various criteria such as first-come-first-served basis, neighbourhood of the school, sibling of an existing student, girl child or child of a single parent and specially-abled children but criteria should be placed in public domain, the court order said. The judgment passed said classrooms should not be cramped, schools should maintain healthy teacher-pupil ratio, have adequate and proper toilet facilities and space for sporting activities. Schools should have a child-friendly atmosphere, the court said. It stated that fees to be paid should be disclosed at the time of announcing the admission schedule. Besides, the order stated that a district-level Grievance Redressal Committee has to be constituted and the commissioner and secretary to the government of Assam education (elementary) department has to ensure compliance and implementation. The petitioner had in the PIL alleged that such schools have mushroomed all over the state without adhering to any objective norms with the primary purpose of making nursery and KG education a totally commercial proposition. Parents are not informed about the admission criteria and disproportionately high fees are charged. (The Telegrap 27/11/14)

RIGHT TO FOOD/ HUNGER

47. Lawmakers from over 170 countries are urged to push on nutrition commitments (21)

NEW DELHI : United Nation’s Food and Agriculture Organisation Director-General Jose Graziano da Silva urged lawmakers from around the world meeting in Rome to play their part in transforming into positive results the commitments to provide healthier diets for all people which governments are expected to adopt at this week’s global nutrition conference. “Improving nutrition requires a collective effort. It requires well-designed laws that improve food systems, ensure healthy diets and strengthen school meals. It also requires adequate public budgets and it calls for strong legal frameworks that consolidate advances and allow us to press ahead,” said Silva. The FAO Director-General was speaking at a meeting organized in Rome by the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) which represents lawmakers from over 170 countries. The event held under the title “Parliaments for better nutrition” served as a forum for an exchange of views on key nutrition challenges and opportunities ahead of the Second International Conference on Nutrition (ICN2) which began in Rome on Wednesday and is scheduled to end on Friday. More than 90 ministers and hundreds of government officials will attend ICN2 which is organized by FAO and the World Health Organization (WHO). Countries are expected to adopt the Rome Declaration on Nutrition, and a Framework for Action, which set out recommendations for policies and programmes to address nutrition across multiple sectors. In his address at the meeting in Rome’s municipal town hall, IPU Honorary President Pier Ferdinando Casini, expressed hope that ICN2 “will stir the necessary action among all stakeholders, including parliaments, to devise and implement coherent policies and better coordinated actions to ensure a sustainable approach to nutrition.” Casini described parliaments as well “one of the most important actors in driving the ICN2 agenda at the country level”. He also said they can review, monitor and supervise government action, including the implementation of policy and legislation related to nutrition, and ensure it is well-delivered. Casini noted that the outcome of the “Parliament’s for better nutrition meeting” would be presented in the form of a statement to ICN2 on the final day of the conference. During Wednesday’s meeting the Latin American Parliamentarians network gave the FAO Director-General an award in recognition of his commitment and support for the regional Parliamentarian Front against Hunger. The Front was established in 2009 within the framework of the FAO-supported Hunger-Free Latin America and Caribbean Initiative. The region is the first to have met the hunger target of the first Millennium Development Goal (MDG) – halving the proportion of undernourished people by 2015. The meeting with the international group of parliamentarians is part of FAO’s initiative to involve the participation of a broader group of stakeholders in hunger and nutrition-related issues. Ahead of ICN2, similar meetings have been organized with representatives from civil society and the private sector. (Times of India 21/11/14)

48. Government to provide interest subvention for housing loans (21)

New Delhi: The government Monday said it will offer interest subvention on housing loans to make it more affordable for the poorer sections of the society to own a house. “We are coming out with an interest subvention scheme for the housing sector for the economically weaker section and lower income group people,” said Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation Minister M. Venkaiah Naidu at an industry event here. As per government data, the housing shortfall is 18.78 million out of which more than 90 percent is in the LIG segment. The projected housing shortage of 30 million units is predicted by 2022, the government requires funding of Rs.22.50 lakh crore in overcoming the house shortage during the period. According to Naidu, who was addressing the ninth conclave of the confederation of real estate developers association of India (CREDAI), the government has incorporated all the inputs from builders, consumers and other stake holders in the new real estate regulation and development bill. “We have taken the views of various stakeholders including real estate sector. Then we will go to the cabinet shortly. Once the cabinet approves, I am hoping we will get early clearance,” Naidu said regarding the approval procedure of the new bill. “If not this session, at least by the budget session the real estate development and regulation bill will be a reality.” C. Shekar Reddy, national president, CREDAI recommended to the government that units under the area of 40 sq mts be treated as national infrastructure. Reddy further said that housing is the only sector that attracts multiple taxation. Presently the total tax to be paid is 30-40 percent. “The status of priority sector lending to the affordable housing segment (already announced by RBI for affordable housing) is a needed decision, yet to be implemented,” Reddy said. (Business Standard 24/11/14)

49. Ebola crisis may result in more hunger: UNDP report (21)

United Nations: Wild price swings caused by the Ebola health crisis are making it more difficult for households to feed themselves and make a stable living, according to a new UN report released Monday. The report said that action is required to protect the poor and support farmers, Xinhua reported. “Border closures, movement restrictions and a slowdown in farming activity are shaking food markets badly,” said Ayodele Odusola, chief economist at the Regional Bureau for Africa of the United Nations Development Program(UNDP). Since the onset of the Ebola crisis early this year in West Africa, buying power went down by 20 percent in Sierra Leone and by more than 25 percent in Liberia, said the study. The study also found rural communities were worst affected, due to soaring transport costs and declining farming incomes. Reduced traffic has been observed in more than two-thirds of Liberia’s counties. Till the date, WHO has reported 15,351 Ebola cases in eight countries since the outbreak began, with 5,459 reported deaths, mostly in Sierra Leone, Liberia and Guinea, the three hardest-hit West African countries. (Business Standard 25/11/14)

50. Food security: WTO may advance deadline to Dec 2015 (21)

New Delhi: The World Trade Organisation (WTO) is ready to advance the deadline for finding a permanent solution on the issue of public stockholding for food security purposes to the end of next year. On India’s insistence, a paragraph is being added to the Bali Ministerial Decision specifying that members shall engage to adopt a permanent solution by December 31, 2015, instead of 2017, an official privy to the on-going negotiations in Geneva told BusinessLine. This follows the recent settlement between India and the US on the issues of food security and trade facilitation after it agreed to support certain changes in the provisions on food security in the Bali Ministerial Decision. Along with the move to find a permanent solution by end 2015, the draft to amend the Bali Ministerial decisions will also make the peace clause, which gives immunity against action for breaching farm subsidy limits, perpetual. “The draft decision on food security arrived at by all members on Monday together with the draft decision on the protocol for Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA) is likely to be adopted at the WTO’s General Council meeting on November 26,” the official said. New Delhi had refused to support a protocol on trade facilitation in July this year as it wanted its food security concerns to be adequately addressed. India had wanted the peace clause to be made perpetual till a permanent solution was found. It had demanded that as a permanent solution to the risk of its food procurement schemes leading to a breach in subsidy caps, they should either be dropped from the list of trade distorting subsidies, or calculated on a more recent base year or get indexed to inflation. As per the WTO draft, negotiations on a permanent solution shall be held in the Committee on Agriculture in special sessions, distinct from agriculture negotiations under the broader Doha Round. (Business Line 26/11/14)

LABOUR/ MGNREGA

51. India committed to labour reforms without compromising working class: Dattatreya (14)

New Delhi: Union Labour Minister Bandaru Dattatreya has said that the NDA Government is committed to labour reforms, but these reforms will not be initiated or introduced at the expense of the interests of the nation’s working class. India’s outdated labour laws strictly limit hiring and firing, while an onerous ‘inspector raj’ deluges employers with paperwork, discouraging them from expanding and adding staff. “The government led by Narendra Modi is committed to labour reforms but not at the cost of working class,” said Dattatreya at a meeting with major trade unions here. Just eight percent of Indian workers have formal jobs with any security and benefits, such as provident Ffnd, while the vast majority work in the informal sector, experts say. The change would benefit chiefly firms that employ just a few people. In 2009, 84 percent of India’s manufacturing workers were employed by firms with fewer than 50 staff, research by the Asian Development Bank shows. “Our aim is national interest. We are not at all narrow-minded. We don’t want to bulldoze anybody. Our interest is national interest. We are looking forward and we are not looking backward,” Dattatreya added. Even though the World Bank says India has one of the world’s most rigid labour markets, fears of a trade union backlash and partisan politics have deterred governments from reform. Business leaders have high hopes for Prime Minister Narendra Modi, an advocate of smaller government and private enterprise, to change that. (New Kerala 20/11/14)

52. Labour budget exercise under rural job scheme under way (14)

Tiruvannamalai: The Intensive Participatory Planning Exercise (IPPE) to draft labour budget for 2015-16 under the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) is under way in Thandarampattu block, one of the five blocks identified to be backward in Tiruvannamalai district. The IPPE was launched on November 11 and is expected to conclude on December 15. The planning exercise would be carried out as per newly laid down guidelines. Five trained block planning teams headed by an officer in the rank of Block Development Officer have been dedicated for this exercise. These teams would cover 47 village panchayats. V. Sivakumar, Block Development Officer (block panchayat) of Thandarampattu told The Hindu that the IPPE mainly focused on the realistic estimation of labour budget for 2015-16, through an intensive door-to-door survey covering all households. The teams would take a few days to complete their surveying in a village with help from volunteers. “Transect walk will be performed to assess the hidden resources and unutilised infrastructure facilities of the village. On the final day, social mapping, resource mapping and seasonal mapping will be done by taking people’s views into account. This is to assess the felt individual need and that of the society as a whole. In the concluding session, the labour budget will be finalised. The IPPE will result in preparation of an integrated development plan for each village panchayat of the block under the guidance of District Collector A. Gnanasekaran and Project Director (DRDA), J. Sampath,” he said. The drive was launched at Edathanur. N.S. Saranyadevi, Assistant Project Officer (Wage and Employment — 1) of DRDA, panchayat president R. Sangamithirai and N. Krishnamoorthy, Block Development Officer, also took part. (The Hindu 21/11/14)

53. Rights groups urge Gulf states to protect migrant workers (14)

Kuwait City: International rights and labour groups called Sunday for urgent action to protect migrant workers from abuse in Gulf countries. Ahead of a meeting this week of Gulf and Asian labour ministers, 90 groups issued a statement saying millions of Asian and African workers are facing abuses including unpaid wages, confiscation of passports, physical violence and forced labour. “Whether it`s the scale of abuse of domestic workers hidden from public view or the shocking death toll among construction workers, the plight of migrants in the Gulf demands urgent and profound reform,” said Rothna Begum, Middle East women`s rights researcher at New York-based Human Rights Watch. HRW was one of the signatories of the statement along with other groups including Amnesty International, the International Trade Union Confederation and the International Domestic Workers Federation. Ministers from the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) and Asian countries are meeting on November 26-27 for the third round of the so-called Abu Dhabi Dialogue on labour migration. About 23 million foreigners, including at least 2.4 million domestic servants, live in the six-nation GCC that brings together Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. GCC countries have come under fire for the kafala system of sponsorship for migrant workers, which is used to varying extents across the Gulf. It restricts most workers from moving to a new job before their contracts end unless they obtain their employer`s consent, trapping many workers in abusive situations, the statement said. It called for comprehensive laws to protect migrant labourers and reforming the kafala system to allow workers to change employers without permission from their sponsors. (Zee News 23/11/14)

54. Govt to change archaic provisions in labour laws (14)

NEW DELHI: After Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s ‘Make in India” pitch, the labour ministry is “actively” considering to amend several archaic provisions in labour laws, including Factories Act, Apprenticeship Act and Minimum Wages Act. The BJP government is also considering amending the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act to bring it in tune with the Right to Education (RTE) Act, which has been operational since 2010, making education compulsory for all children up to the age of 14 years. “The government is actively considering amendments in the Child Labour (Regulation and Abolition) Act 1986, Factories Act 1948, Mines Act 1952, Minimum Wages Act 1948 and the Apprenticeship Act 1961,” Labour Minister Bandharu Dattatreya told Rajya Sabha. Elaborating on the proposed amendments in Factories Act (1948), the minister said there are proposals to amend section 66 of the Act relating to permission for employment of women for night work with adequate safeguards, amendment of sections 64 and 65 to enhance limit of overtime hours from the present 50 hours per quarter to 100 hours per quarter among others. Another proposal is to empower the Central government to make rules under the Factories Act on some important provisions. (Times of India 27/11/14)

55. Tripura CM leads protest against shrinking NREGA at Jantar Mantar (14)

NEW DELHI: A cross-section of political leaders, activists and academics came together on Wednesday at JantarMantar against what they call NarendraModi government’s attempt to dilute Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee scheme. Tripura chief minister Manik Sarkar, the first CM to lead a dharna against the dilution of MGNREGS, said his state is facing a massive cut in funds from the Centre. He said it has come down to Rs 650 crore from last year’s Rs 1400 crore. Sarkar said right from the beginning, vested interests in rural areas, big landlords, money lenders, big capitalists and corporate houses were opposed to the programme. He attacked the UPA-II government which had started curtailing MGNREGA. He accused the Modi government of failing to deliver on its promises. “The decision to curtail MNREGS will adversely affect Tripura which is the best performing state in this regard. This will not be tolerated,” he said. Inaugurating the dharna, CPM general secretary Prakash Karat said his party will take the protest to each village. In West Bengal, 38,000 villages are observing a bandh and in all of Kerala too demonstrations are being held at the panchayat level. “Modi government is acting at the behest of corporates and the vested interests in the rural areas who are now compelled to pay higher wages since the implementation of the scheme,” he said. Senior CPM leader Sitaram Yechury said fight against dilution of MGNREGS will not end with one-day protest but will continue inside and outside Parliament. He said assurance given by rural affairs minister Venkaiah Naidu does not mean anything as their main demand for increase in allocation is not being looked into. Congress leader Mani Shankar Aiyar said MGNREGA is facing threats from the big landowners and industrialists. JD (U) president Sharad Yadav said Sarkar is among the best chief ministers in the country and he came to the protest function to laud his efforts in saving MGNREGA from dilution. (Times of India 27/11/14)

RESERVATION

56. State-specific reservations don’t apply to UoH (25)

HYDERABAD: Reservations specific to neither Telangana nor Andhra Pradesh exist at the University of Hyderabad (UoH), where seats are open to students from across the country, insist university officials. Only two supernumerary seats are reserved for students from Jammu & Kashmir and the North Eastern States to encourage students from those regions, officials said in response to news reports that efforts were onto keep the UoH in the jurisdiction of Andhra Pradesh, despite bifurcation of the State. The issue of the university’s jurisdiction was raised by the Union Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) in 2007, when it asked UoH why its jurisdiction was confined to AP in its Act – when other central varsities did not have the specific mention. Senior teachers said UoH had come into being as part of a six-point formula during the 1969 Telangana and 1971 Andhra agitations, and the sixth point was the creation of a central university. However, seats were always open to students from across the country. Moreover, the jurisdiction of the State had become necessary to ensure that associate and external institutes that offer research courses to students on behalf of UoH have legality. The university allows top institutes like the Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology to admit Ph.D students, while the degree is awarded by UoH. Similarly, the UoH selects a few research students who get to work under researchers in top institutions. To ensure that only institutes within the erstwhile AP were eligible, the AP jurisdiction part was adopted by the Executive Council two years ago, officials argue. Meanwhile, a senior UoH teacher said the court meeting had to take place on Friday, November 21, as they received a letter from the MHRD to send an audited report for 2013-14 and for the annual report to be placed in the Parliament session that begins November 24. The reports have to be cleared by the court meeting consisting of all UoH professors and five appointed Parliament members. Among the five, three are no more MPs – including K. Chandrasekhar Rao, Anjan Kumar Yadav and Nama Nageshwar Rao – while the term of Y. Sujana Chowdary and V. Hanumanth Rao will expire soon. Officials say some employees whose appointments were questioned by the MHRD committee were raking up these issues to save themselves. (The Hindu 20/11/14)

57. Reservation policy failed to provide succor to dalits (25)

MYSORE: Karnataka Dalit Vedike convenor Shivakumar Swamy on Sunday revealed that more than 60,000 employees in the state’s various departments have got employment by producing fake caste certificates and said SC and ST leaders have failed to tackle this menace . Speaking at an interaction sessions on “declining reservations” he said the new amendment brought to reservation policy on SC and ST is detrimental to the interests of the poor and the politicians and bureaucrats have failed to take note of it’s anti-dalit intent. Lack of awareness and determination on the part of SC and ST job seekers to get employment has diluted the reservation policy, besides denying jobs to these communities in government departments, he felt and said caste Hindus and their leaders are increasingly questioning the reservation facility. They have started questioning the reservation policy itself and seeking its end, he added. Shivakumara Swamy said instead of questioning the reservations, one should think and analyze whether the purpose of providing reservations has yielded results and achieved goals. Meanwhile in contrast the people who have been benefitted by reservations should introspect on what they have given in return to the society by getting jobs through this facility, he said and stressed the need for relaunching an agitation on this issue. Academician and rationalist K S Bhagwan in his speech said reservation benefits have failed to reach the large section of deserving people. Reservations in proportionate to the population should resolve the issue, he said. Another academician from Krishna Devaraya University, Hampi J Somashekar said this is the time for planners and politicians to review the impact of reservations in these last 64 years and why the reservation facilities have been not extended to Judiciary and army. “No body is questioning why reservation facility has been not been extended to army and judiciary” he criticized questioning the sincerity of promises made by the politicians on the eve of election on extending reservation facility to private sector jobs. “Most surprising is that the government which extended a red carpet welcome to the private corporate bodies and alloted them lands have failed to give a piece of land to dalits for burying the dead” he said urging the dalit activists and leaders to work out an action plan on this issue and how to wage a war against the government to get the benefits. (Times of India 23/11/14)

58. Quota in play schools: HC slams Delhi govt for non-compliance (25)

New Delhi: The Delhi High Court on Monday termed as “unfortunate” and slammed the Delhi government for failing to devise any mechanism to ensure 25 per cent reservation to poor children in play schools running on land alloted at concessional rates. Hearing a plea filed by NGO Justice for All seeking implementation of Right to Education Act in play schools and nurseries, saying they are alloted land by Delhi Development Authority (DDA) at concessional rates, a bench of Chief Justice G Rohini and Justice Rajiv Sahai Endlaw also directed the Directorate of Education (DoE) to ensure that all schools, which have been allotted land, abide by the provision. It further ordered DoE that if any such school is found in breach of the above then DDA should be immediately intimated. The persons affected by such an attitude of the respondents are most in need of education and for providing which the aforesaid scheme was devised. Such persons have very little access to justice too. “We do not expect the weaker sections of the society, for whose benefit the aforesaid scheme of allotment of prime land at concessional rates on the condition aforesaid was devised, to be in the know of the said condition or to claim enforcement thereof. “It is also not as if the respondents have taken any steps, year after year at the time of admission to schools, to advertise the said scheme so as to make the citizens belonging to the weaker sections of the society aware thereof, to be able to approach the schools who are bound by the said condition,” the court said. It said that instead of achieving the purpose, the scheme “benefitted the allottees of such land who on one hand have been able to acquire prime land at rates much below the prevalent market rate… “… And on the other hand owing to the respondents not enforcing the condition subject to which such concession was given, being relieved thereof and resultantly being able to also admit students to the said 25 per cent of the seats which were meant for weaker sections of the society, on paid basis.” The court requested Delhi’s Lieutenant Governor, who is also the chairman of DDA, to look into the issue and file an affidavit in this regard before March 31, 2015. RTE Act, 2009 mandates every recognised school imparting elementary education to admit to the extent of at least 25 per cent of the strength, children belonging to weaker sections and disadvantaged group in the neighbourhood and provide free and compulsory education to them.  (Zee News 25/11/14)

59. Gujjars seek intervention of PM on 5 pc quota (25)

Jaipur: Upset over the deadlock with the state government on five per cent special backward classes (SBC) reservation, the Gujjar community of Rajasthan will seek the intervention of Prime Minister Narendra Modi and block two national highways in protest. Community leaders and members will march to New Delhi to meet PM and demand categorisation of Other Backward Classes (OBC) quota in government jobs the state. The community has declared plans to start fresh agitations and block two national highways, NH-11 and NH-8,  in the state. “Around one lakh Gujjars will march down to Delhi and a delegation of our leaders will meet the PM to demand categorisation of the OBC quota,” said Himmat Singh, a Gujjar leader. “We will soon take an appointment to meet him,” said Singh. “If we are not allowed to meet Modi, we will hold protest outside Parliament,” he added. Members of rgw Gujjar community have been agitating for five per cent SBC quota, but now they are demanding categorisation of OBC quota. As per Supreme Court directives, state government cannot exceed 50 per cent total reservations 50 under normal conditions. Earlier, governments had given five per cent SBC reservation to Gujjars, which exceeded the prescribed limit of 50 per cent, and this was challenged in the court. Now Gujjars are of the view that categorisation of OBC reservation will ensure reservation to them without exceeding the limit set by the SC. “Around 82 castes in Rajasthan, including Gujjars, come under OBC category. For the last many years, very few castes have been taking all the benefits of OBC reservation. We demand categorisation of the OBC quota,” said Singh. “Gujjars and four other nomadic castes should be given five per cent reservation within the overall 21 per cent of the OBC quota,” added Singh. (Deccan Herald 26/11/14)

60. MRPS presses for SC Categorisation Bill (25)

ONGOLE: Activists of Madiga Reservation Porata Samiti (MRPS) on Wednesday laid siege to the District Collectorate demanding that the Union government ensure the passage of the Constitution Amendment Bill for Scheduled Caste categorisation during the winter session of Parliament. Leading the protest, MRPS general secretary T. Babu Rao said there should be no issues in getting the bill passed when the TDP, BJP and other parties had committed themselves in their poll manifestos to micro-classification of SCs for reservation in educational institutions and government jobs. Social justice could be ensured to sub-castes only through categorisation of SCs, said MRPS State secretary P. Prabhudas. Madigas got over 22,000 additional jobs when categorisation of SCs was in vogue in the State for four years, said Samiti Prakasam district convenor P. Narendra. “We cannot tolerate any further delay on the issue of micro classification of SCs, said MRPS city president A Venkateswar. (The Hindu 27/11/14)

HUMAN RIGHTS/ CIVIL SOCIETY/ NHRC

61. Human rights groups slam IAAF for Qatar decision (1)

BERLIN: Human rights groups Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch on Wednesday slammed athletics’ governing body, the IAAF, for awarding the 2019 world championships to Qatar. The Qatari capital of Doha was named host of the 2019 Athletics World Championships on Tuesday, just days after the Gulf state’s football officials were cleared of corruption by FIFA in their successful bid for the 2022 World Cup. The International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) announced Doha had beaten off Barcelona and Eugene, Oregon, to the dismay of the two human rights groups. A recent Amnesty International report into Qatar claims some migrant workers are victims of forced labour there and treated appallingly by subcontractors employed by leading construction companies in a sector rife with abuse. “We’re stunned and still in shock, our impression is that our pleas are going unheard,” Regina Spoettl, Amnesty International’s Gulf States expert, told SID, an AFP subsidiary. “We expect that sports events aren’t carried on the backs of millions of exploited workers. “We are concerned that because of the IAAF world championships, even more migrant workers will have to work in inhuman conditions.” Qatar has come under the media microscope since winning the right to host the 2022 FIFA World Cup, with doubts thrown up over corruption, its human rights record and treatment of its massive foreign workforce. Human Rights Watch also criticised the IAAF’s decision. “We are very surprised that the IAAF has awarded the world championships to Qatar, because the public debate on human right and labour rights there has already been running for two years,” Human Rights Watch Germany’s spokesman Wolfgang Buettner told SID. “The awarding already shows an ignorance about the situation of migrant workers. “If the situation of migrant workers had improved, then you could say that the awarding was a kind of reward, but that is not the case as the situation hasn’t changed.” (Times of India 20/11/14)

62. NGOs extend support to cyclone-hit tribal families in Agency areas (1)

VISAKHAPATNAM: Shifting focus on the families and children in the cyclone-affected tribal regions of the Agency areas, Cyclone Relief Task Force Committees under the guidance of organisations like Save the Children (STC) and NGO Nature have launched various welfare projects. Based on the post-cyclone assessment, STC has initiated three programmes under immediate humanitarian response to support the families and children in 41 villages severely affected by the calamity. These programmes include Cash for Work (CFW), Child Friendly Space (CFS) – Balala Ananda Nilayam and Wash campaign, informed S Balaraju, member, state commission for child rights and founder-director of NGO Nature. Explaining the concept of CFW, Sree Nagesh Malladi, in charge of Humanitarian Response, STC, said, “Under CFW, 390 affected families are being supported by providing cash for work at 14 habitations. CFW is meant for only selected beneficiaries from the most-affected families with an objective to clean the debris in and around their houses, streets, water points, cleaning schools, Anganwadi premises and places where children play. The net cash given helps in purchase of essential commodities and food items.” STC has also sanctioned four CFS in four locations including Ashavanipalem in urban Vishakhapatnam, Mangamaripeta in Vishakhapatnam rural, Mukkam and Ramachandrapeta in Vizianagaram district. “These four centres, at a cost of Rs 1 lakh each, will benefit 270 children in the age group of 3-14 years. The objective of CFS is to create a space for children to play, learn and exhibit their talent and also vent the stress undergone during the disaster. Education, learning materials, sport and games materials will be provided for three months. Later, the CFS will be handed over to the community or school authorities,” averred Alka Singh, state programme manager of South Region. Finally, under the Wash campaign, educating the communities from around 30 villages on health, hygiene and sanitation through street plays or Kalajathas are being undertaken by Nature Cultural Team. The campaign aims at creating awareness on health, sanitation and precautions against communicable diseases while explaining the role communities should play during epidemics, explained K Bangaru Babu, field coordinator from NGO Nature. Activities such as distribution of house material kits worth Rs 29 lakh for 725 identified needy beneficiaries the first phase, expansion of CFW to strengthen Swachh Bharat activities in the affected areas, setting up of CFS in needy areas, continuation of Wash awareness campaigns, support to school children by providing 518 education kits at the cost of Rs 4 lakh are on, said G Hymavathi, secretary of NGO Nature. Underlining the future plans of the organizations, programme coordinator from STC K Ranganathan said, “Working on multi-thematic areas including child protection, safety and quality education, community based disaster preparedness (CBDP), comprehensive school safety plans in schools to safeguard children from natural disasters, life skill education to school children are on our list. Nutritional support for pregnant, lactating mothers and children below three years from 750 families would also be provided.” (Times of India 24/11/14)

63. NHRC seeks report on man-animal conflict (1)

Bhubaneswar: The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) has asked the State Government to submit an action-taken report (ATR) over the consistent man-animal conflict that has caused deaths of both humans and wild animals in Kendrapada district over decades. The NHRC has issued a notice to the Chief Secretary in this regard on a petition filed by Supreme Court lawyer and rights activist Radhakanta Tripathy. Tripathy told the top human rights body that gravity of man-animal conflict in the district has become so deep that it became a poll plank in the last general election in several villages close to the Bhitarkanika National Park. Estuarine crocodiles and wild boars have been posing life threat in these villages since long, he stated in the petition. Tripathy also informed the NHRC that the seven-month-long embargo on sea-fishing have added woes to nearly 1 lakh people of seaside villages under the Rajnagar and Mahakalpada Assembly constituencies, who have already been affected by attacks of crocodiles and wild boars and forest laws as well. Pointing out that the deaths and injuries of women, children and senior citizens and loss of livelihood amount to gross violation of human rights, Tripathy urged the NHRC to direct the Odisha Environment and Forests Department to take permanent solution to the conflict and to pay adequate compensation to the families of the deceased and the injured. (Pioneer 25/11/14)

64. A complaint to NHRC blew the lid off multi-crore pension scam in Haryana (1)

New Delhi: It was a complaint moved before the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) that blew the lid off a multi-crore age-old pension scam that has rocked Haryana. As many as 29,025 bogus beneficiaries have been found in just one district — Karnal — causing a loss of at least Rs 10 crore to the exchequer and indicating that the detection is merely a tip of the iceberg. As of now, the government is collecting details of irregularities in the scheme from other districts. Haryana CM Manohar Lal, while speaking in Vidhan Sabha , had said the state government was probing the scam, which may be worth more than Rs 100 crore. The bogus beneficiaries, all underage, allegedly forged their age on voter identity cards, a mandatory document for availing the pension. After the detection of the fraud, the state government has stopped the pension of all such beneficiaries and proceedings have been initiated for taking penal action against the accused. The complainant in the case is a Delhi-based Right to Information (RTI) activist, Rajhans Bansal, who lodged the complaint with the NHRC in March this year. “I relentlessly tried to apprise the previous Haryana government of the multi-crore scam, but they neither responded nor showed any willingness to probe the scam. Despite several RTI applications filed, I did not get a reply. Finally, I approached certain officials in NHRC, who asked me to file a complaint in this regard. They took cognizance and the probe was finally ordered by the state government on NHRC’s instructions”, Bansal told The Indian Express. “It is not only in Karnal, similar scams have taken place in many other districts of the state. Such fake beneficiaries can be found in districts of Mahendergarh, Rewari, Bhiwani, Rohtak, Panipat, Jhajjar and Hisar,” Bansal alleged. (Indian Express 27/11/14)

JUDICIARY/ LAW

65. 37 years on, Emergency-era law to go (19)

NEW DELHI: The law commission has submitted its fourth report to the government on Tuesday that recommends among others repeal of a special article introduced in the Constitution by late Indira Gandhi during Emergency in 1977. This act nullifies general procedure followed for disputing elections of an elected representative who becomes prime minister. Almost 37 years after the Emergency, the Narendra Modi government is all set to repeal the Disputed Elections (PM & Speaker) Act of 1977 which was brought in by late Indira Gandhi when Emergency proclamation was still in place. The special provision, inserted in the Constitution through Article 329A, was brought in to nullify the general procedure for disputing an election by presenting an election petition to the high court. This act provides that any other law will not apply where the elected representative goes on to become the Prime Minister or Speaker of the Lok Sabha. In such cases, this act would apply, and election petitions questioning their elections would be heard by a single judge of the Supreme Court, set up as a separate authority under this act. The decisions of the authority were final. Article 329A allowed this distinction to be made. Both the amendment and this law were created during the time the Emergency proclamation was still in place. Indira had brought in this law after her election from Rae Bareli as an MP in the 1971 Lok Sabha was set aside by the Allahabad high court. Raj Narain who had fought against Gandhi had challenged her election win accusing her of using “corrupt electoral practices.” On June 12, 1975 the Allahabad HC had upheld the accusations and disqualified Indira and barred her from contesting for next six years. This verdict had led to imposition of Emergency. Subsequently, when the Janata Party government came to power defeating the Congress in the 1977 general elections, this special provision was dropped. “Article 329A was subsequently removed through the 44th Amendment to the Constitution in 1978″.The law commission, which has recommended repeal of 30 obsolete laws in its fourth report, has said that “without Article 329A this law is unconstitutional since the Constitution does not allow a distinction to be made between the election disputes of different types of elected representatives. Hence the constitutionality of this act is suspect and should be repealed.” The law panel has also recommended repeal of the Illegal Migrants (determination by Tribunals) Act 1983. The act instituted procedures to determine whether persons suspected to be illegal immigrants from Bangladesh did, in fact, fall under that category, and expel them from India. It was applicable only to the state of Assam (detection of foreigners in other states is done under The Foreigners Act, 1946). The act established tribunals for determining whether a person is an illegal migrant. The court, in Sarbananda Sonowal v. Union of India (2005) struck down the act and declared that the Foreigners Act and other related acts would operate in Assam instead. Since the act has been struck down by the Supreme Court and is not in use, it should be repealed, the law panel has recommended. The Chandigarh Disturbed Areas Act, 1983 has also been recommended for repeal. The act provided to make better provision for the suppression of disorder and for the restoration and maintenance of public order in disturbed areas in Chandigarh. In 2012, the Punjab and Haryana High Court in Surinder Bhardwaj v. Union Territory of Chandigarh and Anr. (2013) removed the ‘disturbed area’ tag off the city of Chandigarh and it ceased implementation of the notification issued in 1983 during the days of terrorism in Punjab. “The Act does not serve any purpose now and hence, it should be repealed,” the law panel has said in its report. (Times of India 20/11/14)

66. False dowry charge ground for divorce, Supreme Court rules (19)

NEW DELHI: If a woman’s complaint accusing her husband and in-laws of cruelty under the dreaded Section 498A of Indian Penal Code turns out to be false, then the man is entitled to divorce, the Supreme Court has ruled. Allowing dissolution of marriage between K Srinivas and K Sunita, the court said, “We unequivocally find that the respondent-wife had filed a false criminal complaint, and even one such complaint is sufficient to constitute matrimonial cruelty. We accordingly dissolve the marriage of the parties.” After the wife left her matrimonial home on June 30, 1995, the husband filed a divorce suit on July 14, 1995 on the ground of cruelty as well as irretrievable breakdown of marriage. The wife retaliated by filing a criminal complaint against her husband and seven of his family members under various provisions of IPC and Dowry Prohibition Act. The husband and his family members were arrested and jailed. A Hyderabad court on June 30, 2000, acquitted the husband and his family members of the charges leveled against them by the wife. Another family court granted divorce to the husband on December 30, 1999 on grounds of cruelty as also irretrievable breakdown of marriage. But the HC, on the woman’s appeal, set aside the divorce decree. On the woman’s statement to police on the complaint lodged by her against her husband and his relatives, an apex court bench of justices Vikramjit Sen and PC Pant said, “This is clearly indicative of the fact that the criminal complaint was a contrived afterthought. We affirm the view of the HC that the criminal complaint was ‘ill advised’.” The judgment, authored by Justice Sen, added. “In these circumstances, the HC ought to have concluded that the wife knowingly and intentionally filed a false complaint, calculated to embarrass and incarcerate the husband and seven members of his family and that such conduct unquestionably constitutes cruelty as postulated under Section 13(1)(a) of the Hindu Marriage Act. In any event, both parties were fully aware of this facet of cruelty which was allegedly suffered by the husband.” There are reports of misuse of Section 498A of the Indian Penal Code by women to harass their husband and in-laws. (TOI illustration)  Though the court granted divorce, it did so on the ground of cruelty to husband and not on irretrievable breakdown of marriage, a ground which was coined by the apex court in K Srinivas Rao judgment last year. The court said the Law Commission of India in its reports in 1978 as well as in 2009 had recommended introduction of irretrievable breakdown of marriage as a ground for dissolution of marriage and the Marriage Laws (Amendment) Bill of 2013 incorporating this ground had even received the assent of Rajya Sabha. “It is, however, highly debatable whether, in the Indian situation, where there is rampant oppression of women, such a ground would at all be expedient. But that controversy will be considered by the Lok Sabha,” the court said. (Times of India 24/11/14)

67. Madras HC bench orders notice on PIL for murder victims’ compensation (19)

Madurai: A PIL seeking compensation from the Government for those killed by hirelings was filed in the Madurai Bench of the Madras High Court here on Monday. When the petition came up for hearing, a Division bench comprising Justice A Selvam and Justice V S Ravi ordered notice to the Principal Home Secretary returnable by December 4. Petitioner A Sadayandi, a PIL litigant, submitted that 19 innocent persons were murdered by hirelings in various districts, including Madurai and Virudhunagar, in the three years ending December 2013. But their families have not been compensated although it was the duty of the police to protect people. People had lost faith in the police administration as cases had been registered against both aggressors and the victims in many criminal cases, he said, adding, out of 7,586 cases registered in 23 districts in Tamil Nadu 5,413 had been registered both against the aggressors and the victims in the three year period. This was a violation of Police Standing Order which said both parties should not be charged. The cases against the victims of aggressors should be quashed and there should be periodical inspection about this factor. Another charge levelled against the police, according to the petitioner, was that they made compromise in cases where the complainant had made out a cognizable offence. The duty of the police was only to register case and not compromise. In nine districts, police had compromised 21,644 cases which was totally unfair practice, he contended. (Zee News 24/11/14)

68. Criminal justice system victimises poor and vulnerable: CJI (19)

New Delhi: The criminal justice system largely victimises the poor and vulnerable sections of society and there is an urgent need for reform on multiple fronts, Chief Justice of India HL Dattu said today as he called for the scrapping of laws which criminalise begging and sex work. “Not only does the criminal justice system largely victimise the poor and vulnerable sections of society, very often, laws themselves criminalise poverty and destitution,” Dattu said on the occasion of Law Day function on the Supreme Court lawns. “In India, laws criminalising beggary, sex work and certain occupations of the tribal community are often largely seen by the scholars and human rights activists as widening the net of criminality by punishing destitution. “Along with legal aid, there must be an intense process to redo the acts that are criminalised towards decriminalisation of acts that has a disproportionate impact on the poor,” he said at the function where Union Law Minister DV Sadananda Gowda, too, was present. On the issue of protection of women against sexual violence, Dattu said, “We seem to be having a growing affinity for ensuring physical safety of women by curbing their freedom. “As far as I am concerned, I would like to emphatically state in no uncertain terms that the security of women is not achieved by curbing their freedom and liberty and it is no security at all. We have to evolve some systematic reforms,” he said. The Law Minister, who spoke before the Chief Justice, dwelt upon Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s ambitious ‘Make in India’ project, saying that the country is being converted into a major global player through the creation of a business- friendly environment. Efforts should be undertaken to make India an international arbitration hub, he added. He said, “The government is pushing the concept of ‘Make in India’ and converting the country into a major global player, for which we need to have a business-friendly environment. (Zee News 26/11/14)

POLICE/ AFSPA/ CUSTODIAL DEATHS

69. KPS Gill bats for continuance of AFSPA in Kashmir (1)

NEW DELHI: As calls for removal of Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) gather steam following the recent sentencing of five army officers to life in a case of fake encounter in Jammu & Kashmir, former Punjab police chief KPS Gill on Saturday ferociously argued in favour of the act. Gill, who is credited with ending the Punjab militancy of the 1980s, said that the Act should not be removed from the valley as youngsters are getting attracted to ISIS. Gill, who has been a regular at VHP functions in the recent past, was speaking at the World Hindu Congress. Gill said: “In Jammu & Kashmir, there is a problem of terrorism and now some of the youngsters are getting influenced by ISIS.” The issue of removal of AFSPA from the valley, or certain parts of it, has been argued time and again by human rights activists and even J&K chief minister Omar Abdullah. In fact, one of Abdullah’s promises before the last assembly elections which he won was that he would get AFSPA removed from certain parts of the valley. The reason cited has been that militancy is at its lowest ebb in the valley for several years now and less and less local youths are picking up guns. However, Gill said the act does not give any impunity to army officers. “The army officers are charged if they do something wrong,” said Gill, referring to the recent conviction of five armed forces personnel. “I think there is a propaganda against AFSPA,” he added. Lambasting the state government for failing to ensure Kashmiri pandits’ return to the valley, Gill said: “What has happened in Kashmir is tragic. The resettlement should have taken place by now … the government of Kashmir is a shame if it can’t settle the pandits.” (Times of India 23/11/14)

70. Cases of custodial torture in rural stations (1)

Kozhikode: When the entire State Police Department boasts of upholding virtues of community policing, incidents of custodial tortures are slowly staging a coming back in the Kozhikode Rural police station limits. Within a short span of two weeks, two incidents have been reported from the rural police stations that have drawn wide public ire against the primitive method of policing. In recent incidents, the persons who were beaten up were found innocent and later allowed to go without any charges. In the first incident, the victim was the cleaner of a school bus who was held on the charge of sexually abusing a minor girl at a private English medium school in Nadapuram. The cruel story of lock-up torture came to light when a group of local people who came to know about the foul play of police to trap the youth staged a sit-in at Nadapuram and eventually freed him. Later, Muneer, the victimised youth, said the two civil police officers from the Nadapuram station attacked him cruelly to make him admit to the crime and recount the incident as they wanted him to in the court. He also told mediapersons that the police opted for primitive methods of tortures and threat against life to make him admit that he sexually assaulted the girl. Muneer was picked up though two senior students of the school were first identified as the accused. Later, the two were arrested, and strangely, even after their arrest, no disciplinary action was taken against the police officers who tortured Muneer. The negligence continued even after Muneer mentioned the names of the two officials who manhandled him. In the second incident, a youth hailing from Valayam was cruelly beaten up by the Vadakara police on the charge of stealing a mobile phone. Police attacked the youth following a complaint from a woman commuter that her phone was stolen by somebody during the travel. The youth was picked up, as he was using a similar phone and he travelled in the same bus as the woman. At the police station, V. Sunil Kumar, the victim, was forced to admit that he stole the phone. Though the man admitted the ‘crime’ after sometime to escape police torture, the foul play was exposed when his relatives produced the bill and other details obtained when he bought the phone. He was later admitted to a hospital with several injuries on his body. (The Hindu 24/11/14)

71. AFSPA withdrawal key to ending gender-based violence (1)

New Delhi: A national plan action, the withdrawal of the armed forced from conflict areas, revised curriculum in schools, eradication of manual scavenging and legal acceptance to same sex marriages are some of the recommendations of UN Women to end gender-based violence in India. Twenty-years ago, in 1995, the United Nations adopted the Beijing Platform for Action (BPfA) at the Fourth World Conference for Women. The agenda of BPfA was women’s empowerment and to ensure that women get equal opportunities to participate in all areas — social, economical, cultural and political decision-making. To mark its anniversary, the UN invited 171 activists and policy-makers, activists, academics and government officials from the country to in August draft recommendations for the faster implementation of the BPfA. Last week, Union Minister of Women and Child Development was in Bangkok to be a part of the Asian and Pacific Conference on Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment: Beijing+20 Review, organised by UN’s Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), where she stressed the need for gender equality to to be a sustained effort to be seen as “something more than a slogan”. The committee looked at sustainable development goals for women, the end of gender-based violence, strengthening women’s voice and agency and the development of women’s institutions and budget. The two-day event, held on 11th and 12th August, was attended by Asha Kowtal of All India Dalit Mahila Adhikar Manch, former Additional Solicitor General Indira Jaising, Jagmati Sangwan of All India Democratic Women’s Association, Suneeta Dhar of Jaagori, Ruth Manorama of National Alliance of Women, amongst others. The recommendations entail that the government must make efforts to recognise, reduce and redistribute women’s unpaid work and ensure that workplaces follow measures such as day care centres and maternity leaves, etc. In the field of education, the panel recommended inclusion of sexuality education. To ensure safe health, the panel recommended the prevention of sex-biased selection with strict implementation of the PC-PNDT Act, and end discriminations against sex workers and people who are HIV positive, disabled or belong to the LGBTQ community. The panel called for the immediate demilitarisation of the civilian spaces of Kashmir, Northeast India, Chhattisgarh and affected areas of Andhra and Odisha, and the withdrawal of the Armed Forces Special Powers Act 1958 in operation in the North East and Kashmir. The panel also recommended the strengthening of the efforts to ensure the passage of the Women’s Reservation Bill. And in the areas of media and communications, the panel called for the access to the internet and digital technologies to be seen as a basic right, and not a privilege of a few. (DNA 25/11/14)

72. Army finds 9 soldiers guilty of killing Kashmiri teenagers (1)

New Delhi: The Army has admitted that it was a case of mistaken identity.The Indian Army on Thursday found nine soldiers, including an officer, guilty of killing two Kashmiri teenagers when they opened fire on a car in Jammu and Kashmir’s Budgam district earlier this month. The Army had admitted that it was a case of “mistaken identity” when they fired at the Maruti car the boys were driving. “There was some information about a white car with terrorists. Obviously, the identity was mistaken in this case. We take responsibility for the death,” Lt General D S Hooda of the Northern Army command had said on November 7. The two teenagers, identified as Faisal Yusuf Bhat and Mehrajuddin Dar, were killed on November 3 while two others – Shaker Bhat and Zahid Naqash – were injured when soldiers of 53 Rashtriya Rifles opened fire on the Maruti car they were travelling in at Chattergam village in Badgam district, 20 km from Srinagar. The Army had claimed that the driver of the car did not stop at a mobile vehicle check post after he was signalled to do so. An inquiry was later ordered into the killing. Clashes had also broken out between the locals and security personnel in Budgam over the killing of the two teenagers. The National Human Rights Commission had also issued a notice to the Defence Ministry and the Jammu and Kashmir police over the killing. (India Today 27/11/14)

MEDIA/ FREEDOM OF SPEECH

73. Congress condemns attack on media at Rampal’s ashram (1)

NEW DELHI: Congress on Tuesday condemned the attack on media personnel during a clash at godman Rampal’s ashram in Hisar in Haryana and sought an apology from chief minister Manohar Lal Khattar over the incident. “The attack on media at Sant Rampal’s ashram in Hisar today is unacceptable and extremely unfortunate. Reporters and cameramen have been brutally beaten up and injured by the police in mindless lathicharge,” AICC communication department chief Ajay Maken said. “This assault on media is a demonstration of the fact that Haryana government did not wish to be put under media scrutiny in handling the Hisar ashram crisis,” he added. Maken demanded an apology from the Haryana CM and an explanation how “such brutal action” was sanctioned. “This high handedness and brutal attitude of the BJP government in dealing with the media is only indicative of the threats that our democracy faces,” he said. While condemning “this attack on media”, he said the Congress stands in solidarity with mediapersons. Maken’s statement came after several persons, including security and media personnel, were injured as clashes erupted at the ashram of controversial godman Rampal in Barwala in Hisar. (Times of India 20/11/14)

74. NE scribes urge Naga body to lift ban on book (1)

GUWAHATI: A forum of journalists in the northeast has expressed concern over a ban by the apex body of the Ao tribe in Nagaland on a book written by a Dimapur-based journalist. It urged the tribal body to withdraw the ban. The Journalists’ Forum Assam (JFA) expressed concern over a ban on “Cogitating For a Better Deal”, a book by journalist and Nagaland Page editor Monalisa Changkija, imposed by the Ao Senden, the apex body of the Ao tribe in Nagaland. The tribal body said the book levels false allegations against it. Released Oct 25, the book, published by Heritage Publishing House in Dimapur, is a compilation of six seminar papers which the author presented at various national events. The conflict began after Changkija said the tribal body has “no mandate to arbitrate over intra and/or inter village disputes.” The leader of the Ao Senden said it can do so as the statutory apex body of the Ao tribe. This led to the conflict between the journalist and the Ao Senden. Changkija also belongs to the Ao tribe. (Times of India 23/11/14)

75. Nirmala Sitharaman slams media for objectifying women (1)

NEW DELHI: Union minister Nirmala Sitharaman on Saturday lambasted the media for portraying women as a commodity and called for self-regulation. She said if the government steps in, it is called moral police. She also urged stakeholders to exercise freedom of choice with a certain sense of discretion. Emphsaizing that women’s empowerment had to begin with participation of women, Sitharaman said, “You are encouraging a certain theme, a certain narrative, story, picturization of women, where she’s made a commodity, where she is being projected as a doormat, and you are comfortably watching it, shedding tears … The moment government tries to come in, we will have equally n number of women saying ‘Oh, moral policing!’.” The commerce and industries minister was speaking at a session on women’s empowerment at the World Hindu Congress. Sitharaman hinted at the need to change the mindset of the viewers. “Let’s not pretend. There is an audience for this. I am not saying therefore it should go on. But if we are constantly telling the government what are you doing about it, I want to ask for a minute, what are we doing about those people who are watching it,” she asked. “The government will come in, but as long as we believe in the freedom of choice, I think it is for us much more than the government, to exert this freedom of choice with a certain sense of discretion and ‘Sanskaar’,” she added. Highlighting the role of women in mass movements like the Chipko Andolan and their participation in politics, she said, “There are enough examples to talk about how women have had a role in what I call politics which is not narrow to holding positions.” Asserting that Indian women have a significant role to play in nation-building, Sitharaman said women should start “documenting their achievements”. She said: “The women should start recording their achievements, not in a pompous way but document it, show it out.” Acknowledging that women have always contributed to every segment of their lives, society and country, Sitharaman said the documentation was necessary as “in the 21st century, some kind of narration is required”. She said modern women are multi-faceted and their participation in the country’s politics is significant. “Politics is like an open box which draws from all the streams, so let’s not make it into an exclusive business. Women are there and should continue to be there,” she said adding that women should “be assertive and engage with everybody”.Former IPS officer and activist Kiran Bedi too supported the idea and suggested that the contribution of women in India’s history be included in the school syllabus. “Let’s document the contribution of women in India’s history. Not for adults but for the youth. It should be a student edition for the age group of 13 to 16. It can be included in the school syllabus,” Bedi said. She said the dream of a developed India could only be realised if the country’s women are literate. “We need to focus on making the women sakshar (educated) and saksham (capable),” she said. (Times of India 24/11/14)

76. Attack on journalists at Hisar, SC to hear plea on Monday (1)

NEW DELHI: The Supreme Court on Wednesday agreed to hear on Monday a petition filed by a group of journalists seeking a direction to the Centre and Haryana for ordering a judicial probe into alleged assault on them and other media persons during a police operation to arrest ‘godman’ Rampal in Hisar. “List it on Monday,” a bench comprising Chief Justice HL Dattu and justices Madan B Lokur and A K Sikri said. The court’s order came as soon as senior advocate Rajeev Dhawan, appearing for journalists, started his argument saying the matter pertained to assault on media persons in Haryana recently. The plea filed by a group of media persons has sought punishment for “erring police officials” for resorting to lathi charge “without caution and care”.It has also alleged there was an increasing tendency to “muzzle the press” by government authorities and sought “appropriate compensation” for affected journalists and framing of guidelines to ensure “free and fair functioning of the media”.”The petitioners, who are media persons being victims and aggrieved to the unprovoked lathi charge on them in Hisar, during the stand-off between police and supporters of Rampal, are filing the present writ petition to seek justice for violation of their fundamental right guaranteed under Article 19 (1)(a) of the Constitution and freedom of press which means absence of interference by the State with the media, except in so far as it is authorised by the Constitution and by enactments which are constitutionally valid,” the plea said. Besides the incident at Hisar, it also referred to various recent incidents in which media persons have been attacked. “It is surprising that, despite proper approval from their channels and local authority the journalists were targeted by police from behind and subjected to the unprovoked attack suddenly near Satlok Ashram near Barwala town of Haryana while they were covering the violent clash between sect followers and security forces…,” it said, adding a superior police officer first allowed them to go near the site and later resorted to ‘lathi charge’. (Times of India 26/11/14)

COMMUNAL RIOTS

77. Gujarat government took all necessary steps to control riots: Nanavati (7)

Ahmedabad: The 2002 post-Godhra riots were “purely communal” in nature and erupted specifically as a reaction to the Sabarmati train burning incident. The Gujarat government and the police took all necessary steps to control the incidents, Justice (retd.) G.T. Nanavati, Chairman of the Nanavati Commission of Inquiry, told The Hindu in an interview on Wednesday. “Whatever steps are required to be taken, we found that they were taken,” Mr. Nanavati said when asked if the State and the police had responded in an appropriate manner during the riots. On whether the Commission had given a clean chit to Mr. Modi, Mr. Nanavati refused to divulge the contents of the report. “That is a matter of the contents of the report and I would not like to disclose it at this stage. But I can only say that we have considered everything. At this stage, I cannot say if the report indicts Mr. Modi or not.” In an indication that the Commission did not find any merit in the allegations against Mr. Modi, Mr. Nanavati said the panel saw “no justification” for calling him. Asked why the panel had not summoned Mr. Modi even as a point of inquiry, he said: “What inquiry. If there are nine allegations against you and if I find that almost eight allegations are false and there is only some substance in one allegation, should I call you to appear before the Commission personally, if I can get answers in some other manner?” Commenting on Mr. Modi’s role, he said, “Naturally, ultimately riots are initially required to be controlled by the police. So, obviously the police will be involved. The State being ultimately responsible for law and order, the State’s role is also to be considered. So, we have to consider the role of the police force, the bureaucrats and also the top persons… We examined whether there was negligence, connivance, abetment.” Asked whether the panel saw the riots as spontaneous, Mr. Nanavati said: “It is a matter of inference and we have drawn the appropriate inference. The communal riots obviously happened because of the Godhra incident … had the Godhra incident not happened, the riots would not have happened.” The Commission Chairman remained non-committal on whether the riots were heinous or brutal. “I don’t know what you mean by one of the most heinous incidents, because I am not aware of all the incidents everywhere. ” (The Hindu 20/11/14)

78. Riot rate dipped in 2014, Rijiju tells Parliament (7)

NEW DELHI: Incidents of communal violence have declined to 561 between January and October this year from 694 and 668 in the corresponding period of 2013 and 2012. Interestingly, the number of those killed in communal riots dipped from 143 (tentative figure cited in reply to a Lok Sabha question dated December 10, 2013) until October last year to 90 over the same period this year. The corresponding figure for 2012 was 94 deaths. Similarly, the number of those injured until October this year stood at 1,688, as compared to 1,978 (as per the data placed in Parliament on December 10 last year) and 2,117 during the corresponding period of 2013 and 2012 respectively. Minister of state for home Kiren Rijiju, while replying to a Rajya Sabha question on Wednesday seeking details of communal incidents in the current year, attributed the 561 incidents, 90 deaths and 1,688 injuries until October 31 this year to “religious factors, gender-related issues, land and property disputes and other miscellaneous issues”.The higher casualty on account of communal riots during 2013 may be attributed to the violent clashes that broke out in Muzaffarnagar in August-September. Uttar Pradesh reported the highest levels of communal violence at nearly 250 incidents, 95 deaths and 313 injured (tentative figures as per December 10, 2013 data). (Times of India 27/11/14)

COMMUNALISM

79. Resolution moved in Bengal Assembly on attempts to create communal disturbance (26)

Kolkata: Trinamool Congress, Left parties and Congress on Thursday moved a resolution in the West Bengal Assembly expressing concern over attempts made by communal forces to create disturbances in the state. Participating in a discussion on the resolution under Rule 185, Minister for Urban Development Firhad Hakim wondered why Muslims as a group were being called terrorists. “Not all Muslims are terrorists. There has been a growing tendency to dub Muslims as terrorists,” he observed. He blamed a particular party aided by a media company for the character assassination and observed that culture and traditions of West Bengal cannot be destroyed. “It is a land of Rabindranath Tagore and Kazi Nazrul Islam. Hindus and Muslims are two flowers,” he said. Apparently referring to the terror modules sneaking into Bengal, he said the central agencies had failed to police the border properly, but was passing the buck on the state government. With the BJP attacking the state government over the Burdwan blast, Hakim said the Modi government had failed to prevent infiltration across the international border. “Where is the vigil across the border? What the BSF is doing?” he asked and added “Why the state would be blamed for the failure of the Centre to do its job properly” in checking the infiltration from across the border. The resolution was moved by West Bengal education minister Partha Chatterjee, Leader of Opposition Surya Kanta Mishra of the CPI(M), Gyan Singh Sohan Pal of Congress and some other TMC, Left and Congress members. The resolution said that there was attempt to disturb communal amity and peace by communal forces and noted with concern that there were attempts to communalise the issue following reports of arms training camps in some parts of the state.  (Zee News 20/11/14)

80. Progressive’ Hindu pontiffs and Hindu Right tussle over anti-superstition Bill (26)

Bengaluru: A new dimension has been added with the entry of 208 Hindu seers, called Progressive Pontiffs Forum, who were recently on hunger strike demanding the passage of the bill, which seeks to ban practices such as Madey Snana, where people from lower castes roll over food leftover by Brahmins believing that their saliva has medicinal properties. Siddaramaiah grabbed the opportunity to revive the bill, which had been gathering dust since November last year, by promising the progressive seers that he will push for the bill in the next cabinet meeting. While Siddaramaiah’s enthusiasm to ban superstitious practices has opponents within his own party such as party president G Parameshwara, a major legal hurdle has also cropped up. Earlier this week, the Karnataka High Court passed an interim order allowing the Madey Snana practice to be held at the State run Kukke Subrahmanya temple near Mangaluru. As a result of the court’s order, the anti-superstition bill cannot be tabled in the upcoming winter session of the Karnataka assembly. “The anti-superstition bill also seeks to ban Madey Snana. Attempting to pass it now (in the light of the court order) will create a conflict between the judiciary and the legislature,” Law Minister T B Jayachandra told HT. Jayachandra said that the only way for the State government is to go on appeal before the Supreme Court. However, sources close to Siddaramaiah revealed that he is keen to push for the bill notwithstanding the HC order. Meanwhile, Bajrang Dal State president Sharan Pumpwell told HT that leaders of various Sangh outfits held an emergency meeting on Wednesday where it was decided to hold State-wide demonstrations against the Bill. Describing the Progressive Pontiffs Forum, as a “group of fake swamis”, Pumpwell said, “Will the government ban superstitious practices among Muslims such as circumcision and the violent Muharram processions?” The bill, which was drafted by the National Law School University of India (NLSUI), seeks to contain practices such as human sacrifice, magical cures for diseases in addition to Madey Snana. (Hindustan Times 22/11/14)

81. No ‘Father’, Bastar Catholic schools will have Maa Saraswati (26)

Raipur: Under intense pressure from the VHP, the Catholic missionaries of Bastar have agreed that principals in their schools, normally referred to as “Father”, would now be addressed as “Pracharya”, or “Up-pracharya”, or “Sir”. The missionaries have also agreed to put up photographs of “Maa Saraswati” and “great personalities who have worked for national interest” in their educational institutions. A statement saying the missionaries agreed to the above was issued following a meeting between the VHP and the missionaries in Jagdalpur in Bastar on Sunday. It was signed jointly by Bastar district VHP president Suresh Yadav and the spokesperson of the Bastar Catholic Community, Abraham Kannampala. The Catholics run 22 schools in the tribal district of Bastar, spread over an area bigger than Kerala. As per the joint statement, “notice boards and assemblies of all Catholic educational institutions of Bastar” should specify that instead of “Father”, principals be addressed as Pracharya or Up-Pracharya or Sir. The statement added, “The Catholic community expresses regret if any community, religion or society was hurt by our community.” While the VHP has been targeting missionaries for long over issues in Bastar, and “Ghar Vapasi” programmes have been undertaken in interior villages to reconvert neo-Christians, the recent controversy began a few days ago when, during an address in Bastar, the Bishop of Jagdalpur church said a missionary school should be established with every church in the region. The VHP immediately dispatched a letter to the Bastar Commissioner, with copies to Chief Minister Raman Singh and the Governor, saying “the address aimed to promote communalism and narrow-mindedness”. The letter also alleged instances when “Chirsitian missionaries put non-democratic pressure on Hindu society and administration on the pretext of education”. The VHP demanded that “Father be immediately replaced by Pracharya or Guruji” and statues of “Maa Saraswati be installed”. In Sunday’s statement, the missionaries clarified that “they have no intention” to follow the suggestion given by the Bishop. Asserting that the statement “upholds the sentiments of Hindu students and community,” VHP leader Suresh Yadav justified the demand that principals not be called Father, saying they had been seeking it for long. “We asked these missionaries what was the meaning of father? Father means pita. We have only one father, how can we address a teacher as father? They said that their Bible says so, and that they consider God father. We asked them that Bible is a religious book, why do they bring it to educational institutions?” he said. “In other English-medium schools, no one uses Father for teacher. Why only here? Addressing a teacher as father puts emotional pressure on students and their parents,” he added. Yadav said there was no contradiction in calling Saraswati “Maa”, though. “Maa and behenji are words of respect. We address older women as mataji, younger women as behenji. Matayen aur behanen, we say before any address. But we never address an old man as pita.” The spokesperson for the Bastar Catholic Community said they didn’t intend to hurt anyone. “We never pressure anyone to say Father. We also agreed to installing statues of Saraswati and noted personalities. (Indian Express 24/11/4)

82. Create new education model acceptable to all, RSS chief Mohan Bhagwat says (26)

NAGPUR: RSS chief Mohan Bhagwat told intellectuals, educationists and academicians to come out with a new indigenous model of education that would be universal in its appeal and produce better human beings. “No one is happy with the education system. Globally, there is a view that the way we teach and learn needs drastic changes. They are all looking towards India to provide a new direction because, in ancient times, India was the greatest centre of learning. We held leadership position for centuries and now have to regain it,” said Bhagwat. He was addressing a gathering of over 250 academicians, including eight vice-chancellors, professors and educationists who are here to deliberate on theme of ‘Nationalist Education: Concept and Structure,’ organized at the Reshimbagh facility of the RSS. The opening session of the two-day conference that began on Tuesday was addressed by senior Sangh functionary Suresh Soni. Ahmadabad-based Punarotthan Vidyapeeth ( Revival University) headed by Sangh activist Indumati Katdare is the organizer of the meet. The objective is to work out a consensus on an indigenous education system based totally on ancient Indian values and knowledge base. Govind Prabhu of ISKCON presided over the function. “The change is much-needed and even cause of worry because education shapes the next generation and impacts whole of humanity. Several thinkers with varying ideological affinities are at work. So we have a huge responsibility, more so with the whole world hoping that India would show the path to better learning for peaceful and contended life,” said the RSS chief. “Any such endeavour should be all-encompassing, broad and universal in scope. The Vidyapeeth should widen its consultations drawing from all thinking classes and sections to evolve a system that is acceptable to even critics of Sangh Parivar,” said Bhagwat. He said the process should be more of a social movement and not a constricted view. “First fix your goals, summon the requisite determination to pursue it. But then also ensure that the new model is practicable. The process should also involve a lot of unlearning and decolonization of mindsets,” he told the stakeholders. The Sarsanghchalak also made it clear that the new model should take a holistic view and revamp the education system. “Make it worth it so that we don’t have to go to others seeking patronage but make others to come to us to adopt this model,” he said implying that the non-government process was not to be thrust on governments but to be offered as a superior model that would be lapped up by all those fervently seeking a better model. (Times of India 26/11/14)

TERRORISM

83. Delhi, Dhaka exchange lists of fugitives (12)

DHAKA: Intelligence agencies in Bangladesh and India have exchanged lists of suspected fugitives believed to be hiding in each other’s countries to evade trials. The visiting team of India’s National Investigation Agency (NIA) has handed over a list of 11 “top Indian terrorists” to Bangladesh’s Rapid Action Battalion (RAB), including suspects in the Bardhaman blast case. The RAB has given a list of 51 suspected criminals, including 10 militants, who are purportedly holed up in India. The lists were given at a high-level meeting at the RAB headquarters here on Tuesday. NIA Director-General Sharad Kumar and RAB Director-General Mokhlesur Rahman led the respective teams. Both agencies also shared images and other details of the suspected militants. The Bangladesh list includes the names of Sunny and Boma Mizan, who are among the top three Jamaat-ul-Mujahideen Bangladesh (JMB) members snatched by a group of armed men from a prison van on a highway in February this year. NIA officials believe that bomb-making expert Boma Mizan is training young JMB militants in explosives-manufacturing in West Bengal. The NIA team’s visit to Dhaka was aimed at investigating the jihadi networks following the October 2 blast at a house in West Bengal’s Bardhaman. The house had been turned into a factory for making Improvised Explosive Devices by JMB militants, the investigators claimed. Two suspected militants died in the explosion and their wives, believed also to have been trained by the banned outfit, were apprehended. (The Hindu 20/11/14)

84. Burdwan blast kingpin’s wife held in Bangla (12)

DHAKA, Nov 23 – In a prize catch, the wife of the Burdwan blast prime accused and the chief of the women’s wing of the banned JMB militant group was arrested today in Bangladesh along with three others, reports PTI. Fatema Begum, who confessed to training at least 25 women militants in India, is said to be the wife of Sajid, the Burdwan blast prime accused, said Masudur Rahman, Deputy Commissioner of Dhaka Metropolitan Police (DMP). She was the women’s wing chief of Jamaat-ul-Mujahideen Bangladesh, Rahman said. Sajid is the prime accused in the October 2 blast at Burdwan in West Bengal that left two people dead. “She was held along with three of her associates from Dhaka’s Sadarghat along with explosives, bomb-making materials and jihadi books,” Rahman was quoted as saying by The Daily Star. The four-member team of officials of the NIA that visited Dhaka last week to probe the Burdwan blast plot had provided some names and up to 15 mobile phone numbers to their counterparts here to help them in cracking the case. During initial interrogation, Begum is said to have confessed she trained at least 25 women, including five Bangladeshis, in Shimulia area of Kolkata, Islam said. Begum was a training coordinator of JMB and she was with Sajid, the political chief of the militant group, during the Burdwan blast, Islam added. (The Assam Tribune 24/11/14)

85. ISIS earned $45m in ransom, says UN (12)

The ISIS group which controls a large swath of Syria and Iraq has received between $35 million and $45 million in ransom payments in the past year, a UN expert monitoring sanctions against Al Qaeda said Monday. Yotsna Lalji told a meeting of the UN Security Council’s counter-terrorism committee that an estimated $120 million in ransom was paid to terrorist groups between 2004 and 2012. Kidnapping for ransom “continues to grow,” she said, as demonstrated by the money the extremist group calling itself the ISIS has collected, between $35 million and $45 million in the past years. She said in recent years that Al Qaeda and its affiliates have made kidnapping “the core Al Qaeda tactic for generating revenue.” She pointed to an October 2012 recording in which Al Qaeda leader Ayman al-Zawahri incites militants worldwide to kidnap Westerners. Ms Lalji said Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula, which operates from Yemen, received $20 million in ransom between 2011 and 2013, and Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb, which operates in North Africa, received $75 million over the past four years. She said the Al Qaeda-linked extremist groups Boko Haram in Nigeria and Al-Shabab in Somalia also “have collected millions of dollars over the past years,” and the Abu Sayyaf militant group in the Philippines has received about $1.5 million in ransom. According to the Al Qaeda sanctions committee, although the media focuses on international hostages who have generated the largest ransom payments, the vast majority of victims are nationals kidnapped within their own country. Ms Lalji said terrorist groups either carry out kidnappings themselves or in the case of Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula they work with tribesmen in Yemen who deliver hostages for a fee. Last week, President Barack Obama ordered a review of how the United States responds when its citizens are taken hostage overseas in light of the beheadings of Americans by ISIS militants, but it will not include changing the longstanding US policy of refusing to pay ransom. (Asian Age 26/11/14)

86. Ulfa Plotting Terror Attacks: Assam Police (12)

GUWAHATI: Ahead of Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh’s visit here on November 29, the Assam Police on Wednesday claimed that the outlawed United Liberation Front of Assam (Ulfa) was planning to trigger blasts in the city. “We received inputs that two youth with tribal features and possibly from the Ulfa have sneaked into the city and are planning to plant explosives on city buses. We appeal to people to contact us immediately if they come across any suspicious objects,” Senior SSP (Kamrup) A P Tiwary told reporters here on Wednesday. “Efforts are on to nab them. We have also sounded an alert,” he added. The police carried out raids in the hills surrounding the state capital on Tuesday, in order to track down the suspected militants. On November 29, the Home Minister would  inaugurate a conference of the DGPs and IGPs, while Prime Minister Modi would address the conclave the following day. During his two-day visit, the Prime Minister is also scheduled to flag off the first train from Meghalaya, lay the foundation stone of the Bharibi-Sairang railway track, and address a meeting of party workers here, among other things. (New Indian Express 27/11/14)

NAXALS/ MAOISTS

87. Naxals, police in verbal war over Gopi’s surrender (12)

NAGPUR: The cadres of the banned outfit of Communist party of India (Maoist) and police machineries have locked horns through a pitched propaganda battle over the surrender of senior red cadre Nirangsai Madavi, alias Gopi, last week. In the period when guns have not fired, both camps have kept the flames alive through claims and counter-claims. Anti-Naxal Operation’s (ANO) publicity wing, which is part of the state’s information and mass communication department, was quick to issue a press communication following Gopi’s surrender stating that the Korchi-Kurkheda’s former area committee secretary had decided to leave the movement due to intense internal squabbling and dissent among the cadres. North Gadchiroli-Gondia division’s secretary Baburao Togha has now interpreted Gopi’s surrender, through a counter press release which is in possession of TOI, as a compromise with one’s self-esteem and betrayal of the oppressed masses for whom once he worked. The reds have claimed that Gopi’s worth in the party had come to end due to indiscipline but police had declared a reward of few lakhs on a spent force of the movement to highlight their own achievement. The Naxals have now appealed to the people of Gadchiroli district to criticize the spineless surrender of Gopi. A week ago, the ANO press release had claimed that Gopi had lost the faith and confidence of his seniors. The party bosses were also upset over Gopi’s relationship with Shamco, alias Shanta Korcha, who was killed in a police encounter. Already married, Gopi had developed an illicit relation with Shanta while participating in dalam movements. The police’s press note had details of the Gopi’s agony in the party as the seniors started strongly objecting to his romantic liaison. The note also stated that the Central committee member and former secretary of Maharashtra state committee Milind Teltumbde had assigned the then commander of Gadchiroli-Gondia division Pahad Singh, alias Kumarsai Katlami, to keep a watch on Gopi. This was mentioned in a letter dated June 28, 2013 which was seized during an operation. The Naxals have now claimed that Gopi, elevated to higher post in 2011 as area committee secretary for Korchi-Kurkheda, had lost focus and also place in the party due to indiscipline. He had also started conducting activities revolving around his vested interests deviating from party agenda and path of revolution. Gopi ignored party’s repeated alerts to him to remain away from indiscipline. A senior official stated that the Naxals are getting it back in the propaganda war from the security forces. “The Naxal and police are now almost at par in propaganda war too as government has realized that the movement needs to be tackled at psychological levels too,” said the official. (Times of India 21/11/14)

88. Maoist-hit areas to get 78 communication towers (2)

VARANASI: Problems like weak signals and unavailability of cellular mobile phone services in remote jungles of Maoist-affected districts of east UP will end soon as the Union home ministry has paved way for installation of 78 new communication towers. Work on the project will start from December. IG Varanasi zone Amarendra Kumar Sengar said on Monday that all basic formalities for installation of mobile towers have been completed and Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited will start work from December. It is expected to be completed by March 2015. “The installation of new towers will help in maintaining communication with operational forces,” he said. After facing menace of Maoist groups in Sonebhadra, Chandauli and Mirzapur since mid-90s, police started evolving strategies to put an end to it. But efforts for developing infrastructures like road started after 2004. Even after development of good network of roads in difficult terrains of these three districts, the police and paramilitary forces faced problem in maintaining communication with the teams moving in the remote zones. The police and paramilitary forces identified areas, where mobile signals were either unavailable or weak. These spots were declared as ‘shadow areas’. A proposal was sent to Union ministry of home affairs to set up communication towers. The officials said that many other ministries and departments, including forest and communication had to give clearance. The technicalities of inter-departmental coordination lingered the issue for years. Later, the proposal of installing 78 towers, including 66 in Sonebhadra and six each in Chandauli and Mirzapur, was considered. Before giving final approval to this proposal, the government also sought details of the sites of installation to know whether these would remain safe or could be damaged by Maoist ultras. Sengar said that the site of 20 towers was shifted in safer zones. He informed that 71 towers had already been procured by the BSNL and work is expected to start from December. (Times of India 25/11/14)

89. 472 Naxals surrendered this year, highest in 3 years: Govt (12)

New Delhi: A total 472 Naxals have surrendered to security forces in Maoist-affected states so far this year, highest in last three years. Minister of State for Home Kiren Rijiju today told Lok Sabha that of the 472 Maoists who surrendered till October 2014, 247 laid down arms in Chhattisgarh, 80 in Odisha, 76 in Andhra Pradesh, 30 in Maharashtra, 17 in Jharkhand and 15 in Telangana. The total number of Naxals who surrendered in 2013 was 283, 445 in 2012 and 394 in 2011. Rijiju said to bring left-wing extremists (LWEs) into the mainstream, the state governments have their own surrender and rehabilitation policies. The central government reimburses the expenditure incurred by the state governments for rehabilitation of surrendered LWEs in terms of its own policy in this regard. It has revised the guidelines for the scheme in the affected states with effect from April 1, 2013. The rehabilitation package in the revised policy includes an immediate grant of Rs 2.5 lakh for high-ranked LWE cadre and Rs 1.5 lakh for middle/lower-ranked cadres who surrender before the state government concerned. The cadres are provided a monthly stipend of Rs 4,000 for a period of three years for vocational training, Rijiju said. (Zee News 26/11/14)

TRAFFICKING

90. 20 children missing in New Delhi every day, says police (1)

New Delhi: According to the Delhi Police, on an average nearly 20 children go missing from the national capital on a daily basis, linking the disappeared kids to the human trafficking mafia. “It is shocking that such a large number of children are being lost daily in the national capital itself. Where do they go? It’s a big concern,” said Delhi Police Joint Commissioner (Traffic) Anil Shukla, speaking at an international conference entitled ‘Emerging challenges in an urbanising India’ here. Shukla further linked the missing of children to the human trafficking mafia and added that human trafficking has become a very serious issue. Criminal Investigation Department (CID) Jharkhand Additional Director General of Police Satya Narayan Pradhan also agreed with Shukla, pointing out that his state is a big victim of this mafia. “Jharkhand is a great victim to human trafficking. The mafia has a great hand in this, having trafficked lakhs of women, mainly tribal, in the guise of domestic helps by the so-called placement agencies,” he said. Pradhan further said even some highly influential politicians are part of the mafia, pointing out that his team had recently arrested even a state minister. (New Kerala 20/11/14)

91. Child trafficking: Delhi cops not cooperating in raids (1)

RAIPUR: Chhattisgarh police team, which is in New Delhi to crackdown on trafficking racket, has accused Delhi police of not cooperating with further investigation to find the main accused involved in trafficking of children. State police, in a series of raids, had busted a racket on Wednesday arresting four accused and rescued ten children including girls in Delhi. According to police officials, Delhi police barred Chhattisgarh police team when it wanted to raid the house of Guddu- the kingpin of trafficking, who is at large. “Guddu’s house is located in Delhi’s Subhash Nagar police jurisdiction. But when the SHO Ram Mehar was contacted for cooperation in raiding the house, he denied saying that police from other state couldn’t do such investigation and in case they violated rules, he would take action against them,” an official on condition of anonymity said. The official added that the team was asked to take permission from sub-divisional magistrate for conducting raids. In its investigation, TOI found that police teams from Jharkhand, West Bengal and Assam were trying to reach Subhash Nagar in search of Guddu who was the main accused for trafficking of over 10,000 children. But Subhash Nagar police weren’t co-operating. According to Ravi Kant, a supreme court lawyer, “Any investigating officer asking support from inter state police at their jurisdiction cannot be denied assistance. Any resistance should be strictly taken into consideration by ministry of home affairs.” (Times of India 22/11/14)

92. China seizes 31 trafficking suspects holding Myanmar women (1)

Chinese authorities in the northern region of Inner Mongolia arrested 31 people on suspicion of trafficking women because they had held 14 people, 11 of them from Myanmar, state media said on Monday. Five of the non-Chinese victims were younger than 18 and were handed to Myanmar police after a three-month investigation into the gang, which ensnared the women by offering them tours and jobs, the official Xinhua news agency said. The victims were then sold as wives in rural China for as little as 50,000 yuan ($8,142) China`s gender imbalance, the result of its one-child policy and illicit abortion of girl babies because of a traditional preference for boys, has led to a huge surplus of single men. The latest census showed 118 newborn males for every 100 females. In September, state media reported that Chinese police would clamp down on websites that sell group tours to enable men to meet “foreign brides” in Southeast Asian countries, as the practice leads to human trafficking and prostitution. Last year, a U.S. State Department report cited Russia and China as being among the world`s worst offenders in fighting forced labor and sex trafficking. (Zee News 24/11/14)

93. Trafficking in children on the rise, says new UN report (1)

New York, Nov 25 (IBNS) One in three known victims of human trafficking is a child, and girls and women are particularly targeted and forced into “modern slavery,” according to the 2014 Global Report on Trafficking in Persons, released on Monday by the United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime (UNODC) in Vienna. Unfortunately, the report shows there is no place in the world where children, women and men are safe from human trafficking, said UNODC Executive Director, Yury Fedotov. Official data reported to UNODC by national authorities represent only what has been detected. It is very clear that the scale of modern-day slavery is far worse, he added. The situation is particularly bad for girls and women. According to the report report, girls make up 2 out of every 3 child victi And together with women, they account for 70 per cent of overall trafficking victims worldwide. In some regions such as Africa and the Middle East child trafficking is a major concern, with children constituting 62 per cent of victi Trafficking for forced labour including in the manufacturing and construction sectors, domestic work and textile production has also increased steadily in the past five years. About 35 per cent of the detected victims of trafficking for forced labour are female. However, no country is immune there are at least 152 countries of origin and 124 countries of destination affected by trafficking in persons, and over 510 trafficking flows criss-crossing the world. This needs to change, Fedotov stressed. Every country needs to adopt the UN Convention against Transnational Organised Crime and the protocol and commit themselves to the full implementation of their provisions, he added. Often times, however, trafficking mostly occurs within national borders or within the same region, with transcontinental trafficking mainly affecting rich countries. Even if most countries criminalize trafficking, many people live in countries with laws which are not in compliance with international standards that would afford them full protection, such as the Trafficking in Persons Protocol. Fedotov said. There are, however, regional variations as to why people are trafficked in the first place. For example, victims in Europe and Central Asia are mostly trafficked for sexual exploitation, whereas in East Asia and the Pacific forced labour drives the market. In the Americas, the two types are detected in almost equal measure. The report found that most trafficking flows are interregional, and more than 6 out of 10 victims have been trafficked across at least one national border. The vast majority of convicted traffickers 72 per cent are male and citizens of the country in which they operate. The report also highlighted that impunity remains a serious problem: 40 per cent of countries recorded few or no convictions, and over the past 10 years there has been no discernible increase in the global criminal justice response to this crime, leaving a significant portion of the population vulnerable to offenders. (Sify News 25/11/14)

CORRUPTION

94. Govt to amend Lokpal selection process (5)

NEW DELHI: Union Law Minister D.V. Sadananda Gowda on Wednesday confirmed the government’s decision to amend the provisions of the Lokpal Act and the Delhi Special Police Establishment Act to do away with the requirement of quorum in the high-profile committees to select the anti-corruption ombudsman and the CBI Director, respectively. The inclusion of a clause in the statutory provisions dealing with the selection panels would provide a legal safeguard against any challenges on the validity of an appointment. Mr. Gowda said necessary amendments would also be made in the statutes to include the leader of the single largest group in the Opposition as a member of the selection committee in the absence of a recognised Leader of the Opposition in the Lok Sabha. This would bring these statutes in line with the Central Vigilance Act, 2003 and Right to Information Act, 2005. On the ratification process of the National Judicial Appointments Commission Bill, the Minister said he has written to Chief Ministers to ratify the Bill at the earliest. At least 15 States have to ratify the Bill for it to be made law. Noting that three States have so far ratified the Bill, he referred to reports in the media that the Gujarat Assembly has also followed suit. Dismissing apprehensions that the Bill threatens judicial independence, he said, “We have the highest regard for the independence of the judiciary.” Mr Gowda said the government was considering a proposal to increase the retirement age of high court judges from 62 to 65, and also increase the number of high court judges from the present strength of 925 to 1,112. The Minister said a National Litigation Policy is being framed and inputs have been sought from various Ministries to reduce the backlog in the courts. He emphasised that alternative dispute redressal mechanisms like arbitration and conciliation should be used more often to resolve disputes arising within government departments and bodies. (The Hindu 20/11/14)

95. Don’t presume you have got clean chit, SC tells Srinivasan (5)

New Delhi: The Supreme Court rapped suspended BCCI chief N Srinivasan on Monday over conflict of interest for owning an IPL team while remaining at the helm of the cricket establishment and warned the sports body against “killing the game”. The court’s stinging observations come as a blow for Srinivasan who is seeking reinstatement as India’s top cricket administrator after a probe panel said he was “not involved with match fixing activity” and “not found to be involved in scuttling the investigations into match fixing”. “You (Srinivasan) are only assuming that you have been given a clean chit. Don’t go by the Mudgal panel conclusion alone. The question is whether you should at all be serving the BCCI,” the bench of justices TS Thakur and FMI Kalifullah said. “Conflict of interest is a serious issue. IPL seems to be a mutually cooperative benefit society between BCCI and IPL teams.” The top court had asked Srinivasan to step aside from his position till the justice Mukul Mudgal panel completed its probe into the match-fixing and betting scandal during the Indian Premier League cricket carnival’s sixth edition. Srinivasan’s son-in-law Gurunath Meiyappan, identified by the inquiry committee as a team principal for the Chennai Super Kings (CSK) franchise, is accused of betting on IPL games. CSK, led by India captain Mahendra Singh Dhoni, is owned by the India Cements company of which Srinivasan is the managing director and has won the seven-year-old IPL tournament twice. The court’s comments came after it perused the replies filed by Srinivasan, IPL chief operating officer Sundar Raman, Meiyappan and co-owner of the Rajasthan Royals franchise Raj Kundra – all indicted by the Mudgal panel. The hearing will resume on Tuesday. The league has been mired in controversy since May last year when fast bowler S Sreesanth and two of his teammates from the Rajasthan Royals were arrested by Delhi Police on charges of spot fixing, or influencing the outcomes of parts of a match in exchange for money. Srinivasan, currently the chairman of the International Cricket Council (ICC), had called Meiyappan a “cricket enthusiast” who was not a stakeholder in the team. The panel said Srinivasan and other IPL officials were involved in a “cover up” of misdeeds of an unnamed player who violated the players’ code of conduct. Moments after the Supreme Court’s observations, former IPL chairman Lalit Modi who was banned for life by the BCCI in September last year, called for both Chennai Super Kings and Rajasthan Royals to be banned. “CSK and RR must be cancelled. If owners indulge in betting activity the rule book must be thrown at them. Raman should be locked up too,” he tweeted. The BCCI argued in the top court that the body had its own rules and any future action should be taken by it. It also defended Srinivasan, contending that the cricketer – referred to as individual number three in the report– committed a wrong not related to the IPL The court appeared disinclined to grant the cricket body’s request. “You yourself need to be above suspicion, which you are not. If you allow these things to happen, then you are killing the game of cricket,” the judges said. “What promotes the game is that it is played in true spirit of gentleman’s game.” (Hindustan Times 24/11/14)

96. Coal scam: Was not permitted to examine Manmohan, CBI tells court (5)

New Delhi: A special court here dealing with the coal block allocation cases on Tuesday asked the Central Bureau of Investigation why former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh was not questioned as a prosecution witness in a case involving erstwhile Coal Secretary P.C. Parakh and Adiyta Birla Group chairman Kumar Mangalam Birla. Dr. Singh was then in charge of the Coal Ministry. Special Judge Bharat Parashar questioned the investigating officer who submitted that “though initially his [PM] examination was found necessary, later on, the investigating agency found it was not required.” The officer said that though he had examined certain officers of the Prime Minister’s Office, the then Coal Minister was not questioned. He said the accused were questioned, but their statements were kept only in the case diary and the crime file. Later, Mr. Parashar asked the investigating officer to produce the “case diary and the crime file.” The case will now come up for hearing on November 27. The CBI had earlier sought closure of the case. However, when the Special Judge pulled it up for filing a patchy probe report, it filed a revised one and took a U-turn, stating that “there is prima facie enough material on record” to prosecute Mr. Parakh and Mr. Birla. The case pertains to the allocation of coal blocks to Hindalco, owned by the Aditya Birla Group, allegedly in violation of rules. The CBI last year lodged an FIR against Mr. Parakh, Mr. Birla and others, alleging that Mr. Parakh had reversed his earlier decision not to allocate coal blocks to Hindalco and shown undue favour to it. (The Hindu 25/11/14)

97. Bhushan files complaint against CBI chief Sinha (5)

NEW DELHI: Aam Aadmi Party leader and noted activist Prashant Bhushan has filed a complaint with the Delhi Government’s Anti-Corruption Branch accusing the Central Bureau of Investigation director Ranjit Sinha of criminal misconduct and abusing his office. Highlighting that several accused in cases pertaining to corruption had met Mr. Sinha at his residence several times, without any of the investigation officers present, Mr. Bhushan alleged that the CBI director deliberately tried to save certain influential persons from prosecution in the 2G and coal scam. “He has abused his position as the CBI director,” said Mr. Bhushan, who submitted the complaint on Tuesday. He added that Mr. Sinha had committed various offences under the Prevention of Corruption Act relating to criminal misconduct by a public servant as well as under Section 217 and 218 of the Indian Penal Code. “The offences of bribery can also be established by a thorough investigation,” said the complaint. Mr. Bhushan requested that the matter be thoroughly and impartially investigated and an FIR registered. “Please note that registration of an FIR is mandatory (after the authoritative Supreme Court judgment of 2014) once there are allegations of cognisable offences having being committed. It is important to note that almost all the offences have been committed in the territory of Delhi,” said Mr. Bhushan. A CBI officer, on condition of anonymity, said the ACB could not probe the matter as it was outside its jurisdiction. Mr. Bhushan’s complaint mentions a Central Government notification issued in July 2014 that said the jurisdiction of the ACB and the Delhi Police shall not extend to the officers of the Central Government. He, however, said the notification was in violation of the Criminal Procedure Code, which vests the jurisdiction of criminal cases on the State Police based on the territory and not on potential accused in the case. (The Hindu 26/11/14)

ENVIRONMENT/ CLIMATE CHANGE

98. Ministry frowns at PCMC for ignoring plastic waste rules (9)

PUNE: The Union ministry of environment, forests and climate change has directed the principal secretary of the state urban development department to issue appropriate directions to the Pimpri Chinchwad Municipal Corporation to implement the Plastic Waste (Management and Handling) rules, 2011, in letter and spirit. The ministry has also sent a letter to the Maharashtra Pollution Control Board’s member secretary in this matter. The principal secretary has been told to inform the Union ministry about the status of the state-level advisory body that monitors the implementation of the rules. These directions were given after Shiv Sena corporator Seema Savale complained that the Pimpri Chinchwad Municipal Corporation was not following these regulations. The Union ministry has framed the rules and amended them under the Environment Protection Act, 1986. The municipal corporation is the authority for enforcement of the provisions relating to use, collection, segregation, transportation and disposal of plastic waste. Savale had sent a notice on June 30, 2014 under section 19(b) of the act to the principal secretary of the state environment department, member secretary and regional office of the pollution control board, secretary of the Union ministry of environment and forests, the municipal commissioner and the executive engineer. She had obtained information under the Right to Information Act, 2005, which showed that PCMC had not sent quarterly reports of the action taken to implement these rules. Savale said, “I have been following up the implementation of the plastic management rules with the environment department for the past two years. But they are not implementing them effectively. The municipal commissioner and pollution control board must act against the civic body’s executive engineer for environment Sanjay Kulkarni.” Kulkarni said the then municipal commissioner Shrikar Pardeshi, on December 1, 2012, had delegated powers to take action against carry bags that are less than 50 microns to the zonal officers and the health executive officer. “These officers have to submit the reports to the environment department for us to compile and send as a quarterly report to the state government. We do not get the reports from the zonal offices on time so we cannot compile the reports. We have sent many reminders to the zonal officers, but there is always a delay,” he added. (Times of India 21/11/14)

99. India needs to improve energy efficiency by 2030: UN report (9)

New Delhi: Nearly 100,000 premature deaths take place annually due to air pollution in India and some other countries which can be avoided by 2030 by improving energy efficiency measures in transport and industrial sectors, a United Nations report today said. The fifth Emissions Gap Report 2014 by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), which was released today, said that countries across the globe need to “shrink” greenhouse gas emissions to net zero between 2080 and 2100 in order to limit global temperature rise to two degree Celsius. The report said that improving energy efficiency can be an excellent opportunity for linking sustainable development with climate mitigation. Launching the report in India, report co-author and professor at TERI University Ritu Mathur said that given the frequencies observed of extreme events taking place in the world as well as developing countries like India, there is a need to improve the preparedness level as countries like India have lesser coping capacities with such extreme events. “Improving energy efficiency also has important positive social impacts. It reduces, for example, air pollution and its public health risks… “…Nearly 100 000 premature deaths related to air pollution in six regions – Brazil, China, the EU, India, Mexico and the USA – could be avoided annually by 2030 through energy efficiency measures in the transport, buildings and industrial sectors,” the report said. In many cases these benefits have a higher priority for governments than climate change mitigation. Hence improving energy efficiency can be seen as an excellent opportunity for linking sustainable development with climate mitigation, it said. The report, released ahead of UN Conference on Climate Change in Lima, Peru, said that in order to limit global temperature rise by two degree Celsius and head off the worst impacts of climate change, global carbon neutrality should be attained attained by mid to late century. “Taking into account non-CO2 greenhouse gases, including methane, nitrous oxide and hydroflurocarbons, total greenhouse gas emissions need to shrink to net zero between 2080 and 2100,” the report said. (Business Standard 22/11/14)

100. ‘Environment panel lacking in locus standi ’(9)

GUWAHATI, Nov 25 – A high-level committee constituted by the Union Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC) and headed by the former Cabinet Secretary of India, TSR Subramanium with the alleged intent of diluting the existing environment, forest and wildlife laws, has been ‘found to be lacking in’ any locus standi. The committee was constituted allegedly in a hurried manner to review all the environmental, forests and wildlife laws and the notifications and judgements of the courts and tribunals related to these laws. It submitted its report on November 18, 2014. The report is yet to be made available in the public domain. The committee had former Secretary, Ministry of Environment and Forests, Viswanath Anand, former Judge of Delhi High Court AK Srivastava and former Additional Solicitor General of India, K N Bhat as its members. The reply of the MoEFCC to an RTI petition filed by the New Delhi-based EIA Resource and Response Center (ERC) revealed that the committee was not constituted under any Act or Rules of Parliament, said the ERC in a statement. Instead of obtaining mandatory approval of the Prime Minister for forming the committee, it was constituted with the approval of the MoEFCC. Moreover, eligibility of its members to work in the areas of environmental, forest and wildlife laws was not examined before nominating them to the committee. As per the June 14, 2011 circular of the MoEF, approval of the Prime Minister, through the Cabinet Secretary, is obligatory for constituting or altering the composition of the committee if it is to be designated as a high-level committee. The circular also pointed out that the MoEFCC can approve the composition of ‘important committees’, other than the high-level committees. Thus, it is clear that the Union Minister of State for Environment, Forests and Climate Change has no power to constitute high-level committees. As per the above MoEF circular, it is clear that the above high-level committee, which was entrusted with the job to review environmental, forest and wildlife laws does not have the required administrative authority to review the environmental laws, said the ERC. “This only reflects the casual manner in which this committee has been constituted,” said environment lawyer Ritwick Dutta. Review of environmental law is a serious task and requires both expertise as well as effective public consultation, he observed. RTI-cum-environment activist Rohit Choudhury, who is also involved in the process of unearthing the real status of the committee, has described it as an unconstitutional entity designed only to legalise the illegalities committed in according permission to the NE hydel projects. (The Assam Tribune 26/11/14)

AGRICULTURE/ FARMERS SUICIDES

101. ‘False promises causing farmer suicides’ (20)

ANANTAPUR: CPI national executive committee member K. Narayana on Wednesday said several farmers had committed suicide in the district, with many cases going unnoticed, because of the government’s failure to fulfil its promises. He was speaking during a dharna conducted by the party in front of the District Collectorate, demanding that the government implement its promise of loan waiver immediately. Dr. Narayana said many a death in rural areas was directly or indirectly linked to the crisis in the farm sector. “This is the sixth consecutive drought that the district is facing. There is a dearth of everything in rural areas,” he said. He said people voted for the TDP expecting that their debts would be waived, but the indifference of the government had left farmers high and dry. The CPI leader demanded that the government implement all its promises including loan waiver for farmers and SHG women. “Impetus ought to be given to the growth of the farm sector, which will automatically improve the conditions of the rural economy,” he added.  Dr. Narayana and other party activists, who arrived at the venue on a bullock cart, blocked the entry to the Collectorate for some time, prompting police to swing into action and arresting the protesters. (The Hindu 20/11/14)

102. Farmers’ suicides leave permanent scars (20)

ADILABAD: How long does it take for a poor woman to come to grips with her drastically changed reality owing to the sudden and unexpected death of her husband as in the case of a farmer committing suicide? In some cases, it may even be a lifetime. Factors which have influenced farmers to take the extreme step notwithstanding, life of thousands of those whom they have left behind is not the same. Awarding ex gratia of Rs. 1 lakh and a debt settlement amount of Rs. 50,000 as envisaged in GO 421 issued on June 1, 2004, at best can only be a half measure towards providing succour to them. Take the case of Godmalle Juglabai, a poor Andh tribal woman of Anji village in Indervelli mandal. Her world had come crashing down on her on April 22 earlier this year when her husband Bapu Rao, a farmer took the extreme step. No sooner the last of the rites connected with the farmer’s death were completed, Juglabai was thrown out of her home by her brothers-in-law. She now lives in the house of her mother Gawale Radhabai with her only daughter of four years. She was also ‘unlucky’ in so far as getting some succour from the government. As the inquiry did not find it to be a ‘genuine’ farmer suicide, she became ineligible even for the solatium which the Congress and TDP are giving to families of farmers, who had committed suicide. For Jayashree Kale of Buddhanagar in the same mandal, whose farmer husband Atmaram had committed suicide on August 12, life has become a big struggle. She will be all alone while looking after her five daughters and the struggle is most likely to be long drawn as the youngest of her children is just one year old. “I am still unable to understand why God has chosen me for this test,” observes Jayshree as she comes close to tears. Her gaze is all too distant and is said to have become her characteristic since the fateful day when her world turned upside down. There are hundreds of Juglabais and Jayashrees in Adilabad district for whom the future holds no hope. Some more of a healing touch nevertheless, can be provided if the government takes measures to bring the families out of distress as enlisted in GO 421, according to observers. (The Hindu 22/11/14)

103. Suicide by Farmers (20)

Delhi: Recent incidents of suicide by farmers due to agrarian distress during the year 2014 have been mainly reported by the State Governments of Maharashtra (204-upto April, 2014), Telangana (69- upto October, 2014), Karnataka (19 in 2014-15 so far), Gujarat (03-Upto October, 2014), Kerala (03- upto October, 2014) and Andhra Pradesh (03- upto June, 2014). Agriculture including agricultural indebtedness being a State subject, State Governments take appropriate measures for development of agriculture sector in the State including payment of compensation to the bereaved families of suicide victims. Government of India supplements the efforts of States through appropriate policy measures and budgetary support. Government of India has taken several steps to revitalize the agriculture sector and improve upon the condition of farming community on sustainable basis by increasing public investment, improving farm practices, rural infrastructure, extension, marketing, etc. Various programmes/ schemes for the development of agriculture sector are being implemented in a decentralized manner with flexibility to State Governments to formulate and implement appropriate projects to suit their specific requirements. The focus of Government is primarily on expansion of farm income, creation of non-farm income opportunities, improvement in productivity of rainfed agriculture, increasing coverage of farming areas under protective irrigation and forging appropriate backward and forward linkages. Other measures taken by the Government for the benefit of farmers include enhancement in minimum support prices of agricultural commodities, increase in institutional credit flow to agriculture sector, post-harvest loan for six months to eliminate distress sale of agricultural produce by farmers, debt waiver/relief, interest subvention on crop loans, revival package for strengthening Short Term Rural Cooperative Credit Structure, etc. The current budgetary allocation of Rs.22309 crore for Agriculture & Cooperation has been finalized based on requirements of various schemes/programmes in consultation of planning Commission. This information was given today by Minister of State for Agriculture Dr. Sanjeev Kumar Balyan in a written reply to a Lok Sabha question. (Business Standard 25/11/14)

104. 204 farmer suicides in Maharashtra in 4 months, 97 in 5 other states (20)

NEW DELHI: Maharashtra continues to face the challenge of dealing with rising cases of farmers’ suicide. It has reported 204 such suicides in the first four months of the year – which is nearly half of what the state had reported in the entire year in 2013. The Union agriculture ministry on Tuesday informed the Lok Sabha of Maharashtra’s dubious record followed by Telangana, Karnataka and Gujarat. Though Maharashtra’s figures are available only till April, the number of farmers’ suicide in the state (204) is still higher than the collective figure of five other states (97) where such suicides were committed by farmers this year. Other states’ data are mostly updated till October, showing the Maharashtra’s figure till that month would certainly be much more as many more suicides had been reported from the state after April. The suicide figure for the state between May and October is, however, not available with the Centre. The ministry has arrived at the figures for Telangana, which was carved out from Andhra Pradesh, by taking into account the suicide that took place in the districts which fall under the new state. The ministry shared the figures in the Lower House of Parliament through its written response to a Parliament question. Though the government remained silent over the exact reasons which might have forced farmers to take such drastic steps, it indicated the possibility of “agriculture indebtedness” being the primary factor behind such suicides. The ministry, at the same time, put the onus on states to take measures to prevent such suicides as agriculture including agricultural indebtedness is a ‘state subject’. “The government of India supplements the efforts of states through appropriate policy measures and budgetary support”, said the ministry. It also enlisted a number of measures taken by the Centre for the benefit of farmers. Those measures include: enhancement in minimum support prices of agricultural commodities, increase in institutional credit flow to agriculture sector, post-harvest loan for six months to eliminate distress sale of agricultural produce by farmers, debt waiver/relief and interest subvention on crop loans. (Times of India 26/11/14)

LAND ACQUISITION/ DISPLACEMENT

105. No ordinance to amend land acquisition law, law minister Sadananda Gowda says (4)

NEW DELHI: Law minister Sadananda Gowda on Wednesday ruled out taking the ordinance route for any amendments in the Land Acquisition Act though he said the government was in favour of bringing some changes. “There is a proposal. The call has to be taken by the concerned (rural development) ministry,” he said, without elaborating on the proposed changes. Finance minister Arun Jaitley had last week said the government will amend the “tough” land acquisition law even without opposition support as it looks to restore confidence in the economy. The government is in favour of consulting other parties and developing a consensus on the proposed changes. Some states have already expressed concern and cited difficulties in acquiring land for infrastructure projects with stringent clause such as obtaining consent of at least 70% of affected landowners in case of PPP projects and 80% in case of private projects. On ratification of the judges appointment commission bill by states, Gowda said he has written to state governments to ratify the bill which will put in place a new mechanism to select Supreme Court and high court judges. The Constitution amendment bill requires ratification by at least 50% of state legislatures. Goa, Rajasthan, Gujarat and Tripura legislatures have already ratified the bill. Gowda said since winter sessions of state legislatures were lined up in coming days, the required number of ratifications could be completed soon. Parliament had in August cleared a Constitution amendment bill to facilitate setting up of a commission for appointment of judges, replacing the 20-year-old collegium system, which has been under severe criticism. The law minister said with many proposals getting stuck due to inter-ministerial litigation, the government was bringing a new policy to ensure that departments did not sue each other and cases were settled through arbitration and reconciliation. Along with the National Litigation Policy that the government plans to bring, ministries and departments are being encouraged to amend laws to reduce court cases. In this direction, the finance ministry is likely to amend the Negotiable Instruments Act to reduce burden on courts with regard to litigation related to cheque bounce cases. The transport ministry is also likely to amend the Motor Vehicles Act to reduce litigation related to challans. (Times of India 20/11/14)

106. Governments have wrong notion on development, says Medha Patkar (4)

Mangaluru: Activist and Narmada Bachao Andolan leader Medha Patkar said “the governments have perverted vision on development. Whenever they want, they raise the issue of environment concern and are ready to do away with the environment issues when it comes to investment by corporates.” Speaking after flagging off a boat rally organised under the banner of Kerala Swathanthra Malsyathozhily Federation, National Fish Workers Forum and Coastal Karnataka Fishermen’s Action Committee, from Mangaluru to Thiruvananthapuram, aimed at protection of sea, coast, inland water bodies and fisheries resources here on Friday, she flayed the Modi government over a move to amend provisions of the Land Acquisition, Resettlement and Rehabilitation Act, 2013. “The consent and social impact assessment provision was introduced to do away with the anomalies. Earlier, farmers who were dependent on the land were never consulted while initiating a project. Fertile land were given to private corporates in the name of development. It will be a retrograde step if we go back to the British legacy. The new land acquisition act was the result of mass movements across the country,” she said.  Social impact assessment is essential before taking up any project, she added. “Modi visited Japan as investors from Japan have invested in industrial corridors back in India. It is a tragedy that agreements at the global level do not come for discussion in the Parliament or assembly. No one has any clear cut idea on the issues dealt in the agreements signed at the global level,”  Patkar said. “Fishermen are asserting their right to stay near their livelihood,” she said. Stating that the previous UPA government shelved Murari committee report and constituted Meera Kumari committee.  The Meera Kumari committee has welcomed foreign fishing vessels and foreign crews to fish on the Indian water. This is direct violation of the recommendations of P Murari Committee, according to which no further licenses should be provided to foreign fishing vessels. If the policies of the UPA government are followed by the Modi government, then fishing sector will be pushed to a major crisis. “The government has a false contention that those who have money are real investors. Those who invest on land and water like fishermen and farmers for livelihood are not in favour of development. Fishermen should show their strength by unitedly fighting for rights. Fishermen, agriculturists, tribals are the one who live with nature and engaged in bringing in balance in nature. National Fishworkers Forum secretary T Peter said that Prime Minister Narendra Modi had promised of Blue revolution before the parliamentary election. However, the budget of the central government was disappointing. The fishermen urged for the creation of a separate ministry for Fisheries. Peter said coastal land were being given to tourism and industries while the rights of the fishermen were being curtailed. Foreign vessels are allowed to fish in Indian waters. This will adversely affect the Indian fishermen. The government should reject the recommendations of an Meena Kumari committee to allow joint ventures with foreign vessels to fish in Buffer Zone (where sea water is 200 ft to 300 ft deep). Instead, Indian fishing community should be encouraged to catch fish in the zone using modern technology. A march to New Delhi will be organised later to pressurise the Union government to heed to the demands of fishermen. He said the government should take measures to ensure that boat owners get subsidised kerosene. No boat owner was able to receive subsidised kerosene because it was reserved for BPL card holders. “Will a mechanised boat owner possess a BPL card?” he said. Minister for Fisheries Abhayachandra Jain said that the government is committed to protect the interest of the farmers. As a part of the rally, six boats from Mangaluru took part in the boat march. The campaign will witness a series of public meetings along the west coast, culminating at a national conference in Thiruvananthapuram on November 30. (Deccan Herald 22/11/14)

107. Govt may need gram sabha nod for acquiring property (4)

BENGALURU: People in rural areas will soon have a major say in the government acquiring their land or property for projects, if a proposed amendment to the Karnataka Panchayat Raj Act becomes a reality. Instead of applying the top-down model, the government will have to obtain clearance or an NoC from the local gram sabhas before going ahead with land acquisition. The proposed amendment aims to give more teeth to gram panchayats to help them discharge their functions effectively. Former speaker K R Ramesh Kumar, who heads the high-power committee on amendments to the Act, told TOI on Monday that such consultations will be a must for rehabilitating persons affected by development projects, giving mining leases or granting licence for liquor shops in villages. “We will also explore legal options to see whether GPs can be given powers to say no to a project if they find it to be against public interest,” the Congress MLA said at an interaction here. The amendment also proposes to take the panchayat to people through habitation sabhas. “In several places, people are staying in habitations or small settlements very far from the Gram Panchayat village. Their voices are not heard as they are not able to attend meetings or participate in the functioning of the GP,” said former MP C Narayanaswamy, the core committee chairman. The government will table the report in the winter session of the legislature scheduled to be held in Belagavi in December. (Times of India 25/11/14)

108. Government Delays Key Land Reform. Here’s Why. (4)

New Delhi:  The government has decided to postpone a reform seen as essential for developing much-needed infrastructure. A proposal to change land acquisition laws will not be introduced in the month-long parliament session that began on Monday, said sources. Instead, the government would like to shore up the opposition’s support to liberalise the insurance industry, a long-delayed reform expected to help improve investor confidence. Restrictions to buying land, strengthened under the last Congress government, are among the biggest barriers to new projects worth billions of dollars in roads, railways, ports and power installations. The government is in a minority in the Rajya Sabha or Upper House. Without opposition support, it cannot pass important legislation there. For this session, it has decided to prioritize a bill that lifts the cap on foreign investment in insurance and pension ventures from 26 percent to 49 percent. A total of 189 projects, including $10 billion in highways, are stalled because of difficulties with land acquisition, environment clearances and red tape, says the Transport Ministry headed by Nitin Gadkari.  The land purchase law enacted by the last government – and supported by the BJP while it was the opposition – sets compensation to landholders at four times the market price and requires the approval of 80 percent of landowners for any deal. A land acquisition law passed by the last government and supported by the BJP while in opposition dramatically increased compensation to farmers for land. Stringent rules requiring consensus among sellers have made it difficult for industry to buy land. The government wants to make it a much faster process. Finance Minister Arun Jaitley has said he supports the higher compensation but wants to loosen other barriers to land purchases. The government wants parliament to remove a requirement to get landholders’ consent in the case of public-private partnership projects, or at least bring the threshold down to 50 percent of affected landowners. (NDTV 27/11/14)

RIGHT TO HEALTH

109. WHO Lauds TN Health Sector (3)

CHENNAI: Dr Nata Menabde, Representative of World Health Organisation to India on Wednesday heaped praise on the several initiatives of Tamil Nadu government in the health sector and said “we want other States to learn from Tamil Nadu’s successful examples and its great experiences.” “Tamil Nadu has been an exemplarily leading State in implementing WHO’s programmes for reduction of infant mortality, maternal mortality, achievement of Millennium Development Goals”, Menabde said speaking at the National Conference on Free Medicines Schemes in the States in India, organised by the WHO. “This State has been a leading State in ensuring access to medicine to the people for many years even before other State had launched the free medicine schemes’, she said. (New Indian Express 20/11/14)

110. 32 newborn babies die in Odisha daily (3)

BHUBANESWAR: : Despite several steps claimed to be taken to bring down Infant Mortality Rate, Odisha has been witnessing on an average 32 newborn deaths per day, the State Legislative Assembly was informed. According to a reply furnished by State Health and family Welfare Minister Atanu Sabyasachi Nayak in the State Assembly, 10,459 newborn ( up to four weeks) deaths were reported in 2013-14 while 5,797 newborns had already died between April and September this year. Many tribal dominated districts and poverty-stricken districts of western Odisha have reported high incidences of newborn deaths. As many as 967 newborn deaths were registered in Bolangir, a western Odisha district, during the last financial year. The district has already witnessed 524 such deaths this year. Its neighbouring district, Kalahandi, saw 836 deaths last fiscal and 443 this year. Mayurbhanj, Sundargarh, Keonjhar and Bargarh have reported high number of newborn deaths during these periods.Incidentally, Ganjam despite having a large geographical area had only 34 newborn deaths during 2013-14. But during the first six months of the current fiscal, 41 new born deaths have been reported from the district. If one goes by average per day newborn deaths, Odisha had 29 newborn deaths per day during the last financial year. However, in the first six months of the current fiscal, average per day newborn deaths was around 32. Mr. Nayak said that to check newborn and neonatal deaths, there are 29 sick newborn care units, 49 newborn care units and 662 newborn care corners in operation in the States. Besides, Asha workers are being imparted training on home-based newborn care so that they could monitor and counsel parents on health of newborns till 49 days, the minister pointed out. During the past three years, the State government claimed to have spent Rs. 200 crore on strengthening of infrastructure for reduction of IMR. Health Department sources, however, said there had been a remarkable reduction in IMR by 22 points from 75 in 2005 to 53 in 2011 as per Sample Registration Survey – the sharp decline was the highest in the country. Similarly, Neonatal Mortality Rate had gone down from 53 (SRS 2005) to 40 (SRS 2011) which had kept pace with decline in IMR. (The Hindu 23/11/14)

111. India spent Rs.500 crore on TB treatment in 2013-14 (3)

New Delhi: India spent Rs. 500 crore (Rs.5 billion/$81 million) in fiscal 2013-14 on the treatment of tuberculosis, including providing free medicines, Health Minister J.P. Nadda said Tuesday. In a written reply in the Rajya Sabha, the health minister said that in 2011-12, the amount incurred on prevention and control of TB was Rs. 391.16 crore, which went up to Rs. 467 crore the next year. In 2013-14 that ended March 31, the amount spent on TB treatment was Rs. 500 crore. The minister also said that the government is implementing the Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme in the country, under which diagnosis and treatment facilities, including anti-TB drugs are provided free of cost to all TB patients. Designated microscopy centres have been established for quality diagnosis for every one lakh population in the general areas and for every 50,000 population in the tribal, hilly and difficult areas, he said. To conduct the diagnosis, he said, more than 13,000 microscopy centres have been established in the country. “Drugs are provided under direct observation and the patients are monitored so that they complete their treatment,” he said. Nadda also said that programmatic management of Drug Resistant TB (PMDT) services, for the management of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) and TB-HIV collaborative activities for TB-HIV co-infection are also being implemented throughout the country. The minister said as use of irrational treatment regimen is one of the major reasons for development of resistance to anti-TB drugs, the government has moved the drugs from schedule H to H1, under the Drugs and Cosmetics Act, which lays down certain conditions on their usage. Indian government has also released standards for TB Care in India, an initiative to introduce uniform standards for TB care in all sectors. “This is the first time such standards have been defined in India and is an important step to standardize diagnosis, treatment, public health action and social support systems for all TB patients in the country,” he said. (New Kerala 25/11/14)

112. Baby deaths in Attappady due to mothers’ ill health: survey (3)

Palakkad: An official health survey has found that anaemia and deficiency of folic acid among pregnant tribal women are the prime reasons for the death of newborns at Attappady. It was being speculated of late that overuse of pesticides, including the banned endosulfan, in farms was the reason for the growing infant mortality among tribespeople. The survey was conducted by Nileena Koshy and three other medical experts from Government Medical College, Thrissur, following a directive from the Health Department. The doctors, who travelled extensively in Attappady, said in their report that pesticide played no role in infant deaths in the region. Nineteen newborns have died since January this year of a condition called anencephaly — a result of folic acid deficiency and septicaemia caused by home delivery in unsterile conditions. The report, accessed by The Hindu , says that anaemia is widely prevalent among pregnant and lactating mothers in Attappady. It also says that most pregnant tribal women in the region do not get proper health care especially during the last months of their pregnancy. The team also found that 83 percent of children aged below five years in Attappady are underweight. “The term anencephaly means absence of bone covering the brain. It is a lethal condition and the chances of survival are slim. It is caused by folic acid deficiency, and is preventable. Folic acid is recommended for pregnant women, and its administration must begin a month before conception to three months after conception. If there was a system to supply of folic acid to pregnant women, most of the infant mortality cases could have been averted,” says the report. The team highlights the failure of the Health Department in recording and maintaining registers on pregnant women’s weight. Most pregnant women get folic acid tablets four months after they report their pregnancy to visiting health workers. Most women do not get proper vaccinations or essential medicines. The report recommends measuring haemoglobin content in the blood of pregnant women every three months. It blames the Health Department for not adopting measures to prevent the death of infants. (The Hindu 26/11/14)

113. Watch out for hospital-acquired infections: experts (3)

CHENNAI: Infections acquired in hospitals have become a major cause for concern around the world. In India however, very few hospitals track infection rates. According to a review of hospital infections conducted by V. Ramasubramanian, senior consultant, Infectious Diseases, HIV & Tropical Medicine, Apollo hospitals, the incidence of Hospital-Acquired Infections (HAIs) varies from 11 per cent to 83 per cent for different kinds of infections. There is an increasing trend in HAI incidence in India over the last decade. However, according to Prabhu Vinayagam, Asia-Pacific Managing Director of Joint Commission International (JCI), who was in the city recently, few hospitals have baseline data on such infections. “Most hospitals do not even have protocols in place that will allow them to see how high the incidence of HAIs is. Unless there is data, control of HAIs is very difficult,” he said. JCI is an agency that identifies, measures, and shares best practices in quality and patient safety with hospitals across the world. “Although it is difficult to say how bad the situation is in the country, poor medical infrastructure and the uncontrolled use of antibiotics have increased the risk of development of these infections in India,” Dr. Vinayagam said. “Unlike other infections, HAIs are resistant to antibiotics. They are very difficult to manage and cure, which is why it is critical for hospitals to have proper monitoring and patient safety protocols,” Dr. Vinayagam said. “The highest incidence of HAIs is in patients admitted to the ICU, since their immune systems are also compromised,” Dr. Vinayagam said. Patients should be aware there is a chance of contracting these HAIs and know their rights when it comes them. JCI, along with the Advanced Sterilization Products, that develops infection prevention solutions have designed a new infection-prevention toolkit to provide hospital administrators a proper protocol. (The Hindu 26/11/14)

HIV/AIDS

114. AIDS: Need for more focus on groups at risk (3)

New Delhi: The District AIDS Prevention Control Committee (DAPCU) reviewed various activities for awareness and control of HIV-TB programme in Lal Bahadur Shastri Hospital on Friday. The District Programme Manager presented the district’s six months performance at the event. There should be more efforts to conduct tests among the High Risk Groups (HRG), said a senior official. NGOs can also play a key role in scaling up HIV testing camps among the HRG and ensure their participation, the District Magistrate (East) said. The Delhi State AIDS Control Society (DSACS) will provide the manpower and other resources through DAPCU. The DM also stressed on involvement of other departments such as Social Welfare, Family & Community Services, Revenue and even the banks to give easy access to the HRGs. (Deccan Herald 22/11/14)

115. Anti-HIV drugs can affect unborn babies’ hearts (3)

Washington: The drugs given to HIV-positive pregnant women can cause significant long-term heart problems for the non-HIV-infected babies they carry, says a new study. Such medicines help prevent the transmission of the virus from mother to infant but may cause impaired development of heart muscle and reduced heart performance in non-HIV-infected children. “What our study indicates is that there is potentially a long-term price to be paid for protecting the children of HIV-infected mothers from the virus,” said Steven E. Lipshultz, pediatrician at the Children’s Hospital of Michigan in the US and chair of pediatrics for the Wayne State University School of Medicine. The study compared heart development and long-term heart functioning in 428 uninfected children of HIV-infected mothers to children who had not been exposed to HIV from 2007 to 2012. There was a significant association between lagging heart muscle development and impaired pumping ability in the children of the HIV-infected mothers who had received the medications, found the study. The findings show clearly that further investigation of their long-term impact on the heart health of the children involved is needed, said Lipshultz. The study appeared in the journal AIDS. (Business Standard 23/11/14)

116. Only 30% Americans living with HIV have virus in check- Government report (3)

Chicago: Just 30% of Americans living with HIV have the virus in check, putting others at risk of infection, U.S. health officials said on Tuesday. The report by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) found that 840,000 of the 1.2 million people infected with HIV in 2011 were not consistently taking anti-HIV drugs that keep the virus suppressed at very low levels. Of that number, 66% had been diagnosed with HIV but were not getting regular care; 20% did not know they were infected, and 10% were prescribed anti-HIV medicine known as antiretroviral treatment but were still not able to get the virus under control, and 4% of patients were under physician care but were not prescribed antiretroviral medicines. Studies have shown that viral suppression can extend the lives of people infected with the virus and can cut the risk of transmitting the infection to others by as much as 96%. According to the CDC, the%age of Americans with HIV who achieved viral suppression remained roughly stable, with 30% achieving that goal in 2011, the latest year for which data are available, compared with 26% in 2009. Young people were least likely to have the virus in check, the report found. Only 13% of people aged 18-24 achieved viral suppression in 2011 compared to 23% of those aged 25-34, 27% of those aged 35-44, 34% of those aged 45-54, 36% of those aged 55-64, and 37% of those aged 65 and older. The researchers attribute the disparity in large part to fewer than half (49%) of 18-to-24-year olds with HIV having been diagnosed. “There is untapped potential to drive down the epidemic through improved testing and treatment, but we’re missing too many opportunities,” Dr. Jonathan Mermin, director of CDC’s National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and Tuberculosis Prevention, said in a statement. According to the CDC, as many as 50,000 Americans become infected with HIV each year. The CDC recommends treatment with antiretroviral drugs for everyone infected with HIV, regardless of how many copies of the virus are circulating in a person’s blood, a term known as viral load. (DNA 25/11/14)

117. Hospitals shoo away HIV positive accident victim (3)

HOWRAH: An HIV positive woman, who suffered injuries in a road accident, was allegedly turned down by two government hospitals in Howrah and Kolkata. Howrah District Hospital admitted her after a person intervened, but there she was allegedly kept overnight near the toilet of a ward, next to where a body was kept. When informed by TOI, the Howrah chief medical officer (health) expressed shock over the incident and said that he would get her admitted on Wednesday. On November 8, Babita Dolui (name changed), a resident of Ramrajatala, was travelling on a bicycle with her husband on Kona Expressway. The 32-year-old woman and her husband are masons and both of them were returning home from work . A speeding lorry knocked them down in Chatterjee Haat police station area. Babita fractured her right arm and cracked her spine, while her husband escaped with minor injuries. The police rushed her to Howrah District Hospital. “She was semi-conscious when she was taken to the hospital. Doctors and nurses at the hospital asked Babita’s husband whether she had any chronic disease. Her husband reportedly told them that she was HIV+. The doctors and nurses told my son-in-law that he also suffers from the “dirty” disease and they ought to lock him up. After hearing this, my son-in-law ran away. We came to know of the accident late in the evening. When we went to the hospital, Babita was lying on the floor and hadn’t been attended to. The doctors and nurses told us to take her away as they wouldn’t even touch her,” said Babita’s mother. The next day, Babita’s mother took her daughter to the Medical College and Hospital in Calcutta. The doctors there looked at the documents issued by the Howrah Hospital and told the elderly woman to take Babita away. “They told me that such patients can’t be treated there. They asked me to take her back home and wait for the injuries to heal naturally,” Babita’s mother added. When the woman produced a reference letter from local MLA Jatu Lahiri, a doctor allegedly retorted: “Who is the MLA to refer such a patient to us?” On Novermber 18, Babita’s mother informed the matter to their family friend Amit Goswami, who is a law clerk. Goswami then took her to Howrah District Hospital and insisted that they admit her. The hospital authorities assured Goswami that things would be taken care of. “Next morning, Babita was found lying on the floor next to the toilet of a ward. She said that a body had been kept on the floor beside her,” Babita’s mother said. (Times of India 26/1/14)

118. Probe into HIV+ woman’s ordeal (3)

HOWRAH: After TOI reported about the plight of a 32-year-old suspected HIV-positive woman from Ramrajatala in Howrah, government machinery went into overdrive on Wednesday and got her admitted to the female surgical ward of the Howrah District Hospital. The woman had been thrown out of two state-run hospitals even after suffering serious injuries in a road accident. Debashis Roy, the chief medical officer (health), Howrah, set up a three-member committee to probe the allegations and informed that all expenses for the woman’s treatment will be borne by the district administration. Babita Dolui (name changed) fractured her right arm and cracked her spine in a road accident on November 8. When she was taken to Howrah District Hospital, doctors and nurses turned her away when her husband reportedly said she was HIV-positive. The Calcutta Medical College Hospital also refused Babita. She was admitted to the Howrah hospital on November 18, but had to spend the night on the floor next to a corpse beside the toilet. Since then, Babita was at home. When Roy was contacted by TOI on Tuesday, he said Babita would be admitted to the Howrah hospital on Wednesday. Around 4.45pm, she was wheeled into the female surgical ward with the dignity that all patients deserve, notwithstanding whether they are HIV-positive or not. In the morning, the CMOH called up Babita’s family and asked them to take her to the hospital. Neighbours then fetched an ambulance. “It was a shameful incident. I took steps from the time I came to know of this from TOI on Tuesday. Funds for her treatment will be provided from the Chief Minister’s Relief Fund. A three-member committee comprising deputy CMOH-I Ranjit Das, Howrah District Hospital superintendent Narayan Chatterjee and nursing superintendent Manisha Ghosh has been set up to probe the incident. The committee will submit its report in two days. Tests will be carried out to ascertain whether the woman is HIV-positive. Her mother claims that she has no knowledge of this. I wonder on what basis the doctors mentioned this on her prescription,” the CMOH said. Bablu Adak, a neighbour, said that they will stand by Babita. “We will ensure she doesn’t suffer. We want to know on what basis the doctors declared her HIV-positive,” Adak said. Minister Arup Roy said that he read about Babita’s plight in TOI and called up the CMOH. “I asked him to arrange for her treatment immediately and conduct a proper inquiry and take necessary action against those responsible,” he said. Gautam Mukherjee, the Howrah hospital doctor who wrote her prescription on November 18, declaring her HIV-positive was unrepentant. “Her husband was carrying a medical slip that had HIV-positive written on it. The emergency doctor wrote HIV-positive on the prescription and I signed on good faith. I refuse to give an explanation as to why no test was carried out,” he said. (Times of India 27/11/14)

 

 

Posted by admin at 28 November 2014

Category: Uncategorized

DALITS/SCHEDULED CASTES

1. Dalit triple murder: court nod for polygraph tests (2)

Pune: With Dalit groups in Maharashtra seething over alleged police inaction in the unsolved triple murder of a Dalit family in Ahmednagar district, the District and Sessions court on Monday gave the green signal for polygraph tests on five witnesses. “We had submitted an application to the court to conduct the tests as there was strong discrepancy in the versions of these witnesses,” said Inspector General of Police (Nashik Range), Pravin Salunkhe, speaking to The Hindu. Mr. Salunkhe, however, refused to divulge any names. Even after 18 days, the police have not detained any suspect.The dismembered bodies of Sanjay Jadhav, his wife Jayashree and their teenage son, Sunil, were discovered on October 22 by their relatives in the village of Javkhede Khalasa in Pathardi taluk. According to sources, the tests are to be conducted on members of the upper-caste Wagh family, who lived on land adjacent to the Jadhavs, and some of their relatives. There is speculation that the murders are ‘honour killings’ by the Wagh household. “We demand narco-analysis tests on suspects, if any. It is high time the police discover the motive for the murders,” said Republican Party of India (A) leader Sunil Salve. The slaughter of the Jadhav family, which has sent shockwaves across Maharashtra, mirrors the murder of three Dalit youths in Ahmednagar’s Sonai village in January 2013, in which the trio were hacked to death and their mutilated body parts scattered in a septic tank. Almost a year-and-a-half after the crime, the trial of the accused in the Sonai killings began in the Nashik Sessions Court on Monday. The hearings are to last four days with a verdict expected by the end of the week, said special public prosecutor Ujjwal Nikam. Mr. Nikam is also likely to take over the Javkhede murder case, said government sources. (The Hindu 11/11/14)

2. Dalits stage march against Javkhed killings (2)

CHANDRAPUR: Thousands of members of dalit community staged a protest march to district collectorate to flay the killing of three members of a dalit family in Javkhed village in Ahmadnagar district. Stressing on immediate arrest of the accused involved in brutal killing, protesters submitted a memorandum to the district collector. The march was held under the banner of Republican Sangharsh Samiti, the action committee of dalit leaders in city. Protesters gathered at Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar’s statue in the afternoon and then marched under the leadership of Ankush Waghmare, Gopal Deogade, Chikte, Siddarth Waghmare, Sankar Sagore, Rameshchandra Raut, Satyajeet Urade and Rajesh Wankar. Protesters shouted slogans, flaying rising incidents of atrocities on dalits and demanding immediate arrest of murderers of Jadhav family. They also flayed the BJP government in the state for overlooking the case. Later, a delegation met district collector Deepak Mhaisekar and submitted a memorandum. (Times of India 12/11/14)

3. Maha Dalit killings: NGO to stage protest in Maharashtra tomorrow (2)

Mumbai: A city-based NGO will stage a protest here on Saturday against the recent killings of Dalits at a village in Maharashtra. Noted personalities like Nana Patekar, Amol Palekar, theatre and film director Jabbar Patel, film producer N Chandra and singer Faiyyaz are likely to participate in the protest which will be organised at the Shivaji Park here. “Atrocities against Dalits and tribals have increased over a period of time. The conviction rate is only 5.5 per cent and many of them are living under tremendous fear. The protest is to show solidarity towards the society and the backward class people who are still not getting justice,” Congress MP Husain Dalwai, who runs the NGO, told reporters here late last evening. Describing the Indian society as a multi-cultured fabric, Dalwai said efforts should be made to keep all the communities united. “However, the dalits, women and tribals are deprived of their constitutional rights on several occasions and they are facing a lot of challenges even after 65 years of independence,” he lamented. Dalwai condemned the brutal murder of three members of a Dalit family at Javkheda village in Maharashtra’s Ahmednagar district last month and also the earlier killings of people from the community at Khairlanji, Sonai and Kharda villages in the state. He demanded that the government should take immediate steps to arrest the culprits in all these cases. The Congress leader also demanded appointment of a panel to probe such matters and a separate committee under a judge for the protection of the victims. (Zee News 14/11/14)

4. Government official booked for humiliating Dalit woman in Kendrapada (2)

KENDRAPARA (Odisha): A case has been registered against a senior government official for allegedly making caste-based derogatory remarks against a Dalit woman here, police said on Saturday. The case was registered against district education officer Markat Keshari Ray following a complaint lodged by Tuni Mallik. The incident took place on Wednesday when Mallik had gone to meet the official to file a grievance petition, said Santanu Kumar Padhi, sub-divisional police officer, human rights protection cell. A case under section 3 of the prevention of atrocity against scheduled caste and scheduled tribes Act was registered against the DEO on Friday, he said. (Times of India 15/11/14)

5. Villagers lock heads over amenities (2)

RAMANATHAPURAM: Villagers of Kizhakku Kudiyiruppu in Kozhindurai Panchayat in Mudukulathur block staged a sit-in dharna in the Collectorate complex, demanding basic amenities even as villagers of Vadakku and Therkku Kudiyiruppu of the same panchayat thronged the Collectorate to complain against them for disconnecting water supply and putting up road blockades. About 200 men and women of Kizhakku Kudiyiruppu, dominated by Dalits staged the dharna on public grievance day on Monday and offered to surrender the ration cards protesting against denial of basic amenities such as road, drinking water and lighting facilities for the past three years. Even as they were agitating, a large number of people of other communities from Vadakku and Therkku Kudiyiruppu complained that the Dalits had indulged in highhandedness by disconnecting water supply and put up road blockades preventing vehicle movement. In a petition to the Collector, the Dalits said they have been fighting for basic amenities for the last three years, but the Panchayat President, T. Gajendran, though a Dalit, never bothered to provide the facilities. Seeking his intervention, they said if the Collector failed to intervene, they would be forced to surrender the ration cards and vacate the village, they said. Meanwhile, villagers of Vadakku and Therkku Kudiyiruppu of the same panchayat complained that the Dalits, alleging that they were discriminated, took law into their hands and disconnected water supply. They also put road blockades causing a lot of inconvenience. School students were the worst-affected as school buses could not enter the village for the past two weeks, they said. Vehicles carrying ration items also could not come into the village due to the road blocks, they said. N Aravindan, vice president of Kozhundurai Panchayat found fault with the style of functioning of Mr. Gajendran. After he was dismissed by the Collector on charges of forgery, he managed to get favourable orders from higher officials and continued as President. He had lost the confidence of all the nine members, including three scheduled caste members, but continued as President, Mr. Aravindan said. (The Hindu 18/11/14)

TRIBALS

6. Assam MLAs press for ST status (6)

New Delhi, Nov. 10: Assam legislators across political lines joined hands today to press Union home minister Rajnath Singh to recognise six communities of the state as Scheduled Tribes. A 12-member delegation, led by Speaker Pranab Gogoi, called on Singh at North Block and submitted a memorandum seeking ST status for the Koch-Rajbongshi, Tai Ahom, Moran, Muttock, Chutia and tea tribe communities, whose demand has been rejected for years because they do not “fulfil certain criteria”. The home and tribal affairs ministries are understood to have thought a way out of the problem. The rationale of the urgent need for ST status is to counter alleged Bangladeshi illegal immigrants’ claim over land and resources, sources said. “It is very important for us to prevent conflict. It is a crisis of identity against question of survival of illegal immigrants,” Gogoi told The Telegraph after meeting Singh. The Speaker said they had conveyed to the home minister that it was possible for the Centre to do it. Recognition of these communities as Scheduled Tribes is imperative not only for them but also for the entire state, he added. The legislators’ demand coincided with that of Ulfa chairman Arabinda Rajkhowa, who was participating in a discussion at the North East Festival here. Rajkhowa said Assam was facing a threat from illegal migration from Bangladesh. Ulfa has been demanding ST status for the six communities ever since the outfit’s leadership returned from Bangladesh. “The proposal will be cleared by early next year, we hope,” Rajkhowa told The Telegraph. Gogoi hoped the proposal would be cleared before the 2016 Assembly election. The delegation had tribal MLAs from the BJP and the AGP and the memorandum was signed even by an All India United Democratic Front (AIUDF) legislator. The Speaker said they did not see any politics happening over the issue. Over 60 Assembly constituencies in Assam could have Scheduled Tribe majority if the Centre recognises six major communities as ST. For recognition of communities as ST, the initial proposal comes from the state government. It is examined by the registrar-general and census commissioner, the tribal affairs ministry and the National Scheduled Tribes Commission. The final call is taken by the tribal affairs ministry, which will have to draft an amendment bill to include the communities in the ST list. (The Telegraph 11/11/14)

7. Two tribals sterilised against law; 1 dead, other critical (6)

Raipur: One of the two women belonging to Baiga community a primitive tribe adopted by President of India for their conservation on Wednesday succumbed to reported infections following botch-up surgery in a government-sponsored free health camp set up at Gauerila in Chhattisgarh’s Bilashpur district. Officials were tight-lipped over the incident. “I am not aware of any such incident”, state health minister Amar Agrawal said. According reports reaching from Bilashpur, two Baiga tribe women on whom tubectomy surgeries were conducted in a separate camp at Gauerila in Bilashpur district on Monday developed nausea and were admitted to a hospital in the town. “One Baiga woman, identified as Chaital Bail of Dhanauli village in Bilashpur district, died following botch-up sterilisation in Gauerila camp. Another Baiga woman, identified as Mangli Bai of Malia Kachha village in the same district, was in a critical condition,” Chhattisgarh Pradesh Congress Committee said. PCC president Bhupesh Baghel has written a letter to the President demanding action against the state for violating Constitutional provisions which prohibited sterilisation of Baiga tribal people as they are categorised as an endangered community. (Asian Age 13/11/14)

8. Cases of rising infant deaths in tribal hamlets worry officials (6)

A.KONDURU (KRISHNA DT.): Efforts to counsel Lambada tribal women on the importance of protecting girl child notwithstanding, the Women and Child Welfare Department is worried over the increasing incidents of death of infants in the tribal hamlets in the district. Krishna District Women Development and Child Welfare Department Project Director K. Krishna Kumari admitted that instances of killing of infants were reported from some areas. “Instructions have been given to the ICDS staff, Anganwadi teachers and workers to keep a watch on pregnant women before and after the delivery,” she said. According to senior officials, with the department stepping up vigil on the hamlets, tribal women are resorting to steps like exposing the just-born babies to direct sunlight and not feeding them properly. This, according to them, was a deliberate bid to avoid complications like registration of medico legal cases. Tribal women, it is said, were neglecting female babies suffering from diarrhoea, fever and other chronic diseases. The situation is alarming in some tribal hamlets, said Tiruvuru Child Development Project Officer M. Ankamamba. “It is a fact that girl child is neglected in many Lambada families in A. Konduru, Gampalagudem and parts of Vissannapeta mandals. The problem is more in Repudi Thanda, Kummariguntla Thanda and other tribal hamlets,” said an Anganwadi teacher working in Tiruvur division. (The Hindu 14/11/14)

9. Tribals protest move to amend FRA (6)

Berhampur: The tribal people, including primitive tribal groups (PTG) in southern Odisha, along with their associate activities have strongly protested the Union government’s decision to amend the Forest Rights Act (FRA). The rights of the gram sabha would be taken away for giving consent for an industrial project if the amendments in the act are carried out. “The change will facilitate the industrial houses like Vedanta and Posco to set up their plants and mine in the green belts,” said the tribal leaders. The tribal people including Dongaria Kandhas from southern Odisha districts-Ganjam, Gajapati, Kandhamal, Rayagada and Kalahandi staged demonstration in Bhubaneswar on Saturday in protest against the Central government’s decision to change FRA. The proposed mining project in Niyamagiri hill to feed bauxite to the Vedanta Aluminium’s Langigarh refinery was denied by the Central government when almost all gram sabhas on the foothills of Niyamgiri, straddling Kalahandi and Rayagada districts, rejected the proposal last year. “The change in FRA will facilitate mining in the hill. We will oppose any change of the FRA,” they said. “The move of the Ministry of Environment and Forest (MoEF) is aimed at facilitating the major industrial houses,” said Prafulla Samantara. It would be easy to get approval for projects coming up near green areas not recorded as forests by the erstwhile British government and not having tribal population since 2001. However, it fails to recognise rights of other forest dwellers,” added Bhala Chandra Sarangi, another activist. The change notified by MoEF through a circular recently, gives powers to the district collectors to notify whether FRA is applicable to the project site or not, sources said. They will have to certify that the green area was not a notified forest in 1930 and no tribals lived in the villages as per the last two census. It would be enough for the ministry’s forest advisory committee (FAC) to exempt FRA compliance for the project, sources said. “It means that the mandatory consent of the gram sabha-the village body in and around the project site will not be required,” said Samantara. “It also dilutes the objective of FRA,” the activists said. The Ministry’s order violates the FRA in its interpretation of the Act which is meant to undo the historical injustice suffered by forest dwelling tribal and non-tribal communities, they added. (Business Standard 16/11/14)

10. Panel to probe atrocities against Kuravans (6)

VILLUPURAM: The National Commission for Scheduled Castes has constituted a committee headed by its assistant director (Chennai) P Ramasamy to study the problems faced by the Kuravan community with specific reference to the police atrocities against the community in Tamil Nadu. The commission has also nominated Chennai-based advocate P V P Ajeetha and a Villupuram-based social worker V A Rameshnathan as the members and directed the committee to submit its report before December 15. The committee will study the alleged bias and subjective handling of cases involving Kuravan community by the police and suggest remedial measures including relief and rehabilitation. It will also focus on the violations committed against children and women of the community and ensure educational facilities for them. The commission directed the committee to gather sufficient secondary data on atrocities and to undertake random inquiries into the reported incidents. It also insisted that the committee members record the statements of the victims before finalizing the report. The commission in September this year summoned the director general of police, Tamil Nadu to appear before commission’s member P M Kamalamma for discussions regarding complaints of police atrocities on scheduled caste people at its headquarters in New Delhi following a complaint from the Tamil Nadu Kuravar Makkal Sangam (TNKMS). TNKMS submitted a representation highlighting 28 cases of police atrocities on Kuravan community people since 1993 including rape, custodial torture, illegal arrest and detention, custodial deaths, deaths in judicial custody and fake encounters to the commission’s member during a camp at Chennai in September 2. The cases include illegal detention of a 14-year-old boy and brutal assault by Thiruthangal policemen in Virudhunagar district in which the boy lost his right eye in 2014 and rape of a minor girl by policemen in Tiruvarur, Ariyalur, Pudukottai and Thanjavur districts, in 2009 and 2010. Kuravans, an underprivileged community with 10 lakh members, form the sixth largest scheduled caste population in Tamil Nadu. They are also living in Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. But the community has been demanding that the Union government notify them as Scheduled Tribes (ST). Basically hunters, they of late started eking out an living by making articles of household out of bamboo and palm leaves following a ban on hunting. They are also involved in rearing pigs. Their traditional professions also include tattooing and fortune telling using parrots. (Times of India 18/11/14)

WOMEN

11. 6 in 10 Indian men admit violence on wives: UN study  (8)

New Delhi: Six out of 10 Indian men, especially those experiencing economic stress or those who faced discrimination as children, have admitted acting violently against their wives or partners at some point of time, according to a study released here on Monday. The study, Masculinity, Intimate Partner Violence and Son Preference in India, highlights unequal balance of power between men and women in India, prevalence of intimate partner abuse, and high preference for a male child. “What we found is that in India, rigid forms of masculinity where men exhibit controlling behaviours and inequitable gender attitudes, strongly determines their preference of sons over daughters as well as their tendency to perpetuate violence against an intimate partner,” revealed the study launched at the four-day Second MenEngage Global Symposium. The research for the study was conducted in seven states Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh — and involved 9,205 men and 3,158 women, aged between 18 and 49 years. Most of these states show a strong boy preference and have an adverse sex ratio at birth, ranging between 832 and 938 girls for every 1,000 boys. A staggering 75 per cent or three-fourths of men in Odisha and Uttar Pradesh admitted inflicting violence on their intimate partners, followed by 66.1 per cent in Rajasthan and 61.9 in Madhya Pradesh. The figures were much lower in Maharashtra (37 per cent) and Punjab/Haryana (43 per cent). Around two out of five men in these seven states are so rigid in their masculinity that they believe “women should neither be seen or heard.” The men characterised their masculinity by exercising control and admitted controlling to women to the extent that one in three did not allow their wives to wear clothes of their choice and 66 per cent believed that they had greater say than their wife/partner in the important decision that affect them. Seventy-five per cent expected their partners agree to sex at all times and over 50 per cent did not expect their partners to use contraceptives without permission. The study, by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and the Washington-headquartered International Centre for Research on Women, said only 52 per cent women said they had experienced some form of violence during their lifetime. But, according to the study, the reason was that women were reluctant to report intimate partner violence due to a feeling of shame or fear of social stigma. They may have also believed such acts were normal in a relationship and expected men to exert some control on their lives. Nearly 38 per cent women have experiences of physical abuse such as being kicked, slapped, choked and burned. This was followed by emotional, sexual and economic violence. “Central to the problem of gender-based violence in India is that Indian men and women have been socialised to believe that men’s dominance over women is normal and acts of violence against women are justified,” the study explained, adding that women were expected to be “tolerant” and “accepting.” (Asian Age 11/11/14)

12. 61 women killed, 40 raped this year : UNMM (8)

Imphal, November 11 2014: Altogether 61 women have been murdered and 40 raped till November 10 this year, according to data compiled by the United NGOs Mission Manipur (UNMM) . Speaking to media persons at Manipur Press Club here today, UNMM women committee convenor Sobita Mangshatabam said that 61 women have been murdered and 40 raped in the State in the past 10 months and 10 days. Of the 61 women killed, 24 were murdered in the most ghastly manner. Out of them, four were below 10 years and they were murdered after being raped. One 18 year old girl was also murdered after being raped. 16 women including 13 housewives were found dead under controversial circumstances. Of the 13 housewives, four were pregnant. 16 other women died by allegedly committing suicide. Two women were killed in bomb blasts. Three other women died during or after child delivery. Sobita pointed out that procreation is impossible without women. Of the 61 women who have died or have been murdered this year, reproductive system of 57 were active. These 57 women had the capacity to bear 558 children at the rate of nine children per woman. If Manipuri women are killed continuously in such manner, migrants would definitely outgrow the indigenous population shortly. Of the 40 women raped this year, 26 were below 18 years of age and 13 below 10 years. In case these victims, shaken by their harrowing experiences, decide to stay unmarried throughout their lives, who would make up their reproductive capacity, Sobita asked. Even as rape and killing of civilians by security forces have come down considerably in the State, rape and killing of civilians by civilians have been rising at an alarming rate. Abuse of drugs and other intoxicating substances are closely related to many criminal activities including rape and murder. As such, the Government need to step up its counter measures against smuggling and peddling of drugs in the State, Sobita said. Till November 10 this year, there are reports of 287 cases of violence against women including rape and murder. These figures are based on what were reported in the newspapers. If the crime rate is so high, one would like to ask the 60 MLAs what they have been doing all these days, she said. Police investigation is either too slow or ineffective and the justice delivery system is not at all satisfactory, she alleged. Sobita further called upon all sections of the society to come out for an open revolt against repeated rape and murder of women in the society. (E-Pao 12/11/14)

13. Event held to spread awareness against female foeticide (8)

Gurgaon: Aimed at creating awareness against female foeticide by engaging school students, an event was held here Thursday. The event titled ‘She – The Girl Child!’ was an initiative of Paras Hospitals. The event drew nearly 40 Gurgaon school students who spoke on the topic of female foeticide in India, its causes and also suggested measures to stop the practice. In this context, Rakhee Gogoi, head of radiology department at Paras Hospitals, said doctors, especially sonologists, “have a major role to play”.”No doubt the government has developed strong measures against sex determination, but the gap still remains. It is because most of the radiologists still allow sex determination tests and such professionals should be severely punished,” she said. Poornima Savargoankar, a former scientist now associated with NGO Uthaan, told IANS that such events can help lend a voice to the cause. “As the students who participated today (Thursday) are our future, they can propagate the message at school, at their homes and everywhere they go,” she said. On the occasion, a short film themed “Let the girl child blossom” was screened. (Business Standard 13/11/14)

14. Domestic violence: Elite women most vulnerable (8)

BHOPAL: United Nation’s damning report this week about 6 out of 10 Indian men admitting to domestic violence unearths the horrific reality in society’s underbelly. While Odisha and Uttar Pradesh hog the hall of shame, the situation in Madhya Pradesh is no better. According to one-stop crisis centre in Bhopal, India’s first centre aimed at protecting women from violence, it’s educated, urban women who face the brunt of abuse in Madhya Pradesh. And, all this in the cloak of marriage and within four walls of home. The centre received more than 500 cases of domestic violence in five months, most of which are lodged by the women from elite and middle class families. This fact is corroborated by the UN report which states more than 35% men in Madhya Pradesh expressed “rigid masculinity with highly negative gender attitudes”.While the major reason of domestic violence amid rural women still continues to be dowry, urban women are subjected to violence for being “independent”, according to the OSCC. Rekha Sharma 28 was battered by her husband for not quitting her job and becoming a full-time homemaker. Her husband, who was earlier comfortable with Rekha working in a MNC soon grew insecure of her high salary package. When Rekha arrived at OSCC looking for help, the centre called her husband and his parents. Surprisingly, instead of accepting his mistake, he accused Rekha of being mentally unstable. But what was more disappointing was the fact that Rekha’s parents still wanted her to go back to her husband despite the torture. Similarly, when Lata Dubey, 31, an IT professional from Bhopal wanted to continue with her career after becoming a mother, sparks flew. Not only was she given an ultimatum to choose between her child and job, she was also accused of infidelity. The daily arguments and her husband’s fury would end up leaving Lata with bruises. She filed for a divorce for domestic violence and mental harassment.”People think an educated urban woman leads a happy life, but no one knows what’s going on behind closed doors. These women from decent backgrounds are treated with brutality by their husband and in-laws for trying to create their own identity. Major reasons for violence faced by woman in marriage are triggered by jealousy, insecurity and ego. In many cases, parents of women are not supportive. They want them to endure the violence and call it a personal matter or a passing phase,” said Sarika Sinha of Action Aid that volunteers activities of OSCC. OSCC received more than 500 cases of domestic violence in five months, most of which are lodged by women from elite and middle class families (Times of India 15/11/14)

15. 14,570 Plaints, Just 416 cases Get Registered (8)

MADURAI: In a stunning revelation by a reply to a Right to Information Act (RTI) query, the City Police and the Madurai Rural Police have registered only 416 cases out of a total of 14,570 complaints on crimes against women and children during the past three years. The RTI information obtained by Madurai-based advocate R Vignesh from the Madurai Commissioner of Police and Superintendent of Police, Madurai (Rural) shows that while crime against women and children has steadily increased from 2011 to 2014, both police forces seem to have been reluctant to register such crimes. The advocate also sought details on cases such as dowry, harassment, rape, eve teasing and other atrocities against women and children. The Madurai Commissioner of Police stated that during the three-year period, 5,393 complaints were received by Tallakulam, Town and South all women police stations (AWPS) but only 95 cases were registered. The reply also said that 3,435 cases were dropped and the rest were referred to the District Social Welfare Officer. Rural Superintendent of Police (SP) said that Tiruparankundram, Melur, Thirumangalam, Samayapuram and Tirumangalam police stations have received 9,177 complaints but registered only 321 cases. City-based lawyer Anand said that the police were least bothered about a Supreme Court order in the Lalitha Kumari case making first information report (FIR) mandatory for all cases. (New Indian Express 17/11/14)

16. Rs 100cr-plus corpus likely for women survivors of crime (8)

LUCKNOW : Inaugurating the state’s most modernised control room on Wednesday, Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav is likely to announce a corpus fund for women, apparently on the initiative of his wife and MP of the ruling party Dimple Yadav. The corpus fund of around Rs 100-150 crore is to be earmarked for protection and rehabilitation of women who are survivors of violence and crime. Dimple has been raising the issue of crime against women from different platforms and personally too has asked her chief minister husband to strengthen protection of women in the state. At the party’s national convention of women on Monday, Dimple Yadav had also expressed her concern over the alarming rate of foeticide in the country and appealed to check it at the earliest. It is learnt that Dimple Yadav has been pursuing the government to earmark some funds for rehabilitation of women survivors of violence within the family and outside too. “At times it has been seen that a woman becomes an outcaste once she is assaulted or molested. The state has decided to intervene in such cases too,” informed a senior government official, adding that part of the fund would be extracted from the labour cess while remaining would be borne by the state. In the previous BSP regime, then chief minister Mayawati had asked for Scheduled Caste survivors of rape be given compensation. Senior police officers were seen doling out compensation to the rape survivors in many places, but the BSP scheme created resentment as non-Dalit survivors were denied compensation Samajwadi Party government has planned the survivors of violence of any caste be compensated adequately so that they live respectably and also contest the case in court. Under the scheme, the government would set up counseling centres allover the state in every district to guide the survivors in legal matters and also to help them lead a respectable life. The counseling centres would also provide skill training to women survivors to make them self-reliant. (Times of India 19/11/14)

CHILDREN/ CHILD LABOUR

17. 25 schools form panel to raise awareness on child rights (14)

Mangaluru: Children from Ranipura School while highlighting rights of children through a song and dance, at Prajna Counselling centre as a part of its programme on “Prajna’s step towards women and child empowerment,” said that 25 schools in Mangalore and Bantwal have formed a committee to raise awareness on child rights. The committee meets and discusses on activities to increase awareness. The problems faced by the children in their schools are brought to the notice of the Gram Panchayat President, said the kids. The event is aimed at creating awareness through songs, dance, skits and street-plays about child rights. It was a part of the activities conducted by Prajna’s Empowerment and Participation of Women and Children Projects. Explaining computer training programme imparted at the Centre, co-ordinator Geetha Pandith said that the destitute poor kids and unemployed women are imparted training in animation. For a cartoon story which she has written entitled ‘Druthi and Drutali,’ destitute Mubeena has drawn illustrations. Elaborating Mubeena’s experience, she said that she wanted to pursue her studies after fourth standard. However, owing to poverty, her mother pushed her to work in a house. I was ill treated by the employees in Chikkamagaluru. Later, I came to Mangalore to work in a house, from where I escaped and landed in Prajna centre. Looking at my drawings, Geetha madam taught me animation, illustrations using computer.” Beneficiary of CFI programme, Pathunhi said, “we women spend majority of our time sitting inside four walls of the house. After I became member of SHG, I started saving money and preparing phenol, soaps and pearl necklaces and imitation jewellery. With the money I earned, I was strong enough to educate my daughter who is a lawyer now. My grand daughter is pursuing MBBS.” Chinnara Tangudhama, an initiative of SSA and Prajna Counselling Centre,  teacher Veena said that 270 kids were enrolled to the Thangudhama. At present, 30 kids are pursuing their studies. A total of 177 students have already been brought to the mainstream schools through Thangudhama. Deputy Commissioner A B Ibrahim said that NGOs play a pivotal role in implementing various welfare schemes of the government. The Prajna Counselling centre should spread its wings and open its centre in other districts. The district administration will provide all the helping hand to the activities of the Prajna counselling centre. Senior civil judge Ganesh B also spoke. (Deccan Herald 12/11/14)

18. Nobel Laureate Satyarthi appeals to ‘save childhood’ on Children’s Day (14)

New Delhi: Calling child trafficking the “worst form” of human rights violation, Nobel Peace Prize winner Kailash Satyarthi on Thursday made a strong appeal to “save the childhood” of every child. On the eve of the 125th birth anniversary of the first Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru, celebrated nationwide as Children’s Day, Satyarthi said it is imperative that the society takes care of the right to education, health and freedom of every child. “Child trafficking is the worst form of human rights violation. It makes me cry when children are taken away and sold cheaper than cattle,” he said. NHRC Chairperson Justice K G Balakrishnan, who also spoke during the interaction organised by NHRC during its two-day National Seminar on Prison Reforms, said that the society is in “complete denial” on the issue of child labour. “The fact that large number of child labourers continue to work in factories and elsewhere do not seem to affect us. All these we completely deny,” he said. Noting that it was only in the beginning of the 1990s that the concept of child rights came to exist, Satyarthi said that it was otherwise couched in the package of “charity”.”When I started working during the initial eighties the concept of child right didn’t even exist. There was no child labour law in India until 1986. Although it was only after the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) came into effect that the concept made a shift from charity to rights,” the Nobel Peace Prize winner said. Terming it as a period of “paradigm shift”, he said that it was then that the discourse on child labour and rights were beginning to be viewed from the “human rights prospective”.60-year-old Satyarthi, was on October 10 named for this year’s Nobel Peace prize along with Pakistani teenager Malala Yousafzai. He has been working for child rights for over 30 years through Bachpan Bachao Andolan, the NGO which is credited with freeing over 80,000 child labourers across India. (Zee News 14/11/14)

19. Govt plans law for complete ban on child labour (14)

NEW DELHI: The government is likely to introduce a key legislation that proposes a complete ban on child labour in all sectors in the coming winter session of Parliament. The legislation aims to amend the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act to bring it in tune with the Right To Education (RTE) Act, which makes education compulsory for all children up to the age of 14. Though the proposal for complete ban on child labour up to 14 years of age was once cleared by the Cabinet, it could not get parliamentary approval. Under existing laws, child labour is not a punishable offence in some “non-hazardous” sectors such as farming. It was argued that there should not be any discrimination on working in hazardous or non-hazardous industry in terms of the ban. The proposal aims to ban all work for children under the age of 14 and restrict non-hazardous work to adolescents between the age of 14 and 18. Employing a child under 14 for any work — hazardous or non-hazardous — will be a cognizable offence punishable with imprisonment up to two years or a fine up to Rs 50,000 or both, an increase from the current one-year jail or Rs 20,000 punishment. Repeat offenders can be imprisoned for up to three years. Nobel laureate and child rights activist Kailash Satyarthi has urged Parliament to pass a strong anti-child labour law in the upcoming session. He has demand complete ban on all forms of child labour and bringing the law in sync with RTE Act. He sought prohibition of employment of children between 14-18 years in hazardous occupations and processes. (Times of India 17/11/14)

20. Kailash Satyarthi calls for global action to end child slavery (14)

LONDON: Nobel peace laureate Kailash Satyarthi called on Monday for global support for a campaign to end child slavery that will be launched this week as new figures estimated almost 36 million people are living as slaves today. Satyarthi, who was the surprise co-recipient of this year’s Nobel peace prize for his work fighting child slavery and exploitation in India, said not enough was being done to protect children from lives of servitude. His comments came as the second global slavery index by the Walk Free Foundation, an Australia-based human rights group, estimated 35.8 million are born into servitude, trafficked for sex work, trapped in debt bondage or exploited in forced labour. The International Labour Organisation estimates that there are 21 million people in forced labour worldwide, of which 5.5 million, or 26 percent, are aged under 18. Satyarthi, 60, whose non-government organisation Bachpan Bachao Andolan (BBA) has been credited with freeing over 80,000 child labourers in India over the past 30 years, urged global backing for an “End Child Slavery Week” campaign that will be launched at the Trust Women conference in London this week. “(We must) build new alliances and partnerships that help us march towards the goal of creating a society free from child slavery,” he told the Thomson Reuters Foundation on the eve of the conference on trafficking and other women’s rights issues. “The fight against child slavery is the fight against traditional mindset, policy deficit and lack of accountability and urgency for children across the globe.” The campaign is an initiative involving various groups including the Global March against Child Labour, Anti-Slavery International, Education International, International Trade Union Confederation, Kids Rights Foundation and the Thomson Reuters Foundation. Satyarthi was little known when he was awarded this year’s Nobel prize along with Pakistani teenager Malala Yousafzai who has become a global icon for girls’ education after surviving an assassination attempt by the Taliban. When the prize was announced on Oct. 10 he only had 100 followers on Twitter. Now he has over 45,000. In India, however, Delhi-based BBA is known for staging often dramatic rescues of child labourers, many sold into servitude by poor families, and rehabilitating them in residential homes. Aware that 70 percent of child labourers come from villages, BBA has also created nearly 400 “model villages” in India which are free from child exploitation and promote children’s education and address traditions such as child marriage. Satyarthi, who founded BBA in 1980 after quitting his job as an electrical engineer, said winning the Nobel Prize had created unprecedented attention for all forms of economic exploitation, violence, denial of education and other child rights. Satyarthi, who will address the Trust Women’s conference organised by the Thomson Reuters Foundation on Wednesday and help launch the End Child Slavery campaign, said a major challenge was to maintain attention on this issue. As part of the End Child Slavery Week campaign, the Thomson Reuters Foundation on Monday launched #Choosetosee, a strategic initiative with a video and petition to fight child slavery. “As the anti-slavery community, we must together ensure that this attention is transferred into concrete action and results,” Satyarthi said. (Times of India 19/11/14)

MINORITIES – GENERAL

21. Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi vows security to minorities (7)

New Delhi: Newly-inducted Union minister of state for minority affairs Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi, who took charge on Tuesday, said the government will work towards providing “security and prosperity” to various minority communities of the country. He said the Narendra Modi government, through its principles of good governance, will work in this regard. He said one of his priority areas would be to provide opportunities of development for the last man in queue without any discrimination. According to him, the role of the minority affairs ministry has become crucial at a time when a “political effort” is on to create a sense of mistrust among minorities. “The minority affairs ministry has an important role to play. Its role becomes all the more crucial at a time when a political effort is being made to create a sense of mistrust among minorities,” said the minister after taking charge of his office. He, however, did not name any political party. “We have to keep away brokers and middlemen. People say much of the schemes have remained on paper and nothing is reflected on ground. I want the ministry to reach the people with its schemes… People are feeling secluded. That has to go,” he said. Mr Naqvi said he would choose areas where he would focus and ensure a proper ground assessment of the works done by the ministry. Before taking over, Mr Naqvi, who was inducted into the Union council of ministers on Sunday, met his senior minister Najma Heptulla. (Asian Age 12/11/14)

22. Minorities under attack in Bengal: BJP MLA (7)

KOLKATA: Shamik Bhattacharya, the lone BJP MLA in West Bengal Assembly, today alleged that minorities and the poor were under attack in the state and the government was refraining from taking any step. “Minorities, marginal farmers and the poor are being attacked by ruling Trinamool Congress in the state for which they are joining our party,” Bhattacharya told reporters after staging a walk-out from the house. Referring to Birbhum, where four persons were injured in a clash between BJP and ruling TMC activists at troubled Parui in Birbhum district during a visit by BJP state president Rahul Sinha to a nearby village, said the government was frequently changing the officer-in-charge of the police station but was ‘not doing what needed to be done’. The law and order situation in Birbhum was ‘very alarming’ and BJP’s minority supporters were subject to attacks and torture by Trinamool Congress activists, he alleged. BJP state president Rahul Sinha’s car was attacked at Imadpur in Birbhum district yesterday when he was going to address a meeting at troubled Parui village, he said. “The Birbhum district Trinamool president is virtually playing the role of the district SP,” he alleged and added that BJP had wanted a statement from Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee on the law and order situation in Birbhum. “If not the CM, the parliamentary affairs minister could have given the statement”, he said. He criticised West Bengal Minorities Commission for keeping its ‘eyes closed’. “Where are they? The panel members are not to seen around even the minorities are being attacked.” (Times of India 13/11/4)

23. 90 Per Cent of Poor in India, South Africa Are Minorities: Former Justice Yacoob (7)

HYDERABAD: Achieving equality in society is the only solution to eliminate poverty in this world, said Justice Zakeria ‘Zac’ Yacoob, Retired Justice of Constitutional Court of South Africa at the 13th CD Deshmukh memorial lecture here on Saturday. His lecture was on the topic ‘Equality, Non-discrimination, Religion and Disability: South Africa and India’. “Once everybody in the society treats everyone equally, poverty will automatically be eliminated,” he said. He reminded that more than 90 percent of the poor in South Africa and India are from the minority classes. Yacoob, who has been working in the field of Socio-economic Rights for a long time, said he strongly believes that discrimination is based on various factors such as race and religion. It has become one of the biggest hurdles in the path towards development across the world. He said both India and South Africa stand on the same position when it comes to inequality and discrimination against the vulnerable groups. However, Yacoob felt that ‘race’ has been the most common factor for discrimination in both the countries. “Perhaps that is the reason, constitutions of both the countries chose to give reservations based on race,” he said. From his research on the social development of both the countries for past few decades, he said minorities have always been oppressed, while the majority section continues to dominate. In the context of formation of Telangana state, Yacoob felt the new state is the result of discrimination that Telangana people faced for years. And now the state has manyopportunities to achieve social and economic development. “Every time a new state is formed, there is a great desire for development,” he said. He said he finds hope in the fact that oppressed communities such as the Dalits in India and Black Africans in South Africa are now doing well in various fields like education and business. “The change is happening, but it is at a slow pace,” he added. Organised by the Council for Social Development, the memorial lecture was attended by the research scholars and students from Maulana Azad National Urdu University (MANUU), University of Hyderabad (UoH) and Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS). (New Indian Express 16/11/14)

MINORITIES – MUSLIMS

24. Shiv Sena presents Muslim skull cap to Eknath Khadse (7)

Mumbai: The Shiv Sena has claimed to have presented a green cap to revenue and minority affairs minister Eknath Khadse on the first day of special session of the Assembly for his alleged “soft corner” for Muslims. However, Mr Khadse has denied the incident. Opposing the proposal by Mr Khadse to introduce Urdu as an optional subject for students studying in Marathi-medium schools in the state, Shiv Sena MLC Diwakar Raote brought a green skull cap to the Assembly on Monday. “Nobody has demanded this. Even if one student opts for Urdu, a teacher will have to be appointed, arrangements made for namaz and other requirements. What is the need for this?” Mr Raote asked. However, Mr Khadse denied the claim he was given a skull cap. “I received appreciation from Muslims, including MIM MLAs. Even a representative of Shahi Imam called to inquire about the decision,” said Mr Khadse. “My intention is very clear. The Muslims should be brought into mainstream; they should get education like other students studying in Marathi medium schools,” he said. He further added, “There are only 0.25 per cent Muslim officials in government jobs due to lack of proper education. We want to change the situation.” (Asian Age 11/11/14)

25.  ‘Court stay will impede Muslim integration into mainstream’ (7)

MUMBAI: The Bombay High Court has observed that an interim stay on reservation in education for the 50 sub-castes of Muslims specified by Maharashtra government “will certainly impede the process of drawing the Muslim youths into the mainstream of secular education.” In its judgment on Friday, the court refused to grant interim stay on Maharashtra government’s ordinance giving five per cent reservation to Muslims in education. But the court granted interim stay to reservation for specified Muslims sub-castes in government jobs on the grounds that “the State has no power to breach the ceiling limit of 50 per cent.” It also said that five per cent additional educational reservation could not be imposed on private and unaided educational institutes as it would be an unreasonable restriction on their fundamental right. While relying on Sachar Committee report, Justice Ranganath Mishra Committee report, report of the Maharashtra State Minority Commission and Dr. Mehmood-ur-Rehman Study Group report, the court said there was quantifiable data for the formation of the ‘Special Backward Category’ consisting of the 50 sub-castes of the Muslim community. “In the present case, the material relied upon by the State government for determining the backwardness of the Specified Communities of Muslims, at least prima facie, spells out a case for the existence of an extraordinary situation, in which the State government was justified in exceeding the ceiling limit of 50 per cent by another 5 per cent insofar as reservations in educational institutions is concerned,” the court said in its order.The court denied the petitioners’ contention that reservation was granted to Muslims only on the basis of their religion, and was thus against the spirit of the Constitution. “In the first place, the impugned Ordinance is clear, inasmuch as the reservation is for certain specified communities from out of Muslims and not for members of the Muslim community in general or in entirety. Secondly, both Articles 15(1) and 16(2) prohibit discrimination against any citizen on grounds only of religion. Since the State Government has relied upon the relevant indicators for the purposes of determining backwardness of 50 sub-castes of Muslim community, we see no infringement of Articles 15(1) and 16(2) of the Constitution of India,” the court said. (The Hindu 16/11/14)

26. West Bengal turf war as TMC loses ground to BJP (7)

New Delhi: In BJP’s “Mission Bengal”, the saffron forces have begun matching the Trinamul Congress’ muscle power. In the last few months, there have been over 400 clashes between the TMC and the BJP in Bengal, with the maximum being reported from Birbhum district. What is worrying the Trinamul is that Muslims are also shifting towards the BJP. The state BJP leadership has claimed that over 1.75 lakh Muslims have joined the party. Over the last few months, Birbhum has emerged as the epicentre of clashes between BJP and Trinamul Congress workers. While three people have been killed so far, scores of others have been injured in clashes which have now become a regular feature in various villages in Birbhum district. The BJP, some feel, was being able to “stand up to the Trinamul’s muscle power” as a large number of CPI(M) and Congress workers are moving towards saffron forces. Sources revealed that some villages in Birbhum district have become BJP strongholds and Trinamul workers were trying to take back lost territories. For instance, a major clash happened on October 27 in a village under Panrui police station in Birbhum district. After the Lok Sabha polls, the saffron forces had moved in to take control of the village. Interestingly, Birbhum district is a Muslim-dominated region. Alarm bells have begun to ring as the Muslims in these areas have started moving towards the BJP. The party’s state unit president, Mr Rahul Sinha, has claimed that 1.75 lakh Muslims have joined the saffron party after Mr Modi became Prime Minister. If Mr Sinha’s claim is to be believed, another major shift is taking place in Bengal’s Muslim votebank. The minority community, which was the traditional votebank of the Left, shifted to the Trinamul during the last Assembly elections in the state. The BJP is hopeful and repeatedly claiming that the majority of this votebank, which amounts to nearly 33 per cent in the state, was shifting rapidly towards the saffron camp. The BJP, which is eyeing Bengal, is preparing to contest at least 150 of the 294 seats during the Assembly polls in the state in 2016. However, Bengal watchers even in the BJP feel that this could be a “Herculean task”. Trinamul Congress leaders, while talking about the BJP, secretly acknowledge that “Modi magic is working in Bengal”. But how much of it will translate into votes remains to be seen, he said. (Asian Age 17/11/14)

27. In poll-bound Kashmir, BJP banks on Muslim clerics (7)

Srinagar: The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) has deployed Islamic clerics from other states for canvassing in the Muslim-majority Kashmir Valley to boost its chances in the five-phase state election that begins this month. A key campaigner for the party is Deoband-based Maulana Suhaib Qasmi who heads the Jamaat Ulema-e-Hind that reportedly has about 16,000 clerics as its members. Qasmi’s endorsement of the BJP hasn’t surprised analysts since he openly supported Narendra Modi ahead of the Lok Sabha polls this year. “They (the clerics) are here to clear misconceptions about the party. They are here to tell people that BJP is not anti-Muslim,” said Altaf Thakur, the party’s media in-charge in Jammu and Kashmir. Confident of its chances in the core Hindu belt of Jammu, the BJP is going all out in the Valley with the target of winning 44 of the state’s 87 assembly seats. The Lok Sabha elections gave the party a head start as it won three of the six seats in the state with Modi’s popularity pulling Hindu votes towards the BJP. Qasmi, who said during the parliamentary polls that Muslims should barter support for development, says Kashmir is craving for growth and Modi is the only leader who can accomplish this. “We are here to listen to problems of the people and help find solutions,” he said. The cleric said those judging Modi must go beyond the 2002 Gujarat riots narrative as the country also witnessed several instances of communal violence under Congress-led regimes. Qasmi said the PM’s “Sab ka saath, sab ka vikas” slogan is in the right spirit and “there is hardly any rally where he (Modi) has not mentioned Muslims.” Apart from Muslims, the BJP is trying to woo social media users in a big way. The party has called in seven IT experts from Mumbai, setting up a media war room in Srinagar’s Raj Bagh area. Shakeel-ul-Rehman, who heads the party’s social media cell in Jammu and Kashmir, said his team will be sending out constant updates on Twitter, Facebook and WhatsApp to inform and engage voters. “We will be telling people about the party’s aim, promises and also give updates about rallies, interactions across the state,” he said. (Hindustan Times 19/11/14)

MINORITIES – CHRISTIANS

28. Nine Pak Christian families forced to leave their homes (7)

Lahore: Nine Pakistani Christian families have reportedly been forced to leave their houses after a man of their community married a Muslim woman in Sahiwal district of Punjab, the third such incident in the province. Shahab Masih, a young man of the Christian community, married a Muslim woman Rukhsana Kausar, who is in her early 20s last month, Abid Masih said. “Last month the couple contracted a court marriage. The Muslims of the village warned us to produce the girl or face serious consequences. We told them that Shahab lived in Khanewal and they should better visit his place to settle the issue but to no avail,” he said. Shahab from Khanewal district of Punjab, some 400 kilometers from Lahore, often visited his relatives in Sahiwal where he developed friendship with the girl. Jamil Husain, the girl’s father, has filed an abduction case in Shahkot police against Shahab, his two family members. “It was not only the FIR against my two family members, but the whole Muslim community of the village turned against the Christians and started hurling death threats at us. The Christian elders of the locality then finally decided to leave their village and sought refuge?somewhere else to save their lives,” Abid said. This was the third such incident in recent times in Punjab when the Christians families have been forced by Muslims to leave their residences. The other two incidents took place in Sargodha and Narowal districts. The police have registered a case against Shahab Masih and others for kidnapping a Muslim girl, Sub-Inspector Muhammad Riaz said. He said the police also received an application from the Christians of the village that they had been receiving threats related to the case. “We have arrested no one as yet. Knowing the sensitivity of the case we will lay hand on anyone after a thorough probe,” Riaz said. “We have brought the matter to the knowledge of the Punjab home secretary. The 25 members of?nine families have to leave their residences and shops in Sahiwal because they had serious threats from the Muslims of area,” said Aslam Sahotra, Christian leader and head of Human Liberation Front Pakistan. Sahotra requested Punjab Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharif to provide security to the affected Christians and ensure their resettlement. Last week, a Muslim mob burnt alive a young Christian couple after throwing them in the brick kiln furnace on the charges of allegedly desecrating the Quran. (Zee News 13/11/14)

29. Catholic Church in State All Set to Celebrate Canonisation (7)

KOCHI: The Catholic Church in Kerala is all set to celebrate the canonisation of Fr Kuriakose Elias Chavara and Sr Euphrasia Eluvathingal. Various functions are being organised in Kochi, Ollur and Mannanam. In Kochi, functions are being held at Kakkanad and Koonammavu, where Fr Chavara was laid to rest, first. Fr Chavara  and Sr Euphrasia  will be elevated to sainthood by Pope Francis at a ceremony to be held in Vatican on November 23.  On November 24, a thanksgiving Holy Mass in Syro Malabar Rite will be celebrated at the main altar of the St Peters Basilica in Vatican. “Special prayers will be held at Mannanam, Koonammavu and Ollur on the day of canonisation. A thanksgiving Holy Mass will be celebrated at Kakkanad on November 29,” said Syro Malankatra Catholic Church Cardinal Baselius Cleemis. Cardinal Baselius Cleemis will deliver a speech on the occasion. Priests and  bishops of the Latin Church and the Malankara Catholic Church will attend the function. A procession carrying holy relics from Mannanam and Ollur will reach Kakkanad on the day. Syro Malabar Church head Cardinal Mar George Alencherry will be the main celebrant at the Holy Mass. “Prior to the Mass, Pope Francis will address the faithful from Kerala. Around 1 lakh people, in different groups, are expected to attend the ceremonies in Vatican,” Cardinal Alencherry said at a press conference in Kochi on Thursday. “Delegations representing the Central and State governments will attend the ceremonies in Vatican. Ministers K C Joseph and P J Joseph are expected to represent the State Government,” he said. The official celebration of the Kerala Catholic Church will be held On November 29.  There will be a thanksgiving Holy Mass at Rajagiri Valley (on the ground of Rajagiri College of Engineering), followed by a public meeting. “Apostolic Nuncio to India Archbishop Salvatore Pennacchio will inaugurate the public meeting, which will be presided over by Chief Minister Oommen Chandy. Heads of various Christian denominations, SC Judge Justice Krian Joseph and representatives of various religions and political parties  will attend. Around 50,000 people are expected to take part in the  celebration,” the cardinal said. CMI former General Fr Paul Achandi said that  social welfare projects worth `1 crore will be launched to mark the historic event. The projects include housing scheme, treatment aid for cancer patients and  financial aid for students. Replying to a query, Cardinal Alencherry said that there was no dispute over the final resting place of Fr Chavara. Nobody ever disputed the importance Konnammavu holds in the life of Fr Chavara. Though Vatican recognises Mannanam as his resting place, it does not belittle the importance of Koonammavu, where Fr Chavara spent the last years of his life and died. Also, at first, he was buried at Koonammavu. The mortal remains were taken to Mannanam with the consent of the then religious and civil authorities, and there are documents to prove it. When Vatican initiated the proceedings for the canonisation, the tomb at Mannanam was opened for exhuming. Thus, Vatican recognises Mannanam as his resting place,” the Cardinal said. (New Indian Express 14/11/14)

30. Priests conduct mass for Dalit Christians near RS Mangalam (7)

RAMANATHAPURAM: The raging controversy over the expulsion of Dalit seminarian G. Michael Raja of Diocese of Sivaganga, allegedly for indiscipline, took a new turn on Friday with priests from other dioceses in the State conducting a mass for Dalit Christians in connection with ‘All Souls Day’ near RS Mangalam in this district. Ever since the Dalit seminarian was suspended from the seminary three years ago after he had completed the theology course, Dalit Christians have raised a banner of revolt against the Diocese of Sivaganga, comprising churches in Sivaganga and Ramanathapuram districts and ‘restrained’ priests from visiting the Dalit villages. After violence broke out in Oriyur Church over the issue two years ago, the Diocese of Sivaganga withdrew residential parish priests in at least 10 parishes, comprising Dalit villages in Devakottai, RS Mangalam, Tiruvadanai and Thondi blocks for security reasons and appointed administrators for each parish to help the devotees in conducting services. As parish priests refrained from visiting the parish and sub station churches in Dalit villages, masses could not be organised in these villages during festivals and important occasions. On All Souls Day on November 2, the Dalit Christians could just visit the cemeteries and offer prayers as parish priests were not available to conduct the mass. Against this backdrop, about 13 priests from the Dioceses of Chengalpattu, Chennai, Thanjavur, Puducherry, Kumbakonam and Tirunelveli visited Saveriyar Nagar near RS Mangalam in this district and conducted mass for Dalit Christians for All Souls Day. They visited the village at the request of local Dalit Christians. “We could not say no when people call us for prayers and conduct masses,” A Aruldoss, President of the Tamil Nadu Dalit Christian Makkal Kootaimuppu said quoting a priest. Parish priests were not visiting more than 100 sub station churches in Dalit villages, he said. Meanwhile, Rev. S. Michael Raj, spokesman of the Diocese of Sivaganga took objection to priests from other dioceses conducting the mass without the permission of the Bishop of Sivaganga Diocese. “This is not only indiscipline, but amounted to promoting divisions,” he said. The diocese was ready to conduct prayers in churches in Dalit villages provided they gave up the demand for the ordination of Raja and cooperated with the diocese, he added. (The Hindu 15/11/14)

31. Modi Government’s Decision Ruffles Catholic Feathers (7)

NEW DELHI: Two Indian Catholics are about to attain ‘sainthood’ in Vatican and Narendra Modi Government has decided to send a three-member delegation to Vatican for the canonisation ceremony as a mark of respect. The story should have ended on a happy note there. But it has not, thanks to the ‘secular’ nature of the delegation. The canonisation ceremony-where two revered Catholic figures — Fr Kuriakose Elias Chavara and Sr Euphrasia Eluvathinkal, will be declared as ‘saints’ by Pope Francis – will be held on November 23. The Modi Government’s decision has stirred up factional feelings within the Christian community as the delegation has no Catholics in it. As of now, the delegation is being led by Rajya Sabha Deputy Chairman P J Kurien and two other MPs. Kurien is a Marthomite and he owes no allegiance to the Pope or Rome. The other two members are TDP MP P Raveendra Babu and Nagaland Peoples Front MP Neiphiu Rio. While the former is a Hindu, Neiphiu, a three-time Nagaland Chief Minister, is a Protestant Christian. “All delegations till date had included Catholics. It is for the first time that an official Indian delegation is going to Vatican with no Catholics in it,” said Catholic Bishops Conference of India (CBCI) spokesperson Fr K C Joseph. “We don’t know whether it is deliberate. But why should the Centre send non-Catholics, who do not look up to Rome or the Pope, to this sacred function,” asked another priest with the CBCI. He said that the previous 13-member delegation for the canonisation of St Alphonsa during the UPA Government in 2008, comprised entirely of Catholics. The delegation was headed by the then Union Labour and Employment Minister Oscar Fernandes and he was accompanied by K M Mani, K V Thomas, P C Thomas and others. The CBCI is planning to take up the matter with the PM, said the priest. But sources in the government said there will not be any change in the members of the delegation. “The government decided to send a delegation as the CBCI had written to both the Prime Minister’s Office (PMO) and the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) requesting the same. And when the Centre sends a delegation, it has to be secular in nature,” said the official. He further said that two of the members are Christians. When the intricate variations in denominations was pointed out, the official said that a secular government need not think about all these intricacies in a hair splitting manner. “It is an official delegation and whoever goes, he or she is representing the country,’’ he said. He pointed out that it was Vice-President Hamid Ansari who had represented the country when Pope Francis was anointed. “But that was an official function as Pope is also the Head of the Vatican. But this is purely a religious function,’’ said a priest. (New Indian Express 16/11/14)

32. Christian organisations protest against ‘The Lost Gospel’ (7)

ONGOLE: Members of three Christian organisations staged a demonstration at the busy Church Centre here on Monday taking strong objection to the contents of ‘The Lost Gospel’ book by Simcha Jacobovici and Barrie A. Wilson. Leading the protest, members of the All India Trust Christian Council, College Of Bible Technology and Church of Christian said the duo had hurt the sentiments of believers by making unwarranted references to Jesus. According to Bible, Jesus did not marry, maintained AITCC Ongole unit president Ch.Venkateswarulu and Br. E.Babu Rao and Br. N. Lucas and, principals of College of Bible Technology at Ongole and Kanigiri respectively. (The Hindu 19/11/14)

REFUGEES/ MIGRANTS

33. U.N. says 13.6 million displaced by wars in Iraq and Syria (13)

Geneva: About 13.6 million people, equivalent to the population of London, have been displaced by conflicts in Syria and Iraq, and many are without food or shelter as winter starts, the U.N. refugee agency UNHCR said on Tuesday. Amin Awad, UNHCR`s director for the Middle East and North Africa, said the world was becoming numb to the refugees` needs. “Now when we talk about a million people displaced over two months, or 500,000 overnight, the world is just not responding,” he told reporters in Geneva. The 13.6 million include 7.2 million displaced within Syria – an increase from a long-held U.N. estimate of 6.5 million – as well as 3.3 million Syrian refugees abroad. In Iraq, 1.9 million have been displaced this year by tribal fighting and the advance of Islamic State, adding to 1 million previously displaced, and 190,000 have left the country to seek safety. The vast majority of Syrian refugees have gone to Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq or Turkey, which Awad said “are putting us all to shame” with their support for homeless Syrian families. “Other countries in the world, especially the Europeans and beyond, should open their borders and share the burden.” The U.N. World Food Programme has cut rations for 4.25 million people and lack of funds could force a break in its supplies next month for refugees, spokeswoman Elisabeth Byrs told Reuters. WFP recently received new pledges that may have averted immediate cuts, Byrs said, although it still needs $325 million to cover its operations for Syria and the region for the rest of 2014. “Until these pledges are confirmed, WFP`s actual funding situation remains dire, with cuts in assistance anticipated during the upcoming winter,” she said. UNHCR says it is short of $58.5 million in donations to prepare 990,000 people for winter, forcing it to prioritise help for people at higher, colder altitudes and for more vulnerable cases, such as newborn babies. U.N. figures show that leading donors include the European Union, United States, Japan, Norway and some Gulf Arab countries. The data show Russia and China have each provided just 0.1 percent of the total humanitarian funding raised by donors this year for Syria. “Politically they cannot really be indifferent, therefore humanitarian (aid) is an imperative and it has to be put first and foremost if there is no (political) settlement … They need to contribute one way or the other, like the others do,” he said. (Zee News 12/11/14)

34. Concessions for Af-Pak Hindu, Sikh refugees (13)

New Delhi: The government on Thursday announced a number of concessions for Hindu and Sikh refugees from Pakistan and Afghanistan, which includes relaxation in the procedure for granting them Indian citizenship. Home minister Rajnath Singh has approved a proposal for manual acceptance of applications for granting of Indian citizenship to minority community nationals of Pakistan and Afghanistan who entered India prior to December 31, 2009. There are about one lakh minority community refugees from Pakistan and Afghanistan living in India. The home ministry has said that eligible applicants who were facing difficulties in submitting online applications can now submit the same manually along with their passports. However, the long term visa of the applicant should be valid at the time of submitting the citizenship application at the office of the district magistrate, collector or deputy commissioner, an MHA statement said. An affidavit filed before the authority prescribed under Rule 38 of the Citizenship Rules, 2009, will be considered in lieu of renunciation certificate, it said. In a significant move, the home ministry also said that the children of such refugees, who entered India on the basis of their parents’ passport, can also apply without passport for the grant of Indian citizenship after the regularisation of their stay in India. Similar relaxation has been provided to children of such persons born in India and they will also be able to apply without passport for grant of Indian citizenship after regularisation of their stay in the country. These children will have to register with the foreigners registration office in the district concerned for the regularisation. The decision came after the home minister took into consideration the difficulties being faced by minority community nationals of Pakistan and Afghanistan in submitting their applications for grant of Indian citizenship. There are about 400 Pakistani Hindu refugee settlements in cities such as Jodhpur, Jaisalmer, Bikaner and Jaipur. Many Sikh refugees live in Punjab, Delhi, Haryana and UP. (Asian Age 14/11/14)

35. Sri Lankan refugees begin fast (13)

TIRUCHI: Twenty-six, including 25 Sri Lankan refugees, who have been quarantined at a special camp at the Central Prison here, started a fast on Saturday, demanding the early completion of the cases against them. They are facing charges, including illegal entry and suspected association with the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE). Many of them were recently transferred to the special camp here from different camps in the State. A Malaysian citizen is among them. Sources said the 26 persons did not have breakfast and lunch. They told the authorities that they would not take food unless there was an assurance that the cases against them were settled soon. It was unfair to conduct the trial of the cases for so long when peace prevailed in Sri Lanka, they said. (The Hindu 16/11/14)

36. ‘Thousands of Rohingya migrants missing’ (13)

Bankok: Thousands of Rohingya boat people who have left Myanmar in the past month have yet to reach their destinations, say relatives and an advocacy group for the persecuted minority, raising fears their boats have been prevented from reaching shore. About 12,000 Rohingya, a mostly stateless Muslim people, have left the western Myanmar state of Rakhine since October 15, said Chris Lewa of the Arakan Project, which plots migration across the Bay of Bengal. Another 4,000 boat people, both Rohingya and Bangladeshis, left neighbouring Bangladesh during the same period, said Lewa. The boat people are headed for Malaysia, but most transit through Thailand, where smugglers and traffickers hold them at jungle camps near the Malaysian border until relatives pay ransoms to secure their release. About 460 boat people were found and detained by the Thai authorities in November, but thousands more have not made landfall or contacted relatives after what is usually a five-day voyage. “Where are they?” said Lewa. “We have become very concerned.” The last time so many boat people went missing was in 2008, said Lewa. Hundreds of Rohingya, many of them starving and dehydrated, were later rescued from Indonesian and Indian waters, while others were feared lost at sea. Thailand’s PM later said there were “some instances” in which Rohingya boats had been pushed out to sea to “let these people drift to other shores”, but that they had adequate food and water. Tens of thousands of Rohingya Muslims were displaced in 2012 after deadly clashes with Buddhists in Myanmar’s Rakhine state. Many Rohingya now live in squalid camps with little or no access to jobs, healthcare or education. (Asian Age 17/11/14)

RIGHT TO INFORMATION

37. No need for model format for replying to RTI query: Govt panel (1)

New Delhi: A government-appointed committee has rejected the need for having a standard format for replying to applications filed under the Right to Information (RTI) Act. It also suggested that Central Public Information Officers (CPIOs), who replies to RTI queries, should mention email ID and telephone numbers among others mandatorily while answering the applications. A three-member committee was recently formed by the government to evolve model format for RTI replies, comprising one representatives each from Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT), nodal department to see implementation of the transparency law, Ministry of Home Affairs and Central Information Commission. During its meeting held late last month, the Committee observed that there is neither any provision in the RTI Act or rules for a model or standard format of filing application or replies. “There should not be a model or standard format for reply to the RTI application, as there is no such provision in the RTI Act or the RTI rules,” the panel said in its report submitted to the DoPT. However, the panel suggested certain mandatory points for adherence by the CPIOs. “The name, designation, official telephone no and email ID of the CPIOs should be clearly mentioned (in the RTI replies). In case the information requested for is denied, reasons for denial quoting the relevant sections of the RTI Act should be clearly mentioned,” it suggested. In case the information pertains to other public authority and the application is transferred, details of the public authority to whom the application is transferred should be given, the panel said. In the concluding para of the reply, there should be clearly mentioned that the First Appeal, if any, against the reply of the CPIO may be made to the First Appellate Authority within 30 days of receipt of reply of CPIO. “The name, designation, address, official telephone no and e-mail ID of the First Appellate Authority should also be clearly mentioned,” it said. Wherever the applicant has requested for certified copies of the documents or records, the CPIO should certify the documents or records by putting a seal of his name, designation and signing with date. “Above the seal, the remarks that ‘documents/records provided under the RTI Act’ should be endorsed,” the panel has suggested. The DoPT will issue necessary guidelines on the basis of the committee’s recommendation. (Zee News 11/11/14)

38. Don’t decide RTI appeals without hearing applicants: CIC (1)

New Delhi: Deciding first appeals against RTI replies without hearing the appellant by a public authority is illegal, the Central Information Commission has said in its order against the Law Ministry. Under the Right to Information Act, an appellant gets a chance to appeal twice against the order of the Central Public Information Officer who receives and answers the application. The First Appeal is filed before an officer, senior to CPIO, within the department where application is filed. The Second appeal is filed before the Central Information Commission. It is a common practice that at the First Appeal stage, public authorities do not invite applicants for hearing and decide the case on the basis of appeal filed by them. The order of Information Commissioner Sridhar Acharyulu may help in curbing the practice of deciding the first appeals without giving a chance to the applicant to explain himself during the hearing. The case relates to number of RTI applications filed by activist R K Jain from the Law Ministry. “Passing orders in first appeal without hearing or sending hearing notice is illegal and will render the order invalid. The Commission sets aside the order of First Appellate Authority for violating RTI Act and breach of natural justice by denying the appellant a chance of presenting his case and by raising entirely a new defence which was never claimed,” Acharyulu said in the order. He said, “It deserves action though the concerned officer retired from service and recommends Public Authority to initiate disciplinary action against the concerned FAO for acting totally against the RTI Act in this case”. (Zee News 13/11/14)

39. UP officers fined for not providing information under RTI (1)

Lucknow: A fine of Rs 25,000 each was imposed on 50 officers of various departments on charges of not providing information sought under the Right to Information Act. Taking serious note of not providing information sought under RTI, the Uttar Pradesh State Information Commission has imposed a fine of Rs 25,000 each on 50 officers of various departments, an official release said here. During the meeting chaired by Information Commissioner Hafiz Usman, directives were also issued to take departmental action against some officers, it said. The commission issued notice of disciplinary action against Divisional Commissioner of Faizabad Vishal Chauhan and issued order of personal appearance on January 30. (Zee News 15/11/14)

40. Tihar averse to sharing Guru info, to move High Court (1)

New Delhi: The Tihar prison authority decided to challenge the Central Information Commission order before the Delhi high court to disclose the document related to Parliament attack convict Afzal Guru’s hanging. The prison authority decision to challenge the CIC records of Guru’s hanging are unlikely to be made public soon. A communication in this regard has been sent to Aligarh-based RTI applicant Paras Nath Singh by director general of prisons at Tihar. “It is informed that prison department is going to file an appeal before the high court of Delhi against the decision of CIC,” said law officer (Prisons), Sunil Kumar. On September 26, information commissioner Sridhar Acharyulu had directed the Tihar authorities to make public specific records related to the execution of Guru. The commissioner had given 10 days to the authorities to comply with the order. According to the legal position, Tihar authorities should have either procured a stay from the high court through a writ petition or provided the information. The CIC had directed the country’s largest prison to make public Guru’s death warrant along with copies of communication sent to his family informing about the date of execution. (Asian Age 17/11/14)

41. 74% accounts in Jan Dhan Yojana are with zero balance (1)

New Delhi: Around Rs 5,400 crore have been deposited in banks in over seven crore bank accounts opened under Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana of which 74% accounts are with zero balance, according to an RTI reply. The data provided by Department of Financial Services says that as on November 7, 2014 a total of 7.1 crore bank accounts have been opened of which 5.3 crore were accounts with ‘Zero balance’. The reply provided to activist Subhash Agrawal said as on November 7, the total balance in these accounts was Rs 5,482 crore. Majority of these accounts, over 4.2 crore, have been opened in rural areas, whereas in urban areas 2.9 crore have been opened. The highest number of accounts, under the scheme, have been opened by State Bank of India which started over 1.2 crore new accounts followed by Bank of Baroda which opened 38 lakh accounts and Canara Bank 37 lakh accounts, it said. PMJDY is national mission for financial inclusion to ensure access to financial services, namely, banking and savings and deposit accounts, remittance, credit, insurance, pension in an affordable manner. It focuses on coverage of households as against the earlier plan which focused on coverage of villages. An overdraft facility upto Rs 5,000 would be available to one account holder of PMJDY per household after six months of satisfactory conduct of the account. (Business Standard 18/11/14)

RIGHT TO EDUCATION

42. ‘Women Teachers Only’ Idea is Against Constitution: Lawyer (11)

BENGALURU: Teachers, ma-nagements and educationists are slamming the Home Department’s suggestion that schools hire only women to teach children up to Class 5. The department has made the suggestion, among others, in the wake of campus crimes against children.“Why do you give it a gender colour instead of tightening the guidelines?“ said Shashi Kumar D, General Secretary of the Karnataka Private Schools Association. Many managements feel male teachers are facing harsh scrutiny because of the recent spate of rapes. Both girls and boys are vulnerable to child sexual abuse, they said.  “There are two sides to a coin. On what grounds are the police doing background checks of only male staff? Do they have any evidence that women don’t commit crimes?” said Rangalakshmi Srinivasa, principal, Basaveshwara School. If schools are packed with women staff and men are completely removed from primary education, that amounts to discrimination which is illegal, said Madhusudan R Naik, senior advocate. The Constitution decrees there should be no discrimination on the basis of gender. So, no male teacher can be removed from his job just because he is male, he explained. “But if the government feels hiring women is more conducive for learning, it is acceptable as long it doesn’t deprive men of opportunities,” he said. He said in the long haul, background verification of all staff, irrespective of gender, should be done. Dr C Gayathri Devi, principal of Little Flower Public School and secretary of the Karnataka ICSE Schools Association, offers a different view. “While I believe everyone needs to get a fair chance at employment, women teachers can better understand the needs of young children,” she said. Mohammad Mohsin, Commissioner for Public Instruction, said, “The suggestion is not feasible. We don’t have any proposal of this nature.” (New Indian Express 12/11/14)

43. Citizens’ forum lobbies for change in education system (11)

NASHIK: The nationwide campaign by the Akhil Bharat Shiksha Adhikar Manch (All India Forum for Right to Education) for total transformation of the education system that began from November 2 reached the city on Wednesday to create awareness about the Right to Education and protest against the commercialisation of education. The western zone of the forum that began from Goa and travelled through Kolhapur, Konkan, Pune and Sangamner, reached the city at 9 am near the Shivaji statue at Nashik Road. It was joined by the Forum Against Commercialisation of Education (FACE), the coordinator of the programme in North Maharashtra, and other like-minded organisations. From there the activists then proceeded to the office of the deputy director of education and handed over a memorandum of their demands. Rallies, a human chain, seminars, meetings, a street play and discussions against commercialisation of education and other related issues were carried out throughout the day in the city. Contentious issues of private schools and the NMC’s B D Bhalekar High School were also discussed with various education institutes and parents. The forum, which comprises of 40 organisations, along with other like-minded associations, began the campaign from five different places in the country. A total of 200 organisations are participating in it The activists staged a dharna in front of St Francis High School, Tidke Colony, which came to the limelight recently for alleged fee hike. “We have been fighting against the escalating fee hike by the school for a year now,” said Chhaya Deo of FACE. Later, during an open discussion at B D Bhalekar High School, a parent, Sanjay Patil, said the school has been hiking the fees every year by 15% in the last four years and this year, it increased the fees by 25%, following which, the parents protested. “There is a limit to how much the parents can tolerate. Ashoka Universal School and Rasbihari International School have also hiked their fees illegally. Parents of all these schools should come together and fight against this fee hike,” Patil said. Bhalekar School, which was closed last year due to the dwindling number of students, was restarted this year following the persistence of the activists and the civic body. The activists took a rally to the NMC headquarters and demanded the removal of NMC’s education officer Gotise. They also enacted a street play related to all the issues crippling education. Gotise was unavailable for comment. (Times of India 13/11/14)

44. Yatra focus: prevention of commercialisation of education (11)

Mandya: The All-India Forum for Right to Education (AIFRTE) Yatra against commercialisation and communalisation of education, which was flagged off at Kanyakumari on November 2, arrived at Mandya on Thursday. Students from a few educational institutions and members of non-governmental organisations offered a warm reception to the Yatra on its arrival at Sri Nalwadi Krishnaraja Wadiyar Cirlce on Bangalore-Mysore highway. It had reached Srirangapatna on Wednesday. The Yatra, which is meant to create public awareness about the need to avert commercialisation and communalisation of education, later went to Pandavapura and K.R. Pet, members of the AIFRTE told presspersons here. After halting for a while at the circle, the Yatra reached Gandhi Bhavan, where a symposium on education was held. In his address, AIFRTE member G. Haragopal said that the objective of the Yatra was to mobilise public opinion for protesting commercialisation and communalisation of education. “We should fight against all forms of discrimination in education. Free and common education system across the nation is the need of the hour,” he said. Kannada Kriya Samiti member S.R. Sudarshan, advocate B.T. Vishvanath, Venkatagiriaiah, Prashanth Babu, writer H.L. Kehsva Murthy, Karnataka Rajya Raitha Sangha leader Rajegowda, Guruprasad Keregodu, Muthu, C. Lakshman and AIFRTE members were present. The yatra will culminate at Bhopal in Madhya Pradesh on December 4, after covering various States and Union Territories, the AIFRTE members said. A booklet on education was released on the occasion. (The Hindu 15/11/14)

45. Students want board exams back (11)

NEW DELHI: Students on Monday asked the government to scrap the continuous and comprehensive evaluation (CCE) system in schools and bring back the board examinations. The students felt that the present system was having an adverse impact on academic growth as several of them were not taking studies seriously. In a first-of-its-kind interaction with Minister for Human Resource Development (HRD) Smriti Irani here, students told her that the no-detention policy stipulated under the Right to Education Act should also be scrapped. “The CCE is not doing any good to school students. As there is no system of board examinations now, most of the students take their studies for granted. Those faring well feel demotivated because the grading system does not reflect their actual performance. There must be a fear of examination among students so that they work hard,” a student of Delhi’s Modern School suggested. A small delegation of students from more than 12 schools, both private and government, from Delhi, Maharashtra and Jammu and Kashmir were invited by the HRD Ministry to interact with the minister and suggest changes in the school education system that can improve the quality of education. Students highlighted several loopholes in the implementation of the CCE in schools and rejected its relevance, saying many complete their project work by lifting contents from Internet. Though, the minister did not express her views on their suggestions, many officials in the ministry felt that some “course correction” was urgently required to prevent further “damage” that CCE was causing on student’s academic growth.  Students also suggested that arrangements should be made at the school for career counselling right from the Class XI, saying most of the children remain clueless about their future even when they reach Class XI or XII. Most of the students of class XI and XII complained that they had to look for coaching institutes for preparation of joint entrance test (JEE)  conducted for admissions to Indian Institutes of Technology and other technical institutes because what they are taught at their schools were inadequate to meet the standard of the test. “The standard of JEE is not at par with what we are taught in schools. Why don’t we have an education system where students do not require to look for costly coaching institutes for preparation of competitive examination?” a student of DPS RK Puram said. The students vehemently criticised the text books of the National Council of Education Research and Training, saying books on science, mathematics and other subjects are not updated andare not up to the standards. Students suggested that some changes should be brought both in the school syllabus and the JEE pattern to fill the gap in the system. On this, Irani suggested that central board of secondary education and IITs should “sit together” and find a solution. Eva Sharma, a class XI student of Delhi’s Kamal Model School, told the minister to introduce counselling for parents also.  “I am studying biology and other science subjects because my mother wants me to become a doctor but I am interested in History. There should be counselling for parents also,” she said. (Deccan Herald 18/11/14)

RIGHT TO FOOD/ HUNGER

46. Poverty forces 16-year-old girl to commit suicide in UP (21)

Mathura: Abject poverty forced a teenaged girl to commit suicide Tuesday evening in village Hola of Mathura district, police said. Dolly, 16, left a suicide note behind in which she said she was taking the extreme step due to poverty. The villagers wanted to cremate her body but the police took it away for post-mortem examination. Her father had died some years ago leaving behind her along with two sisters and two brothers. Her mother grazes goats for others. Villagers said Dolly was about to be married in December but arranging dowry was proving to be a huge burden. (New Kerala 12/11/14)

47. Malnutrition due to lack of awareness: World Bank (21)

New Delhi: India’s woes with malnutrition is little to do with poverty or food insecurity, but is exasperated by inadequacies in child care, feeding information and awareness, the latest World Bank report has said. “Appropriate infant and young child feeding practices even in the highest wealth quintile are extremely poor. Effective interventions, which cover the three critical determinants, when provided at scale during the first 1,000 days of life, can reduce stunting and improve under-nutrition significantly,” said Onno Ruhl, World Bank Country Director in India while releasing the Nutrition in India report on Thursday. The report says stunting in children from households in middle and upper wealth quintiles is also quite high – about 50 and 25 per cent respectively. It reveals that even amongst the wealthiest Indians, the top third of the wealth distribution, only about 7 percent children between 6 and 24 months receive adequate feeding, health care and environmental health. “While nearly 70 percent of them have adequate environmental health (water and sanitation), only 36 percent receive appropriate health care and an even lower about 18 percent are fed recommended quality and quantity of food for their age,” the report says. (Deccan Herald 14/11/14)

48. Maharashtra Government Plans to Link Ration Cards With Aadhaar (21)

MUMBAI: The Maharashtra government is mulling a proposal to link ration cards with Aadhaar numbers so as  to enhance the Public Distribution System (PDS) in the state. The move is being planned with a view to ensuring that the benefits provided by the government reach the beneficiaries and the process remains transparent. “The Narendra Modi government at the Centre has been very enthusiastic about the food security scheme. In keeping with that, the state government, too, has shown its keenness in continuing with the scheme in Maharashtra minus the loopholes in the PDS,” Deepak Kapoor, Food and Civil Supplies Secretary told PTI. The senior officer said that the state Cabinet has asked the administration to be ready with a presentation on the food security scheme, initiated by the previous UPA government at the Centre, following which a final decision to link the two will be taken. “We will be dividing our presentation into three parts. First, we have to present the current scenario to the government, which would help them gauge the situation on ground. We will also be presenting a financial picture which would help assess the cost structure. “We will finally be putting in our suggestions, after considering which, the Cabinet will take a final call,” he said. “It is here that we will suggest to the government to link ration cards with Aadhaar numbers so that the right beneficiary gets benefits and the role of middlemen can be contained,” Kapoor said. At present, the number of people below poverty line (BPL) in Maharashtra is around 7 crore, while 1.8 crore are registered as Above Poverty Line (APL) beneficiaries. A total of 2.32 crore ration cards are already digitised with the state administration. The Director of the Information and Technology department, Virendra Singh, said that the administration is ready to link Aadhaar numbers of ration cardholders at any given point of time. (New Indian Express 15/11/14)

49. Bihar govt to bring all SC, ST, EBC people under BPL ambit (21)

PATNA: No FIR would be registered against any of the Vikas Mitras (VMs) across the state without prior permission from the SC/ST welfare department, said chief minister Jitan Ram Manjhi at a skill development workshop for them on Tuesday. He said there were people who were branding the VMs as Left-wing extremists as they have to organize meetings in nondescript areas as part of their assignment. Manjhi was responding to the request made by Patna divisional commissioner Narmadeshwar Lal who urged him to ensure better treatment for the VMs. Lal was all praise for the VMs working in the area of his jurisdiction and said they were did a commendable job during the preparations for Chhath festival. Regarding the anomalies in the list of below poverty line (BPL) people in the state, he said a rule will be formulated after the cabinet nod in the current calendar to include people from the scheduled castes, scheduled tribes and extremely backward castes (EBCs) in the list provided they aren’t eligible for paying income tax and don’t own a four-wheeler or a large residential premises or land more than five acres. Speaking further, the CM said those possessing tractors or houses with less than five rooms would also be included in the BPL list. In another important announcement, the CM said tola sevaks, VMs and homeguard jawans would also be incorporated in the list because they were not regular government employees provided they comply with the said norms. He said the persons in the above three categories can also take the benefits of Indira Awas Yojana. The CM said the government is planning to open the state unit of Ambedkar Foundation and Dashrath Manjhi Research Institute in Bihar. Evoking the VMs to give their best for the uplift of the members of the marginalized sections of the society, Manjhi said the state government would reward the best of the lot at state, district, subdivision and block levels. Elaborating on the bounty, he said the awards would fetch Rs 10 lakh, Rs 1 lakh, Rs 50,000 and Rs 25,000, respectively. He also promised Rs 50,000 medical insurance cover to the Tola Sevaks and VMs. The CM said the 500 vacant posts of VMs would be filled soon. (Times of India 19/11/14)

LABOUR/ MGNREGA

50. NHRC Direction to State on NREGA (14)

BHUBANESWAR: The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) on Monday directed the State Government to take immediate steps for payment of wages to people who have availed work under Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA). Protestations of State Government citing non-release of funds from Centre notwithstanding, the single member bench of SC Sinha said it was the Government’s responsibility to make the payments. The poor people who take up labour under the scheme do not know who is going to pay their wages. Their due wages should be paid on time, Sinha observed at the start of the two-day camp sitting of the Commission here on Monday. The Commission took up the petition, filed by rights activist Akhand, regarding non-payment of the wages as the first case of the sitting. Appearing before the bench, Panchayati Raj Secretary DK Singh submitted that payments were affected as Centre has not released funds for over two months. Wage overdue on the Government under MGNREGA has accumulated to over `200 crore. Funds available with the State Government exhausted 15 days back, bringing wage payments to complete standstill. Compensation in lieu of delayed payments has also not been released since 2013-14. Further, the works under the programme cannot be stopped as the law mandates provisioning of job to any one who applies for it, Singh stated. The Commission had earlier sought an action taken report from State Chief Secretary in the matter. Akhand had appealed for directions to Government to strictly adhere to the rules in terms of timely payment and compensation. In another case, the bench also took up the problem of bonded labour and the plight and suffering of such people and directed the Government to initiate comprehensive steps for their rehabilitation. Sinha asked Collectors of Bargarh and Balangir, which are beset with the problem, to ensure that the labourers rescued from other States are covered under different welfare and social security schemes of both the Centre and State Government. The Commission is set to take up over 55 cases pertaining to the State in its two-day sitting. Open house discussion with common people and NGOs will be held on November 12. Sinha is also scheduled to conduct meeting with Chief Secretary GC Pati and senior Government officials on the day. (New Indian Express 11/11/14Z)

51. Centre not ready to amend labour Acts (14)

New Delhi: The Centre is not yet ready to amend labour laws on the lines of the Rajasthan government’s changes, according to sources. “It is still early to make any move towards bringing such amendments,” said a senior labour ministry official, who did not wish to be named. President Pranab Mukherjee had on Friday given his assent to Rajasthan’s amendment to three laws – the Factories Act, Industrial Dispute Act and Contract Labour Act. Since labour is on the concurrent list of the Constitution, both the Centre and states can frame their own laws. While industry has termed it a move to attract investments, central trade unions are viewing it as a pro-industry and anti-labour move. The official cited above said the Union government wants to examine how the changes in these rules work out in Rajasthan before taking any decision. “Right now, tripartite consultation is going on,” said the official. After Rajasthan, the Madhya Pradesh Cabinet, too, approved amendments on similar lines. Among the major steps taken by the Rajasthan government are the one allowing companies employing up to 300 people to lay off workers or close down the company without taking the government’s prior approval. Earlier, only those with less than 100 employees were allowed to do so. The ministry official also raised the contention that the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) government doesn’t have a clear majority in the Rajya Sabha, which could be seen as a hurdle in passing any labour law. Notably, the Opposition had created an uproar in the Lok Sabha when the Centre introduced amendment Bills for the Factories Act and Apprentices Act in the Budget session in August. The opposition parties demanded the Bill be sent to a Parliamentary Standing Committee. While the Apprentices Act was cleared by the Lok Sabha, it has to be passed in the Rajya Sabha as well. Apart from these two bills, the Labour Laws (Exemption from Furnishing Returns and Maintaining Registers by Certain Establishments) Act, which was cleared by the Cabinet in July this year, is awaiting introduction in both the Houses. The Centre is planning to introduce a Bill, which seeks a blanket ban on child labour, in the upcoming winter session. The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Amendment Bill will bring the law in consistency with the Right to Education Act by banning employment of children below 14 years of age in any occupation. The Winter Session of Parliament will begin on November 24. (Business Standard 12/11/14)

52. Unorganised sector labourers demand fair pay (14)

KOLKATA: : Even the daima (midwife) at district health centre get a better pay than us even though we serve as helpers to doctors, said Sarma Rajak who works as a ‘link person’ at a health centre at Nasipur village in Malda district of West Bengal. Several people like Ms. Rajak assembled here on Tuesday to participate in a rally demanding their rights; they have prepared a charter of demands on fixing of a minimum wage for all types of labourers. With the State witnessing the shutdown of several tea estates, the charter also demanded that the government immediately open the tea estates, declare minimum wage for tea workers and provide for land or a house for tea workers. “I started working as a link person from 2005 and have been paid Rs. 100 per month ever since then. Now we realise that our wage should have been Rs. 6,600,” Ms. Rajak said. She was accompanied by 50 other link persons from Malda. As a link person, she is expected to accompany doctors during their visits and administer vaccines to pregnant ladies and infants. Writing letters and meeting officials at the local Block Development Office has been of no help as their pleas have fallen on deaf ears, she said. Majority of India’s working force is employed in the unorganised sector, which denies them the benefits of government-regulated welfare schemes like minimum wages, public provident fund, pension, etc. “No one from our village (Hasnabad in North 24 Parganas district) was employed under the 100-day scheme in the past one year. Wages of many people, who had earlier worked under the scheme, have still not been cleared. The situation has worsened ever since the ruling All India Trinamool Congress came to power,” Utpal Sarkar, who heads a union of unorganised sector labourers in the village, said. (The Hindu 13/11/14)

52. Union Government Limits MGNREGA to 69 Taluks (14)

BENGALURU: The Narendra Modi government, which has recently cut the funds to the state for the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA), has now limited the scheme to cover just 69 most backward taluks. According to an official source, the Union Ministry of Rural Development has sent a communication to the state government asking it to focus on the most backward taluks, instead of all the 176 taluks, while preparing the labour budget for 2015-16. Under MGNREGA guidelines, the district programme coordinator of the scheme prepares the labour budget in December every year, anticipating the demand for employment. The most backward taluks were identified after considering the percentage of the population coming under below poverty line  as per the 2013 Planning Commission estimates. The Union Government had shortlisted 2,500 most backward taluks in the country after excluding 4,076 taluks following the intensive participatory planning exercise. For Gujarat, 77 of the 223 taluks have been retained under the scheme, while for Goa it’s one taluk, Andhra Pradesh 539 (655) and Uttar Pradesh 403 (823). Confirming the restriction in the number of taluks under the scheme, an official in the state Rural Development and Panchayat Raj said, “The state government has appealed to the Union Rural Development Ministry to increase the number of backward taluks to 100.” Reacting to the revised guidelines, former Yadgir Zilla Panchayat member Naganagouda Patil said, “It is nothing but a body blow to the world’s largest rural job guarantee scheme.” He added that the Union Government has also stipulated stringent guidelines for Gram Panchayats to utilise the funds, including holding four gram sabhas in a year to monitor the scheme, which is practically impossible. (New Indian Express 17/11/14)

54. 44 p.c. of rescued bonded labourers are from north India (14)

MADURAI: Periodic intervention by voluntary agencies to rescue bonded workers not withstanding, bonded labour is prevalent in many districts of Tamil Nadu in rice mills, brick kilns and other places. Details of prevalence of bonded labour, obtained by Evidence, a Madurai-based non-governmental organisation, using the Right to Information Act, for the period from January 2010 to June 2014 reveal that 44 per cent of rescued workers were from Orissa and other northern States. Most of the released workers belonged to Scheduled Castes and many employers had engaged children in their units. But no arrest had been made during the period even after registration of cases. According to the RTI data, 864 bonded workers were rescued from nine districts during the period. They included 52 children (below 14 years) and 420 women. Tiruvallur district accounted for the highest number of 509 bonded labourers, and 379 among them were from North India. Interestingly, there are no bonded workers in The Nilgiris, Theni, Tiruchi, Tiruvarur, Tuticorin, Karur and Dindigul districts as per the data. According to the applicant, data could not be obtained for Cuddalore, Madurai, Nagapattinam, Sivaganga, Tiruvannamalai, Villupuram, Ramanathapuram and Krishnagiri districts. Though the laws are clear that a rescued bonded labour shall get Rs.20,000 and 2.5 cents of land, a survey conducted by Evidence indicates that only six persons among the 864 had received Rs.20,000. As many as 165 rescued labourers got Rs.19,000; three of them were given Rs.2000 each; 690 labourers received just Rs.1,000 and three could get 2.5 cents of land each. The replies under the RTI Act also showed that 551 persons were engaged in rice mills, 106 in brick kilns, 78 in sugarcane cutting and other menial jobs. According to A. Kadir, executive director, Evidence, 131 cases had been booked against the employers but not a single person had been arrested. (The Hindu 19/11/14)

RESERVATION

55. ‘Recruitment of sweepers subject to final verdict’ (25)

JAIPUR: The Rajasthan High Court on Monday said the appointment of safai karmacharis in the state would be subject to the final disposal of a writ petition challenging the recruitment process initiated by the department of local bodies as it has not followed the reservation policy in these appointments. Justice Mohammad Rafiq issued the order on a petition filed by one Bhajanlal Saini. The director of local bodies had announced the recruitment of 30,000 safai karmacharis in May last year and it has initiated the selection process. However, mid way through the recruitment process, the director, via a corrigendum, said the recruitment would be held in two phases. In the first phase, vacancy of 20,000 candidates would be filled from general category and Scheduled Castes only. In the second phase, vacancy of 10,000 candidates would be filled from the remaining castes (ST and OBC). The petitioner’s counsel R K Gautam argued that his client, who neither belonged to the general nor the Scheduled Caste category, had been ousted from the competition in the first phase due to the directive. He said the action of the director of local bodies in changing the pattern and criteria of the exam after initiating of the selection process is apparently bad, illegal and unreasonable. (Times of India 11/11/14)

56. HC ‘no’ to quota in state judicial services (25)

PATNA: The Patna high court has quashed the government notification that provided for reservation to backward classes in judicial services in the state. Passing the order, a division bench of Justice Rekha M Doshit and Justice Ashwini Kumar Singh on Monday opined reservation system gives an opening to “substandard candidates” in the administration. “Reservation in public services is more a political manifesto than a necessity, and the effort is to appease the masses by including more and more castes and communities in one or another reserved category without reference to necessary criteria such as normal profession of the community concerned or educational level,” observed the bench and added the impact of reservation on the efficiency of administration is one factor that is totally overlooked. In June 2009, the state government had amended the ‘Bihar Civil Service (Judicial Branch) (Recruitment) Rules, 1955′. The amendment introduced ‘rule 3A’ according to which “‘The Bihar Reservation of Vacancies in Post and Services (for SCs, STs and OBCs) Act 1991′ (as amended from time to time) shall also apply to direct recruitment to the post of Civil Judge (Junior Division).” This led to 50% reservation in the service. A similar amendment was made to the ‘Bihar Superior Judicial Service Rules, 1951′ by introducing rule 4A. This was applicable in case of direct recruitment to the post of additional district and sessions judge. The HC order came on a writ petition filed by one Dayanand Singh and others. The order reads, “Although the state is empowered to provide reservation to SCs, STs and OBCs, the Constitution does not compel the state to provide such reservation nor does it restrict the extent to which such reservation can be provided. Probably, the Constitution makers relied on the wisdom of the state to provide reservation only to the extent it is necessary, maintaining efficiency in the administration.” As provided under the 1991 Act, if candidates in reserved categories are able to secure general standard of selection, they are accommodated on general category posts. Commenting on the quality of reserved category candidates, the court observed, “Those reserved category candidates who are appointed on reserved posts are necessarily candidates of below general standard of selection. In other words, they are necessarily below average or below par, though it sounds derogatory, substandard candidates.” The number of sanctioned judicial posts is not more than 1,500 in Bihar. If 50% officers of such a small cadre are selected on the basis of reservation, who are below general standard of selection, it would certainly impair the dispensation of justice, the court said and added it was satisfied with adequate representation of backward classes at all levels in the state judiciary and, as such, reservation for them was not required. Principal additional advocate general Lalit Kishore told TOI the state government would soon challenge the high court’s judgment in the apex court. “I personally don’t agree with the notion that reservation would adversely affect quality of judicial services.” (Times of India 13/11/14)

57. ‘Reservation decision taken in hurry’ (25)

Mumvai: After making an entry into the Maharashtra state Assembly for the first time with two MLAs, All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen (AIMIM) chief Asaduddin Owaisi has alleged that the erstwhile Congress-NCP government took the decision of providing reservation to the Maratha and Muslim communities in haste ahead of the elections. He added that the reservation issue wasn’t properly advocated in the Bombay high court that led the court into giving a ruling against the reservation decision. Mr Owaisi was in Ahmednagar to meet the family of the Dalits killed in Javkheda. “Reservation to Maratha and Muslim communities was given keeping the polls in mind and thus haste was shown in taking the decision by the previous government,” Mr Owaisi told reporters. Commenting on the issue of Dalit killings, he blamed Congress for failing to provide justice in similar cases. “If the Congress government would have punished the convicts of the previous cases, then such incidents would not have been repeated,” he stressed. He also protested against the statement of Solapur Congress MLA Praniti Shinde for terming AIMIM anti-national. He said that at the time of taking support to save its government at the Centre AIMIM wasn’t anti-national. Alleging it was anti-national, Ms Shinde had recently asked for a ban on AIMIM for which a defamation notice has also been served to her. Mr Owaisi also indicated that his party would field its candidate in the next Lok Sabha elections against Sushilkumar Shinde, former Union home minister in Solapur. “The secular ‘burkha’ of Congress has been torn apart. Is Congress a stamp paper to certify people as secular?” he asked. Taking potshots at another Congress and former minister MLA Abdul Sattar, Mr Owaisi called him a ‘joker’. “We are determined towards developmental works and to provide basic facilities to the people,” he said. (Asian Age 17/11/14)

58. Government Promises 12 pc Quota for STs (25)

HYDERABAD: The State government proposes to provide 12 per cent reservation to Scheduled Tribes. Replying to a question raised by T Venkateshwarlu and others, Chief Minister K Chandrasekhar Rao said the government has constituted the Telangana State Tribal Advisory Council by issuing a GO in August this year and is in the process of constituing a Telangana State Commission for STs. On implementation of the quota, the Chief Minister said it is under the active consideration of the government and the proposed enhancement of reservation would  be implemented at the earliest. For the benefit of farmers, the government is implementing the Rythu Bandhu scheme. Orders were issued in July for enhancement of pledge loan from Rs  1 lakh to Rs  2 lakh or 75 per cent of value of the pledge stock. Replying to a question raised by Divakar Rao and others, Minister for Irrigation T Harish Rao said that as many as 10,416 farmers have been benefited. They include Warangal (344), Khammam (2,522), Nalgonda (4,481),  Adilabad (41), Karimanagar (81), Mahbubnagar (74), Nizamabad (2,971), Rangareddy (49), Medak (4) and Hyderabad  (29). The government will constitute a special tribunal with judicial powers to protect and safeguard Wakf properties.  In reply to a question, the Chief Minister said thousands of acres of Wakf land worth crores of rupees had been encroached in the last several years. The government proposes to develop a garden on the lines of Brindavan Gardens in Mysuru near Lower Manair Dam in Karimnagar district. The Chief Minister said based on a request from the State government, the Union Ministry of Tourism has prioritised a project in 2014-15 to develop Karimnagar and surrounding places as a tourism destination. Under phase-1 of the project, a detailed project report with an outlay of Rs  502.36 lakh was submitted to the Central government. Work will begin after the release of funds from the Central government.(New Indian Express 19/11/14)

HUMAN RIGHTS/ CIVIL SOCIETY/ NHRC

59. NHRC asks Odisha government to take action against absentee doctors (1)

Bhubaneswar: NHRC on Tuesday asked Odisha government to take stern action against doctors found abstaining from duty. The directions were issued by NHRC member S C Sinha to the secretary to the health and family welfare department while hearing a petition on the plight of poor patients due to lack of doctors in rural pockets. The state government has so far identified 423 doctors who regularly abstain from their places of posting. “We are taking actions against such doctors. This apart, the state government haS already started taking steps to fill up vacant posts by appointing ad hoc doctors. The government has also hiked the remmuneration of contractual doctors in order to encorage them,” health and family welfare secretary Arati Ahuja said. NHRC also criticised the government for the plight of the tribal and dalit students in state-run school hostels and sought to know why a single agency was not formed to look after the students in tribal schools and hostels. While the school and mass education department was in-charge of the schools, the scheduled tribe and scheduled caste welfare department look into the affairs of the school hostels. The commission also asked the government to include migrant labourers under different social security schemes like MGNREGA, pension scheme and others, besides taking tough steps against liquor shops if they sell to persons below 21 years of age. In Odisha the legal age of drinking is 21, official sources said. (DNA 11/11/14)

60. Amnesty welcomes Machael verdict (1)

Srinagar: Amnesty International said on Thursday that it welcomes recent measures taken by the Indian Army “indicating a commitment to deliver justice for victims of human rights violations in Jammu and Kashmir.” The Amnesty Interna-tional’s optimism is based on November 12 conviction by an Army court martial of five soldiers for shooting and killing three men in a “fake encounter” and, earlier on November 7, the Army’s accepting responsibility for the killing of two Kashmiri teenagers by soldiers in Budgam district on 3 November and that it was willing to cooperate with a state police investigation into the incident, . “The military court verdict in the Machael case should be followed by justice for the many other cases of human rights violations in Jammu and Kashmir,” said Shailesh Rai, programmes director at Amnesty International India. He added: “Too often, military authorities dismiss the complaints they receive about human rights violations.” The official also said the Indian government has told UN bodies that nine out of ten complaints about human rights violations by armed forces were found to be false, but refuses to disclose more details. “The Pathribal case where soldiers charged by the CBI with murder were let off by the Army was also a reminder that the military justice system do not always lead to justice… For justice to be the rule and not the exception, all cases of human rights violations should be investigated and prosecuted by independent civilian authorities.” (Asian Age 14/11/14)

61. NHRC favours replacing of “very old” Prison Act (1)

New Delhi: Terming the 1894 Prison Act as “very old”, National Human Rights Commission on Friday recommended today that it be replaced to ensure basic human rights for prisoners. NHRC Chairperson, Justice KG Balakrishnan, also pitched for uniformity in prison manuals so that prisoners get the same privileges. “The Union Ministry of Home Affairs can also suggest some model rules for amendment in the 1894 Prison Act”, he said. He said action taken reports of different states presented some good picture of reforms in prisons but a lot was required to be done. States need to spend more on prison reforms, Justice Balakrishnan said at the end of a two-day national seminar on prison reforms. Highlighting some of the key recommendations of the seminar, NHRC Member Justice Cyriac Joseph said there was near unanimity that governments should provide sufficient funds to prisons. One important recommendation was that the 1894 Prison Act, being very old, is needed to be replaced with a new one and NHRC should prepare a draft Bill, said Joseph. Justice Balakrishnan said a large number of courts were required to be set up to clear the backlog of cases so that the undertrial prisoners do not stay in jails beyond one year to avoid overcrowding which may lead to violation of basic human rights of inmates. He also mentioned that prison should be perceived as a “home for corrective and reformative custody and care” and that prisoners were also entitled to basic human rights within the limitations of imprisonment. Another important recommendation of the conference is that prison manuals also require amendments with a human rights perspective.  (Zee News 15/11/14)

62. NHRC notice to TN govt on manual scavenging (1)

NEW DELHI: The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) has issued notice to Tamil Nadu government for workers cleaning manholes without protective gear in Chennai on October 25 after the city received heavy rainfall. The commission observed that manual scavenging violated the fundamental right guaranteed by the Constitution against discrimination on the basis of caste. It said it was inhuman and was considered one of the worst surviving symbols of untouchability. A group of workers was reportedly spotted going down the manholes to clean them despite a legislation that prohibits the employment of manual scavengers. According to a media report on October 27, the abhorrent practice continued unchecked in many parts of the city. Considering it a serious violation of human rights, NHRC issued a notice to the Tamil Nadu government, through its chief secretary, and sought a report on the steps taken to implement the provisions of Prohibition of Employment of Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act, 2013, within eight weeks. The commission also said it viewed the prevalence of manual scavenging as a serious intrusion on human dignity and abolition of this practice should be taken up as a national mission. (Times of India 19/11/14)

JUDICIARY/ LAW

63. Decision to amend Lokpal Act for appointment of CBI director deferred (19)

NEW DELHI: The Cabinet on Monday deferred a decision on its proposal to amend the Lokpal Act to allow leader of the single largest opposition party in Lok Sabha to be on the three-member panel to select the CBI director. This has been necessitated as there is no recognized leader of opposition in the current Lok Sabha. As per the new selection process for CBI director laid down by the Lokpal Act (through amendments made to the Delhi Police Special Establishment Act), he must be selected by a panel comprising the Prime Minister, LoP and Chief Justice of India or a Supreme Court judge to be appointed by the CJI. The proposed amendment seeks to add an explanation to the part in the Lokpal Act dealing with amendments to the DPSE relating to appointment of CBI director, stating that where there is no recognized LoP, the leader of the single largest party in the opposition may be part of the selection panel. Congress, with 44 MPs in the Lok Sabha, is the largest opposition party in the House. However, this number being less than one-tenth of total strength of the Lok Sabha, the Speaker has ruled it ineligible to claim stake to post of LoP. Mallikarjun Kharge is the Congress leader in the Lok Sabha. Sources indicated that further discussion will take place on the proposal ahead of winter session of Parliament. The amendments are likely to be moved during the session.  CBI director Ranjit Sinha’s tenure ends on December 2. The decision to give the leader of the single largest opposition in the Lok Sabha a say in appointment of CBI director is based on the opinion given by the law ministry which said it would technically not be possible to appoint a CBI chief unless leader of the opposition was present on the panel. (Times of India 11/11/14)

64. Judiciary can’t challenge Rampal’s divine powers: Mahender Das (19)

BARWALA (HISAR): Satlok Ashram head Rampal’s brother on Wednesday claimed the controversial preacher has “divine powers and is like god for lakhs of disciples” while asserting the judiciary has challenged his supremacy, “which would not be tolerated”.Mahender Das told TOI their fight was against the “atrocities” of the judiciary, and this time, it would be a “do-or-die”.Rampal has been evading the Punjab and Haryana high court’s summons. His stance had angered the court and forced it to issue fresh non-bailable warrants against him on Monday. Police were ordered to bring him to court even if he was hiding in a bunker to stand trial in a contempt case. Das clamed his brother was not well. “Don’t judges fall ill? Judges are under the wrong impression that they are lords.” He said Haryana is governed by two powers — democratically-elected government and the judiciary. “Our main grouse is against the judiciary, which has pledged to eliminate us through the draconian weapons like contempt of court.” Satlok Ashram has been turned into a fortress by Rampal’s followers. Das said the judiciary started targeting them after their ashram published three books including ‘Corrupt Judges on Wrong Path’ and ‘Nayayalaya ki Girti Garima’. He said they would not let the judiciary behave in a dictatorial way. “We are ready to die but will not bow to the judiciary’s pressure. Our protest would continue till all the cases against Rampal, including the murder charges registered in 2006, are re-investigated or withdrawn.” He said the armed youth, who formed a human chain to protect their guru, belong to the Rashtriya Samaj Sewa Samiti, which is associated with their ashram. “It is like RSS, which is a wing of the BJP. RSS also holds processions with weapons on several occasions. Why are they not being questioned or restrained? These armed volunteers are here out of their faith in Rampal Maharaj.” He said non-bailable warrants were issued against imam of Delhi’s Jama Masjid last year, but the court had not taken such stern view like in their case. “We are followers of Kabirpanth, set up by Rampal Ji Maharaj, and the judiciary is deliberately attacking our rights of being a minority group.” He said no recovery of objectionable matter was shown during the trial. “That alleged recovery was made following pressure from then chief minister Bhupinder Singh Hooda, who had acted on behalf of a special group of persons.” (Times of India 13/11/14)

65. Marriage law change (19)

New Delhi, Nov. 16 (PTI): The Centre plans to bring a bill to make marriage laws more women-friendly and allow both parties to file for divorce on the ground of “irretrievable breakdown” of marriage. The law ministry has circulated a draft note on a Marriage Laws (Amendment) Bill for consultations. Once it gets feedback, it will go to the cabinet, an official said. Among the key proposals is one to provide the wife and children sufficient compensation from the husband’s immovable property in case of a divorce. Another is to allow courts the discretion to grant divorce after three years if one partner does not move a “joint application” for divorce with mutual consent. (The Telegraph 16/11/14)

66. No need for lawyers in consumer forum cases up to Rs 2 lakh (19)

NEW DELHI: In a move to encourage more people to approach consumer forums, the government has proposed to bar both consumers and sellers or service providers from hiring lawyers to fight a case if the value is less than Rs 2 lakh. This has been proposed in the Consumer Protection Law that will be amended soon. “This will mean a consumer can fight his own case and he does not have to face a legal expert from the other side. However, there are exceptions only in cases where it needs experts,” said an official of the consumer affairs department. For the first time, a provision for mediation between both the parties during the entire course of legal proceedings has also been proposed to reduce the number of pending cases in such forums. In another provision, the draft bill proposes that consumer forums have to either admit or reject a case within 21 days. If no decision is taken and the consumer is not informed during this stipulated time frame, the complaint would be deemed to be accepted after three weeks. Concerned over the pending cases in consumer forums, the department has proposed that there would be only one stage for appeal in higher forum. (Times of India 17/11/14)

67. Modi govt queues up 19 bills for passage during winter session (19)

NEW DELHI: The government has lined up 19 bills for passage during the upcoming winter session of Parliament, including the legislation to raise foreign direct investment (FDI) in the insurance sector to 49% from 26% and to appoint a regulator for the real estate sector. At least 18 more bills are likely to be introduced including the one to curb the growing menace of ponzi schemes which have robbed citizens of their savings in states like West Bengal and Odisha. The Prize Chits and Money Circulation Schemes (Banning) Amendment Bill will facilitate effective regulation of such companies and entities. The list also includes the Coal Mines (Special Provisions) Bill to get the stamp of Parliament for the ordinance which allowed government companies and private players to carry on coal mining operations in any form either for own consumption, sale or for any other purpose in accordance with the prospecting licence or mining lease. This is seen as one of the measures to clean up the mess in the coal sector. Sources said the bills were shortlisted on Tuesday at a meeting, chaired by finance minister Arun Jaitley, where representatives from all ministries submitted their plans. The government is keen to accelerate the legislative business in Parliament after a successful first session in July. It is also expected to step up the pace of reforms and the governance process through legislations. A couple of major legislations to be introduced include the Lok Pal and Lokayuktas (Amendment) Bill and Marriage Laws (Amendment Bill). The first one seeks to replace the leader of opposition clause in the existing Act with the leader of the single largest opposition party as a member of the panel that selects the Lok Pal and Lokayuktas. The second bill seeks to introduce irretrievable breakdown as ground for divorce and will provide a woman share in the moveable and immoveable property of her husband. The amendments were passed under UPA. The government also aims to introduce two bills to protect consumers and ensure that they get quality product and services. Similarly, the Press and Registration of Books Bill seeks to define paid news and introduces penalties like cancellation of registration if a media house is found guilty of indulging in paid news. Another key legislation likely to be taken up for consideration and passage is Drugs and Cosmetics (Amendment Bill) dealing with regulation of clinical trials and the medical equipment sector having separate chapters on clinical trials and medical devices. The Bill also seeks to establish the Central Drugs Authority (CDA) to regulate pharmaceuticals. The other bills include Rights of Persons with Disabilities, which provisions to ensure the rights of differently-abled persons and Prevention of Corruption that makes the act of bribing a public servant a criminal offence and creates provisions to cover all aspects of bribery, including definition of various elements of bribery. (Times of India 19/11/14)

POLICE/ AFSPA/ CUSTODIAL DEATHS

68. Step up confidence-building measures in J&K (1)

Srinagar: The inexplicable killing of two young boys by the men in uniform in Srinagar suburb last week has created ripples across Kashmir and beyond with people in unison throughout the country condemning this barbaric act. The army personnel shot the two boys dead from point blank range when it could well have shot at the windows or tyres, if the aim was to stop the vehicle, they were travelling in. There is no denying the fact that the bullets that pierced the tender bodies of the two children were intended to kill. The army apart from killing 14-year old Faisal Bhat and 20-year-old Mehraj Dar, also critically injured two of their friends travelling with them in the ill fated car. The dreadful act  is a feature of an ongoing cycle of violence people of Kashmir are facing with a feeling of nemesis descending on a population already bruised from September devastating floods. The killings are a glaring example how unsafe life of a Kashmiri is and it has once again put the question mark on the claims of army that it is the saviour of people of Jammu and Kashmir. In the latest incident, the conduct of the army was no better than that of an occupying force. For the people of Kashmir, the reality of the army being in their face and often trigger-happy, has not changed. The injured boys have clearly stated they were not warned or asked to surrender before the troops pumped bullets into the car. Unfortunately, army as an institution has always tried to justify the acts of ‘rouge’ individuals when innocents were gunned down in Kashmir. If the institution tries to defend or justify the act of violence, the whole process becomes institutionalised. Even after nearly 15 years, the army personnel involved in Pathribal fake encounter are yet to be punished despite the fact CBI investigation finding the officials guilty but the army’s own investigation gave them a clean chit. Though in the latest incident, the army, for a change, has admitted its mistake and its Northern Commander, based in Udhampur in Jammu specially flew to Srinagar to accept the mistake before the media, it is to be seen whether the promise he made that the inquiry will be completed in 10 days was aimed at calming tempers or the Government of India means business at least this time. People in Kashmir have a reason to doubt the outcome of inquiries ordered by the authorities after every such incident. They treat it as a joke and don’t believe in the results of such probes. The state government and the armed forces have ordered 63 inquiries since January 2009, to look into the circumstances leading to different incidents of human rights violations and killings by armed forces. However, only one probe was taken to a logical conclusion, which led to the arrest of a few BSF men for killing Zahid Farooq, a teenage Srinagar youth, on February 5, 2010… (Deccan Herald 11/11/14)

69. Manorama ‘mercilessly tortured’ (1)

NEW DELHI: She was found dead with multiple gun shot injuries on her private parts and thighs at Ngariyan Yairipok Road, hardly two km away from a police station, states the report. The judicial inquiry report on the murder of Thangjam Manorama, a Manipuri girl, in 2004, handed over to the Supreme Court recently after being kept under wraps for over a decade, reveals the “brutal and merciless torture” by a 17 Assam Rifles team. The murder gave renewed impetus to calls for withdrawal of the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act. After a decade of remaining under wraps, the report by the Judicial Inquiry Commission graphically reveals the last hours of “brutal and merciless torture” Manipuri village girl, Thangjam Manorama, suffered at the hands of a team from the 17th Assam Rifles before she was shot dead. The Manorama case led to widespread protests against the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act (AFSPA) and spurred calls for a review of the law, especially by the Justice J.S. Verma Committee in 2013. The report, submitted to the State government way back in December 2004, was never made public. This week, the government handed it over to the Supreme Court. The court had demanded it as part of a hearing on a PIL seeking probe into custodial deaths in the north-east States. “This is one of the most shocking custodial killing of a Manipuri village girl,” C. Upendra Singh, retired District and Sessions Judge, Manipur, who was Chairman of the Commission, wrote. He describes how Manorama was picked up by “a strong-armed troops of 17th Assam Rifles” in the night between July 10-11, 2004 from her home in Imphal East District. She was found dead with multiple gun shot injuries on her private parts and thighs at Ngariyan Yairipok Road, hardly two km away from a police station. The report details how the incidents of the night started with her younger brother, Thangjam Basu, watching the Hindi film Raju Chacha half past midnight, heard some noise outside. Within the next few minutes, the Assam Rifles party crashed into the house. The report said that Manorama, who was “clutching on to her mother Khumaleima”, was dragged out screaming “Ima Ima Khamu (mother, mother please stop them)”. The report said she was tortured on her front porch, as the family watched. It said how Basu remembers hearing his sister’s “muffled and dimmed voice saying Ie Khangde (do not know)” to the troops’ questions. It said the men then took her away to “places”. The report said that the two FIRs filed by the 17th Assam Rifles claimed she led them to recover Kenwood and Chinese grenades and an AK 47 rifle. It said she tried to escape and was shot in the legs. The FIRs claimed she had bled and died. The Commission report blamed the police for leaving the investigation to the “discretion and mercy” of the Assam Rifles. It narrated how the Assam Rifles had invoked the AFSPA with the Enquiry Commission. Mr. Singh said he countered that his enquiry was only a fact-finding exercise, and sanction under Section 6 of AFSPA would only come later when the personnel is found to have done wrong. The Commission said not a single one of the 16 bullets fired at Manorama hit her legs. The report called the escape story a “naked lie.” The report said most of the injuries would reveal that she was shot when “helpless”. It said some injuries suggest sexual assault too. The Commission had examined 37 witnesses. (The Hindu 14/11/14)

70. Rights activists ridicule Chidambaram for AFSPA remark (1)

IMPHAL : Human rights activists of Manipur on Saturday ridiculed former Union minister P Chidambaram for his statement that the controversial Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act (AFSPA) was ‘obnoxious’. They said Chidambaram should have expressed his views when he was in power. “We appreciate the former Union minister’s statement against AFSPA, but it is quite surprising that he had maintained a long silence when he was in power. The erstwhile UPA government under Prime Minister Manmohan Singh had failed to scrap the Act,” said Babloo Loitongbam, executive director of Human Rights Alert (HRA). If at all he (Chidambaram) is against AFSPA, he should have taken some steps to repeal the Act when he was the Union minister, added Babloo. Another Imphal-based rights activist, while belittling Chidambaram’s statement, demanded the Centre to honour and comply with the people’s growing campaign and Irom Sharmila Chanu’s epic protest against the oppressive Act. On Friday, Chidambaram had welcomed the Army’s decision to grant life sentence to five personnel in the Machil fake encounter case in Jammu and Kashmir and termed AFSPA an ‘obnoxious law’ which had no place in a modern and civilized country. There are reports that Union minister for state for home affairs Kiren Rijiju and BJP leader Subramanian Swamy had criticized Chidambaram for making such remarks when polls are round the corner. Rijiju had termed Chidambaram’s statement ‘opportunistic and unfortunate’ and stated that while the latter was the home minister, he knew what was the situation and under what condition this law had been implemented. (Times of India 16/11/14)

71. Time for AFSPA to go (1)

The Indian army needs to be commended for having meted out exemplary punishment to the officers and jawans involved in the fake encounter at Machil. As a former armyman, one can understand the anguish and soul-searching behind this necessary and hard decision. The Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA), which provides protection to soldiers in such circumstances, has come under scrutiny once again and calls for its repeal have reached a crescendo. There is merit in the argument that AFSPA has outlived its utility, and must go. It is worth recalling that while AFSPA was introduced in 1958, the Assam Disturbed Areas Act was enacted in 1955 to provide a legal framework for security forces to deal with the Naga insurgency. When the army was inducted soon thereafter, the then army chief in a Special Order of the Day exhorted his troops, “…you are not to fight the people of the area but to protect them (from disruptive elements)… you must therefore do everything possible to win their confidence and respect…” It is a sad commentary that half a century later, AFSPA still remains in force in the Northeast and the clamour for its revocation has come from events in Kashmir, where it was imposed in 1990. It is sadder still that despite untold sacrifices, the army seems to have lost the “confidence and respect” of the people. If that is the case, then it is time that AFSPA went. If the act is revoked, how will it affect the security of the country? First, the basics. Every Indian will agree that there can be no compromise on the territorial integrity of the country. It is the Constitution that provides that India will be a Union of States (Article 1) and it has no provision to cede territory (sub-Clause 3). Article 51 enjoins all citizens “to uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India”. So any demand for separation is to be resisted. Look now at the security aspects. Our executive machinery at the district level has always had the authority to use force, requisitioning troops if necessary, to restore law and order. So, whenever the armed forces operate, they are acting in aid of the civil authority. It follows that once the situation is brought under control, the civil administration re-assumes responsibility. If the government machinery in Kashmir is prepared to assume responsibility, the army would only be happy to go back to their task of protecting the Line of Control (LoC)… (Indian Express 19/11/14)

MEDIA/ FREEDOM OF SPEECH

72. Aligarh Muslim University students slam media for ‘biased’ reports on library row (1)

ALIGARH: Aligarh Muslim University Women’s College Students’ Union (AMUWCSU) and AMU Students’ Union (AMUSU) on Wednesday organized a joint protest against alleged “biased media reports” over the issue of access to girls to the university’s central Maulana Azad Library. More than 2000 girls took out a procession culminating at the Sir Syed crossing here. “We are deeply outraged by the manner in which the media has distorted our demands for access to Maulana Azad library and has presented it in a highly biased manner,” newly-elected president of the AMUWCSU Gulfiza Khan said while addressing the protesters. She said that some misguided individuals in the media were trying to project a highly distorted version of their demand which is very painful. The protesters later burnt an effigy of a leading English news daily, which, they alleged, was spreading malicious news. The procession was being followed by a separate similar protest led by the office bearers of newly-elected students union. In a press release issued jointly by the AMUSU and AMUWCSU, the protesters said, “the AMU at present already provides an unrestricted entry to all girls from undergraduate, postgraduate and research courses”.”We demand that the HRD ministry should provide additional funds so that the Women’s College library, which is away from the main University campus, should become suitably equipped to cater to the demands of the undergraduate girls of the women’s college” they said. Referring to the reported notice issued by the HRD minister to the AMU vice-chancellor Zameer Uddin Shah, the statement said,”if the HRD minister is so concerned about the girls students at AMU, she should immediately sanction funds for upgrading the Women’s College library”.”We are deeply concerned over the manner in which communal forces in the country are distorting the entire incident and giving it a biased colour. We strongly oppose the politics of hate and division which is very harmful for the nation,” the statement further said. The joint press release also criticised the AMU VC for making “careless remarks” in this connection which led to the confusion in the entire matter. (Times of India 12/11/14)

73. Manipur journalist browbeat by MHA official (1)

IMPHAL: One ranking official of the Ministry of Home Affairs posted in Imphal is reported to have browbeat Rameshchandra Mutum, a reporter of the Hueiyen Lanpao group which brings out three newspapers on Wednesday. Rameshchandra Mutum, is reported to have taken some photographs of the official’s car which had a red beacon, on Wednesday. By a recent government order only top ranking Ministers are permitted to use red beacon. Irked over this, the MHA official asked his body guards to ask the reporter to delete the photographs. They also tried to snatch the camera. When the reporter refused to budge, they threatened to arrest him citing security reasons for taking the photographs. The issue was sorted out after a meeting between the All Manipur Working Journalists’ Union and the official. (The Hindu 13/11/14)

74. Journalists Trying to Talk to Kunal Ghosh Assaulted (1)

KOLKATA: Several journalists sustained injuries when they were assaulted by the police who tried to prevent them from interacting with suspended Trinamool Congress MP and Saradha scam accused Kunal Ghosh outside a premier state government hospital. Photojournalists who tried to take Ghosh’s pictures, as he was being taken out from an ambulance at the gates of the SSKM Hopsital, also bore the brunt of a cane-charge by the police. Ghosh, admitted to the critical care unit of the hospital since early Friday after he claimed to have taken 30-40 sedatives to “commit suicide’ in the high security Presidency Jail, had been taken to the Bangur Institute of Neurology during the day for some medical tests. Earlier while being taken out from SSKM and once he reached Bangur, the journos had managed to get Ghosh’s bytes where he demanded arrest of the “main culprits” who were “roaming outside freely. “Those (who are) guilty, must be arrested immediately. They are roaming outside freely . They are using all their might to influence the probe. They are delaying it. They are wasting time,” Ghosh said from his stretcher during those brief interactions. The Rajya Sabha member, who headed Saradha media arm before being arrested in November last year, has been for over one and half years alleging the involvement of several leaders of the ruling Trinamool Congress, including its top brass in the chit fund scandal. But Saturday, after television channels aired his comments, police deployment was intensified outside the gate of the SSKM, where Ghosh was brought back after the tests. As Ghosh was being brought out from the ambulance, the journalists tried to move near him, but were stopped by the police, leading to an argument and then a scuffle with the security personnel. It was then that the police resorted to a baton charge that left some journalists and photojournalists with minor injuries. A police officer was seen using his cap to hide Ghosh’s face so that the media was unable to speak to him. Though Ghosh protested, but a police officer almost pushed him on to a stretcher. Deputy Commissioner of city police (South) Murlidhar Sharma promised action if he was shown a footage of any assault on journalists. However, he claimed that the problem lay with media management . “There was a need for proper media management here. But that was not in place. Probably we were not informed that so many mediapersons will assemble.” When a scribe pointed out that he himself was at the spot when the trouble broke out, Murlidhar said: “I cannot see everywhere.” Ghosh, now in judicial custody, had Monday threatened to to commit suicide if others involved in the scandal were not arrested within three days. He, was rushed to the hospital around 3 a.m. Friday in a partially drowsy condition and admitted to the critical care unit. Hospital director Pradip Mitra said Ghosh claimed that he had taken 30-40 Alprazolam tablets from the evening upto night time Friday “to take his own life”.Ghosh’s purported suicide attempt has landed West Bengal’s Trinamool Congress government in the eye of a storm, with the opposition and legal luminaries questioning the administration’s lack of vigil in a high-security jail on an MP who had openly declared four days back that he would attempt suicide if those involved in the swindle were not rounded up within three days. West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee has reacted by suspending jail officials and the on-duty hospital staff, while an FIR was filed against Ghosh in a city police station for attempting suicide. (New Indian Express 15/11/14)

75. Haryana DGP downplays attack on media personnel (1)

CHANDIGARH: Haryana Director General of Police S.N. Vashisht on Tuesday sought to downplay the completely unwanted and unprovoked attack on scores of  media personnel covering the police action at Satlok Ashram in Barwala, Hisar. Some of the journalists injured in the police action, like Siddharth Pandey of NDTV, claimed that they were attacked despite being hundreds of metres away from the scene of violence. He said the attack began after some camerapersons began shooting the injured who were being dragged out from the ashram. While all through the day the electronic media showed footage of how it was attacked, Mr. Vashisht chose to play with words saying while the operation was on, “everyone’s life was in danger and the first duty of the police, which is a trained force, was to keep the media at a safe distance while bullets were being fired from the ashram.” Mr, Vashisht admitted that Times Now and Aaj Tak had called him in the morning saying their reporters were being stopped. “I gave entry to 86 media personnel and told the IG Range about it. I also sent a DSP with them. I treat media as my ally. You show the truth.” On what provoked the brutal attack on the media persons, he said “possibly some personnel treated the media badly while trying to keep them away from harm and if any one is at fault, we will investigate.” He also claimed that there were no orders to damage the cameras of the television crews.  (The Hindu 19/11/14)

COMMUNAL RIOTS

76. Why is Delhi communally restive? (7)

New Delhi: Cramped living, fierce competition, limited resources and an ever-increasing population have given Delhi its famous short fuse. But as a city, it was never communally overwrought. But the past one month has changed that. With elections set to be declared any given day, the city has seen a full-blown riot and four other instances of religion being at the centre of conflict. How this has become the city’s reality is something its residents have failed to understand. Trilokpuri, where the riots broke out on Diwali, is a place inured to violence. People from all parts of the country and religions live here. And clashes break out every other week. The 1984 anti-Sikh riots had ravaged the settlement but since then, there was never a full-blown riot. In the recent years, fights have been contained with the help of local leaders and the police. But how did a riot as severe as the one on Diwali that shut the area for five continuous days could break out in an area like this has left residents with several burning questions. And there are no clear answers. Bawana, Babarpur and Okhla, too are areas where periodic violence is common. Communal tension, however, is contained and usually resolved at the local level. Is it then a mere coincidence that polarisation has knocked on Delhi’s doors just before elections are to be announced? According to Harsh Mander, a noted social activist who has studied communal clashes extensively, riots and communal tensions follow a set template. “If left to themselves, people from different areas and communities tend to live together largely peacefully. It is political interference that causes stress and this is done in three stages,” he said. He went on specify the three stages. “The first,” he said, “is when hatred for another community is generated around a sensitive issue. These issues are usually related to places of worship, love affairs, or instances like cow slaughter. Further deterioration of the situation is achieved by organising people in a collective on the basis of this hatred. Weapons, in many cases bricks and stones, are distributed. The third important thing is allowing it to fester for some time. Strict action is not taken at the first instance.” “A riot is a carefully manufactured product. With elections round the corner, this template is being followed. But we won’t see violence that will result in loss of life as that leads to sympathy. The violence should be just enough to let people forget other problems,” he added. The role of local politicians in flaring tensions has been highlighted by the police in their report to the ministry of home affairs. Members of the Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) have also alleged that the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) has been instrumental in igniting communal tensions. “If it was one isolated incident, one would not have read into the motivations. But there are a number of other cases as well and there is a pattern to it. You are forced to look at the timing and context in which these things are happening. It doesn’t take too much to understand who is behind these things and who stands to gain from this polarisation,” said Yogendra Yadav, a senior leader of AAP. “It happened in Uttar Pradesh and Haryana before the election and now it is happening here. The aim is to polarise voters. I don’t have any concrete proof, which I can hand over to the police,” he added. The BJP too agrees that the clashes have been engineered to cause polarisation and blamed AAP for it. “The incident at Trilokpuri was not communal to start with. It was given a communal colour. The other incidents are also part of a larger conspiracy by people who want to create fear psychosis in the minority community. AAP is provoking such incidents to keep its voter base intact,” said Ashish Sood, general secretary, Delhi BJP. The police points out how a society which is densely populated by poor, multi-lingual, multi-regional and multi-religious people falls easy prey to communal tension. According to senior police officials, each group has its own priorities, sensibilities and response to social situations. Lack of resources, especially space, further accentuate the fight for limited resources for their community. (Hindustan Times 12/11/14)

77. Tension in Palwal: Union home ministry asks for a report.. (7)

NEW DELHI: The Union home ministry has sought a report from the new BJP government in Haryana on the communal tension that erupted in Palwal district on Tuesday night. The ministry has noted the first such incident under the new government with concern and asked Chief Minister Jagdish Khattar-led government to furnish a detailed report, officials said. Indefinite curfew has been clamped in Hathin town of Palwal district since midnight after protestors set ablaze the official vehicle of the district commissioner as well as a motorcycle showroom and a medical store. As per a preliminary intelligence report available with the home ministry, trouble started on November 11 evening when a group of Muslims offered namaz in a mosque, which is said to be a disputed structure, and the Hindu community raised objections. “Activists of Ram Sena Sangathan set ablaze some kiosks, cow dung and wooden heaps belonging to the Muslims,” the report says. Later in the night, “unidentified miscreants” set ablaze two vehicles including those belonging to the deputy commissioner of Palwal along with two stores, according to the report. “As a precautionary measure, the district administration had imposed an indefinite curfew in the town since midnight,” it adds. (Economic Times 13/11/14)

78. Dalit-Muslim clashes rattle western Uttar Pradesh again (7)

Lucknow: A village in Shamli district after the communal riotThree incidents of communal violence were reported from the volatile western part of Uttar Pradesh in the last 24 hours. On Tuesday night, Dalits and Muslims clashed at Sonata village in Shamli district over sharing water from a hand-pump. At least six houses of both the communities were set on fire by the rioters. Half-a-dozen people also sustained injuries. The Dalits alleged that they were prevented from using the hand-pump in the village. “We were not being allowed to use the hand-pump for the last one year. We used to avail the service of another hand-pump. But now we have no option because it is not working,” villager Ram Babu told the police. A large police force has been deployed to prevent further violence in the village. In another incident on Tuesday evening, a Muslim youth died of bullet injury sustained in a communal clash at Datiyana village in Muzaffarnagar district. Eyewitnesses told the police that trouble broke out when the youth tried to stop a villager from thrashing a labourer. “This led to a clash between the two communities. Both the sides fired at each other. The youth was hit by a bullet and died on his way to the hospital,” an eyewitness said. One person has been arrested in connection with the murder. Matkota area in Hathras district witnessed communal clashes on Wednesday when some people objected to dumping of construction material on the road. The construction material was meant to build a house in the locality. The clash left two people injured. (India Today 14/11/14)

79. Six communal violence incidents in UP in April-August period (7)

LUCKNOW: Uttar Pradesh government on Monday said that between April to August this year, six incidents of communal tension took place in the state. “In UP, six incidents of communal tension were reported between April to Aug 25, 2014″, parliamentary affairs minister Mohd Azam Khan said in Vidhan Sabha. Khan said this while replying to BJP member Satish Mahana in Vidhan Sabha during question hour. Accusing BJP for flaring up communal incidents, Khan claimed that he, “witnessed shame on the face of the BJP member when he was asking the question”.Alleging that the BJP was taking advantage of communal tension for political gains, he said, ” they took benefit of Muzaffarnagar riots. The person, who said ‘leave to Pakistan’ (for those not supporting Narendra Modi) is a central minister, those having criminal cases against them are MPs.” On controlling such incidents, Khan said that detailed directives have been issued to district police chiefs and district magistrates to check such incidents and act timely to control them. “Continued dialogue and meetings should be held with locals to counter rumours, if any and holding regular meetings of peace committees have been issued”, he said. (Times of India 18/11/14)

COMMUNALISM

80. RSS men may fill gaps in BJP left by new mantris (26)

NewDelhi: Om Mathur and Kailash Vijayvargiya, who headed party in Maha, Haryana polls, will be added to ‘Team Shah’As vacancies have been created in BJP chief Amit Shah’s team, speculation is rife that Om Mathur and Kailash Vijayvargiya, who were party’s election in-charge in Maharashtra and Haryana respectively could be accommodated. National vice presidents Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi and Bandaru Dattatreya along with general secretaries J.P. Nadda, Rajiv Pratap Rudy and Ram Shankar Katheriya are now part of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s Council of Ministers. Another vice-president Kiran Maheshwari is also part of the Vasundhara Raje’s government. Speculation is rife that leaders having proximity to the RSS have a better chance in being accommodated. Also, the party could bring down the number of its various cells to almost one-third. There were more than 40 different cells in the BJP which were recently dissolved by Mr Shah. BJP leader Mahendra Pandey, has been giving the task to trim down the number of cells and merge some of the cells. To pacify Himachal Pradesh former chief minister P.K. Dhumal’s camp, his son and party’s youth wing chief Anurag Thakur could be promoted, while Bhadhoi MP Virendra Singh could also be brought at the central level. Uttarakhand, which failed to get its representative in the Modi government, is unlikely to get any other representative than Anil Baluni in Team Shah. Mr Baluni is one of the national spokespersons of the party. Sources disclosed party wants more representations from the northeastern states and also West Bengal in Team Shah but the party faces a leadership crisis in these states. (Asian Age 11/11/14)

81. To corner BJP, Sena to fall back on Hindutva (26)

Mumbai: Shiv Sena, which has been forced to sit in the Opposition after failing to get an equitable formula to partner the BJP in the Maharashtra government, has declared its plan to revive the hardline Hindutva ideology to corner its former saffrom ally. “Hindutva is the core of our existence which has got us to where we are. It is a constituency which is being targeted by the BJP as well. We will do all that is possible from now to ensure that we dent the BJP’s hold on this electorate,” a senior Sena leader said. The party has already started attacking the BJP on some decisions taken by the state Minority Development Ministry headed by Eknath Khadse. Till late Tuesday night, the Sena leadership was hopeful of a face-saving deal with the BJP. “Consultations between the two parties went on till 1 am. The BJP was, however, unwilling to relent or even give concrete assurances that we would get desired ministries like Home and Revenue. We realised they were not interested in associating with us,” a senior Sena leader said. Till Wednesday morning, the Sena leadership harboured hopes and even cleared an editorial in the party mouthpiece Saamana where it almost pleaded the BJP not to join hands with the NCP and instead take the Sena on board. With no calls from the BJP, Sena chief Uddhav Thackeray decided to ask his MLAs to vote against the BJP during the confidence motion in the Assembly. Interestingly, the BJP leadership made two calls to Uddhav only after which Sena announced that it was sitting in the Opposition in the Assembly. “Such calls have no meaning. They took us for a ride all along,” a Sena leader said. Uddhav, who went into a huddle with senior party leaders to formulate the party’s strategy on Wednesday, will start a tour of Maharashtra starting November 17 in which he hopes to reach out to party workers. (Indian Express 13/11/14)

82. VHP to use ‘full energy’ to build Ram temple  (26)

Patna: The Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP) will use all its resources and energy to construct a grand Ram temple at Ayodhya in Uttar Pradesh, its leader Pravin Togadia said on Sunday. “The VHP will use its full resources and energy to construct a Ram temple at Ayodhya,” Togadia told the media here. He said the Ram temple was the VHP`s main agenda. “The VHP has never forgotten the agenda of Ram temple nor will it forget it. We will construct the temple at any cost.” Togadia said the temple in Ayodhya won`t be built due to anyone`s benevolence. “It will come up thanks to the powerful unity of the Hindus.” He said the VHP would raise the temple issue before the Bharatiya Janata Party at the “right time”.VHP supporters razed the 16th century Babri Masjid in Ayodhya Dec 6, 1992, triggering widespread riots. They then built a small Ram temple at the site that is now heavily protected. The VHP has repeatedly declared its intention to construct a grand Ram temple on the ruins of the Babri mosque. Togadia also expressed serious concern over the illegal entry into India of Bangladeshis and urged the central government to stop it. He said the World Hindu Congress would be held in Delhi Nov 21-23 to mark the the 50th anniversary of VHP. It will be attended by 1,500 delegates from around the world. (Zee News 16/11/14)

83. HC declines to stay order on RSS march (26)

CHENNAI: The State government has moved appeals before the Madras High Court challenging a single judge’s order allowing the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) to take out a procession as part of its founder’s day celebrations. The government submitted that issuing permission was solely within the domain of the executive. As per decisions of the High Court, the court should not have issued a positive direction to grant permission to hold meetings/processions. However, a Division Bench comprising Justices Satish K. Agnihotri and K.K. Sasidharan on Tuesday declined to stay the single judge’s order of November 7. After the court granted permission, the RSS tried to take out processions at seven places, including Chennai and Coimbatore on November 9, but the police detained them. The government appealed that the judge had erred in arriving at a finding that Section 41-A (1) of the Chennai City Police Act did not apply to processions. The legal provision should be read as a whole. The sweep of the provision was very broad and included within its scope movement of an assembly, i.e. a procession. The RSS members wore uniforms resembling that of the police force. For this reason, Section 41-A was applicable. When the matter came up, counsel B. Rabu Manohar took notice on behalf of the RSS office-bearers, who had earlier filed the petitions. (The Hindu 19/11/14)

TERRORISM

84. Govt bans militant outfit Kamatapur Liberation Organisation (12)

NEW DELHI: Having found to be involved in several recent blasts in West Bengal and the northeast, militant outfit Kamatapur Liberation Organisation (KLO), which operates in West Bengal and Assam and is fighting for a sovereign state, has been declared a banned terrorist group by the government. In a gazette notification, the Home Ministry said that exercising the powers conferred under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967, the central government proposes to add Kamatapur Liberation Organisation and all its formation and front organizations as a terrorist organization. KLO, which came into existence in 1993 has been consolidating its position in the fourteen districts in Assam and six districts in West Bengal both organisationally and in terms of weapons and cadres and to achieve the objective of a separate “sovereign Kamatapur state”.The outfit is also resorting to terrorism in the form of killing of innocent civilians and security forces and engaging in other violent activities including looting, kidnapping, landmine and bomb blasts, the notification said. The central government “believes that the Kamatapur Liberation Organisation is involved in terrorism,” it said. KLO was formed to address problems of the Koch Rajbongshi community and perceived neglect of Kamtapuri language, identity and grievances of economic deprivation of the community. It is alleged that the outfit is connected to militant groups such Ulfa and NDFB. (Times of India 12/11/14)

85. Wagah suicide bomber was 25-year-old: militants (12)

Islamabad: The Tehreek-i-Taliban Pakistan’s (TTP) Jamaat-ul-Ahrar faction Thursday released details of a man it said carried out the deadly suicide bombing near the Pakistan-India border crossing killing 60 people. A spokesman for the group, Ehsanullah Ehsan, said Hanifullah alias Hamza, 25, detonated himself Nov 2 targeting people returning from the flag-lowering ceremony at the Wagah border gate, Dawn online reported. The militants also released a photo of the alleged bomber. According to officials, Hanifullah belonged to a bordering town in Mohmand tribal agency. Ehsan said the banned outfit would release a video of the attack, which it added was carried out to avenge a military operation against the Taliban and tribesmen in the FATA region bordering Afghanistan. (Business Standard 13/11/14)

86. UAE lists Muslim Brotherhood as terrorist group (12)

DUBAI: The United Arab Emirates has formally designated the Muslim Brotherhood and local affiliates as terrorist groups, state news agency WAM reported on Saturday citing a cabinet decree. The Gulf Arab state has also designated Nusra Front and the Islamic State, whose fighters are battling Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, as terrorist organisations, along with other Shi’ite militant groups such as the Houthi movement in Yemen. Saturday’s move echoes a similar move by Saudi Arabia in March and could increase pressure on Qatar whose backing for the group has sparked a row with fellow Gulf monarchies. It also underscores concern in the US-allied oil producer about political Islam and the influence of the Brotherhood, whose Sunni Islamist doctrines challenge the principle of dynastic rule. The UAE has designated al-Islah group, which is a local Islamist group banned in the UAE for its alleged link to Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood, as a terrorist group. UAE authorities have cracked down on members of al-Islah and jailed scores of Islamists convicted of forming an illegal branch of the Brotherhood. Al-Islah denies any such link, but says it shares some of the Brotherhood’s Islamist ideology. In an unprecedented public move, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates recalled their ambassadors to Qatar in March, accusing Doha of failing to abide by an agreement not to interfere in one another’s internal affairs. So far efforts by members of the GCC, an alliance that also includes Oman and Kuwait, to resolve the dispute have failed. The three states mainly fell out with Qatar over the role of Islamists, including the Muslim Brotherhood. Gulf officials say the three want Qatar to end any support for the Brotherhood. Qatar says it backs all Arabs, not just Brotherhood members. Qatar’s emir on Tuesday publicly invited fellow Gulf rulers to a Doha summit, apparently seeking to forestall what diplomats say is an attempt by some peers to move it elsewhere in protest at what they see as an Islamist tilt in his foreign policy. (Times of India 16/11/14)

87. Militant attack deaths soar to all-time high (12)

Washington: The number of people killed in militant attacks worldwide jumped more than 60 per cent in 2013 to a record high of nearly 18,000 and the figure could rise further in 2014 due to an escalation of conflict in the Middle East and Nigeria, a report showed on Tuesday. Four Islamist groups operating in Iraq, Syria, Afghanistan, Pakistan and Nigeria were responsible for two thirds of the 2013 attacks and the vast majority of the deaths occurred in those countries, the Australia and US-based Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP) said in its Global Terrorism Index. However, militant attacks are on the rise more broadly, with two dozen countries seeing more than 50 deaths in 2013, it said. The four most active militant groupings are Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (now renamed Islamic State), Nigeria’s Boko Haram, the Afghan and Pakistani Taliban and transnational al Qaeda-affiliated networks. “There is no doubt it is a growing problem. The causes are complex but the four groups responsible for most of the deaths all have their roots in fundamentalist Islam,” said IEP founder Steve Killelea. “They are particularly angry about the spread of Western education. That makes any attempt at the kind of social mobilising you need to stop them particularly difficult it can just antagonise them more,” he said. The number of attacks themselves rose 44 per cent in 2013 from the previous year to almost 10,000. Deaths in such attacks are now five times higher than in 2000, the report showed, citing analysis of data in the University of Maryland’s Global Terrorism Database. Most but not all militant attacks were religiously motivated. Attacks in India the sixth most affected country rose 70 per cent in 2013 largely due to attacks by communist insurgents. The majority remained non-lethal. Increased targeting of police by the militant groups makes managing the problem even harder, Mr Killelea said, sometimes fuelling rights abuses that compound existing grievances. The report showed 60 per cent of attacks involved explosives, 20 per cent firearms and 10 per cent other actions such as arson, knives or attacks with motor vehicles. Only five per cent of all incidents since 2000 have involved suicide bombings. (Asian Age 19/11/14)

NAXALS/ MAOISTS

88. Six Maoists, including a woman, surrender before cops in Chhattisgarh (12)

Raipur: Six Maoists, including a woman cadre, on Tuesday surrendered in Chhattisgarh’s Kondagaon district, police said. “The Maoist cadres turned themselves in before senior police officials citing disappointment with exploitation of lower rung cadres by senior leaders of the banned Communist Party of India (Maoist) and getting impressed with the surrender policy of the Chhattisgarh state government,” Kondagaon Additional Superintendent of Police (ASP) Surjit Atri told PTI. Among those who surrendered, Agnu alias Sagnu (30), who was Kiskodo Janmilitia commander of the banned CPI (Maoist), is the most dreaded one, Atri said. He was trained in making bombs, laying booby traps and using emergency medical aid in the forests of Karimnagar district of then undivided Andhra Pradesh state, the ASP said adding, he worked there from 2008 to 2013. He was involved in several Maoist incidents in both Chhattisgarh and Andhra Pradesh and carried a reward of Rs 1 lakh on his head, he said. Other Maoists cadres who surrendered were identified as Pankaram Gond, 47, Sukhdev Marai 48, Sukhram 25, Lakru Ram, 28 and a woman cadre Ramo Bai, 32. All of them were working as Maoist squad members, Atri said. They would be provided?assistance?as per the Chhattisgarh government’s policy, he said. According to Chhattisgarh government statistics, the total number of Maoist rebels laying down their arms this year has crossed 340 in the insurgency-hit state. (Zee News 11/11/14)

89. Anti-Naxal ops: CRPF finds Chattisgarh, Jharkhand most tough (12)

New Delhi: CRPF, the lead anti-Naxal force, considers Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand as the most challenging states when it comes to tackling the menace of left-wing extremism (LWE) in the country. It also feels said that states are “under utilising” the paramilitary force’s potential in security-related tasks. “Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand remain to be the most challenging states for us given the high density of forests and difficult terrain in these states,” Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) Director General Dilip Trivedi told reporters on the eve of the forces’ 75th Raising Day. “There is some truth in the whole situation,” he said when asked if state police forces were not taking a lead role in anti-Naxal operations. “I did feel that there was some underutilisation of our capabilities (by the states) but these issues can be solved through mutual interactions and we have done so on many occasions,” he said. The DG said the force’s largest area of concern, when it came to violence perpetrated by armed Maoist cadres, was the use of “explosives” and various kinds of improvised devices. “The major concern is explosives. There has been an improvement in the type of explosives being used by them (Naxals) like pressure bombs and command wires for triggering them. They are obtaining capabilities to detonate a mine from a large distance. We are not bothered about the weaponary that they use but explosives that they possess,” Trivedi said when asked about the biggest challenge for the force in this theatre of operations. The DG said Naxals are getting explosives “easily”. It has been found by security and intelligence agencies and through seized Naxal literature that the ultras are running short of weapons, he said. “Explosive and mine attacks are also very demoralising for our troops as in such an ambush CRPF men do not even get an opportunity to fight back,” he said. (Zee News 12/11/14)

90. Naxals appeal for ‘caste eradication organizations’ across state (12)

Nagpur: The banned Communist party of India (Maoist) has called for setting up of ‘caste eradication organizations’ across state in the backdrop of killings of three of a Dalit family in Javkheda village in Pathardi taluka of Ahmednagar district last month. The rebel outfit, comparing the brutality of the incident with that of Khairlanji murders, has also appealed before the cross-sections of the society for intensifying struggle at grass-root level against the Fascism of Brahman-driven BJP’s central government under Prime minister Narendra Modi. The reds have appealed to the masses on behalf of their Peoples’ liberation guerilla warfare (PLGA) and ‘Jantana sarkar’ to shun democratic means of protest and resort to violence for protest on the lines of agitations following Khairlanji and Ramabai Ambedkar incidents in the past against Modi sarkar or government. Maharashtra state committee and Dandakaranya special zonal committee, issuing press releases and pamphlets, have strongly criticized the killings blaming the Hindu fascism for the brutalities. The reds have also claimed that RSS and such organizations are fast trying to spread its influences which required to be challenged at every level of the society. They have also highlighted that national broadcaster preferred beaming RSS’s programme rather than focusing on the congregation at the Deekshabhoomi on Dussera. The Naxals have also held the communal forces to target Muslims apart from Dalits in different pockets of the country. The fascist Hindu, the reds claimed, has been also trying to stifle the voice of the other weaker sections like women in their press communication. The reds have also hit out at the majority radical system for engaging in conversing tribal population and usurping their native places for gains of the corporate world. The so-called political prisoners lodged in Nagpur central jail, nabbed for their alleged involvement in Naxal involvement, also have observed a day long hunger strike protesting the Javkheda killings. The naxals have put up their trademark red banners at different places in Gadchiroli protesting the Javkheda incident. A banner at a place like Solapur, which far away from the affected districts of Gadchiroli, Gondia and Chandrapur, have raised the concern of the security and intelligence wings. A section of the security forces feel that Naxals are trying to provoke the Dalit to initiate mass struggle against the government and target its establishments and forces which is part of their national agenda. A senior security and intelligence advisor stated that Naxals’ ‘Strategy and Tactics of the Indian Revolution’ of 2007 already has laid down elaborate agenda for the banned outfit to capitalize on Dalit section and try to draw them into mass struggle and resistance movements. The Naxal literature, in possession of TOI, stresses on the need to ‘initiate and lead the struggles against violence on Dalits from our own class organization. There is also urgent need to build organisations to fight against caste discrimination and in eradicayion of the caste system as a part of the new democratic transformation of the society’. (Times of India 14/11/14)

91. Compensation sought for kin of civilians slain by Naxals (12)

KARIMNAGAR: The district administration has decided to write to the government recommending compensation of Rs. 5 lakh each to 43 bereaved family members of civilians, who were killed by the naxalites in Karimnagar district. At a meeting here on Saturday, Collector M Veerabrahmaiah said that “the government order says that if there is no eligible family members in the family at the time of death of civilian to provide compassionate appointment, the ex-gratia can be sanctioned in addition”. (The Hindu 16/11/14)

92. Maoist vs Maoist in Daltonganj and Tamar (12)

RANCHI: It is Maoist versus Maoist in Daltonganj and Tamar. Girija Singh alias Giriji, a former sub-zonal commander of the Tritiya Prastuti Committee (a Maoist breakaway faction), is set to fight it out with Vinod Sharma, an exMaoist zonal commander, in Daltonganj. Girija has been fielded by Nawjawan Sangarh Morcha led by former minister Bhanu Pratap Shahi. Tamar will witness a contest between former Maoist Marshal Turi’s wife, Salomi Turi, and Mahadev Ravinath Pahan, brother of Maoist zonal commander Kundan Pahan. Salomi is fighting on a JMM ticket while Mahadev is a JVM-P candidate. Considering their past, police are keeping a close watch on them so that they do not take support from their former organizations. Dissatisfied with extremisim, Giriji has decided to join mainstream politics to help the poor. “He is a popular candidate and should win from Daltonganj. The sitting MLA, KN Tripathi does not stand a chance against him. In fact, Tripathi has not done anything for the people in the last five years,” said his aide Shambhu Chaurasia. He also added that Giriji is campaigning in forested areas. Vinod Sharma, Giriji’s opponent, is sure of winning from Daltonganj. “I have lived the life of both a Maoist and civilian. I know what problems people face. I can represent them better,” said Sharma on Tuesday. Sharma was earlier arrested in 2008 and spent four years in jail. “There are pending cases against me in court but I am sure of being acquitted in all of them,” said Sharma, who is contesting as an independent. Salomi Turi and Kundan claim they have a better chance of victory. “We are keeping a watch in Tamar. No reports of covert support have been extended to the candidates by Maoists. However, if they do come out in support, it will help us arrest them,” said Ranchi IG, M S Bhatia. (Times of India 19/11/14)

TRAFFICKING

93. Kids Brought to State Not Trafficked, Bihar Tells HC (1)

KOCHI: The Bihar Government on Monday submitted before the Kerala High Court that the children who were brought from Bihar to orphanages in Kerala were not victims of child trafficking. In a counter affidavit, Bihar Social Welfare Department deputy director Jagjit Kaur Ghai submitted that the interstate transportation of children was done primarily for providing them free education, food and clothing, which were available in Kerala.   “The children were brought to Kerala with the consent of their parents or guardians,” he said. The Bihar Government made the submission in response to petitions seeking a CBI probe into allegations of trafficking of children to orphanages in the State.   Officials from Bihar had visited the Mukkam Muslin Orphanage and the Palakkad Orphanage, and had revealed that many of the children were already studying in institutions, after due inquiry allowed them to go back and continue their studies. It was found that no child had complained of ill-treatment or abuse by the staff of the orphanages. The officials had interacted with the apprehended children. All of whom belonged to a single community and hailed from certain particular areas in Bihar. The majority of the children came from the districts of Banka, Bhagalpur and  Madhepura in Bihar. The remaining children were brought from the Godda district of Jharkhand. According to the children, they had valid train tickets. It also submitted that based on an order issued by the Child Welfare Committees of Palakkad and Thrissur, 41 children were taken to Patna by a special coach on June 19. As per the reports from the district child protection units, all the children were restored to their families. Meanwhile, the State Government submitted that there are 1,172 orphanages and other charitable homes in Kerala, which are recognised by the Board of Control of Orphanages. Government has set special regulations for the admission of children from other states to care-homes in Kerala, with a view to ensure their protection, and to eliminate any possibility of trafficking.  “Providing free education and care to children belonging to poor families, by institutions registered under the Board of Control of Orphanages, is a well-accepted proactive step. From the humanitarian point of view, it is not fair on the part of a state to deny services to children who do not come under the purview of Juvenile Justice Act,” State submitted. A state-level monitoring committee headed by the Chief Minister, and district-level monitoring committees headed by the district collectors were formed to monitor the charitable institutions. Meanwhile, a Division Bench comprising Acting Chief Justice Ashok Bhushan and Justice A M Shaffique directed the Advocate General to produce the order of the Supreme Court on child trafficking, and to file a counter affidavit bringing on record the relevant directives of the State pertaining to the issue. (New Indian Express 11/11/14)

94. Cops bust child trafficking network (1)

TRICHY: The Trichy police busted a child trafficking network with the arrest of a 40-year-old woman and her 30-year-old boyfriend in the city on Tuesday. According to the Thillai Nagar police, Arjath Khan, 2, went missing while playing in front of his house on November 4. His parents Shahinsha, 30, an auto rickshaw driver, and Anees Fatima, 28, of Dargah Colony in Thennur lodged a complaint with the Thillai Nagar police, who registered a case of child missing. As the child trafficking cases were reported from across the state of late, the police suspected that Arjath Khan too might have been kidnapped by a gang involved in trafficking of children. The needle suspicion pointed to Jenifer, who was a neighbour to Arjath Khan’s house. On investigation, the police found that Jenifer’s house was locked for a few days since the boy went missing. However, the police managed to pick Jenifer, who spilled the beans. On interrogation, Jenifer confessed that she abducted the child in connivance with her friend, an employee of a hotel in the city. According to Jenifer, she took the boy and handed him over to her boyfriend, who took him to Karur, where the child was kept in a lodge. Later, Jenifer joined with her friend. However, her friend came back to Trichy while Jenifer took the child to her brother in-law in Mangalore to sell him off. Based on Jenifer’s information, her friend was also taken into custody. A police team has rushed to Mangalore to rescue the child from Jenifer’s brother-in-law. Arjath Khan, 2, went missing while playing in front of his house on November 4. His parents Shahinsha, 30, an auto rickshaw driver, and Anees Fatima, 28, lodged a complaint with police. (Times of India 13/11/14)

95. Delhi emerges as hub of human trafficking (1)

New Delhi: The horror narrated by the minor girl again shows that the capital has turned out to be a hub of trafficking of girls and women from different parts of the country. According to the National Crime Records Bureau, 368 girls and women were kidnapped across the country last year for prostitution. They are sold to brothels or made to end up in massage parlours, social activists say. Rakesh Senger, National Secretary of NGO Bachpan Bachao Andolan, says that most children who go missing end up in traffickers’ hands. “Organised gangs kidnap minors and transport them to other cities for prostitution. Children below eight years are forced into begging, while the older ones are pushed into child labour,” said Rakesh Senger, National Secretary of NGO Bachpan Bachao Andolan. Trafficking of young girls from countries like Nepal and Bangladesh for forced prostitution also shows no signs of abatement, claims a study conducted by Global March Against Child Labour. The study titled ‘Economics Behind Forced Labour Trafficking’ was spearheaded by Nobel Peace Prize winner and child rights activist Kailash Satyarthi. In a similar case last month, after 13 years of repeated assault, a 25-year-old woman from Assam had succeeded in escaping from the clutches of traffickers who kept her in confinement in Haryana’s Rohtak district. She had escaped from the house to reach Delhi and approached Rajouri Garden police station with the help of a well-wisher. The issue of human trafficking and missing children was also discussed during an inter-state coordination meeting held between senior officers of Delhi Police and their counterparts from Haryana, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Uttrakhand, Rajasthan, Bihar and Jammu and Kashmir on Wednesday. They have decided to share technology in policing and upload details of missing persons on Zonal Integrated Police Network (ZIPNET) without loss of time. “Delhi Police Commissioner Bhim Sain Bassi has also told district police to revive the anti-human trafficking cell, while the special cell and crime branch have also been asked to form such cells,” said a police officer. (Deccan Herald 15/11/14)

96. Garhwal registers 330 cases of missing persons in 2014 (1)

Dehradun: The annual report on human trafficking happening in various police stations of the State, especially in Garhwal Range, revealed that there has been a rapid increase in cases related to missing of persons and trafficking of women and teen-aged girls for the past many years. Around 330 cases of missing persons were reported in various police stations of Garhwal region in 2014 so far. However, only five cases of human trafficking in 2013 and four cases in 2014 have been reported in anti-human trafficking cell of Garhwal Range established by the State Government at Kotdwar and Haridwar. Statistics revealed that women and teenage girls are being transported in other States, including Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Punjab, with the traffickers luring them with the offer of jobs or arranging marriages. In the past, some cases of trafficking of women and teenage girls had come up from two or three villages of Chamoli, Uttar Kashi and Rudraprayag districts of Uttarakhand. In order to train the police personnels on how to solve the registered cases of missing persons in the anti-human traffic cell, a one- day long refresher course on human trafficking was hosted for police personnel held at Garhwal Range office on Monday, said Deputy Inspector General of Police (DIG) Sanjay Gunjyal. He reviewed cases related to human trafficking with the police officers and policemen. He expressed disappointment with the slow pace of works involving the police personnel deputed at the Cell and directed them to take measures for swift redressal of registered cases of human trafficking. In the reviewing meeting, it was revealed that cases of human trafficking were reported from two or three villages of Chamoli, Uttar Kashi, Rudraprayag districts. In these villages, women and teen-aged girl were transported in other States. These women are not in contact with their parents or there is no information of their location since their marriage. In the training programme, the policemen were acquainted with the Centre’s guidelines on how to deal with human trafficking cases and the victims’ rehabilitation. He further said that the police men will be assigned with the tasks and their performance at the cell they are deployed will be reviewed every week. Teams will be deployed in the villages where human trafficking cases were reported in the past. They will interact with the Pradhan and chowkidar to get the details of the missing persons and action will be taken accordingly. Teams will perform pre- rescue protocol, rescue operation and post- rescue protocol. With the help of non- government organisations, the victims will be rehabilitated. (Pioneer 18/11/14)

CORRUPTION

97. Panel proposes CBI probe in Food and Drug Administration (5)

Mumbai: An inquiry committee formed by a former food and drug administration (FDA) minister of Maharashtra found the conduct of officials questionable and has recommended a CBI investigation to look into the matter. The committee was formed by the government of Maharashtra on January 21, 2013 to curb the corruption and malpractices in the FDA and submitted its detailed report on April 17, 2014. As per the report, which was obtained through an RTI query, the findings made by any committee that has to do with basic necessities or relating to endangering public life has to be inquired into by a central agency. The report also recommended that the controller would be responsible for any situation arising due to negligence that directly or indirectly endangers the life of a common man. In the 159-page report, the committee has said that it would be better for the CBI to investigate into the matter for the benefit of the common people. The report also found that the government had never intervened with the working of FDA, directly or indirectly, thus resulting in negligence in duty and responsibility by the state exchequer. Then FDA commissioner Mahesh Zagade was the head of the committee along with two other members. RTI activist Anil Galgali, who procured the data, has demanded that the government make the report public. Mr Galgali has also appealed to chief minister Devendra Fadanvis to hand over the commission report to the CBI for investigation. “The report is a nothing, but a sordid story of how the lives of people are put at a larger risk by FDA. The department is full of corruption,” said Mr Galgali, adding, “The 17-point recommendations made by the committee must be strictly followed by the government.” When contacted, Manisha Mhaiskar, medical education and drugs department secretary said, “Yes, the report has been submitted and the department is in process of taking further action.” (Asian Age 11/11/14)

98. Second arrest in Rs 2.5cr PUNSUP scam (5)

MOHALI: Punjab Vigilance Bureau arrested a public distribution clerk of Punjab State Civil Supplies Corporation Limited (PUNSUP) for his alleged involvement in the embezzlement of wheat bags and other objects worth Rs 2.57 crore from a godown in Mohali last year. The accused has been identified as Gurmeet Singh, who was working as a clerk in PUNSUP, Mohali, and was absconding ever since a case was lodged against him in March. This is the second arrest in the scam. In October, a clerk named Sunil Kumar was arrested from Dera Bassi. Two other accused in the scam are PUNSUP district manager Inder Mohan Singh and clerk Rajiv Sood, who are still on the run. Gurmeet was arrested from his village Baroli on Thursday and was produced before the court, which sent him to two days’ police remand. The scam was unearthed in 2013 when a vigilance team raided a godown in Daon Majra village and carried out an inspection of wheat stock, in which 28,065 wheat bags worth Rs 2.37 crore were missing. Other articles worth Rs 19.82 lakh were also found missing. Inder Mohan was working as district manager during this period. When the FIR was lodged, an inquiry was conducted by additional managing director of PUNSUP. It concluded that Inder Mohan had failed to do his duty while being part of the fraud that caused loss of crores of rupees to the government. A corruption case was registered under sections 409 (criminal breach of trust by public servant) and 120 B (criminal conspiracy) of the IPC and section 13 (1) read with 13 (2) of the Prevention of Corruption (PC) Act at the VB Flying Squad I police station in Sector 68. The accused in the case applied for bail earlier this year, but the court rejected anticipatory bail. (Times of India 14/11/14)

99. G20 leaders vow to fight corruption (5)

Brisbane: G20 leaders, including Prime Minister Narendra Modi, on Sunday vowed to implement an anti-corruption action plan as part of a drive against the use of shell companies and trusts to engage in tax evasion and money laundering. “We endorse the 2015-16 G20 Anti-Corruption plan that will support growth and resilience,” the leaders said in a communiqué released at the end of the two-day summit. A set of principles for governments to follow that aims to make it easier to find out who is the beneficial owner of entities which are stated to facilitate hundreds of billions of dollars in illicit financial flows was unveiled by the G20 and contained in annexures to the communiqué. “Our actions are building cooperation and networks, including to enhance mutual legal assistance, recovery of the proceeds of corruption and denial of safe haven to corrupt officials,” the communiqué said. “We commit to improve the transparency of the public and private sectors, and of beneficial ownership by implementing the G20 High-Level Principles on Beneficial Ownership Transparency,” it said. The anti-corruption plan seeks to ensure investments by corporates or individuals and the details of it are shared between developing and developed countries. G20 host and Australia’s Prime Minister Tony Abbott said the initiative will be operational in the next three years. “My understanding is, it starts now and we will build up over the next couple of years,” he told reporters. “In 2014, corruption remains a very significant threat to global growth and financial stability,” said a G20 2014 — Brisbane anti-Corruption update, adding that “there is a clear link between illicit financial flows and company structures.” The G20 countries recognised that bribery imposes a heavy price on the public and private sectors with the annual cost of bribery estimated by the World Bank to be $1 trillion. The principles state that countries should ensure that legal persons maintain beneficial-ownership information onshore and that information is adequate, accurate and current. “Countries could implement this, for example, through central registries of beneficial ownership of legal persons or other appropriate mechanisms,” says the statement of principles. It also calls on countries to ensure that information is shared between domestic and international agencies, including law-enforcement bodies. (The Hindu 16/11/14)

100. Srinivasan cleared in IPL scam; Meiyappan, Kundra indicted (5)

New Delhi: In charges that could affect cricket tournament Indian Premier League (IPL)’s teams Chennai Super Kings (CSK) and Rajasthan Royals (RR), the Mukul Mudgal committee indicted the teams’ respective officials Gurunath Meiyappan and Raj Kundra of betting and confirmed their roles in their teams but it cleared N Srinivasan of match-fixing and scuttling the probe. The three-member committee, in its report to the Supreme Court, however, indicted Srinivasan, the International Cricket Council (ICC) chairman, for not taking action against a cricketer, whom it did not name, for violating the players’ code of conduct despite being aware of it. It confirmed Meiyappan was a team official (team principal) of CSK while RR’s owner Kundra’s “infractions violated BCCI/IPL anti-corruption code”.A provision in the IPL code of conduct says any team official found guilty of “bringing the game into disrepute” by betting or match-fixing could see his/her team expelled. The committee held Srinivasan’s son-in-law Meiyappan was involved in betting but not match-fixing. It questioned why the Rajasthan police had stopped a probe into Kundra’s alleged betting activities abruptly, after the case was transferred from the Delhi police. Further, the committee found IPL Chief Operating Officer Sundar Raman had known a contact detail of a bookie and had contacted him eight times in a season. “Raman accepted he had received information about Meiyappan and Kundra taking part in betting activities but was informed by the ICC’s anti-corruption and security unit chief this was not actionable information. He accepted this information was not conveyed to any other individual,” the committee said. (Business Standard 18/11/14)

ENVIRONMENT/ CLIMATE CHANGE

101. Focus on alternatives for coal-based power: Jairam (9)

Bengaluru: India needs to develop radical thinking in terms of renewable energy resources, former union minister Jairam Ramesh has said. Climate change has added a whole new dimension to our energy policy, the Rajya Sabha member said. He was delivering a lecture on ‘The Changing Climate for India’s Energy Policy,’ organised by National Institute of Advanced Studies and The Hindu Centre for Politics and Public Policy here on Monday. On the impact of coal use, he pointed out that over half of India’s greenhouse gas emissions (expressed in carbon dioxide equivalent terms) is from the power generation sector alone. With coal-based power generating sector increasing rapidly, these emissions are likely to increase further, he said. “We use about 500 million tonnes of coal to generate electricity and we have plans of doubling this by the end of this decade. It will be imperative for us to think of alternative forms of energy,” Ramesh said. Discussing alternatives, he said one option could be nuclear power, since atomic power plants emit no carbon dioxide or sulphur dioxide. “However, our performance on the nuclear power front has been disappointing. Forty five years after the first atomic power plant at Tarapur became operational, nuclear power still accounts for just about 3.5 per cent of the supply,” he said. When it comes to wind and solar energies, they account for 13 per cent of the total generating capacity. As far as hydel projects are concerned, even though they are non-polluting, they pose ecological challenges, especially when they involve storage dams and large-scale displacement of people becomes inevitable. So, a sensitive approach to hydel power was needed, he said, concluding that the country had to plan for much cleaner coal, while focusing on other aspects of energy policy such as use of biogas. India must play a significant role in the global climate change agreement in Paris in December 2015. (Deccan erald 11/11/14)

102. Rs1700cr OK’d for cleanliness drive (9)

Patna: The state urban development department has decided to launch door-to-door collection of garbage in the city from next month as a part of its cleanliness drive. The state government has OK’d a sum of Rs 1,700 crore for initiating cleanliness drive in the state. On October 2, CM Jitan Ram Manjhi had launched the ‘Swachh Bharat’ mission from Gandhi Maidan by administering oath to people to keep the city clean. Manjhi had praised PM Narendra Modi for launching the nationwide cleanliness campaign and appealed to all to make at least 100 people aware of the importance of cleanliness and devote 100 hours every year for this work. Talking to reporters here, state urban development minister Samrat Choudhary said the solid waste management treatment plant would be inaugurated here at Bairiya, on the outskirts of the city, on November 19. (Times of India 13/11/14)

103. Massive clearing of green cover seen in Aravalis (9)

NEW DELHI: Amid reports of increasing cases of leopards entering human habitats in and around Aravalis in Gurgaon and Faridabad, a fresh instance of massive clearing of green cover close to Ansals Retreat in Raisina area has now been reported. This has exposed how the local forest department has failed to detect and stop deforestation. Huge patches of land that had trees have become bald in the past two months and boundary walls have come up. These land parcels fall under the gair mumkin pahar (common hill land) and gair mumkin rad where no non-forest activity is allowed. As per Aravali notification of 1992, any non-forest activity including cutting of trees, construction of any clusters of dwelling units, farmhouses and any other activity connected with such construction in prohibited in such areas. “This area is frequented by wildlife and particularly leopard because of good forest cover. If the forest department fails to stop this, we won’t see these wild animals. There have been cases of animals straying out of the hills due to deforestation and getting killed,” said a local resident. A forest department official said they have received complaints of this major irregularity. “We have asked the local forest employees to give a detailed report on this. Prima facie it seems there has been deforestation in the locality,” the official said. In fact, even Google Earth images show certain patches of land around Raisina have been cleared of vegetation between March and August. Local residents said tree cutting has happened in the past two months. TOI has learnt that while the rate of farmhouse land in Aravalis – which still faces legal hurdles – is around Rs 80 lakh per acre. While Haryana laws do not prohibit buying gair mumkin pahar land or any other land in Aravalis, the rules are clear that such land in Gurgaon cannot be used for any other purpose other than maintaining the area as forest. (Times of India 16/11/14)

104. Drowning kills 372,000 people each year: UN (9)

A newly-released World Health Organisation (WHO) report shows that drowning claims the lives of 372,000 people each year, UN deputy spokesperson Farhan Haq said Monday. The WHO Monday released the global report on drowning: Preventing a leading killer, which reveals that drowning kills more than 40 people every hour and is among the 10 leading causes of death for children and young people in every region, Xinhua reported. Haq said at a daily briefing that the report calls for a substantial scaling-up of efforts and resources to prevent drowning and outlines several actions to be taken by both national policy-makers and local communities. “It also draws attention to the need to make drowning prevention an integral part of a number of current debates, such as climate change which leads to increased flooding; mass migrations, including of asylum seekers travelling by boat; and issues such as rural development and water and sanitation,” he added. (Business Standard 18/11/14)

AGRICULTURE/ FARMERS SUICIDES

105. How Met forecasts saved crops (20)

More than 200 agro-meteorologists from various parts of the country attending an IMD review meeting at Birsa Agricultural University (BAU) maintained that accurate weather and climate information passed on by the Met department had helped farmers in a big way. Addressing the 8th annual review meeting of India Meteorological Department, BAU vice chancellor George John said weather forecast-based agro-advisory services of IMD and Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) had made significant contributions to minimising crop loss due to adverse weather conditions, even while maximising agricultural output under favourable weather conditions. “Sometimes these services are under evaluated. We can just imagine the extent of damage to agriculture and human and animal wealth if such services were not available,” the VC said and asked agro-meteorologists to make such services available to all stakeholders at the shortest possible time. V.U.M. Rao, project coordinator, all India coordinated research project on agro-meteorology, Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture, Hyderabad, pointed out that although the shortfall in rainfall this year was 12 per cent with 50 to 60 per cent deficiency in agriculture-rich states of Punjab and Haryana, the yield was expected to be normal or near normal. The credit, he said, would go to weather forecasts and agro-advisories. S.C. Bhan, scientist, IMD, Pune, stressed that IMD was devising strategies for providing advisories to line departments and its managers at least 15 days in advance to ensure availability of required seeds and fertilisers to farmers. “Our services are aimed at meeting the challenges of food security, water security, climate change and variability in the country. We are also sharing our expertise with SAARC countries,” N. Chattopadhyay, deputy director general (Agrimet), IMD said. Shilpa Mehta, consultant, New Delhi, presented details of mKisan, a portal that provides information on availability of seeds, fertilisers, their prices, local dealers and other services to registered farmers through sms. Mehta pointed out that the farmers’ portal provided a one-stop shop for meeting all information on agriculture, animal husbandry and fisheries. Share on email Share on print Share on facebook Share on twitter More Sharing Services (The Telegraph 11/11/14)

106. For the first time, Pakistan to attend India’s biggest farm fair (20)

NEW DELHI: A farmer and industry delegation from Pakistan will attend this year’s biennial ‘Agro Tech and Business Fair’ which is to be organized by the CII in coordination with agriculture and food processing ministries from November 22-25 at Chandigarh. Though the delegation from Islamabad will comprise of only private individuals and industry representatives, it is the first time that such a group from Pakistan will attend the Agro Tech where they will attend country specific sessions and exchange notes with their counterparts from India, South Africa and Germany. This year’s Agro Tech is to be organized in the backdrop of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s strong pitch for improving productivity through “more crop per drop” (optimum utilization of water resources in agriculture) and use of scientific innovation in farm practices. Representatives from 10 other countries, including South Africa and Germany, will also participate in the fair. Ways and means to increase farm productivity, methods of water conservation and propagation of climate smart agriculture practices will be discussed among other issues concerning agriculture and farmers’ welfare. Pawan Goenka, chairman, CII Agro Tech 2014 and executive director, Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd said, “We aim to showcase the latest technological innovations which have potential to take Indian agriculture to the next level”.The fair will focus on policy issues by bringing all key stakeholders – governments, research institutions, scientists, associations, farmers and the industry – on a single platform and thereby helping in attracting higher investments in agriculture and related sectors. Asked to identify the areas which, he thinks, should be the priority of policy-makers to improve farm productivity in India, Goenka pitched for mechanization of farm practices, irrigation facilities to all farmers across the country and efforts to bring innovations in the field of agriculture from research institutions to farmers. The Agro Tech will also feature special ‘Kisan Goshthees’, a value added platform for farmers where scientists and experts will share with them the best practices in areas like protected agriculture & precision farming, climate change, water & soil management, use of solar energy for agriculture, organic farming and reducing pesticide usage among others. (Times of India 14/11/14)

107. Hike compensation for farmers’ suicides: MP (20)

AURANGABAD: Shiv Sena MP from Aurangabad Chandrakant Khaire on Sunday said the government should increase compensation paid to families of farmers’ who commit suicide from Rs 1 lakh to Rs 5 lakh. Shiv Sena leaders, including leader of opposition in state assembly Eknath Shinde and Khaire, recently visited villages, where farmers have committed suicide. Addressing a press conference here in the city, Khaire said the families are passing through a tough phase. “We have seen that the family members of the farmers are struggling for their daily needs. Most of them have lost the entire agriculture crop and are reeling under heavy debt. In such circumstances, the compensation of Rs 1 lakh is not enough,” he said. The Sena is also demanding a lumpsump payment of Rs 25,000 per acre for farmers who lost standing crops due to natural calamities. At present, the government offers compensation based on ‘paisewari’, which varies from place to place. Khaie said the Sena MLAs would raise the issue during the winter session of the state assembly. “We will also raise the issue in Parliament and compel the central government to provide additional aid to the farmers’ families. All Sena MPs will soon meet union agriculture minister in New Delhi and make him aware of the situation of the farmers in Marathwada,” he said. Shinde is likely to brief Shiv Sena chief Uddhav Thackeray on Monday about the condition of farmers in Marathwada region. Khaire said Sena MLAs would also meet chief minister Devendra Fadnavis and urged him to increase the compensation. Khaire said about 360 farmers’ suicide cases have been reported in Marathwada region since January 2014. “Many parts of the region had witnessed drought-like situation in 2012-13. The unseasonal rain and hailstorm this year further destroyed crops in many parts pushing the farmers in deep crisis,” he said. When asked, Khaire said the Sena is committed to fight for the cause of farmers irrespective of whether it is in government or opposition. “We have been constantly raising the issues of farmers and will continue to do so in the future,” he said. (Times of India 17/11/14)

108. TDP Lambasts TRS Govt on Ryots’ Suicides (20)

HYDERABAD: The Telangana TDP on Tuesday came down heavily on the TRS government, holding it responsible for the death of more than 500 farmers across the State since the government was formed five months ago. Members of the TDP staged a dharna at the Indira Park along with families of the farmers from Medak and Mahbubnagar who ended their lives due to crop loss. MLA A Revanth Reddy launched a broadside at Chief Minister K Chandrasekhar Rao and his Cabinet colleagues over lopsided policies and poor governance. “I do not want or intend to talk much about the CM. But, I am forced to talk due to his announcements and policies,” he said. He asked as to how the government is proposing to construct a highrise in Sanjeevaiah Park abutting Hussainsagar as it violates the court guidelines. “KCR is a nincompoop and a fool,” Revanth thundered. Turning his ire on the ministers, Revanth asked as to why none of them has bothered to visit the families of the farmers who committed suicide. “There can be no better nincompoops than our ministers. While several families are suffering with agony of losing their loved ones, these ministers do not have time to visit and console the families,” the TDP MLA lambasted. Alleging that the government is paying scant attention to the human rights, he said it has not bothered to announce the number of drought-affected mandals. He appealed to the farmers not to resort to suicides and vowed to force the government to release the amounts to clear their debts. TTDP floor leader Erraballi Dayakar Rao said, “It is because of his(KCR’s) incompetence the State is reeling under severe power crisis. While he is enjoying 24-hour uninterrupted power supply at his farm house, the farmers are left in the lurch without power.” Meanwhile, TTDP president L Ramana said they would raise the issue of farmers’ suicides once the suspension is lifted on 10 TDP MLAs who were suspended from the Assembly for 10 days. The leaders demanded an ex-gratia of Rs 10 lakh to the families of farmers. (New Indian Express 19/11/14)

LAND ACQUISITION/ DISPLACEMENT

109. SEZ: HC issues notice to Centre (4)

HYDERABAD: A Division Bench of Hyderbad High Court comprising Chief Justice Kalyan Jyothi Sen Gupta and Justice P.V. Sanjay Kumar on Monday issued notice to Central government in a writ petition filed by a resident of Kakinada I. Satyanarayana, whocomplained that the lands in Kakinada SEZ were being mortgaged. He said the SEZ has to be denotified. The complainant said thousands of acres of fertile lands have been alienated in favour of the promoter who is using these lands to raise funds for other commercial projects and no activity has yet been initiated here. The bench directed the Centre to respond to the issues raised in the writ petition. (The Hindu 11/11/14)

110.  ‘Land pooling’ to appease land mafia: Madhu (4)

THULLUR (GUNTUR DT), :Communist Party of India (Marxist) State secretary P. Madhu has said the proposed land pooling policy to acquire vast tracts of farm land was being done to encourage the ‘land mafia’, who were hell bent on destroying fertile lands and displacing hundreds of farmers. Taking strong exception to the land pooling policy, he said that it was evident that Chief Minister N. Chandrababu Naidu was keen on giving away fertile land to the corporate sector at the cost of farmers’ interest. “What is the legal sanctity for land pooling? Is there any law on it? What is the justification to acquire 30,000 acres of farm land to build a capital?” Mr. Madhu threw a volley of questions at a farmers’ meeting on Wednesday, after touring the villages in Mandhadam, Malkapuram and Thullur mandals. Mr. Madhu demanded that land acquisition should be based on Land Acquisition Act 2013 which had mandated that land owners would be the major stakeholders and that they should be provided compensation equal to 1,000 man days and Rs.5 lakh compensation and etc. “ We will certainly fight to safeguard the interests of farmers and will go to any extent and even file cases in courts,’’ said Mr. Madhu. Meanwhile, Tadikonda MLA Tenali Sravan Kumar on Wednesday visited the villages of Dondapadu and Neerupadu to pacify the irked farmers. (The Hindu 13/11/14)

111. Protest against smart city plan (4)

Imphal, Nov. 12: The Manipur government’s decision to acquire land at Haollenphai village — in Moreh town bordering Tamu of Myanmar — to set up International Township, a “smart city”, is facing stiff opposition from Thadou students. A “smart city’s” core infrastructure is information technology where networks of sensors, cameras, wireless devices and data centres form the key infrastructure-providing essential services. The Thadou students have urged the government to revoke the plan to acquire land for construction of such a city at the border. They have issued an ultimatum to meet the demand by or before November 18, failing which a 48-hour strike will be imposed on all national highways in the state. The Thadou Students’ Association (TSA) today organised a news conference at Manipur Press Club here on acquisition of 3,000 acres land at Haollenphai of Moreh, a border town in Chandel district of Manipur, for construction of a “smart city”. The vice-president of the students’ association, P.C. Doungel, said: “We have submitted a memorandum to chief minister Okram Ibobi Singh on October 21 demanding revocation of the land requisition plan immediately. However, we have not received any reply till today.” Saying that industries minister Govindas Konthoujam in a press statement had stated about acquisition of 3,000 acres of land at Haollenphai, the association sought a public clarification from the government. Doungel said if the report is false, the government must retract to the statement and offer a public apology. “If the report is true, the government must provide detailed information on the process of land acquisition and whether all the guidelines and rules of land acquisition have been complied with,” he said. The general secretary of the association, James Hao-kip, said if the government failed to meet the demand, the agitation will be intensified. The press statement of the union said if the government has acquired the land, the students’ association and the indigenous community would consider it null and void. “We will also consider it as a direct assault on tribal rights and the people. Together with like-minded organisations and public, the TSA will vigorously pursue remedial steps.” The students stated that they neither want nor need a “smart city” in their area. They said they want development, but it should not be imposed on them. (The Telegraph 14/11/14)

112. Land-losers remember Sister Valsa crusade (4)

Activism outfit Rajmahal Pahad Bachao Andolan members commemorated the death anniversary of Sister Valsa John, killed on November 15, 2011, with a people’s tribunal at XISS on Sunday to assess how the MoU signed by them and Panem Coal Mines Ltd in November 2006 over mining coal in Pachuwara, Pakur, is being implemented now.  Sister Valsa, a nun from Kerala, had been leading an anti-displacement movement against Panem in Pachuwara. Her murder was believed to be linked to her crusade. Roped in by Andolan members, The Research Collective, a New Delhi-based outfit shared with the people’s tribunal at XISS all the documents and testimonials it had collated to narrate the untold saga of Pachuwara on Sunday. Chandmuni Murmu (55) of Alubera panchayat, a land-loser, said how she had suffered. “My family got Rs 2.19 lakh as compensation for 77 bighas with 242 fruit trees. Women were supposed to get another Rs 2,500 a month according to the MoU. Now, the company gives us Rs 200 a month. We got peanuts.” Francis Murmu of Alubera added: “The company kept none of its promises. There are no schools and hospitals. More importantly, the mined land has not been given back to us in cultivable condition, promised in the MoU.” Sixty people from panchayats around mining areas in Pachuwara apart, panellists in the tribunal included New Delhi academic Bela Bhatia, Supreme Court advocate Prashant Bhusan, senior journalist Ventakesh Ramakrishnan, XISS academic Alex Ekka and economist Ramesh Sharan. The panel observed land acquisition in Pachuwara showed how Santhal Pargana Tenancy Act was disregarded. (The Telegraph 17/11/14)

113. Centre, Odisha committed to Posco project’ (4)

BHUBANESWAR: Union Steel Secretary Rakesh Singh on Monday said the Centre and the Odisha government were keen to see the South Korean major Posco‘s proposed mega steel project in coastal Jagatsinghpur district through. “Both the Centre and the Odisha government are committed to implement the Posco project. The land acquisition and other activities for the project are going on. We are very keen and confident that the project will be implemented”, Singh told reporters after a meeting here to review ongoing steel projects in the state, including Posco. The secretary’s comments on the controversial multi-crore mega steel project which has already been delayed by almost nine years has assumed significance in view of recent developments on the project front, including Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s assurance to South Korean President Park Geun-hey to extend all his support to the project. Modi assured Geun-hey when the two leaders recently met in Myanmar on the sidelines of Asean. The development prompted Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik to say that “all hurdles for the project would come to an end soon”. “I hope the prime minister’s assurance to the South Korean president would put the Posco project on the track once again,” Patnaik had said here recently. Just a few days before the Myanmar meeting between Modi and Geun-hey, Posco India managing director had also visited the state and held discussions with officials, including Chief Secretary G C Pati about the progress. Pati was also present at the Monday’s high-level official meeting chaired by Singh.  The state government has already acquired 2,700 acres of land for the eight million tonne per annum steel project in Jagatsinghpur despite opposition from a section of the villagers. The state government had also a few days ago sent its recommendation to the Centre to grant prospective licence in favour of Posco to mine iron ore at Khandadhar hills in tribal- dominated Sundergarh district which will be used as raw material for the proposed big ticket steel project. (Deccan Herald 18/11/14)

RIGHT TO HEALTH

114. Additional funds for tribal healthcare (3)

Attappady (Palakkad): The State government has decided to allocate an additional fund of Rs.2 crore from the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) for improving the efficacy of healthcare facilities in the backward Attappady in the face of alarming rate of infant mortality reported from the tribal families of the region. Talking to media persons after a consultative meeting with people’s representatives and officials here on Monday, Health Minister V.S. Sivakumar said the additional funds would be utilised for improving the health condition of pregnant and lactating mothers and newborns. Minister for Welfare of Scheduled Tribes P.K. Jayalakshmi and Social Welfare Minister M.K. Muneer attended the meeting organised in the backdrop of indefinite hunger strikes launched by CPI(M) Lok Sabha member M.B. Rajesh and CPI leader Easwary Resan. The NRHM allocation hitherto for Palakkad district was Rs.20 crore. The meeting was critical of the State government’s handling of the tribal cause at Attappady. It decided to enhance proper coordination among people’s representatives with regard to various welfare measures undertaken by the government. According to Mr. Sivakumar, Deputy District Medical Officer R. Prabhudas would be divested of his other charges to focus exclusively on Attappady. He said the Cabinet sub-committee would recommend to Chief Minister Oommen Chandy to depute two IAS officers for coordinating various Central and State government projects meant for welfare of the people of Attappady. Technicians would be posted at government tribal specialty hospital at Kottathara for operating scanning machines. There was criticism that lack of operators made scanning machines non-functional resulting in lack of proper care for pregnant women. A sum of Rs.50 lakh would be allocated to Kudumbasree Poverty Eradication Mission to take over community kitchen initiative started to prevent malnutrition and poverty in tribal areas. Two new vehicles would be made available for improving outreach of health workers during crisis hours. Under the Jathak Janani Programme, health condition of newborn babies and their mothers would be digitally compiled and analysed every hour. The Ministers urged the fasting Left leaders to end their strike as the government was ready to consider their demands favourably. (The Hindu 11/11/14)

115. Sterilisation deaths: Arrested doc pins blame on ‘sub-standard drugs’ (3)

Bilaspur: Chhattisgarh police on Thursday arrested the surgeon whose botched sterilisations claimed the lives of 13 women in Bilaspur earlier this week and will produce him in court. A woman (R), who underwent a botched sterilisation surgery at a government mass sterilisation ‘camp’, is moved to Chhattisgarh Institute of Medical Sciences hospital from a district hospital in Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh. (Reuters) Dr RK Gupta was on the run since the first deaths were reported and an FIR was lodged against him on Tuesday. The 59-year old surgeon, who was honoured by the Chhattisgarh government on January 26 this year for accomplishing a massive target on mass sterilisation in the state-run campaign, was detained at Baloda Bazar, about 70 km from Bilaspur. “He has been arrested today after he was detained in Baloda Bazar district. He will be produced before the court soon,” the Bilaspur inspector general of police Pawan Deo told HT, adding more arrests are likely to follow. Following his arrest the surgeon told reporters he has been made a scapegoat. “I am innocent. The health of the women deteriorated owing to the sub-standard drugs prescribed to them following the sterilisation surgery,” he claimed. Gupta, who had operated upon 83 women in six hours last Saturday at the Sakri health camp in Bilaspur, which would mean that he spent just two minutes per tubectomy, was suspended on Tuesday by the state government. While eight women died on Monday, three on Tuesday and one on Wednesday and at least two dozen others are being treated in various hospitals. During the campaign even women of primitive tribes, whose sterilisation is banned by government, were reportedly “coerced” to attend such camps. Twenty-four-year old Chaiti Bai, a member of Baiga community, died late on Wednesday evening following the botched laparoscopic tubectomy in the camp at Guarela-Pendra in Bilaspur. Bilaspur commissioner Sonmoni Borah confirmed to Hindustan Times there were two Baiga women among the 16 who were rushed to Bilaspur from Guarela-Pendra for immediate medical treatment after they underwent sterilisation operation. Amid reports that rusted equipment were used in the surgeries, a team of doctors from Delhi’s premier AIIMS hospital is in Bilaspur to investigate into the incident. The state government also banned the sale of four medicines which were given to the women after the sterilisation at different camps in Bilaspur on Wednesday. The drugs have been sent to a Kolkata laboratary for tests and analysis. The Indian Express reported that even after the botched Bilaspur surgeries, 26 more tubectomies were done in one hour at another camp.This happened at the Gaurela camp where  one woman died and 20 others reported post-surgery complications. (Hindustan Times 13/11/14)

116. Chhattisgarh sterilization deaths: Another drug company’s director arrested (3)

BILASPUR: Continuing its crackdown on suppliers of the suspected spurious drugs, the Bilapsur Police arrested the Director of Kavita pharmaceuticals in Bilaspur, Rakesh Khare, late Friday night. Khare is second pharmaceutical manufacturer and supplier to be arrested in connection with the botched sterilizations that have claimed 13 lives and left another 100 odd women ailing. The police has earlier arrested the directors of Mahavar Pharma Pvt Ltd, Ramesh Mahawa and his son, Sumit Mahawar. They all have been booked under Section 420 of the IPC. Both the companies are suspected to have supplied the antibiotic, Ciprocin 500mg, which were distributed to the women, post sterilization procedure. Traces of rodenticide, Zinc Phosphide, have been found in the medicines and are suspected to be the cause behind the tragedy. The state health department, which banned the sale of drugs of Mahawar pharma pvt ltd on Tuesday, has so far seized 46 lakh tablets including Ciprocin 500, manufactured by them from raids across the state. (Times of India 15/11/14)

117. Chhattisgarh government to adopt children of 14 women who died in Bilaspur (3)

Bilaspur: After the sterilisation tragedy in Bilaspur claimed the lives of 14 women, the Chhattisgarh government has decided to adopt the children of the women who died after the surgeries. The government has assured that it will make fixed deposits of Rs 2 lakh for all the children, fund their education and provide them health care till the age of 18 years. The decisions were taken at a high-level meeting chaired by Chief Minister Raman Singh at his official residence on Sunday. Each of these children would get a health card, which will enable him or her to avail of services at Apollo Hospital, Bilaspur till the age of 18. Meanwhile, an official of the Food and Drug Controller Administration has been suspended for issuing a compliance certificate to the firm that supplied the substandard medicines used in the surgeries. The move comes after the state authorities had said that medicines contaminated with zinc phosphide – which is used as rat poison – was used in the drugs which could have led to the deaths.

Chhattisgarh government to adopt children of 14 women who died in Bilaspur sterilisation tragedy.  Raids were also conducted by the state government authorities at the manufacturing unit of company that supplied the medicines where rat poison was found. The company has been banned and samples of the medicine have been sent to Kolkata, Delhi and Nagpur labs for testing. Raids were also conducted in medical shops across the state. Fourteen women died after undergoing surgeries on November 8 and 10. As many as 122 women are still undergoing treatment at the hospitals. (CNN IBN 17/11/14)

118. Infant mortality: Rural lag a worry (3)

AHMEDABAD: There’s good news for Gujarat on the Human Development Index ( HDI) front as the state’s Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) declined by about 25% from 2009. The state’s IMR, which was 48 in 2009, has dropped to 36 in 2013. IMR is defined as deaths of infants below one year of age per 1,000 live births. Official data released by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare revealed that IMR in 2013 was 36, which had dropped from 38 in 2012. However, the worry factor was that the IMR in rural areas is 43, while in urban areas it is 22. The decline in IMR in Gujarat in the last three years (2009 to 2013) is substantial. The reduction in 2010, 2012 was four units each, while it was two units in each of the 2013 and 2011, according to the Sample Registration System (SRS) adopted by the Union government. However, IMR in neighbouring Maharashtra was far better. Maharashtra in 2013 had an IMR of just 24. Dileep Mavlankar, director of Indian Institute of Public Health said: “The high IMR in rural areas as compared to urban areas is because health services in the state are still not reaching villages. There is poverty and malnutrition in rural areas hence one can see the difference. This is not the case in Maharashtra or Kerala. There may be rural hospitals now but the government is finding it tough to get doctors. However, in urban areas easy availability of medical services including doctors has resulted in low IMR.” Mavlankar further said that there is a need to strengthen neonatal services in the state in rural areas so that newborns are attended to when required. J P Gupta, commissioner of Health, Medical Services and Medical Education said: “The success is attributed to a series of actions. The most important of these is that institutional deliveries have gone up. Also, there has been regular follow-up on newborns’ health through e-Mamta workers. The government is also strengthening neonatal care at the district and taluka levels and special emphasis will now be laid on neonatal care. The 108 service has also helped bring down MMR as the patient is rushed to a hospital immediately. There are several other measures, including the Chiranjeevi project, which helped the government bring down IMR.” (Times of Inda 18/11/14)

HIV/AIDS

119. HIV+ man bites 8-year-old niece after failed rape bid (3)

MUMBAI: An HIV positive man has bitten his eight-year-old niece who put up a fight when he sexually assaulted her. The girl’s family is now spending sleepless nights, worried if the virus has been transmitted to the girl as well. The incident took place in Andheri on November 2, when the child was sent to the house of the 45-year-old accused to collect rent. The man, a distant uncle of the child, has known the family for over 15 years and has been living in the same neighbourhood; he had recently rented one of the rooms owned by the survivor’s family. As she entered the room around 11am, the accused locked the door and allegedly attacked the girl. But the child fought back, screaming loudly, which apparently angered the accused. “Enraged, he bit her when she tried to get away from him,” the child’s aunt said. “She still managed to free herself from his clutches and ran back home in tears and told us about her ordeal. She had bruises that were clearly visible.” The family turned even more distraught after the child’s mother pointed out that the accused was HIV positive and his first wife had died of HIV-TB. “A chill ran down my spine. We rushed to the DN Nagar police station where we were told to visit RN Cooper Hospital in Vile Parle without delay,” said the aunt, adding they went there, racing against time. “We worried that even a single minute wasted would take her close to the infection,” she said, adding Cooper doctors gave the child the first dose of anti-retroviral at 2.30pm and the medicine was continued for three days. “Luckily, the treatment was started immediately,” the girl’s father said. Cooper Hospital doctors first performed the mandatory baseline HIV rapid test to check for infection. The girl’s father said his wife and he could barely breathe till the report came negative. “This report is of little consequence though. We have been told the virus has a window period of three months to manifest itself. We never thought we would ever cross paths with HIV,” said the father, an auto driver. A senior Cooper Hospital doctor told TOI the child was immediately started on a post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) treatment for three days. “We have referred the child to Sion Hospital that has a full-fledged peadiatric HIV care facility,” the doctor said. At Sion, she will be put on a 28-day PEP regime. “The wound can be classified as mild to moderate.” Head of paediatrics at Sion Hospital Dr Mamata Manglani said chances of transmission in such cases are usually negligible. “But a lot depends on the wound, its depth and if there was any fluid exchange such as blood,” she said. Manglani added a PCR test could be carried out after a month to check the status, but an ELISA test after three months is mostly considered conclusive. The accused has been sent to the DN Nagar police’s custody. The police have also approached the KEM Hospital forensic department to examine the bite marks. The child started going to school from Monday. (Times of India 12/11/14)

120. Biggest recall in UK medical history as 22,000 dental patients face tests for HIV (3)

LONDON: In what is the biggest patient recall in UK’s medical history, over 22,000 people have been asked to return to a clinic for tests to see if they have been infected with blood-borne viruses, including HIV and Hepatitis C. NHS England said the “significant patient recall” has resulted from concerns over a dentist who treated patients in the Nottingham area. The dentist Desmond D’Mello used to work for the Daybrook Dental Surgery. The recall was sparked by concerns that D’Mello, who treated patients over a 32-year period, did not follow proper procedures. NHS England said that since June 2014, it has been working with Public Health England to investigate apparent breaches of infection control procedures by a single dentist, who was contracted to provide NHS dental services at the former Daybrook Dental Practice in Nottinghamshire. It said, “Our investigation demonstrates that acceptable infection control standards do not appear to have been followed by Mr Desmond D’Mello whilst he was treating patients at the former Daybrook Dental Practice. Immediate actions were taken to protect current patients once these apparent lapses were identified. However, this alleged drop in clinical standards may have put people at a low risk of blood born viruses like Hepatitis B, C and HIV. Therefore, as a precautionary measure, we are advising all patients who have seen Mr D’Mello to seek further advice on what action they may need to take”.The investigation team has also consulted with clinical experts in Public Health England, who undertook a clinical analysis of the potential risk to patients. Mr D’Mello has recently been tested by our Occupational Health Team and found to be clear of blood borne viruses. NHS said, “Based on this clinical advice, Public Health England has recommended screening for all patients who have been treated by Mr D’Mello. It is understood the number of patients affected who have been seen and treated by Mr D’Mello during his time at the former Daybrook Dental Practice is about 22,000, as he had worked at the practice for over 32 years”. (Times of India 13/11/14)

121. 4,600 people suffering from AIDS in city: Expert (3)

KANPUR: Deadly HIV/AIDS is considered as a stigma in the society but not many know that people of all sections are suffering from this deadly disease. Dr Ishwar Gilada, president, AIDS Society of India, told students during a seminar at Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi Memorial Medical College on Saturday. “People carrying this virus are from all sections of the society, be it Bollywood, doctors, advocates or engineers. It is wrong to stereotype one particular section. If you talk about the city, there are approximately 4,600 people suffering from the disease,” he said. The doctor said that the disease is common in youngsters between 20-30 years, with 50% suffering from it. And about 5% of the kids are suffering from it in the country. The main causes are sexual intercourse 96%, blood transmission 2%, mother to child 1% and other factors 1%.”More than 2.5 million Indians are in its grip with Andhra Pradesh leading the list. This is followed by Karnataka, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Manipur and Nagaland, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Bihar and Orissa. Government had come up with schemes to the sufferers. The affordable treatment options are anti-HIV drugs called Anti-retrovirals (ARVs) and low-cost patient care in Anti Retroviral Treatment (ART) centres. Awareness campaigns by the government and NGOs have also yielded good results,” Dr Gilada, who has been treating such patients from the past 25 years, said. Talking about the latest measures to control the disease, Dr Gilada said that a condom with a disposable cover had been discovered. “People throw condoms on roads or in open drains. This ups the risk of the disease in sweepers. Therefore, a team of researchers had developed a condom that comes with a disposable cover/wrapper. One can wrap the used condom and then dispose it of. This will help in controlling its spread,” he said. (Times of India 16/11/14)

122. Unique AIDS awareness feat (3)

LUCKNOW: In a unique feat, the Uttar Pradesh State Aids Control Society (UPSACS) and Indian Institute of Management-Lucknow (IIM-L) on Sunday made an AIDS awareness red ribbon out of condom packets. Touted as world’s largest mosaic with 20 x 9 feet in size, the organisers used over 5,000 packets of condoms to make it. Displayed at the IIM-L’s annual fest ‘INDEX’, the organisers have contacted the Guinness World Record authorities to get the attempt listed. The current record is held by the AIDS Control Society of Hong Kong which used 685 condoms packets to create the largest red ribbon. As per the Guinness World Records guidelines, the ribbon has to be in red colour on a blue background. “The idea is to generate awareness regarding AIDS and safe sex. That is why we have chosen condom packets to encourage its use…Inviting the Guinness World Records officials would have cost us much, so we have recorded the entire event and sent it to them for final judgement whether the record has been made or not,” said UPSACS Joint Director Sangeeta Pandey. In its Facebook post, IIM-L said: “The total number of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV) in India is estimated at around 20.9 lakh in 2011, 86 per cent are in the age-group of 15-49 years…INDEX attracts crowds through various innovative and interactive entertainment forums and provides a right platform for such a targeted campaign can to take place.” (The Hindu 18/11/14)

123. Harsh laws stifling India’s HIV response: Experts (3)

New Delhi: There is increasing evidence to prove that harsh laws and policies against drug use in India stifle the country’s HIV response, experts said Tuesday. “Unsafe injection practices along with low condom use are putting people who inject drugs at dual risk for HIV. We can only successfully intervene and reach those vulnerable and most at risk if we proactively address existing legal and policy barriers,” James Robertson, executive director, India HIV/AIDS Alliance, said at a national consultation on the disease here. The national consultation was organized by the India HIV/AIDS Alliance and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime to discuss the emerging challenges faced by India’s drug-using communities. Oscar Fernandes, convener, forum of parliamentarians on HIV/AIDS, said: “Enhanced collaboration between government, civil society and affected communities can ensure rights and health for people who use drugs, and we are committed for it”.Urging the government to meaningfully involve the community and protect their rights, Abou Mere, president, Indian Drug Users’ Forum and a leading activist, said: “Drug users are dying due to lack of treatment and care for Hepatitis C and overdose. Families are burdened with expensive de-addiction and rehabilitation options”.Worldwide 16 million people are estimated to inject drugs, and three million of them are living in HIV. In India, HIV prevalence in this group is 24-times that of the general population. Though progress has been made, the HIV epidemic continues to be fueled by the stigma and discrimination often experienced by drug users. Susie Maclean of international HIV/AIDS Alliance, said that the Indian government has to ensure that drug users are not end of the line as far as interventions are concerned.  In India, the lack of access to services can effectively be a death sentence for people who inject drugs. While some parts of the country, especially the northeast, have developed a range of services for this vulnerable population, most other states have few if any such services. (Business Standard 19/11/14)

 

 

Posted by admin at 19 November 2014

Category: Uncategorized

DALITS/SCHEDULED CASTES

1. Dalit killings: CM Fadnavis announces probe in Dalit murders (2)

Mumbai: Newly-anointed Maharashtra chief minister Devendra Fadnavis on Saturday asked state DGP to probe the gruesome murder of three members of a Dalit family in Ahmednagar district last month. Fadnavis told a delegation, which met him in Mumbai on Saturday, that his government will ensure that the case is tried in a fast track court. The chief minister asked the DGP to probe the matter and submit a report, an official told PTI after the state cabinet meeting. The CM also directed cabinet minister Pankaja Munde to visit the village in Ahmednagar on Sunday and meet the members of the family. Incidentally, the government’s response comes amidst protests by various parties. Maharashtra Navnirman Sena (MNS) chief Raj Thackeray visited the family on Saturday along with senior leaders of the party. On Saturday, Raj Thackeray announced a monetary help of Rs. 1 lakh for the family and also said that he would raise the issue with Fadnavis. Former state minister for EGS, Nitin Raut, had requested governor Vidyasagar Rao to ensure immediate arrest of the culprits responsible for the brutal killing of three persons from a Dalit family at Javkheda in Pathardi taluka of Ahmednagar district. He had also demanded the setting of a fast track court to run the trial in the case and called for long-term measures to avoid recurrence of such incidents. On October 22, in a suspected case of caste-based violence, three members of a Dalit family were killed and their bodies were chopped into pieces and thrown into a well in Javkheda. The three members, Sanjay Jadhav, his wife Jayshree and their 19-year-old son Sunil were found to be missing. An intense search operation was launched and the bodies were found in a mutilated condition. The incident led to widespread protests in the state and brought back memories of the horrific Khairlanji massacre where four members of a Dalit family were brutually murdered. (Hindustan Times 1/11/14)

2. Burglars rape newly-married Dalit woman near Pune (2)

Pune: A newly married 19-year-old Dalit woman was raped by two burglars in Hadapsar, 20 km from Pune, evoking strong condemnation by parties across Maharashtra’s political spectrum. The incident took place on Saturday evening in Wadki near the city’s Hadapsar area when the victim chanced upon the men attempting to break into her brother-in-law’s house. “The girl was married barely a year and was celebrating her first Diwali at her husband’s house. On Saturday, around 7 p.m., she had gone to light a lamp outside the house when she noticed that the door of her brother-in-law’s house right next door was ajar,” said Deputy Superintendent of Police (Pune Rural), Dr. Vaishali Kadukar. According to her, the victim chanced upon men wearing masks inside the house and raised an alarm. “The girl said she was first threatened at knife-point. Later, one of the men apparently banged her head against the wall and she fell unconscious. She was then raped during a power outage and later discovered by her husband, who works as an electrician, almost five hours later,” said Dr. Kadukar, adding that prima facie investigations revealed intent of burglary on part of the duo. Preliminary assessment of the police is that the crime may not necessarily be a caste-related atrocity. “We are not ruling out any possibility. At present, we are trying our best to trace the identity of the criminals and have launched a manhunt to nab the duo. We are confident the case will be solved soon,” said Manoj Lohiya, Superintendent of Police (Pune rural). The Loni Kalbhor police have booked a case against unidentified men under sections 376 (g) (gang rape) and section 392 (robbery) of the Indian Penal Code. On Monday, Shiv Sena leader Neelam Gorhe and Nationalist Congress Party MP Supriya Sule visited the girl’s house in Hadapsar. “I am appalled by this despicable act. The victim, naturally, is in a traumatic state. But she has passed her 9th standard and was able to read and understand the FIR lodged in her case. I hope the government brings pressure on the police to crack the case soon,” said Ms. Gorhe, speaking to reporters here. Demanding a speedy resolution to the case, Ms. Sule called for a fast-track trial of the accused. “The erstwhile NCP government in Maharashtra had fast-tracked the trial in the shocking gang rape of a photojournalist in Mumbai’s Shakti Mills compound. We likewise that demand stern justice be meted out by the newly-elected Bharatiya Janata Party and that the perpetrators be hanged,” said Ms. Sule. (The Hindu 3/11/14)

3. Dalits in India are poorer than Muslims: Government report (2)

Marginalisation of Muslims may have been the biggest political issue in the past decade, but the community is not at the bottom of the socio-economic ladder. According to a government report, Hindu Scheduled Castes (SC) and Scheduled Tribes (ST) are the most downtrodden lot in India. Worse, rural Dalits are facing more hardships, says the report. Over 44.8% of ST and 33.8% of SC populations in rural India were below poverty line in 2011-12 as against 30.8% of Muslims. In urban areas, 27.3% of ST and 21.8% of SC were poor, whereas economically backward Muslims stood at 26.5%. Even decline in poverty among rural ST population was the slowest. These statistics are the findings of the Prof Amitabh Kundu report which was submitted to the Union Ministry of Minority Affairs last month. The Kundu committee had been formed under the UPA regime last year to study the implementation of the Sachar recommendations which were aimed at betterment of the Muslim community. Dalits comprise 24.4 percent (16.6 % SC, 8.6% ST) of India’s population, while Muslims constitute 14%, as per the 2011 census. The difference in monthly average per capita expenditure (MPCE at the constant price), another indicator of social well-being, also shows that STs are no better than the Muslims. “The ST Hindus are at the bottom of the ladder in rural areas, followed by SC and then by the Muslims, their ranking remaining unchanged over the past two decades. In urban areas, Muslims figure in the bottom, and then comes the SC and ST population”, states the Kundu report. Dalit scholars blame the situation on flawed policies, reservation, and failed Dalit leadership. PL Punia, an ex-IAS and former MP and chairman of National Commission of Schedule Caste and Tribes, said, “The poor Dalits have no other option but to study in government schools which doesn’t take them anywhere. The government must scale up its efforts to improve education.” According to Prof PG Jogdand, social scientist and dean faculty of arts, Mumbai University, it’s the creamy layer that has been enjoying all the benefits of reservation since generations. “Hence, despite significant improvements in the past few decades, the disparity in the community is rising, which is alarming.” He also underlined the need of more income-generating efforts, especially in rural areas. “Government must start awarding projects in the rural areas to only those who have never got the benefit of reservation,” says Prof Jogdand who backs a revision in reservation policy that sieves out people on the basis of number of family members already availed the benefits. Prakash Ambedkar, grandson of Dalit icon Babasaheb Ambedkar, too is opposed to the continuation of the reservation policy. Punia however rejects the idea, “Even creamy layer has to compete to get into quota and jobs. Reservation policy must be continued.” While Ambedkerites like Dr Tushar Jagtap and Jogdand feel that the so-called Dalits leaders in India don’t actually represent the community and they hardly did anything for their people, Dalit leaders deny the charge. Punia claims, “Dalit leaders are doing their best. But definitely, best is not enough.”..  (DNA 7/11/14)

4. Activists block roads, highway to protest against dalit murders (2)

AURANGABAD: Strongly protesting the gruesome killing of three members of a Dalit family in Ahmednagar district in October, thousands of agitators resorted to a ‘rasta roko’ andolan in various parts of Aurangabad district on Friday. The agitators, under the banner of Panthers Republican Party, paralysed traffic movement at the city’s busiest square – Baba Petrol pump Chowk – for about an hour. They raised slogans against the police and the state government, alleging the administration of “going slow” on the matter. At Waluj, the Dalit Athyachar Virodhi Kruti Samiti members blocked the Aurangabad-Ahmednagar highway for over an hour. Various Dalit parties and social organisations extended their support to the agitation. The protestors here demanded the police “bring justice” to the family members of the deceased. Similar agitations were reported from Gangapur, where members of Dalit parties extended support to the agitation. On October 21, Sanjay Jadhav (42), his wife Jayashree (38) and their son Sunil (19) were brutally killed in Javkheda Khalasa village in Ahmednagar’s Pathardi tahesil. Their dismembered bodies were later found floating in a well. Sunil was decapitated and his body parts were thrown across a land plot owned by him. The Ahmednagar police remains is yet to crack the murders. Addressing a gathering here in the city, former Maharashtra minister of transport and prominent Dalit leader Gangadhar Gade raised doubt over the police functioning. “Three persons of a family were killed brutally but the investigating agencies are yet to crack the case. This is creating a sense of fear in the community,” he said. Gade alleged that “influential” persons in Ahmednagar were involved in the incident and that the police was trying to shield them. He threatened to intensify the agitation in the coming days if the state government fails to take concrete steps to prevent such cases against Dalits. “This is not the first incident when Dalits had been targeted. Ahmednagar district has witnessed many such incidents over the past few months, which reflect the casual approach of the state machinery Dalit matters. We have decided to continue our protest till we get justice. We are also planning to held demonstrations in Mumbai next week,” Gade said. (Times of India 8/11/14)

5. Two more Dalit MPs inducted in Modi’s Govt (2)

Chandigarh: Two of the MPs inducted in the Union Cabinet on Sunday, in its first expansion, are Dalits with strong Punjab connection, indicating the Bharatiya Janata Party’s move to strengthen the party base by wooing the community in the State. The development is significant as 30 per cent of the voters in Punjab are dalits.BJP MP from Hoshiarpur Vijay Sampla, and newly-appointed party’s State affairs in-charge and Agra MP Ram Shankar Katheria — the two Dalit leaders — have been given Cabinet berths as the Ministers of State. With them, the total number of Dalit faces in Narendra Modi Cabinet has reached five. The development has also given credence to the theory that the saffron party may go ‘solo’ to the next State Assembly polls in Punjab, scheduled to be held in 2017. First-time MP Sampla’s induction in the Union Cabinet has been hailed by the party leadership in Punjab as “good news for the State’s Dalit community”. In fact, party’s State affairs in-charge Katheria, during his first visit to the State after assuming the charge of new responsibility, has made clear the party’s intentions that it wanted to focus on the Scheduled Caste community in the State — which forms the major section. BJP high command’s move to appoint Katheria as State prabhari has been interpreted as its move to woo the dalit voters of the State. Sampla’s promotion to Cabinet has strengthened the speculations that all was not well between BJP and its ally, the Shiromani Akali Dal. The move came at a time when the BJP recently achieved clear majority in Haryana, with the help of Dera Sacha Sauda which enjoyed huge support in Punjab also.The political analysts believed that the inclusion of the two leaders in the Union Cabinet by the BJP national leadership would pay rich dividends and help the party in Punjab, especially if it wanted to go “on its own”. Already, the party leaders, including Katheria, had given enough indications that the BJP might go alone for 2017 polls if “Haryana like situation emerges in Punjab”.Sampla’s elevation, a dalit leader hailing from Ravidasia community, is also being interpreted as the BJP’s long-term strategy to cut away from SAD panthic politics. Fifty-three-year-old Sampla is not a major name in the State politics. His elevation is being attributed to his close association with the Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh and the strong RSS background. Sampla, a businessman, was picked up by the BJP for the Hoshiarpur seat in the recent Lok Sabha polls though he had not contested any election earlier. He began his political journey after being elected Sarpanch of his village and has also held several important positions in the State BJP unit including having been its vice-president. He also has been the chairman of Punjab State Forest Development Corporation and also the Chairman of Punjab State Khadi and Village Industries Board.Sampla is the second Minister in Union Cabinet after SAD’s Harsimrat Kaur Badal, wife of Punjab Deputy Chief Minister and SAD president Sukhbir Badal. Fifty-year-old Katheria, a PhD holder and a writer with books on social issues and Dalit upliftment, is in his second stint in the House of the People from Agra reserve constituency. In his first term as a Lok Sabha MP, Katheria was a member of several committees. He was a part of the Committee on Urban Development, Committee on Papers Laid on the Table, Committee on Petitions and also the Consultative Committee on Rural Development. (Pioneer 10/11/14)

TRIBALS

6. Tribals allege high handedness by ANF personnel in naxal affected areas (6)

MANGALURU: Concerns about alleged high handedness of Anti-Naxal Force in naxal affected areas of DakshinaKannada district came to the fore at the monthly SC/ST meeting organised by DakshinaKannada district police here on Sunday. AdivasiRakshanaSamanvayaSamiti, and DalitaHakkugalaHorataSamiti, Belthangady drew attention of Superintendent of Police Sharanappa SD to what they termed are outright atrocities by ANF on tribal settlers. Vittal Malekudiya of Adivasi Rakshana Samanvaya Samiti said ANF personnel visit tribal hamlets in Belthangady and put pressure on them to leave the forest and seek rehabilitation outside. Specifically pointing that ANF team lead by Mahesh was involving in such acts; Vittal said ANF personnel recently had entered Malekudiya hamlets when all the men there had come to the district headquarters to take part in a protest on forest rights. ANF personnel are also demanding keys to the only anganwadi at Kuriyadi, he said, adding that it is surprising to see the force don the role of NGO and carry out acts that a NGO headed by Ramachandra Bhat is doing in the area. ANF personnel also harass shopkeepers whenever youths from Malekudiya hamlets come to Belthangady for provisions keeping tabs on the quantity of items that the tribals are purchasing for their sustenance in forest. Shekar said while the tribals have no issues about ANF doing their duty, tribals and others who are spearheading their cause will not take it lying down if the force continued with their persecution of the tribals. “ANF is putting pressure on the tribals not to participate in any democratic agitations organised to highlight their plight,” he said adding such acts of ANF will only succeed in driving the tribals in to the welcome arms of the naxalites. (Times of India 2/11/14)

7. SH College Students Express Solidarity with Tribal Agitation (6)

THIRUVANANTHAPURAM : A group of journalism students from Sacred Heart College, Thevara, on Sunday came forward to declare solidarity with ‘Nilpu Samaram’ being staged by tribals in front of the Secretariat raising various demands. The students’ move comes in the backdrop of other protests like ‘Kiss of Love’ staged in Kochi. Flaying the double standards of the government in identifying pressing civil issues and also condemning the approach of the media which often failed to give deserving importance to the tribal movement, the students’ group came forward to highlight the 118-day-long ‘Nilpu Samaram’ of the tribals. “It is imperative to garner public support for ‘Nilpu Samaram’ as the government has terribly failed in doing anything substantial to resolve the crisis. “The media too is to be blamed because it has been highlighting other issues to create hype. So we found it necessary to stand up for the rights of the tribals whose woes are going unheard,” said Jibin, a student of Sacred Heart College and a member of the group. Meanwhile, the students’ group also declared solidarity with the ‘Kiss of Love’ protest against moral policing in the state. “We are not against ‘Kiss of Love’ protest. We have declared solidarity with the tribal agitation on the same lines as with the ‘Kiss of Love’ protest, as both of these struggles highlight social issues,” Jibin went on to say. Adivasi Gothra Mahasabha president C K Janu welcomed the step taken by the visiting students. (New Indian Express 3/11/14)

8. Activists express concern over Forest Rights Act dilutions (6)

NEW DELHI: Over 40 groups wrote to the Prime Minister and the Union Minister of State for Environment, on Tuesday, expressing concern over “consistent efforts of the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC) to bring out resolutions and executive orders in violation of the Scheduled Tribes and other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act 2006 (or the Forest Rights Act (FRA))”. In separate letters to the Prime Minister and the Environment Minister, activists, academics and members from organisations working on environment, human rights, Adivasi rights, forest worker rights, and women’s rights objected to latest order issued by the Environment Ministry on October 28, 2014 which takes away rights of other traditional forest dwellers. The letter says the Ministry of Tribal Affairs (MoTA) is the nodal agency for the implementation of the FRA and has the mandate to issue any clarifications regarding the Act. The Tribal Affairs Ministry had clarified in October on guidelines for diversion of forest lands for non-forest purposes, “that no agency of the government has been vested with powers to exempt application of the act (meaning FRA) in portion or in full. It is further advised that any action or process in consistent with due process laid under the Act would not be legally tenable and is likely to be struck down by the courts of law.” The letter said in keeping with the commitment towards inclusive and sustainable development and pro-people good governance, the NDA government will uphold the spirit and letter of the FRA. The FRA provides the opportunities for inclusive governance by giving the forest dwelling communities their democratic right to own, access and take decisions regarding their forest lands and resources, the letter pointed out. All the orders, resolutions and letters (including the one referred above) by the MoEFCC which dilute, violate, provide exemptions or in other ways weaken the FRA need to be withdrawn with immediate effect, the letter demanded. The Ministry’s order of October 28, 2014 violates the FRA in its interpretation of the Act which is meant to undo the historical injustice suffered by forest dwelling tribal and non tribal communities. (The Hindu 6/11/14)

9. Priority is to provide title deeds to the poor: DC (6)

Udupi: R. Vishal, who took charge as the Deputy Commissioner of Udupi district on Wednesday, said he would give priority to the issues of providing title deeds to the poor and ensuring the rights of tribal communities in the forests. Speaking to presspersons here, Dr. Vishal said that Revenue Adalats were being held in different parts of the district for this purpose. This will help to dentify and provide land to the poor. The poor were being given two to two-and-a-half cents of land to construct houses. Rs. 9 crore had been released to the district, two years ago, to develop villages affected by left-wing extremism. Already, Rs. 5.63 crore from this package has been spent for various projects like constructing roads and community halls. The remaining amount too would be utilised effectively, he said. As far as sand extraction and operation of stone crushers were concerned, the district was following directions of the government. “We want to ensure the protection of environment and also promote development. We want a balance between the two,” he said. An IAS officer of the 2004 batch, Dr. Vishal hails from Hubballi. He did his MBBS from Karnataka Institute of Medical Sciences (KIMS), Hubballi. He has served in many positions — Deputy Commissioner of Chikkabalapur and Kalaburagi districts as well Additional Election Commissioner of BBMP. Dr. Vishal took charge from the outgoing Deputy Commissioner S.S. Pattanashetti. (The Hindu 6/11/14)

10. Kodandaram for strong movement to protect displaced Adivasis (6)

HYDERABAD: Chairman of Telangana Joint Action Committee (TJAC), which spearheaded the movement for statehood to Telangana, along with the TRS, M. Kodandaram, has called for building a movement stronger than the one taken up for Telangana to protect the tribal communities being displaced by Polavaram project. Speaking at the 30 death anniversary of Communist leader Chandra Pulla Reddy, organised by the CPI (M-L) New Democracy here on Sunday, Prof. Kodandaram said Polavaram project was the best example of the collusion of corporate and political powers to exploit natural resources even at the cost of destruction of forests and displacement of tribal communities. Stating that exploitation of tribal areas was on in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana by suppressing adivasis, he said the communities needed the support of the entire society as they were not a position to protect themselves. He explained that the corporate interests had prevailed over the interests of farmers in Coastal Andhra in case of Polavaram project as it was designed to be the major component of proposed water way till Chennai and generation of hydro-electric power throughout the year at low cost. Had irrigation been the sole objective of Polavaram project its design would have been different and capacity small, the TJAC chairman said, adding that the system of EPC (engineering, procurement and construction) was introduced for the purpose of dictating all major projects by corporate powers and contractors with the help of political powers. “That’s the reason why we see corporate-politicians switching to parties in power regularly,” Prof. Kodandaram said. (The Hindu 9/11/14)

WOMEN

11. Discriminatory adjectives too amount to harassment (8)

Mysore: Using discriminatory adjectives, referring to a woman’s colour, size or any other features also amounts to harassment, as it psychologically affects a woman, said Sridevi, Family Court Judge, here, on Saturday. She was speaking during the inaugural session of a workshop held as part of the launch of a Special Treatment Unit for Women, at Cheluvamba Hospital. Besides such remarks, invading the privacy of a woman by checking the logs and messages in a women’s phone, even if it is done by her husband, would amount to a form of harassment, she said. “Women are subject to various forms of harassment, both at home and workplace. In a few cases, peers at workplace demand sexual favours, which remain in the closet. Women should come forward and report such issues, so that exploitation can be prevented in the future,” she said. She said, Karnataka was placed 13th in the country in terms of women harassment cases. Stating that the number of such cases were on a rise, she said, awareness should increase in the society, regarding womens rights. Women should come forth and raise their voice against injustice, she added. Speaking at the meeting, Revenue Minister V Sreenivas Prasad said, death penalty would be appropriate for persons guilty of sexual violence. “If a few people, who are guilty of rape, are hanged, people will fear doing such acts,” he said. Referring to the Nirbhaya incident, he said, even though the guilty have been convicted of the crime, death penalty is yet to be executed. The provision for appeal against a verdict is being misused in such cases, he added. (Deccan Herald 2/11/14)

12. State-wide agitation today to protest against sexual assault on girls, women (8)

HUBBALLI: Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad will stage a State-wide agitation on Monday to protest against the continuing sexual assaults on girls and women in Karnataka and to seek remedial measures. Addressing presspersons here on Sunday, national secretary of the parishad Vinay Bidare said that cases of sexual harassment, rape and murder of girls and women in the State had increased and the government had not acted to prevent their recurrence. Mr. Bidare alleged that the State Home Minister K.J. George had failed to control the situation and there were more attacks on women with each passing day. He said that the State government and the police were mute spectators in such incidents and there was no progress into the investigation of these cases. The parishad objected to the police using lathis against protestors seeking justice for the victims and said that the police should rather nab and punish the culprits. Mr. Bidare urged the State government to set up a ‘girl protection committee’ in schools and colleges and amend the law to ensure strict punishment to the rapists. (The Hindu 3/11/14)

13. Muslim cleric in Bihar opposes dowry (8)

Patna: A Muslim cleric in Bihar has opposed a demand for dowry and issued a fatwa against organising dinner or lunch with the money received from bride’s family. Qazi Maulana Mansur Alam, chief Imarat-e Sharia of Bihar Sharif in Nalanda district, has said it is illegal and forbidden in Islam to use money received as dowry in organising dinner or lunch in a reception ceremony after marriage. He said the reception party is a sunnah (sunnah is the way of life prescribed as normative for Muslims on the basis of the teachings of Prophet Muhammad) but for the past few years, people are following a trend of organising reception known as ‘dawate-walima’ after marriage, contrary to Islam. It has become an occasion to display wealth, he said. “Such receptions, organised from the money received as dowry, are totally forbidden and sinful in Islam,” Alam told a news agency on Monday. “Issuing a fatwa is a part of our fight against social evils like dowry and create awareness. It is a kind of social boycott to warn dowry takers,” he said. Alam said dowry is not allowed in Islam and Muslims are bound to follow it. Reception is a simple way for getting blessings from Allah but it has been turned into a worldly show, which is improper. “In Islam, credit or loan on interest is also illegal and forbidden,” he said. Early this year, Alam has declared that Muslim clerics would not conduct marriages of those who give or take dowry. “We have decided not to conduct nikah (marriage) for those who take and give dowry,” he said. It is only in Islam that at the time of marriages, a groom hands over to his bride a sum of money called ‘Mehr’, which is a token of his willingness to accept the responsibility of bearing all expenses of his wife. According to the Islamic jurisprudence, a woman married to a Muslim man has a right to get property or money which is called ‘Mehr’. (Zee News 3/11/14)

14. New Delhi 4th most dangerous city in world for women on public transport: Survey (8)

New Delhi: New Delhi has been named the fourth most dangerous city in the world for women travelling on public transport, a new survey has revealed. The survey was carried out by Thomson Reuters Foundation and focused on sexual harassment on public transportation systems in the world’s largest cities. Women were required to answer six questions relating to their safety: how safe they felt travelling alone at night; the risk of being verbally harassed by men; the risk of being groped or subjected to other forms of physical harassment; trust that other passengers would assist a woman being physically or verbally abused; and trust in authorities to investigate reports of sexual harassment or violence. (New Kerala 5/11/14)

15. Telangana to launch 24×7 helpdesk for women (8)

Hyderabad: As part of its efforts to ensure women’s safety, the Telangana government has decided to start round-the-clock helpdesk with toll free number 181 to address all complaints. Chief Minister K. Chandrasekhar Rao Thursday directed officials to start the helpline so that concerned departments can swiftly act on the women’s complaints. At a high-level meeting, he reviewed the measures being taken for women’s protection in the state as recommended by a panel constituted by the government. Voicing concern over use of social media for harassing women, the chief minister asked officials to explore possibilities of controlling social media as China and Gulf countries do. KCR, as the chief minister is popularly known, asked the officials to install CCTV cameras in crowded public places in Hyderabad to keep an eye on eve-teasers. The city police officials briefed him on the activity of ‘she’ teams and other measures being taken to tackle eve-teasing. The chief minister directed the police authorities to implement 33 percent reservation for women in the police force. He wanted the authorities to extend to the entire state the measures being taken for women’s safety in Hyderabad. A senior officer in every district will be given the task of implementing these measures. KCR said fast-track courts will be set up in all districts for expeditious disposal of cases relating to crime against women. Director Genaral of Police Anurag Sharma, police commissioners of Hyderabad and Cyberabad and some senior women police and civil officials attended the meeting. (Business Standard 6/11/14)

16. 40 cases of crime against women registered every day in Delhi (8)

New Delhi: Forty cases of crimes against women are registered every day in the national capital with offences of rape, molestation and sexual harassment in public topping the list. According to Delhi Police data, there has been 16 per cent increase in registration of crimes against women in the city with 11,683 such cases being lodged between January 1 and October 20 against 10,064 cases registered during the same period last year. Police attributed the rise in crime statistics to effective registration of cases after the December 16, 2012 gangrape incident. Recording of such incidents saw an almost 500 per cent rise.

40 cases of crime against women registered every day in Delhi There has also been a rise in number of abductions and dowry deaths with 311 and 131 cases registered this year respectively. Also, gender sensitisation programmes organised for the police personnel have played a vital role, they said. One of the key takeaways from the December 16 incident was that cases were earlier not registered due to reluctance on part of the victim and also at times on part of policemen. “It was mandated by an amendment in the year 2013 and also after a lot of debate that if a woman comes to a police station, she will not be denied registration of an FIR if she reports a cognisable offence,” Delhi Police Commissioner BS Bassi had said. Apart from that, there has been an increased awareness among women as previously fewer women would turn up at the police stations to file complaints. Till October 20 this year, Delhi has recorded over 3,450 cases of molestation, 1,024 cases of eve-teasing and 2,563 cases as against 2,544, 793 and 2,553 cases last year. There has also been a rise in number of abductions and dowry deaths with 311 and 131 cases registered this year respectively against 253 and 123 cases last year. However, registration of domestic violence cases has shown a slide with 2,370 recorded this year compared to 2,457 last year. According to police, almost 90 per cent of the cases registered in the last nine months had been solved and the culprits have been arrested. (IBN Live 9/11/14)

CHILDREN/ CHILD LABOUR

17. ‘Angels of Hell’ focuses on the dirty truth (14)

BENGALURU: “Do you know why your father used to drink? Because he used to have shit on his hands. To forget that, he drank.” That’s how Kiran, 12, son of a manual scavenger and a pourakarmika, consoles his girlfriend, Prema, when her father, also a manual scavenger, dies while cleaning a manhole. Angels of Hell, a 71-minute feature film, zooms in on the squalid lives of manual scavengers in our country. Through the eyes of Kiran, the film takes a sharp look at the exclusion – social and political – of dalits from society. Conceptualized, directed and produced by artist and social activist John Devaraj, the movie captures the true story of Kiran and his parents. It highlights the stark realities of sewer-cleaning and the problems faced by dalits who are forced to take up this job. In one scene, a scavenger enters a manhole to remove the muck after condoms thrown into drains block sewage flow and surface in front of a house. In the film, Kiran, a rebel, dreams of becoming an educated man so that he can liberate the dalit community from the menial job. Prema introduces him to dalit leader B R Ambedkar and his struggles to liberate the community. Leaving his gunny bag behind, Kiran joins Bornfree Art School meant exclusively for street, working and bonded-labour children. “In real life, John Devaraj is my Ambedkar. In the film too, it’s he who gives me education,” says Kiran, 21, who lost his father, a manual scavenger, to TB. He speaks in fluent English taught to him by an Irish girl who volunteered years ago at Bornfree Art School. John Devaraj plans to write to Prime Minister Narendra Modi on the issue of manual scavenging. “Swacch Bharat shouldn’t just be about sweeping our streets. Stop the evil practice of manual scavenging. There are at least 3 lakh toilet cleaners in Bangalore’s top hotels and companies who are bound not to step out of the washrooms for eight hours a day. This is ridiculous. Modi has to understand this,” says John. (Times of India 1/11/14)

18. Nearly 700 missing children still untraced by Mumbai police in three years (14)

MUMBAI: George Vincent’s brother went missing in Mumbai in 1991, but he and his family are yet to find closure. “It has been almost 25 years since my brother ran away after he was scolded for not going to church on a Sunday,” said Vincent, who now lives in Kerala. “The police never traced him.” On October 28, Siddhant Sudhakar (19), the first student with autism to clear SSC exams in 2011, goes missing from Kandivli’s Thakur Village. On November 1, he walks into his aunt’s Andheri home The city police are yet to trace 439 of the 2,892 boys and 240 of the 2,060 girls (below 15 years of age) who went missing between 2011 and 2013, revealed an RTI query. Worse, 0.6% boys and 0.2% girls, who had gone missing during this period, were either found dead or were killed later. The “still missing” figures, according to the RTI reply, have been increasing every year. In 2011, the police failed to trace 101 boys and 60 girls; the number rose to 153 and 72 respectively in 2012 and to 185 and 108 respectively in 2013, said activist Chetan Kothari, whose RTI query to the Mumbai crime branch’s missing persons bureau elicited the statistics (see box). Such cases are usually accorded low priority by the police who have to focus on maintaining law and order. “In most states, police do not even register an FIR; they just put the name on their missing people’s list,” said a former IPS officer. Former Thane police commissioner S P S Yadav said, “That’s why the Bombay HC has given elaborate guidelines, including publishing a missing person’s photograph and the declaration of reward, for tracing missing persons.” Kothari suggested, “Cops should react immediately when a missing case is registered and also set up a tracking system.” But Mumbai police spokesperson DCP Dhananjay Kulkarni clarified, “Missing complaints are seriously dealt with on priority. Every police station has a separate three-member team that gets updates and works on tracing missing kids.” According to the police, kidnapped children are forced into human trafficking, illegal organ transplant, begging and child labour; very few are abducted for ransom. Former IPS officer-turned-lawyer Y P Singh said, “Strife at home, parental pressure over studies and career advancement are the major reasons for kids to run from home.” Psychiatrist Harish Shetty said, “Families do seek help during such crisis, but they should first allow a counsellor to speak to their child if they think he or she is facing problems at home.” A study by NGO Childline conducted last year pegged the yearly average of missing kids in India at 44,475. It found that Maharashtra, with an annual average of 13,881, has the largest number of missing kids in the country. Among cities, Mumbai is the worst and Kolkata next. (Times of India 3/11/14)

19. Satyarthi proposes global policy institute for child rights (14)

NEW DELHI: Call it the Nobel effect. Nobel laureate Kailash Satyarthi on Tuesday mooted the idea of a global policy institute focused on addressing child rights to corporate honchos who expressed unequivocal support for it. The institute is envisaged to bring about international best practices and minds to address the issue of violence against children, whether it is trafficking, sexual exploitation, abuse, access to education and health or right to life. “We need a strong global policy think tank, an institution for children. A centre where we gather success stories and best practices from across the world and use them not just in India but everywhere,” Satyarthi said while addressing industry leaders at a CII felicitation function. He plans to enlist the support of PM Narendra Modi and other world leaders for the Delhi-based institute. The International Labour Organization estimates that 218 million children aged between 5-17 are engaged in child labour the world over. An estimated 13% children in India between the ages of 5 and 14 are engaged in child labour activities. Describing child slavery as the “cruelest form of violence”, Satyarthi said collective efforts were needed to improve society. Satyarthi spoke about the need for 4 Es: education, employability, entrepreneurship and efficiency, saying that creating an environment for entrepreneurship would give purpose to the youth. Captains of industry appeared floored by the child labour activist with Bajaj Auto chief Rahul Bajaj offering a blank cheque for the initiative. “I am willing to pledge whatever money is required… but the institute should be truly international,” he said. DCM Shriram CMD and CII president Ajay Shriram described the initiative as a great idea whose time had come. “This is the need of the hour. Mr Satyarthi has brought focus to the issue of children through his work and awareness and I think corporate India is ready to support it. It is important that work is done in the sectors of education and welfare to bring children to the mainstream,” he said. (Times of India 5/11/14)

20. Bachpan Bachao’s plan workable, told court (14)

New Delhi: The city government on Wednesday informed the Delhi high court that NGO Bachpan Bachao Andolan’s suggestions for eliminating child labour from the national capital were “acceptable and workable”. In view of the statement made by the additional labour commissioner of Delhi government, a bench of Chief Justice G. Rohini and Justice Rajiv Sahai Endlaw disposed of the NGO’s application seeking rescue and rehabilitation of child workers in the city. The court said that it would be passing a detailed order soon by also taking into consideration the suggestions which include that when a complaint of child labour is filed, immediate action be taken in 24 hours and maximum within three days if the number of workers is large (above 100). The NGO said, “Currently, complaints are pending for weeks and months, giving ample opportunity to the employers to move the child labour, making the chances of their rescue even more remote.” Advocate Prabhsahay Kaur, representing the NGO, also suggested that investigation should be completed within 45 days from rescue of a child so that necessary formalities for rehabilitation and compensation can be complied with within 45 days of rescue of victim. “Intensive investigation be conducted by the investigating officer throughout the chain of trafficking as the data submitted by the labour department suggests that 99 per cent of child labour in Delhi is brought from other states,” it suggested. The other suggestions include formulation of schemes “for providing incentives/scholarships; identification, rescue and withdrawal of all child labourers engaged or employed in begging or selling. (Asian Age 6/11/14)

21. New Forum to Fight Violence against kids (14)

PUDUCHERRY: The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) Countries have formed the South Asian Initiative to End Violence Against Children (SAIVEC). As an added measure to this initiative, each country is forming a National Action and Coordination Group (NACG). The Puducherry UT Group Formation Meeting was organised by Pondicherry Multipurpose Social Service Society (PMSSS) and Holistic approach for People’s Empowerment (HOPE) in PMSSS on Sunday. Prof. Sibnath Deb, Head, Department of Applied Psychology, Pondicherry University, Fr. Albert Thambidurai and Executive Director, PMSSS spoke on the Urgency of ending violence against children.Andal Damodaran, President, Indian Council for Child Welfare-TN explained the formation and structure of NACG. Fr. Albert Thambidurai and P. Joseph Victor Raj, were nominated as Programmatic Representative and Thematic Representative (Child Labour) respectively. Karthik, Sristi Village India and Chitra Shah, Sathya Special School were nominated as Programmatic Representative and Thematic Representative (Children with Disability) respectively. (New Indian Express 10/11/14)

MINORITIES – GENERAL

22. Uttarakhand govt plans to set up committee for minorities (7)

Dehradun: Uttarakhand Chief Minister Harish Rawat said the state government is planning to set up a committee to coordinate between different minority communities in the state so that their problems could be addressed in a better way. Addressing a mixed delegation of minority communities here yesterday, Rawat said Urdu and Punjabi academies in the state will be activated and their members will soon be appointed. He said the state government will offer all possible help if an NGO working for minorities comes forward to set up coaching institutes to prepare students from the minority communities for competitive examinations. Officials have been asked to implement schemes meant for the minorities with sensitivity, the chief minister said. Later, at a function Rawat said the goals of social justice can be achieved only if we work with the vision of inclusive development and help the deprived sections of the society join the process. “15 crore people across the country were dragged out of poverty under the UPA regime but still vast sections of our population have to struggle hard to fulfill their basic needs,” he said. Rawat said resourceful sections of the society have to come forward to help the minorities fulfill their basic needs. “So long as economic disparity prevails in society, the country cannot grow in the true sense of the term,” he said.  (Zee news 3/11/14)

23. Amnesty asks Pakistan to protect minority communities (7)

LONDON : Global rights watchdog Amnesty International has asked Pakistan to bring those responsible for the killing of a Christian couple, accused of blasphemy, to justice. “Those responsible must be brought to justice and the Pakistani authorities have to ensure at-risk communities are proactively given the protection they need. “This vicious mob killing is just the latest manifestation of the threat of vigilante violence which anyone can face in Pakistan after a blasphemy accusation, although religious minorities are disproportionately vulnerable,” David Griffiths, Amnesty International’s Deputy Asia Pacific said yesterday. The Christian couple was yesterday thrashed and burnt alive by a group of angry Muslims in Pakistan’s Punjab province for allegedly desecrating the Quran. The horrific crime was reported from the villages of Kot Radha Kishan of Kasur district, some 50 kilometres from Lahore. “This type of violence is fuelled by Pakistan’s repressive blasphemy laws, which add to the climate of fear for religious minorities. A mere accusation of blasphemy is often enough to put a person and their wider community in danger. “In this case, a mob appears to have played judge, jury and executioner. The blasphemy laws violate international human rights law and standards and should be reformed as a matter of urgency to provide effective safeguards against their abuse, with a view to their eventual repeal,” Griffiths said. Amnesty said that consistent failure by the government to tackle violence in the name of religion has effectively sent the message that anyone can commit outrageous abuses and excuse them as defence of religious sentiments. The Punjab provincial government has reportedly set up a committee to fast track the investigation into the killings and ordered additional police protection to Christian neighbourhoods in the province. “The local government’s response is encouraging but it remains to be seen what comes of the investigation. “The climate of impunity around violence against religious minorities in Pakistan is pervasive, and it is all too rare that those behind attacks are held to account,” said David Griffiths. (Times of India 5/11/14)

24. Major hike for minorities in budget, says government (7)

HYDERABAD: The state government in its maiden budget on Wednesday announced an allocation of Rs 1,030 crore for minorities’ development, which it said is twice of that made in 2013-14 in undivided Andhra Pradesh. “In an unprecedented manner, we propose to provide an amount of Rs 1,030 crore in this year’s plan budget for the welfare of minorities. This is a substantial jump from the notional provision for Telangana amounting to Rs 501.38 crore made in the Vote on Account Budget of the combined state for the full year,” said finance minister E Rajender. The allocations indicated the government’s emphasis on education with Rs 400 crore being earmarked for the Financial Assistance to Students of Telangana (FAST) and another Rs 100 crore for pre-matric and post matric scholarships. While Rs 6 crore was allocated for “providing coaching to students in Telangana study circles”, the government, for the first time, launched Best Available School Scheme for students belonging to minority communities. The scheme, with an allocation of Rs 2.8 crore, seeks to sponsor education of students in the city’s leading private schools. Minority Girls’ Residential Schools were allotted Rs 5.7 crore. The Centre for Education and Development of Minorities, with its nodal agency at Osmania University, was allocated Rs 3 crore. While the Minorities Finance Corporation, an agency of the minorities’ welfare department, was allocated Rs 9.2 crore, Rs 95 crore was earmarked for bankable schemes and Rs 12 crore for the Urdu Academy (UA). Unlike in united Andhra Pradesh, the new government chose to separate the allocation of Urdu Ghar cum Shadi Khanas from the UA even as it earmarked Rs 10 crore for the scheme. While the allocation made for the Telangana State Wakf Board was Rs 53 crore, the office of the Survey Commissioner of Wakfs (SCW) was allocated Rs 11 crore. The Telangana State Haj Committee was allocated Rs 2 crore. The Diaratul Maarif, a repository of books and other documents, has been given Rs 2 crore. Keeping with its earlier announcement, the government has earmarked Rs 100 crore for Shaadi Mubarak. (Times of India 6/11/14)

25. Minorities Panel to Launch Survey (7)

KOCHI: The Kerala State Commission for Minorities will start a survey to identify the problems being faced by Christian minorities in the state to begin welfare programmes and bring them to the mainstream. The Commission members said that neither the state government nor the Centre had tried to identify the problems being faced by backward sections within the minority communities. “Although they form a small group in North India, Christians constitute about 65 lakh of people in the state. The backward communities who are oppressed by the religious and government authorities are the ones we are targeting through the survey,” said  Commission chairman Veerankutty. The survey will include financial, social and educational situation of the marginalised sections under various Church groups. The members also denied allegations that the commission had spent around `12 crore and settled only 400 cases so far.  “We had spent only `1.21 crore as salary expense and `54 lakh for infrastructure and maintenance during the 19 months. We have heard around 2,000 petitions. some of them were sorted out on the spot and the others are being reviewed in order to be solved,” said Commission member Mariyumma. V V Joshy and Premachandran were also present during the press conference. (New Indian Express 10/11/14)

MINORITIES – MUSLIMS

26. Muslims in NE come under scanner over terror links (7)

IMPHAL:  In the wake of reports that some Muslim activists in North-east India are linked to some Islamic militant groups, security measures in most of the region was beefed up. Notwithstanding denials, most of the Muslim activists are under the scanner. Manipur Home Minister Gaikhangam Gangmei ordered an inquiry into the reports that some Muslim youths from the State had been taken away for indoctrination and training in terrorism. Though some Muslim activists in Assam vehemently denied it, some top cops said that Muslim youths from Assam are engaged in these activties. Over the decades, Bangladeshi nationals have sneaked into North-east India. Some of them are feared to be fundamentalists. Apart from blending themselves in Muslim-dominated areas they are settling in ghettos mostly along the Assam Nagaland border. Whenever there is an anti-foreigners’ movement in Manipur, the police raid specific places to arrest foreigners. Some of them have been sent to prison, while trials are going on in the law court in case of others. Sleuths of the National Investigation Agency have been visiting certain areas in Assam, Shillong and Garo Hills in Meghalaya since they suspect that some Islamic militants are hiding in the North-east after terrorist activities were reported in Bardhaman district of West Bengal. The NIA, local police and BSF personnel have been conducting raids in areas whenever they get tip offs. Khagen Sarma, the Director General of Police, Assam told reporters on October 21 that several Muslim youths of Assam had undergone training in terrorism in Bangladesh. There is support from the local populace, and the foreign funding has aggravated the situation. (The Hindu 1/11/14)

27. Bawana’s Muslims obey diktat, reroute march (7)

NEW DELHI: An alert Delhi Police on Tuesday managed to avert violence in communally sensitive Bawana in northwest Delhi where a mahapanchayat had resolved to not allow the Muharram procession to pass through the market. Residents of the JJ colony where most Muslims live rerouted their procession, thus avoiding any confrontation with Hindus. Nearly a dozen tazias—representations of the tomb of Hussein, martyred grandson of Prophet Mohammad—were carried through the colony’s streets amid heavy security. No weapons, including swords, were allowed although some in the procession were carrying iron bars. “The Muharram procession is a little subdued this year, but it is much better than confronting our neighbours. We are ready to make any sacrifice to buy peace with them,” said Mohammad Miyaz, imam of the colony mosque. The procession started around 2pm with tazias from different blocks assembling at the colony’s crossroads. Initially, women and children stayed away, but as the day progressed more people joined the procession. “There is an environment of fear, no doubt, but we have taken it upon ourselves to not allow any hooliganism and avoid any mistake that can trigger riots,” said Muzahir Mohammad, one of the Muslim leaders. On Sunday, a village mahapanchayat in Bawana had decided to not allow the procession to pass through their area alleging that the participants are violent and misbehave with women. The area MLA, Ghuggan Singh of BJP, and councillor Devinder Poni from Congress had supported the move. Columns of policemen had been deployed in the area ever since to avert communal violence of the type seen in east Delhi’s Trilokpuri after Diwali. “We never wanted to disrupt their religious ritual. Our opposition was only to the violent means used in it and the hooliganism involved. It is good that they understood and heeded our demands,” said a jat leader who did not want to be named. (Times of India 5/11/14)

28. Trilokpuri riots: Police were violent with Muslim women (7)

New Delhi: A complaint filed before the Delhi Minorities Commission has alleged that the action taken by Delhi during the communal riots in Trilokpuri was partisan and that male police officers had used force against Muslim women. The complaint was filed by the Social Democratic Party of India (SDPI) on October 30. It has urged the commission “to conduct an inquiry into the role and conduct of the local police of Kalyanpuri and Mayur Vihar Phase I, in light of the serious allegations and complaints of indiscriminate arrests, torture, beatings, high-handedness, abuse of power, discrimination and hostility towards the Muslim community.” Police had registered three FIRs in connection with the riots and arrested 32 Muslims and 12 Hindus. However, SDPI state secretary Azim Khan claimed, “We spoke to several residents from different blocks in the area. Muslim men were picked up not only from streets where violence took place but also their homes.” The four-page complaint consists of ‘testimonies’ of victims from Trilokpuri, like that of a Muslim woman from Block 27. The woman said that around 3.30 pm on October 25, around 20-25 policemen broke open their house and assaulted her husband and brother-in-law — a tuberculosis patient — and picked them up.” “Police also physically assaulted and abused the women and children in the house before dragging these men out…There are numerous testimonies of Muslim women being beaten and verbally abused by male police officers,” Khan alleged. Claiming that Muslim women continue to feel unsafe, the complaint stated, “It has also been reported in eyewitness accounts that Muslim women are especially vulnerable at this point and fear for their safety. This feeling of insecurity or apprehension of sexual violence is exacerbated in those blocks of Trilokpuri where there are fewer Muslim houses.” Chairman of the commission Qamar Ahmad said the commission is examining the complaint and has asked residents of Trilokpuri to share their experiences with its members. The three-member commission had also visited the riot-ridden area for restoration of peace. “We have not received the police version yet. We will carry out preliminary work and forward the complaint to police,” Ahmad said. However, a senior police officer who was part of the investigation denied the claims made by SDPI. “There has been no discrimination on the part of police while conducting searches or making arrests during the clashes. Also, there was not a single spot where female police officers were not deployed to quell the violence and disperse the rioters,” he said. (Indian Express 9/11/14)

MINORITIES – CHRISTIANS

29. Avoid polls during Pope visit: Church to Sri Lanka (7)

COLOMBO: The Roman Catholic Church in Sri Lanka said Monday that it has asked the government to ensure that the country’s presidential election does not conflict with Pope Francis’ visit to the country early next year. While a date has not been set, the government has said it wants to hold an election sometime in January. Pope Francis is scheduled to arrive in the island nation Jan. 13. The Rev. Cyril Gamini Fernando, the spokesman for the Pope’s visit, said the church has told the government that Francis won’t visit a country during an election campaign, and that there should be enough time between an election and the visit. The Vatican spokesman, the Rev. Federico Lombardi, said questions about the election were raised at the local church level, but not by the Vatican. “Here no one has said anything about doubts about the pope’s trip,” Lombardi said in an email to The Associated Press. “We’re going ahead.” During his visit, the Pope is scheduled to lead the canonisation Mass for Sri Lanka’s first saint, the Rev. Joseph Vaz, a 17th century priest. (The Hindu 3/11/14)

30. 43 held for murder of Christians in Pakistan (7)

Islamabad: Police have detained 43 people involved in the murder of a Christian couple by a Muslim mob for allegedly desecrating the Koran in Pakistan, a police source told Efe news agency Wednesday. The detainees were residents of Kot Rasha Kishan town in Punjab province where the couple was killed in a bricks factory and their bodies burnt in an oven Tuesday, police spokesperson Bin Yameen said. The police are searching for the factory manager for his alleged involvement in the killings. Pakistan’s controversial and ambiguous anti-blasphemy legislation punishes any disrespect towards sacred Islamic symbols, but it is often applied arbitrarily and on the basis of third-party testimony. The norm came into force during the British colonial period to curb religious clashes, but the reforms introduced in the 1980s by Zia-ul-Haq encouraged the extremists to abuse the law. The continuous strengthening of legislation and radicalisation of the country since the 1980s has sparked accusations of blasphemy and extrajudicial executions of alleged blasphemers, usually belonging to religious minorities. (New Indian Express 6/11/14)

31. Humanity humiliated by Pakistan lynching: Vatican (7)

Rome: A top Vatican official has described the lynching of a Christian couple in Pakistan as a humiliation for all of humanity. Cardinal Jean-Louis Tauran, the chair of the Roman Catholic church’s council for interfaith dialogue, said he had been profoundly shocked by accounts of the horrific death of Shehzad Masih and Shama Bibi. Shehzad, a bonded labourer, and his pregnant wife were beaten by a mob of 1,500 people then thrown on top of a lit furnace on Tuesday in a crazed reaction to rumours they had thrown pages of the Koran into the garbage. “How can we remain impassive before such crimes, justified in the name of religion?,” Tauran said on Vatican Radio, urging Muslim leaders in Pakistan to vigorously condemn the killings. “It is all of humanity that is humiliated,” he said, adding: “The first victims are in fact Muslims because these misdeeds give an image of Islam that is terrible.” (Zee News 7/11/14)

32. Catholic CM will end communal tag: BJP MLAs to Parrikar (7)

PANAJI: Some BJP legislators have strongly pitched for deputy chief minister Francis D’Souza’s candidature for the chief minister’s post as a Catholic face of the party during the one-to-one discussion with chief minister Manohar Parrikar over the selection of candidates for the top post. Parrikar said the party will decide on who will be CM based on the feedback. During the two-hour-long discussion with Parrikar to select the new leader of the party’s legislative wing, some Catholic and Hindu MLAs strongly supported D’Souza’s name for the top post. Of 21 BJP MLAs, six are from the minority community. The most vocal BJP MLA was Calangute legislator Michael Lobo, who told Parrikar that he feels BJP can set an example in national politics by appointing its first minority CM in Goa. He also said that this would send a clear signal that BJP cares for the minority community and can take along the minority community. Lobo also pointed out that Congress has always accused BJP of being communal and this would be a good opportunity to get rid of the communal tag by appointing a CM from the minority community as a natural progression. Agreeing with Lobo’s view, St Andre MLA Vishnu Surya Wagh said it is a good opportunity for the party to send out the right message. Senior minister in the state cabinet, civil supplies minister Dayanand Mandrekar, who recently said he wants to see D’Souza as Goa CM, said he will convey his sentiment to Parrikar that D’Souza should be made CM. Aldona MLA Glenn Ticlo said the deputy CM is very close to becoming CM. He said, “If D’Souza is made CM then we will be very happy, but if someone else becomes (CM) we have to support him.” Vasco MLA Carlos Almeida said he sees the no. 2 in government automatically becoming no. 1, “as it is a natural progression”.Asked about the Catholic MLAs’ demand to have a minority CM, Parrikar said, “The party will decide, based on all feedback.” (Times of India 9/11/14)

REFUGEES/ MIGRANTS

33. Cong did nothing for Jammu refugees for 10 yrs: PDP (13)

Jammu: PDP patron Mufti Mohmmad Sayeed today said the Congress-NC alliance government’s decision to approve a package for the refugees just ahead of the assembly polls was “ridiculous”, alleging that the parties did nothing for them in the past 10 years. Addressing a rally in support of party candidate from R S Pura seat Bhushan Dogra at Miran Sahib of the district, Mufti alleged that the Congress, during its 10-year rule at the Centre, had done nothing for the refugees, but just ahead of the elections it has approved a package for the refugees. “The decision is ridiculous,” he said. The Congress-NC government had on October 16 approved a Rs 9,000-crore financial package to be submitted to the Centre for the settlement of refugees from Pakistan-Occupied Kashmir (PoK) and Chhamb. The proposal includes providing funds to the tune of Rs 9,096 crore for payment of compensation as one-time settlement in favour of 36,384 families who were displaced from PoK and Chhamb areas. Taking a dig at Congress, he said “new administrative units were created at the fag end of the present regime just to hoodwink the innocent people”.Urging people of R S Pura to lead the ongoing movement for change in Jammu and Kashmir, Mufti said it was his desire to establish a system where every section of the society would get justice and equal opportunities for development and socio-economic growth. Asking the people to compare the three-year tenure of PDP with the six-year NC-Congress rule, Mufti said during the last six years system of governance has been totally collapsed due to misdeeds of those who are at the helm of the affairs. Mufti reminded that during its tenure the PDP-led regime had proved its capability of changing life of the common masses by treating all individual equally and providing equal opportunities to all sections of the society. “Although we had just 16 members in the Assembly, we had provided good governance to the people by streamlining functioning of all the wings of the government,” he said. “It was only during the PDP-led regime that governance consciousness was generated in the people of the state and the common masses had a taste of good governance,” he said. He said the PDP-led regime had brought transparency and accountability in the governance by strengthening democratic institutions in the state. He mentioned that during the PDP-led regime more than 80,000 youths were appointed as teachers under Rebar-e-Talim (ReT) scheme and more than 30,000 Anganwari workers were also appointed. “Not a single case of favouritism or nepotism was reported during our tenure because appointments were made with complete transparency and accountability to ensure that only deserving people would get jobs,” he said. He, however, regretted that the present regime has been brazenly indulged into backdoor appointments in government jobs. “The present regime has miserable failed to do justice with the people as it has not fulfil any of the promises made to the people during 2008 elections,” he said. “Corruption has crossed all limits during the last six years because there is no transparency and accountability in the governance,” he said, urging people to vote for his party in the upcoming assembly elections. (Deccan Herald 3/11/14)

34. UN refugee agency launches campaign to eliminate statelessness within 10 years (13)

The United Nations refugee agency on Tuesday launched a global campaign aimed at ending within a decade the problem of statelessness – a legal limbo for the more than 10 million people worldwide who lack a nationality and the human rights protections that go with it. The Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) partnered with the United Colors of Benetton to create the I Belong, campaign which aims to draw global attention to the life-long consequences of statelessness. In a press release detailing the initiative, UNHCR underscored that every 10 minutes, a baby is born stateless. Since they are not allowed a nationality, these children are often denied the rights and services that countries normally offer their citizens. Moreover, 27 countries currently deny women the right to pass their nationality onto their children on an equal basis as men, which can create chains of statelessness spanning generations, according to the statement. Statelessness makes people feel like their very existence is a crime, the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, Antnio Guterres, said in the statement, which noted that most situations of statelessness are due to discrimination based on ethnicity, religion or gender. We have a historic opportunity to end the scourge of statelessness within 10 years, and give back hope to millions of people. We cannot afford to fail this challenge, he added. In conjunction with the launch, Guterres, along with UNHCR Special Envoy Angelina Jolie and more than 20 celebrities and world opinion-leaders, stressed in an open letter published on Tuesday that 60 years after the UN first agreed to protect stateless people, now its time to end statelessness itself. Statelessness can mean a life without education, without medical care, or legal employment, the letter states. It can mean a life without the ability to move freely, without prospects, or hope. Statelessness is The open letter will become an online petition on the campaigns website, which, along with the creative content, was developed by Benetton. The aim is to collect 10 million signatures in support of ending statelessness within 10 years. UNHCR Special Envoy Angelina Jolie was among the first to sign the open letter. Being stateless means you and your children having no legal identity, no passport, no vote, and few or no opportunities to get an education, Jolie said in the press release. Ending statelessness would right these terrible wrongs. But it would also strengthen society in countries where stateless people are found, by making it possible to draw on their energy and talents. It is both an obligation and an opportunity for governments everywhere to put an end to this exclusion, she added. Additional signatories to the open letter include, among others, Zeid Raad Al Hussein, High Commissioner for Human Rights; Anthony Lake, Executive Director of the UN Childrens Fund (UNICEF); Helen Clark, Administrator of the UN Development Programme (UNDP); and Archbishop Emeritus Desmond Tutu. UNHCR also released on Tuesday a Special Report on Ending Statelessness within 10 Years, which highlights the human impact of the phenomenon, and a 10-point Global Action Plan to End Statelessness that aims to resolve major existing crises and to ensure that no child is born stateless in the future. Despite some progress, the report notes, new risks of statelessness have emerged as a result of growing numbers of major conflicts worldwide. The wars in the Central African Republic and Syria, for example, have forced millions of people into internal displacement or into becoming refugees. In addition, tens of thousands of children have been born in exile, and UNHCR is working closely with the governments and partners in countries receiving refugees on prioritizing birth registration for those children. While issues of statelessness remain politically contentious in some countries, in others ending it can be as simple as changing a few words in a countrys citizenship law, the press release notes. Over the past decade, 4 million stateless people have been able to acquire a national or have their nationality confirmed as a result of legislative and policy changes. This year marks the 60th anniversary of the 1954 UN Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons, which, along with the 1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness, provides the international legal basis for ending statelessness. As of 4 November, there were 83 state parties to the 1954 Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons, and 61 to the 1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness. Just three years ago, there were barely 100 States parties to the two statelessness treaties, the press release noted. (Sify News 5/11/14)

35. OHRC Directs Govt to Check Distress Migration (13)

BHUBANESWAR: The Odisha Human Rights Commission (OHRC) has asked the State Government to frame a detailed project report (DPR) indicating measures to arrest distress migration from Balangir district. Hearing the case of physical torture of a child labourer in Karnataka, the panel awarded compensation to the victim and asked the Government to conduct a study to find out the underlying reasons behind forced migration. The study must be held by a reputed agency, it said. “We suggest that a project report be drawn up for four blocks of Balangir to prevent distress migration. The project report should elaborate the steps to be taken for irrigation, skill upgradation and other livelihood initiatives of the migrant workers,” the commission said in its order. The Labour and Employees’ State Insurance department had submitted before the commission two weeks back that 52,047 labourers migrate every year from Balangir alone. Of them, 32 per cent are women. In 11 KBK districts except Malkangiri, migration is an annual affair. The rights panel said the study must be conducted in 10 villages of the worst affected blocks of Balangir while the sample-size should be 100 families. The OHRC recommendations said the study must dig out the socio-economic status of habitually migrating families and factors inducing them to do so. The study has to examine if the families have availed social security measures during 2012-13 and 2013-14. It should also find out if the children of the sampled families were accommodated in the seasonal hostels during the period. Human rights activist Biswapriya Kanungo, who had filed the petition before the Commission in connection with the child labourer torture, said the Commission’s intervention will go a long way in helping address the situation. The problem of migration has been compounded by illegal contractors exploiting the labourers. The department has acknowledged that at least 40 per cent of contractors in the State are unauthorised. In 2014, at least 3,044 licences were issued by the department and officially, 1,19,001 labourers were engaged by the contractors. Unofficial figures say over three lakh people, mostly from Western Odisha districts, head to Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka in search of work. (New Indian Express 7/11/14)

36. Myanmar is aiding trafficking of Rohingyas (13)

Myin Hlut (Myanmar): The small wooden boats leave the shores of western Myanmar nearly every day, overloaded with desperate Rohingya Muslims who are part of one the largest boat exoduses in Asia since the Vietnam War. Helping them on their way: Myanmar’s own security forces, who are profiting off the mass departure of one of the world’s most persecuted minorities by extracting payments from those fleeing. A report to be released Friday by the Bangkok-based advocacy group Fortify Rights, and reporting by the Associated Press, indicate the practice is more widespread than thought, with Myanmar naval boats going so far as to escort asylum seekers out sea, where larger ships operated by transnational criminal networks wait to pick them up. “Myanmar authorities are not only making life so intolerable for Rohingya that they have to flee, but they’re also complicit in the process they’re taking payments and profiting off their exodus,” said Matthew Smith, director of Fortify Rights. Rakhine state spokesman Win Myaing dismissed the allegations as “rumours,” saying he has not “heard of anything happening like that.” Over 100,000 Rohing-ya have fled Myanmar’s western shores by boat. (Asian Age 7/11/14)

37. Migration leaves behind ‘ghost villages’ in Uttarakhand (13)

Dehradun: After issues related to rebuilding the State in the wake of the June 2013 natural calamity, migration from villages due to lack of development has emerged as a major concern. Chief Minister Harish Rawat, speaking at a function to mark the 14th foundation day on Sunday, said people were migrating in search of work, leaving in their wake “ghost villages.” Endorsing this view, Governor Aziz Qureshi said: “The villages in the State, where 70 percent of the [1.01 crore] population resides, are devoid of basic necessities like healthcare and education. This is causing large-scale migration.” Dr. Qureshi said job opportunities must be created to stop this. Considering this trend, the State’s 12th Five Year Plan document says: ‘This [migration] reflects the absence of livelihood opportunities in the hills and yearning for a better quality of life. Dissatisfaction with jobs/lack of opportunities [is] creating demographic substitution in the hill region.’ Speaking to the media, recently, Mr. Rawat had said that the State had formulated new policies to address the issue of healthcare and education in the remote areas. These measures would stem migration from the hill districts and encourage migrants to return, he had said. Reviving agricultural practices, fencing villages, and development of meadows would be done, Mr. Rawat had said. “[In the years to come] there will be a drastic change in the agronomy of the hill areas. This is the Congress government’s action plan against migration and it will be executed on a war footing.” (The Hindu 10/11/14)

RIGHT TO INFORMATION

38.  ‘Poor using RTI to get things done’ (1)

NELLORE: In the findings of a field-level research, two Yale University scholars reported that a poor person in a Delhi slum had to make use of the Right to Information Act, 2005, to get a ration card without paying any bribe. At the same time, he was not the person to get this service faster as his fellow resident got it more quickly just because he paid a bribe to the authorities concerned. Thus it came to the notice of the Central Information Commission (CIC) that there were countless instances in which the common man was receiving deserving services by making a simple Rs. 10 worth query under the RTI Act. “Asking questions is an art. One should do thorough research before posing the question as any small mistake would lead to denial of right sort of information,” said Central Information Commissioner Madabhushi Sridhar. He addressed a gathering of UNESCO clubs representatives who arrived from different parts of the country to attend a training programme organised at the Vikrama Simhapuri University (VSU). Referring to the instance of Yale University scholars, Mr. Sridhar said that the applications made for issue of ration cards in the normal process were completely ignored by the authorities. When such genuine attempts failed in getting a government benefit, people could effectively use the RTI Act to mount pressure on the issuing authorities and resolve their problem accordingly, he added. Stating that questions concerning emotions and policy matters would not come under the purview of RTI Act, Mr. Sridhar clarified that public interest should remain the sole objective of an RTI query or else the information being sought could be made public without causing harm to personal safety of the people concerned. He informed that a woman, who was kept in the dark by her husband about his place of new posting in a public sector undertaking, could get the details by making use of RTI provisions. At first, the officials ignored her plea for giving details but they quickly fell in line after the RTI query was made. Mr. Sridhar said that in a recent instance, the CIC had made it clear that information about salary of an employee could be shared. This came as a big relief to the management of the APSRTC as they were receiving many submissions from wives seeking to know salary of their spouses who, on the other hand, were insisting on keeping it a secret. (The Hindu 2/11/14)

39. Panchayat members looted Rs 1.90cr, reveals RTI (1)

COIMBATORE: The panchayat authorities in Nilambur were not only looting the government exchequer by producing forged bills and unnecessary expenditure, but were also siphoning off panchayat funds under the name of fake contractors. RTI replies obtained by a social activist has revealed that five contractors were granted contract to carry out non-existent projects by Nilambur panchayat. By claiming Rs 9.09 lakh just for repair work of street lights to claiming salaries for bogus workers, the panchayat president, vice-president and another staff have allegedly siphoned off funds to the tune of Rs 1.90 crore. According to panchayat records, the civic body had paid money to Sri Ram Engineering Works, Charu Engineering from Tirupur, Sri Palani Andavar Earth Movers and Suganthi Traders in Coimbatore. But these contractors are not officially authorized to carry out projects in the panchayat. K Ramamoorthy, the RTI activist, who brought out the irregularities alleged that these companies don’t exist at all as there was no TIN number in the bills, which is mandatory. ”The authorities were also supposed to issue crossed cheques for payment to the contractors. But the panchayat had issued ordinary cheques. Bank records also reveal that the cheques were encashed in Nilambur instead of Tirupur ot Coimbatore where they said to be registered,” Ramamoorthy said. The RTI reply by a block development officer, Sulur, has revealed that there are 30 registered contractors authorized to carry out projects in Nilambur. ”But none of these contractors were granted contract,” Ramamoorthy said citing RTI replies. Yet another glaring example of irregularities in the panchayat was awarding contract much after the work was completed. An inspection by the district administration revealed that tenders for a storm water drain project were invited on July 16, 2012 and the last date for bidding was July 20. But the report by the inspection team submitted to the district administration found out that work orders were issued on July 10 itself. The RTI replies revealed that the panchayat had spent Rs 85,000 every month for purchasing bleaching powder and labour salaries that were claimed for 20 people when actually only 10 were employed. Insecticides worth 67 thousand was bought from three different companies in Gandhipuram, R S Puram and Thudiyalur but the cheque was issued to just one company. Collector Archana Patnaik said she would take action against the accused. ”We have issued a show cause notice to the panchayat president under Tamilnadu Panchayat Act. We will initiate action soon,” she said. (Times of India 6/11/14)

40. CBI probes Air India’s 68 Boeing aircraft order (1)

Mumbai: The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) is probing Air India’s purchase of 68 Boeing planes, the civil aviation ministry has said in a Right to Information (RTI) Act response. Air India had placed an order for 68 aircraft, including Boeing 737s, 777s and 787s, all valued at $11 billion in December 2005. While the then-civil aviation minister Praful Patel has denied any wrongdoing and said the decision to order 68 planes was approved by an empowered group of ministers and later by the Union Cabinet, the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) in its 2011 report faulted the purchase as it had a significant impact on the airline’s financial health. The CBI probe into the purchase of aircraft has come to light after Air India’s former executive director Jitender Bhargava wrote to the civil aviation ministry seeking files on the aircraft order. In a response to Bhargava’s RTI request, the civil aviation ministry on October 31 replied that the case was under CBI investigation and the CBI had informed that the disclosure of information may impede the process of investigation. Initially the Air India board had proposed the acquisition of 28 planes but the decision was revised and the order size increased. CAG had also questioned the hurry in placing the order for 68 planes. In its report, CAG said Air India was advised to revisit its proposal by the ministry into expanding its requirement of aircraft. Whilst the earlier proposal for 28 aircraft had taken two years (January 2002 to January 2004) to prepare and submit, the revised long-term fleet for the 50-aircraft plan was completed in four months (from August to November 2004)… (Business Standard 8/11/14)

41. Initiative to give more power to RTI (1)

Mumbai: A national-level initiative has been undertaken to impart more teeth to the RTI Act and provide legal assistance to RTI users and activists. Twenty-four units have been set up across the country, including two in Maharashtra (one in Mumbai and one in Nagpur) by Supreme Court lawyer and head of Human Rights Law Networks (HRLN), Colin Gonsalves, to offer services to RTI users free of charge. Advocate Kranti L.C. in Mumbai and Advocate Nihalsingh Rathod in Nagpur have been roped in to offer free services as part of this initiative. According to the former Central Information Commissioner, who pioneered setting up of the Mumbai unit, legal help available to RTI users and activists will address two major problems — threats and attacks while trying to challenge corruption and illegalities and the staying of significant orders from information commissions by courts. An RTI activist said, “Most RTI users do not have the resources to fight the stays that continue and information never gets revealed, or cases are lost since arguments for disclosure and upholding the decisions of the information commission are never made before the courts.” Another said, “This is a great step and opportunity for everyone in the country. This can help us strengthen the Right to Information Act and our democracy.” (Asian Age 9/11/14)

RIGHT TO EDUCATION

42. Notice to govt. on expenditure on poor students (11)

NEW DELHI: The Delhi High Court has issued notice to the Directorate of Education on an application by an association of private schools challenging a rule under the Right to Education Act relating to reimbursement of expenditure incurred on providing education to students belonging to economically weaker sections. The court was hearing a public interest litigation filed by a non-government organisation, Social Jurist, seeking grant of free books and uniforms to poor children admitted to private unaided schools. The association, which had earlier challenged the rule requiring the supply of free books and uniforms, amended its application while contending that the schools should get reimbursement of actual expenditure incurred on these articles, rather than the amount spent by the State government on the students in its schools. The application said while the expenditure on each student in private unaided schools comes between Rs. 26,000 and Rs. 34,000 annually, the State government had assessed it as Rs. 15,480 a year. A Division Bench comprising Justice B.D. Ahmed and Justice Siddharth Mridul asked the Directorate of Education over the weekend to file its reply to the extent of the amendment made by the association in its application and posted the matter for further hearing on November 18. (The Hindu 2/11/14)

43. ‘Angels of Hell’ focuses on the dirty truth (11)

BENGALURU: “Do you know why your father used to drink? Because he used to have shit on his hands. To forget that, he drank.” That’s how Kiran, 12, son of a manual scavenger and a pourakarmika, consoles his girlfriend, Prema, when her father, also a manual scavenger, dies while cleaning a manhole. Angels of Hell, a 71-minute feature film, zooms in on the squalid lives of manual scavengers in our country. Through the eyes of Kiran, the film takes a sharp look at the exclusion – social and political – of dalits from society. Conceptualized, directed and produced by artist and social activist John Devaraj, the movie captures the true story of Kiran and his parents. It highlights the stark realities of sewer-cleaning and the problems faced by dalits who are forced to take up this job. In one scene, a scavenger enters a manhole to remove the muck after condoms thrown into drains block sewage flow and surface in front of a house. In the film, Kiran, a rebel, dreams of becoming an educated man so that he can liberate the dalit community from the menial job. Prema introduces him to dalit leader B R Ambedkar and his struggles to liberate the community. Leaving his gunny bag behind, Kiran joins Bornfree Art School meant exclusively for street, working and bonded-labour children. “In real life, John Devaraj is my Ambedkar. In the film too, it’s he who gives me education,” says Kiran, 21, who lost his father, a manual scavenger, to TB. He speaks in fluent English taught to him by an Irish girl who volunteered years ago at Bornfree Art School. John Devaraj plans to write to Prime Minister Narendra Modi on the issue of manual scavenging. “Swacch Bharat shouldn’t just be about sweeping our streets. Stop the evil practice of manual scavenging. There are at least 3 lakh toilet cleaners in Bangalore’s top hotels and companies who are bound not to step out of the washrooms for eight hours a day. This is ridiculous. Modi has to understand this,” says John. (Times of India 1/11/14)

44. Child will now have to be six for Std I admission (11)

Your child will have to be six-years-old at the time of admission to Std I in schools across Maharashtra from the academic year 2016-17, once a proposal is approved by the Maharashtra government. The state commissioner of education is optimistic about the proposal being cleared in view of the confusion during admissions for 25% reserved seats under the Right to Education Act this year. For the 2015-16 academic year, the limit will be relaxed to five-and-a-half years. Commissioner of education S Chockalingam said in Pune that the move was to bring uniformity in schools, including those affiliated to other boards, for Std I admission. “In the first year of implementation, we will relax the age limit as schools and parents should not be inconvenienced. But, from the following academic year, the rule will be strictly adhered to,” he said. The lack of uniformity in admission age starts at the pre-primary level. This creates chaos during RTE admissions as some schools have two years as minimum age for pre-primary, while for others it is two-and-a-half to three years. Many schools rejected applications if the student did not meet the minimum age limit criteria. Educationist Heramb Kulkarni said the government had woken up late. “Strong implementation of the rule must be ensured so that the ultimate aim is achieved,” he said. Education activist Matin Mujawar said, “All schools must follow the policy so that parents are not inconvenienced.” (Times of India 3/11/14)

45. Panels to check ground realities in schools (11)

Bengaluru: Waking up to cases of sexual assaults reported in schools and other irregularities, the Department of Public Instruction (DPI) has directed Deputy Directors of Public Instruction (DDPI) and the Block Education Officers (BEO) to form three-member committees to check safety measures implemented in schools in their jurisdiction. The committees will be accompanied by two parents during inspection of schools. The department has listed out 19 aspects that the panels will have check in schools. Among those listed are school infrastructure, implementation of RTE Act and safety guidelines, and whether documents pertaining school affiliation are in place besides fee charged. Panel reports will have to be submitted online to the DPI by November 29, said a release. In another circular, the DPI directed the authorities concerned to initiate action against illegal schools under the Karnataka Prohibition of Admission of Students to Unrecognised and Unaffiliated Educational Institutions Act, Karnataka Education Act and the RTE Act. The department has urged the BEOs and DDPIs to furnish a report on this by November 10. In another development, the DPI has sent a Rs. 60-crore proposal to the government for installing CCTV cameras in 600 girls’ school and 6,000 co-educational institutions that have more than 200 girl students. There are 49,055 government schools across the State. “We have decided to install CCTV cameras in all girls’ government schools as well selected co-educational government schools in the first phase,” Commissioner for Public Instruction Mohammad Mohsin said. (The Hindu 7/11/14)

RIGHT TO FOOD/ HUNGER

46. NHRC Rejects Report on Starvation Death (21)

BHUBANESWAR: In a significant ruling, the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) has rejected the reports of Odisha Government on a starvation death in Brahmagiri area of Puri district  and directed the district administration to initiate action against guilty officials. The direction came after a complaint was filed by rights activist Akhand last year, alleging death of one Sagar Gochhayat (57) of Khandualpu village in Brahmagiri block on October 8 last year. His wife Simula is also allegedly ‘waiting to die’ in the same manner as she has been deprived of BPL ration card, old age pension and other benefits which they were entitled to. The death has been caused by the callousness of the district administration, which did not take any action, Akhand had alleged. Acting on the notices issued by NHRC, Puri Collector in September this year had submitted reports on the case. It stated that the victim was suffering from paralysis for about one month prior to his death. He was given benefits of Indira Awas Yojana (IAY) during 1998-99 and he availed rice under Antyodaya Anna Yojana. While no information was given in the report about the wife of the deceased, it was also silent on various aspects like medical treatment of Gochhayat and widow pension to his wife. “The grant of house under IAY or providing rice under Antyodaya Anna Yojana indicate that the victim was poor. The records of medical treatment of the deceased have not been placed on record. Consequently, the report does not inspire confidence,”  it observed. It directed Puri Collector to submit his detailed report in the matter within four weeks. The report shall inter-alia indicate the status of welfare schemes given to Gochhayat before his death and the status of welfare schemes given to his widow. “Appropriate action should be initiated against the delinquent officer, if any, in the matter,” NHRC ruled. (New Indian Express 4/11/14)

47. Bring more women farmers on board to eliminate hunger, M S Swaminathan says (21)

COIMBATORE: Father of the Green Revolution in India M S Swaminathan on Thursday said hunger and malnutrition could be eliminated by bringing more women farmers on board and creating more cooperative societies. Speaking at the inauguration of India Cares forum here on Thursday, Swaminathan said, “We have to increase our food production and ensure that it gives us all the nutrients we need. One important way to do that is by bringing women in farm areas on board because they are great biodiversity conservers.” “They intellectually contribute to farming by eliminating risks and creating variety,” he said. He also spoke about the importance of creating co-operatives in a country like India where there exist many small pieces of farmland. “The many milk co-operatives like Aavin and Amul are the reason the milk production in the country rose from 20 million tonne in the 60s to 140 million tonnes now,” he said. He said smaller farms need more organization and need to get together to afford scientific advances and implement new technologies that can increase its production. Wastage of food was also a major concern while trying to achieve the zero hunger challenge, he said. “The rich waste so much food because we don’t know good management,” he said. “In fact, the poorer a family, the more they spend on food. It is almost as high as 70% to 75% of their income,” he said. Malnutrition due to hidden hunger was also an issue, he said. “Hidden hunger is one variant of hunger which arises from lack of micronutrients. So there should be more awareness on vegetables like sweet potato and drumsticks which are rich in nutrients like beta carotene, vitamin A and other nutrients due to years of genetic modification and can easily be cultivated,” he said. Role of fisheries in food security also should be formulated and ensured by the government, he added. India Cares is a forum to listen, reflect and engage in action to serve the best interests of children. The forum has been created by the Mahatma Gandhi Institute for Leadership and Development. (Times of India 6/11/14)

48. Dalits in India are poorer than Muslims: Government report (21)

Marginalisation of Muslims may have been the biggest political issue in the past decade, but the community is not at the bottom of the socio-economic ladder. According to a government report, Hindu Scheduled Castes (SC) and Scheduled Tribes (ST) are the most downtrodden lot in India. Worse, rural Dalits are facing more hardships, says the report. Over 44.8% of ST and 33.8% of SC populations in rural India were below poverty line in 2011-12 as against 30.8% of Muslims. In urban areas, 27.3% of ST and 21.8% of SC were poor, whereas economically backward Muslims stood at 26.5%. Even decline in poverty among rural ST population was the slowest. These statistics are the findings of the Prof Amitabh Kundu report which was submitted to the Union Ministry of Minority Affairs last month. The Kundu committee had been formed under the UPA regime last year to study the implementation of the Sachar recommendations which were aimed at betterment of the Muslim community. Dalits comprise 24.4 percent (16.6 % SC, 8.6% ST) of India’s population, while Muslims constitute 14%, as per the 2011 census. The difference in monthly average per capita expenditure (MPCE at the constant price), another indicator of social well-being, also shows that STs are no better than the Muslims. “The ST Hindus are at the bottom of the ladder in rural areas, followed by SC and then by the Muslims, their ranking remaining unchanged over the past two decades. In urban areas, Muslims figure in the bottom, and then comes the SC and ST population”, states the Kundu report. Dalit scholars blame the situation on flawed policies, reservation, and failed Dalit leadership. PL Punia, an ex-IAS and former MP and chairman of National Commission of Schedule Caste and Tribes, said, “The poor Dalits have no other option but to study in government schools which doesn’t take them anywhere. The government must scale up its efforts to improve education.” According to Prof PG Jogdand, social scientist and dean faculty of arts, Mumbai University, it’s the creamy layer that has been enjoying all the benefits of reservation since generations. “Hence, despite significant improvements in the past few decades, the disparity in the community is rising, which is alarming.” He also underlined the need of more income-generating efforts, especially in rural areas. “Government must start awarding projects in the rural areas to only those who have never got the benefit of reservation,” says Prof Jogdand who backs a revision in reservation policy that sieves out people on the basis of number of family members already availed the benefits. Prakash Ambedkar, grandson of Dalit icon Babasaheb Ambedkar, too is opposed to the continuation of the reservation policy. Punia however rejects the idea, “Even creamy layer has to compete to get into quota and jobs. Reservation policy must be continued.” While Ambedkerites like Dr Tushar Jagtap and Jogdand feel that the so-called Dalits leaders in India don’t actually represent the community and they hardly did anything for their people, Dalit leaders deny the charge. Punia claims, “Dalit leaders are doing their best. But definitely, best is not enough.”..  (DNA 7/11/14)

49. Deprived of BPL Cards, 700 Families Languish in Poverty (21)

JAGATSINGHPUR: Despite several poverty alleviation schemes of both State and Central Governments, around 700 impoverished families of five coastal villages of Ersama block in the district are living in acute poverty after being left out of Below Poverty Line (BPL) list due to faulty enumeration for the last 17 years. According to sources, about 350 families of Dhobeijungle and 70 of Kochilabedi villages under Japa panchayat, 200 of Mahimadeipur and Mallipur under Nuadihi panchayat and 60 of Kanpada under Sompur panchayat are yet to get BPL cards. Besides, five revenue villages have not been included in BPL list. Sarpanch of Japa panchayat Anjulata Nayak said two revenue villages including four hamlets are yet to be covered under BPL list. Though the families have ration cards and voter identity cards, they are not able to avail various benefits due to lack of BPL cards, she added. Moreover, villagers of Dahibar, Jhatipari, Dasmath and Kholap, who bore the brunt of Super Cyclone  in 1999, are yet to be covered under housing schemes. Most of them are living in thatched houses and polythene sheds for the last 15 years, she added. Sources said though enumeration of the BPL beneficiaries was done in 2011, the list is yet to be finalised. Damodar Gayan (48) of Dahibar village said, “While poor families of neighbouring villages are getting 35 kgs of rice at `one per kg, we are purchasing it at `20 to `25 per kg from the open market.” Zilla Parishad member Sarada Prasad Jena claimed that several persons hailing from impoverished families have died due to starvation and malnourishment. “Officials have been constantly denying that they died due to starvation,” he alleged. Sarpanch of Sompur panchyat Henarani Swain said despite not having BPL cards, poor families are provided rice and old age pension to avoid starvation death. When contacted, Ersama BDO Subodha Acharya admitted that some families have been excluded from the BPL list and are living in acute poverty. He, however, refuted the allegation of starvation deaths. “But the district administration does not have the power to include their names in BPL list,” he added. (New Indian Express 10/11/14)

LABOUR/ MGNREGA

50. Govt may downsize MGNREGA to boost scheme impact on the poor (14)

New Delhi: Finance minister Arun Jaitley had allocated about Rs. 33,351 crore for Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGA) in his budget this July but many believe that the huge expenditure was not resulting in the desired outcome because of its expansive spread. The MGNREGA covers entire rural India spread over 6,600 blocks irrespective of whether there was demand for work or not. The government wants to change this and is looking at focusing on implementing the job guarantee scheme in about 2,500 blocks, where India’s poorest live. “It is one of the proposals being discussed for the next Union budget as a measure to improve impact of public expenditure,” a senior government official told HT, adding that it would be discussed with the rural development ministry officials soon. This was also an idea pushed by the Planning Commission when MGNREGA was conceived. The scheme was initially implemented in the 200 poorest districts in 2006 but within the next few years it was expanded to entire rural India. The panel’s call to make it more outcome-oriented failed to cut ice with the UPA government even though the work provided to a household in a year reduced from about 70 days to 31.6 days in 2014-15. The law provided for maximum of 100 days of work for a household at a rate prescribed by the Centre, which was not met even in the poorest of the districts. Sources say PM Modi is keen to ensure that MGNREGA turns into a poverty alleviation scheme by creating assets that can improve agriculture productivity rather than only being a social security mechanism. “Data has shown that the scheme is not of much use in the rich states of Punjab or Haryana. But, it can do wonders in poorer states such as Jharkhand or Odisha if its implementation is improved,” an official said. For that, the government wants to adopt more micro block-level approach instead of the present district-level implementation. (Hindustan Times 1/11/14)

51. More contract workers to gain EPFO benefits (14)

NEW DELHI: The labour ministry plans to extend the coverage of social security benefits under the Employees’ Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO) to a larger number of construction and contract workers, a move that is in line with the series of labour reforms initiated by the government. EPFO, a statutory body under the labour ministry, recently set up two sub-committees to study the gaps in coverage of construction and contract workers in the country under the EPFO net and suggest ways to extend its coverage. According to a senior government official, the two committees will identify all the eligible workers, who are not yet covered, and suggest ways to provide them benefits under the EPFO. There are 45 million construction workers in the country, which makes the sector the third largest employer in the unorgansied or informal sector. Most of these workers are migrants. Contract or temporary workers account for 28.8 million people in the formal/organsied sector. They are deprived of benefits like provident fund, minimum wages, gratuity and pension. Besides, out of the total 397.4 million Indian workforce, 49.7 million are employed in the formal sector while 347.7 million are in the informal sector, thus deprived of all social security benefits that they would have been entitled to had they been under the EPFO umbrella. A recent study by the Indian Staffing Federation showed that hiring of temporary workers is on the rise in government with 43% or 12.3 million of the total workforce in the government sector engaged in temporary jobs. “At least 6.9 million of this are engaged in flagship programmes of the government and are deprived of minimum wages with limited to nil social security cover,” ISF had found. “Most short-term contract holders primarily receive a consolidated wage/salary with no additional contribution,” the report had said. (The Economic Times 4/11/14)

52. CPI-M to protest against MGNREGA fund cuts (14)

Agartala: The CPI-M will organise demonstrations across the country, including at parliament house in New Delhi Nov 26, to protest against the curtailment of MGNREGA rural job scheme by the central government, a party leader said here Thursday. Tripura Chief Minister and CPI-M politburo member Manik Sarkar said he will lead the protests in front of the parliament in New Delhi. “The CPI-M members will organise mass demonstrations in front of the central government offices across the country to protest against the steps taken by the union government to curtail and dilute MGNREGA,” CPI-M central committee member Bijan Dhar said. He said curtailing MGNREGA (Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act) and its impact on the rural population is a “burning issue in the country now” In a letter to Prime Minister Narendra Modi recently, Sarkar urged him to restore the funds cut under MGNREGA for Tripura. He said although MGNREGA was implemented most successfully in Tripura, with 87 days of work per household in the 2013-14 fiscal against the national average of 45 days, the state’s allocation had been sharply reduced for the current fiscal (2014-15). “The unemployed and uneducated rural people, including tribals, minorities, scheduled caste, other backward communities and women, would be affected due to the reduction of funds under MGNREGA,” Sarkar said in his letter. (Business Standard 6/11/14)

53. 30 Per Cent Office Heads in Cuttack Not Aware of Women Laws (14)

CUTTACK: A large number of institutions here having more than 10 employees are not aware of the laws protecting women at workforce, according to a recent study by a social organisation. About 30 per cent heads of offices both in organised and unorganised sectors are not aware of the Visakha Guidelines-1997 of the Supreme Court or the subsequent Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplaces (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act of 2013. Among them who were aware of such laws, only 32 per cent have formed the mandatory Internal Complaint Committee (ICC) in their offices to look into the complaints of sexual harassment of women employees. These upsetting statistics are shown in a survey conducted in about hundred institutions located in the city by social organisation ‘Project Swarajya’ to study the condition of women employees and the status of complaint committees. Project Swarajya Secretary Dolly Dash said the survey showed many offices even headed by women employees were neither aware of existence of such laws nor had taken the mandatory step to form the ICCs in their offices. “Lack of legal consciousness and not properly understanding the laws which protect them, the women workforce in our society are suffering a lot,” Dash said, adding, due to absence of favourable workplaces, women productivity was not encouraging in our country. Out of the 24 institutions, which have formed the ICC in the city, only four have registered sexual harassment cases over these years and investigated all of them. These four institutions together had registered 26 cases, of which 23 were settled amicably while the remaining three were referred to police. Of the 68 per cent of the institutions which have not formed ICC, a whopping 45 per cent of them said they were not aware of it and 30 per cent insincere. Six per cent said they had not formed ICC because they did not have any women employees and for eight per cent it had not been necessitated as no complaint was made yet, as per the study. (New Indian Express 9/11/14)

RESERVATION

54. Political reservation demanded for Muslims (25)

Bangalore: The All India Sunni Jameyatul Ulema general secretary Sheikh Aboobacker Ahmed Musliyar has demanded political reservation for Muslims in Karnataka. Musliyar told reporters here on Friday that he would submit a memorandum in this regard to Chief Minister Siddaramaiah in Mangalore on Sunday. Siddaramaiah and Kerala Chief Minister Oommen Chandy are said to attend a mega rally being organised by the Sunni Management Association (SMA) and the Sunni Students’ Federation (SSF) in the port city. Congress leader and deputy chairman of the State Planning Board C M Ibrahim, who also spoke to the media on the occasion, said that providing reservation to Muslims was yet to be discussed within the government. “If the government agrees to the demand, we will never say no,” he said. SSF leaders assert that Muslims are underrepresented in the political sphere and hence should be granted reservation. According to Ibrahim, SMA will also submit a memorandum to the chief minister demanding a ban on the sale of liquor in Karnataka, on the lines of Kerala. (Deccan Herald 1/11/14)

55. RTE quota mooted for transgender persons (25)

BENGALURU: If all goes as per the Department of Public Instruction’s (DPI) plan, from the next academic year, transgender persons can avail themselves of seats under the RTE reservation quota in private schools. The DPI will send a proposal to the government to include transgender persons under the disadvantaged group so that they can be granted admission under the 25 per cent reservation quota at the first instance. At present, only orphans, children living with HIV, special-needs children, and migrant or street children can avail themselves of the benefit. The move has been mooted by the department after the Supreme Court judgment in April 2014 recognised transgender as the third gender and directed the Centre and States to initiate steps to treat transgender persons as socially and educationally backward classes, and extend reservation for admission in educational institutions and for public appointments. Commissioner for Public Instruction Mohammad Mohsin said the department would also amend the Karnataka Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Rules to make sure that transgender persons between the ages of 6 and 14 can avail themselves of education in all schools. “We do not want to restrict the rights of transgenders to just the 25 per cent reservation quota. We want to extend it in all schools,” Mr. Mohsin said. However, sources in the department said that as the amendment of rules may take time, the department was planning to modify the Government Order which specifies who are eligible to avail themselves of reservation under the quota. (The Hindu 3/11/14)

56. 69% quota: SC notice to Tamil Nadu (25)

NEW DELHI: The Supreme Court on Wednesday issued notice to the Tamil Nadu government on a petition filed by two aspiring medical students challenging the State’s 69 per cent reservation policy in educational institutions and government jobs, saying it violated their fundamental right to education. The petition questioned the State legislature’s competence to pass the Tamil Nadu Backward Classes, Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribes (Reservation of seats in educational institutions and appointments or posts in the service under the state) Act, 1993 (Act 45 of 1994). The students, Sahitya K and Ganapathinarayanan L, told the Supreme Court that, had it not been for the 69 per cent reservation, they would have secured seats in a medical college in Chennai with their high marks. “It is a question of the lives and careers of two young students,” G. Sivabalamurugan, their counsel, submitted before a Bench led by Justice Dipak Misra. The Bench listed the case for hearing on November 14. In their petition, the students questioned the competence of the Tamil Nadu legislature to venture beyond the 50 per cent reservation prescribed by the Supreme Court in the Indira Sawhney majority judgment of 1992. “The petitioners had secured very high marks. They could have been selected and admitted to the Government Medical College if the State had followed 50 per cent reservation,” the petition said. It said that the State legislature went on to increase the reservation quota to 69 per cent though there was no preceding constitutional amendment. The petition said the 1994 statute has been amended twice — in the year 2007 to provide exclusive reservation for backward class Muslims and in 2009 for the Arunthathiyar community. The petition further contended that the Tamil Nadu Backward Classes Commission’s report dated July 8, 2011 justifying 69 per cent reservation on the basis of data of the year 1985, provided in the report of the previous backward class commission, (Amba Shankar), is “unsustainable and a constitutional fraud.” “In any event, a meritorious candidate coming within the cut-off mark of 50 per cent reservation cannot be denied her right of admission under Articles 14 and 15,” the petition contended. (The Hindu 6/11/14)

57. Supreme Court junks HC order on caste-based census (25)

NEW DELHI: The Supreme Court on Friday rescued the Centre from the prospect of carrying out a caste-based census — an exercise that could have led to a controversial reworking of quotas for other backward classes ( OBCs). The HC had two years ago in a service matter ordered fresh caste-based census, more than 80 years after it was last conducted in 1931. The SC set aside that order, terming it “exceptionally cryptic” and a “colossal transgression of power of judicial review”. Given the potential for social strife in a caste-based census, the Centre had rushed to the SC challenging the HC order. A bench of Justices Dipak Misra, R F Nariman and U U Lalit upheld its contention and said the central census notification mandated collection of information only relating to SCs and STs and not other castes. Appearing for the Centre, senior advocate R S Suri had argued that “policy stipulates for carrying out the census which includes SC and ST, but not other castes”. He had said other HCs had dismissed similar petitions and that even the SC had declined to interfere in census modalities. As of now, the census quantifies the population of only SC and ST communities. Justice Misra, writing the judgment for the bench, said, “In such a situation, it is extremely difficult to visualize that the high court, without having a ‘lis’ (subject matter) before it, could even have thought of issuing a command to the census department to take all such measures towards conducting caste-wise census in the country so that social justice in its true sense…could be achieved,” This was clearly beyond the HC’s jurisdiction, the SC ruled. “The HC had not only travelled beyond the list in the first round of litigation, but had really yielded to some kind of emotional perspective, possibly paving the adventurous path to innovate. It is legally impermissible,” it said… (Times of India 8/11/14)

58. SC categorisation: Naidu, KCR urged to write to PM (25)

VIJAYAWADA: Madiga Reservation Porata Samiti (MRPS) founder president Manda Krishna Madiga said on Sunday that the Chief Ministers of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana should write separate letters to Prime Minister Narendra Modi, seeking introduction of a Bill in the Parliament on the Scheduled Caste categorisation. “We request the two Chief Ministers to look into the issue seriously as they have already gave their consent over the issue,” he said while participating in the national conference organised by the Madiga Employees Federation (MEF) here, adding that MRPS was organising a State-level meeting on November 14 and 15 in Eluru to discuss its future course of action, he said. He reminded that the BJP had already extended its support for SC categorization. Social Welfare Minister Ravela Kishore Babu said the employees should play a key role to fight in support of the community, adding that the TDP government would work for the welfare of the people in the State. Hundreds of employees from Andhra Pradesh and Telangana participated in the meeting. (The Hindu 9/11/14)

HUMAN RIGHTS/ CIVIL SOCIETY/ NHRC

59. High court fines NGO for misusing PIL process (1)

NEW DELHI: An NGO, which filed a PIL seeking action against Delhi Police officials for allegedly shielding a rape accused, has been fined by the Delhi high court for misuse of the public interest litigation process. A division bench comprising Chief Justice G Rohini and Justice Rajiv Sahai Endlaw dismissed a PIL filed by NGO Centre for Human Rights, observing that the alleged survivor herself filed the PIL, along with the NGO, and a specific criminal case is being portrayed as a public interest cause. “The petitioner, even if society incorporated to fight for protection of civil and fundamental rights of citizens of India, cannot on its own take up cudgels on behalf of any particular citizen, in a personal matter concerning that citizen alone. It is well nigh possible that the writ petitioner is working at someone else’s behest and for ulterior motives,” the bench observed, slapping a fine of Rs 5,000 on the NGO. The court also observed “that the complainant was interested in redressal of her grievances but instead of taking appropriate remedy on her behalf, the colour of PIL is given.” The court told the NGO that the money must be deposited with Delhi Legal Services Authority (DLSA), failing which action will be taken. The court was irked that the NGO made unverified allegations against the SHO of Ambedkar Nagar through a PIL and despite being cautioned by the bench. In its petition, the NGO had questioned the “sincerity” of Delhi Police in investigating crime against women alleging that the SHO granted bail to a rape accused. The PIL, filed through advocate Gaurav Kumar Bansal, claimed the woman was raped on September 5 by her sister-in-law’s husband who fled after the incident. The woman’s in-laws and husband put pressure on her not to lodge a complaint and kept her confined for 15 days, the petition stated. It further said the woman managed to escape and contacted her brother, who took her to the police. In her plea, the woman claimed the cops initially refused to file a complaint and an FIR was registered on September 27, only after they approached senior officials. (Times of India 3/11/14)

60. Rights panel summons social security director (1)

PATNA: The Bihar Human Rights Commission (BHRC) on Monday summoned state social security director on December 3 with an action taken report (ATR) pertaining to the state government’s plan for effective rehabilitation and care of persons with disability. Peeved over the district authorities’ “utter disregard shown to the issue of human rights of persons with disabilities (PwD)”, the BHRC had taken suo motu cognizance of the matter on September 1 and sought a report from the social security director by October 15 on action taken so far against recalcitrant district officials and executing agencies in the districts which have shown persistent apathy so far. According to Constitution, the prime responsibility for rehabilitation and care of PwD lies with the state government, BHRC member Neelmani said, adding, “At present, many districts of Bihar have virtually non-functional district disability rehabilitation centres (DDRCs). A DDRC is established for creation of infrastructure and capacity building, awareness generation, rehabilitation of PwDs and training of rehabilitation professionals etc at the grassroots for providing comprehensive services to persons with disabilities.” The districts with dysfunctional DDRCs are: Aurangabad, Katihar, East Champaran, Gaya, Muzaffarpur, Jehanabad, Nawada, Araria, Vaishali, Kaimur, Samastipur and Kishanganj. “According to information available with BHRC, even repeated communications by the Union ministry of social justice and empowerment and the state social security directorate to the district authorities concerned have failed to evoke suitable response so far,” he said. Since no response from the state social security director apprising the commission of its plans or time-bound proposals has been received by the commission yet, he has been summoned in person with the ATR before the commission. However, if the report is received before December 1, the personal appearance shall not be required. (Times of India 4/11/14)

61. Budgam firing incident: NHRC notice to Defence Ministry, SP over youths killing (1)

New Delhi: The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) has issued notices to the Union Ministry of Defence and SP of Budgam over killing of two youths in firing by Army in Kashmir. They have called for reports within two weeks on the incident of firing by Army personnel resulting in killing of two youths and injury to two others in Chattergam area on the November 3. The youths were travelling in a car and as claimed by the Army, they did not pay heed to signals to stop at the barriers set up by the security forces. Meanwhile, defying curfew restrictions, people, mostly youths, took to streets and clashed with the security forces at Nowgam in Srinagar, protesting against the killing. A complete bandh was observed in Srinagar and other parts of Kashmir Valley yesterday. (Zee News 6/11/14)

62. Delhi and NE states do not have human right bodies, SC told (1)

NEW DELHI: The Supreme Court on Wednesday reserved its verdict on a complaint that Delhi and northeastern states, which saw large number of human rights violations, had not set up state human rights commissions despite a central law enacted 21 years ago. Amicus curiae and senior advocate A M Singhvi informed a bench of Justices T S Thakur and R Banumathi that although the Protection of Human Rights Act was enacted in 1993, till date Delhi, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Tripura and Nagaland have not set up state human rights commissions (SHRCs). “Delhi has the second highest number of human rights violation cases reported to National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) during October 1, 2010 and September 30, 2012. Even though NHRC is located in Delhi, it is necessary that the national capital should have its own SHRC as NHRC does not have enough time to deal with Delhi cases, being saddled with cases reported from entire country,” Singhvi said. “Mizoram, Meghalaya, Tripura and Nagaland are all disturbed states with problems of insurgency, foreign immigration, tribal warfare and ethnic violence. There are several custodial death cases reported from Arunachal Pradesh. It is necessary that all these states have full-fledged SHRCs to keep check on and redress human rights violations,” Singhvi said in his note, which had several other suggestions, submitted to the court. (Times of India 6/11/14)

63. US human rights official to visit India, meet Satyarthi (1)

Washington: A top American diplomat on human rights will travel to India next week to meet Indian Nobel Laureate Kailash Satyarthi and announce a USD 3.2 million grant for health services to Tibetan refugees. On a week-long South Asia travel, Under Secretary of State for Civilian Security, Democracy and Human Rights Sarah Sewall would travel to Nepal and India from November 9, the State Department said, adding that Kathmandu would be her first destination. While in India, Sewall will meet with senior government officials to discuss advancing common global interests, including improved citizen engagement and governance through shared democratic values. US human rights official to visit India, meet Satyarthi Satyarthi won the Nobel along with Pakistani teenage rights activist Malala Yousufzai. She will deliver a policy speech, “Human Rights, Challenges and Opportunities in the 21st Century,” at the American Center in New Delhi. She will meet Kailash Satyarthi, the co-winner of the 2014 Nobel Peace Prize and a 2007 TIP (trafficking in persons) Report Hero for his efforts to end child labour and trafficking. Satyarthi won the Nobel along with Pakistani teenage rights activist Malala Yousufzai. Sewall, during her India trip, will also discuss combating extremism with interfaith leaders, the State Department said. In her capacity as the US Special Coordinator for Tibetan Issues, Sewall will travel to Dharamsala to discuss Tibetan refugee issues. She will announce a new award of USD 3.2 million for a Tibetan Health System Strengthening Project to universalise access to quality health services and especially to end preventable child and maternal deaths and create tuberculosis free communities for Tibetan refugee communities in India and Nepal. While in Nepal, Sewall will meet with the Prime Minister, the Foreign Minister, and other senior government officials to discuss bilateral coordination on key issues, including Nepal’s progress toward adopting a Constitution and completing its democratic transition. She will meet with civil society leaders, including Judge Tek Narayan Kunwar, recognised as a 2014 TIP Report Hero for efforts within the criminal justice system to combat human trafficking. She will also visit Tibetan refugee settlements in Kathmandu and Pokhara, the State Department said. (CNN IBN 9/11/14)

JUDICIARY/ LAW

64. High court fines NGO for misusing PIL process (19)

NEW DELHI: An NGO, which filed a PIL seeking action against Delhi Police officials for allegedly shielding a rape accused, has been fined by the Delhi high court for misuse of the public interest litigation process. A division bench comprising Chief Justice G Rohini and Justice Rajiv Sahai Endlaw dismissed a PIL filed by NGO Centre for Human Rights, observing that the alleged survivor herself filed the PIL, along with the NGO, and a specific criminal case is being portrayed as a public interest cause. “The petitioner, even if society incorporated to fight for protection of civil and fundamental rights of citizens of India, cannot on its own take up cudgels on behalf of any particular citizen, in a personal matter concerning that citizen alone. It is well nigh possible that the writ petitioner is working at someone else’s behest and for ulterior motives,” the bench observed, slapping a fine of Rs 5,000 on the NGO. The court also observed “that the complainant was interested in redressal of her grievances but instead of taking appropriate remedy on her behalf, the colour of PIL is given.” The court told the NGO that the money must be deposited with Delhi Legal Services Authority (DLSA), failing which action will be taken. The court was irked that the NGO made unverified allegations against the SHO of Ambedkar Nagar through a PIL and despite being cautioned by the bench. In its petition, the NGO had questioned the “sincerity” of Delhi Police in investigating crime against women alleging that the SHO granted bail to a rape accused. The PIL, filed through advocate Gaurav Kumar Bansal, claimed the woman was raped on September 5 by her sister-in-law’s husband who fled after the incident. The woman’s in-laws and husband put pressure on her not to lodge a complaint and kept her confined for 15 days, the petition stated. It further said the woman managed to escape and contacted her brother, who took her to the police. In her plea, the woman claimed the cops initially refused to file a complaint and an FIR was registered on September 27, only after they approached senior officials. (Times of India 3/10/14)

65. Panel proposes axing 73 more obsolete laws (19)

NEW DELHI: The law commission has submitted its third report to the government recommending repeal of 73 outdated laws. This takes the total to 258 laws that the panel has advised the government either fully or partially repeal. In its earlier two reports, the law panel had recommended repeal of 160 outdated laws. In its first report, the panel proposed repeal of 72 laws, in its second it recommended complete repeal of 88 laws and 25 for partial repeal. The government had asked the law panel to study all the laws and recommend what could be deleted from the statute books and suggest simplification and streamlining of others. The panel’s reports would be used by the government to prepare a comprehensive bill which it wishes to table in the forthcoming session of Parliament seeking their repeal. In the latest report, the commission has suggested, among others, repeal of the Hindu Inheritance (Removal of Disabilities) Act, 1928. The act provides that no person governed by Hindu law would be excluded from any right or share in joint family property by reason only of any disease, deformity, or physical or mental defect. However, the act excluded a person who had been from “birth a lunatic or an idiot”.”The purpose of the act has now been subsumed by Section 28 of the Hindu Succession Act, 1956 which provides that no person shall be disqualified from succeeding to any property on the ground of any disease, defect or deformity…The 1928 Act is now redundant,” the report said. One of the recommendations for repeal is for the Mussalman Wakf Validating Act 1913 & 1930 that declared the rights of Mussalmans to make settlements of property by way of ‘wakf’ in favour of their families and descendants. Wakfs of a private nature created any time before 1995 are valid under the Wakf Act, 1995. The panel recommended repeal of the Bengal Criminal Law (Amendment) Supplementary Act, 1925. The Act provided that any person convicted on a trial held by commissioners under the Bengal Criminal Law Amendment Act, 1925 may appeal to the High Court of Judicature at Fort William in Bengal, and such appeal was to be disposed of by the high court in the manner provided by the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898. The 1898 Code has been repealed by the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 but corresponding amendments have not been made to this supplementary act.The Punjab Disturbed Areas Act, 1983, recommended for repeal, provides for suppression of disorder and for the restoration and maintenance of public order in the disturbed areas of Punjab. The act empowered the state government to declare the whole or any part of any district of Punjab as a disturbed area. This act was enacted as a direct response to the rise of militancy in Punjab during the 1980s and gives extensive powers to police officers to use force in order to maintain peace and order. By virtue of a notification dated 16th November 1996, the whole of Punjab was declared a disturbed area for a period of six months, i.e., from 18th November 1996 to 17th May 1997. Also, by a notification dated 9th March 1989, Amritsar, Gurdaspur and Ferozepur were declared as disturbed areas. However, this notification was withdrawn on 28th July 2008. Prima facie, there are no areas declared as disturbed in Punjab and the need for this act has been dispensed with. For repeal of this act, the Centre has to write to the state government to ascertain the status of the act and also, if any places are still labeled as disturbed areas within the state. This act was earlier recommended for repeal by the PC Jain Commission but it was never axed. (Times of India 4/11/14)

66. Indian Medical Association  opposes Pregnancy bill amendments (19)

New Delhi: The Indian Medical Association has opposed government’s proposed amendments to the Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act. The new bill proposes to replace the term “Registered Medical Practitioners” by “Registered Health Care Providers”. The IMA has said that MTP is a procedure meant to be conducted by a registered allopathic doctor and cannot be conducted by the paramedical staff on their own or by any other pathies as they are not well equipped to handle critical medical conditions arising out of excessive bleeding in some cases. The IMA has also noted that it will lead to a high level of quackery and also put women in the hands of unqualified doctors. Experts say that the amendment allows ayurveds, homeopaths, nurses and auxiliary nurses to carry out the procedure of termination of pregnancy by medical or surgical manner. This will compromise the safety of our patients drastically and also promote quackery. Pointing to the draft of the amendment has changed the earlier term of ‘medical practitioner’ to ‘healthcare provider’ the persons who can conduct an abortion. Chairman of Delhi Medical Association (DMA), Dr Anil Goyal expressed his concerns over the issue that it will to the quackery in the country and also will play with the safety of the nation. A delegation of six doctors from the IMA met the Union Health minister Dr Harsh Vardhan who assured that he would look into the matter. The IMA pointed that the amendment draft made by the union Health Ministry was incorrectly based on an unscientific study done by Population Council in 2012 which showed that trained nurses and ayurved physicians provide medical abortions as safely as MBBS doctors. “The earlier MTP Act 1971 stated that no one other than MBBS doctors registered under the Act can conduct abortions. How could the ayurved doctors and nurses carry out MTPs as per the study conducted. This smells of mal-practices in the medical field,” Dr Saini asked. (Asian Age 7/11/14)

67. President nod to Rajasthan labour law amendments (19)

JAIPUR: President Pranab Mukherjee has approved amendments to the labour laws passed by the Rajasthan government, officials said on Saturday, a move which opens up the possibility of deeper changes in archaic labour laws across states. After winning a decisive mandate in state polls chief minister Vasundhara Raje had brought in changes to the Industrial Disputes Act, the Contract Labour Act, the Factories Act and Apprenticeship to enhance the ease of doing business, encourage industrial activity and generate new jobs. “The state government has received the President of India’s assent to the amendments in the labour laws governing Industrial Disputes Act-1947, Contract Labour Act-1970 and Factories Act-1948 on Friday. The amendments to Apprenticeship Act-1961 are still in the process,” said Rajat Kumar Mishra, principal secretary (labour and employment) in Rajasthan government. The state government will notify the amended laws in the coming weeks. Industry experts said the changes in labour laws will trigger similar effort in other states as well as the Centre and help the government to attract investors. “It’s an innovation which opens a window of opportunities for every state to follow suit. Its brings us back to the debate on how 29 chief ministers in India can have more impact on India’s job creation than one Prime Minister,” said Rituparna Chakarborty, CO-founder and senior Vice President, TeamLease President, Indian Staffing Federation. The Narendra Modi government at the Centre has taken steps to revamp archaic labour laws to boost manufacturing and create jobs. Trade unions slammed the move saying the changes will hurt workers. “The government was already on the industry’s side. It was the laws that were protecting the poor labourers. With the support system now gone, India will degenerate into a country of contract labourers and regular workers will be few, to be kept on rolls only for strategic purposes,” said Rajbehari Sharma, state general secretary of Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh, After the amendment to the Industrial Disputes Act companies employing up to 300 workers will not need the approval of the state government if they want to retrench staff. Previously, the limit was capped at 100 employees. This is expected to provide relief to a large number of companies to realign their businesses. Because of the old norms, even though the promoters wanted to exit loss-making businesses or lay off workers due to tough market conditions, the lengthy process to get permission only added to their woes. Under the new laws, forming labour unions will also be difficult as it would require a membership of 30% of the workforce against the 15% earlier. The lower limit allowed many unions to emerge often increasing inter-union conflicts and multiplicity. Similarly, there was no time limit for raising disputes. But the amendments have stipulated a period of three years within which such disputes can be raised. The move is aimed at reducing the volume of litigations. Changes in the Contract Labour Act will now apply to establishments in which fifty or more workmen are employed against twenty earlier. “Because of threshold limit, employers while hiring personnel or procuring commodities from small entrepreneurs and petty contractors found it difficult to execute contracts, as the small units faced hardship in ensuring formalities under the Act. The lower limit also encouraged non-compliance,” said Nitin Gupta, head CII-Rajasthan. In the Factories Act, amendments were made in the definition of ‘factory’ which will now apply to those companies (run with aid of power) where 20 people are employed instead of 10. For companies running without power, the number has been increased to 40 from 20. The state government reasoned that because of the limit, small units were also covered under the definition of ‘factory’ requiring several compliances while hurting their expansion and growth. For speedy disposal of offences and minimizing number of litigations, a new provision has been added for compounding of offences which was absent in the previous Act. Moreover, amendments have been made to ensure that no inspector can initiative any proceedings against any company without the prior permission of the government. (Times of India 9/11/14)

POLICE/ AFSPA/ CUSTODIAL DEATHS

68. Trilokpuri riots: Students protest against police (1)

NEW DELHI: The Jawaharlal Nehru University Students’ Union on Saturday staged a demonstration at Delhi Police headquarters raising concerns over the role of Delhi Police in the Trilokpuri riots. The protesters alleged that even after riots broke out cops failed to take action for hours and, in the days that followed, arbitrary arrests have only intensified the atmosphere of fear and tension in the area. The ‘citizens’ protest’ was attended by JNUSU as well as several student organizations, including the All India Students’ Association, Democratic Students Federation and Democratic Students’ Union as well as representatives of Delhi Forum and Krantikari Yuva Sabha. “On October 24, the riots continued for some hours and spread to parts of Trilokpuri even while the police failed to take necessary action. In the days that followed, there were arbitrary arrests, mostly of Muslims, who were charged with serious offences. This has only increased the atmosphere of fear,” said Ashutosh, president, JNUSU. “There have been reports of how police brutally beat up people, including women. The arbitrary arrests continue, even as we get reports of beatings and torture in police custody. Muslims form a completely disproportionate number on the list of accused,” said Sucheta, AISA national president. Various speakers criticized the role of former BJP MLA Sunil Vaidya and local RSS leader Ramcharan Gujarati and demanded immediate probe into it. (Times of India 2/11/14)

69. Protest march against AFSPA (1)

GUWAHATI, Nov 2 – Coinciding with the date of beginning of the historic anti-Armed Forces (Special Power) Act (AFSPA) protest, 14 years back by iron lady of Manipur Iram Sharmila, the All India Shiksha Sangharsh Yatra today marked its beginning all over the country to highlight its demand for an education system that can lead to a democratic, socialist, secular and enlightened India. In the city, the ceremonial beginning of the Yatra from the north-eastern region of the country was initiated through a meeting held on the bank of the Dighalipukhuri tank this morning. The Yatra will formally be flagged off at Imphal by Irom Sharmila tomorrow. Addressing the Dighalipukhuripar meeting, noted educationist and a leading organiser of the march Prof Anil Sadgopal apprised the gathering that the participants of the NE zonal march will cover Kohima, Dimapur, Golaghat, Jorhat, Sivasagar, Dergaon, Bokakhat, Nagaon, Jagiroad, Khetri. On November 14, they will take part in a big rally proposed to be held in Guwahati. Many tribal students’ organisations of this part of the country are expected to take part in the rally. Then the participants of the Yatra will move to Goalpara and then they will cover Bongaigaon, Kokrajhar, Dhubri on their way to Barabaisa near Alipurduar in West Bengal. On December 4, 2014, they will reach Bhopal in Madhya Pradesh, said Prof Sadgopal. Prof Sadgopal described the AFSPA as unconstitutional arguing that it is an affront to the provision of the country’s Constitution which has granted equal rights and equal status to all citizens of the country. The function, which was presided over by Assam Pradesh Bank Employees’ Association general secretary Dilip Sarma, was also addressed by Dr Dinesh Baishya, NE Zonal Convenor of the All India Shiksha Sangharsh Yatra, among others. (The Assam Tribune 3/11/14)

70. J&K Polls 2014: Youths killing in Badgam could bring AFSPA back to campaign plank (1)

SRINAGAR: J&K was on the brink as protesters took the streets on Tuesday despite curfew like restrictions after two civilians were killed and two seriously injured by Army, just weeks before state goes to the polls. The Army was quick to initiate a probe and police registered a murder case against Army, but the incident is sure to bring the controversial issue of Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) as a political issue in the coming days. Currently, all the parties are focusing on rebuilding flooddevastated Kashmir but now security-related issues could take over. Police had already rounded up senior separatist leaders and restricted some of them to their homes to halt their anti-poll campaign. Now they will rule the roads even from custody. Kashmir will be on a protest strike on Wednesday on their call. Soldiers manning three drop gates, which had emerged overnight, on a busy road link to south Kashmir, opened fire on a car near Chattergam. Instead of immobilizing the car, that allegedly avoided responding to a halt sign, by bursting its tyres, soldiers targeted four teenagers travelling in it. Later, they drove them to the army hospital: two were declared ‘brought dead’; two others are still battling for their lives. Now army says they are stable. Regretting the killings, Lt Gen Subrata Saha commander of the 15 corps explained the soldiers had laid an ambush following reports that a car and a motorcycle had disappeared. He said a court of inquiry was initiated and the soldiers involved in the incident were shifted out. Asserting that the incident has “vitiated” the atmosphere in Kashmir already confronted with the post-flood reconstruction challenge, CM Omar Abdullah has already talked to Arun Jaitely and protested over the incident. The shooting, first major incident involving army and civilians, after the September floods, has the potential of flaring up. Floods had witnessed soldiers roaming around without any guard, perhaps for the first time since 1990. Regardless of the alleged pick-and-choose during rescue, commoners were admitting the army help in September. (The Economic Times 5/11/14)

71. Rights panel to keep track on custodial torture (1)

BHUBANESWAR: The Odisha State Human Rights Commission (OSHRC) has constituted a sub-committee to oversee the implementation of guidelines spelt out by Supreme Court on prevention of custodial violence. The committee headed by B. K. Patnaik, former Chief Secretary of the State and now a member of the Commission, will comprise S. K. Upadhyay, Director (Investigation) of OSHRC, and Benudhar Behera, Secretary. “Custodial torture cases reported in Odisha may be less compared to other States. But since people in Odisha lack confrontational approach and are peace-loving, the custodial torture perpetrated by police can be considered worrisome,” said Biswapriya Kanungo, human rights activist. Recently, the investigation wing of OSHRC has found police guilty in Bolangir district where a person died due to injuries he received during his detention in police custody. The investigation wing had recommended compensation by the State for the poor family, which had suffered because of ‘illegalities’ of police. (The Hindu 8/11/14)

MEDIA/ FREEDOM OF SPEECH

72. Imam’s association asks media to be unbiased (1)

KOLKATA: While the media is covering every aspect of the blast in Khagragar in Bardhaman district, it totally ignored the assault on a Madrasa student in Purba Medinipur, alleged the Bengal Imam’s Association, an organisation of Muslim clerics here on Saturday. Addressing a press conference here on Saturday, the chairman of Bengal Imam’s Association Md. Yahya used this as an example to claim that the media was being “partial”. Amiruddin Khan (16), a student of Madrasa Hafiz-e-Quran at Bhagwanpur Madrasa Darul Uloom was set on fire by unidentified men on October 25. He succumbed to his injuries on Tuesday. Recently, the case has been handed over the State’s Criminal Investigation Department. Accusing the media of spreading “false information” on the Bardhaman blast case, Mr. Yahya urged the journalists to provide unbiased coverage of the incident. “I urge the media to bring out the truth in the case, irrespective of religion and politics,” he said, demanding that those involved in the burning of the madrasa student be brought to justice. (The Hindu 2/11/14)

73. Attack on Scribe: Congress Bats for Vadra (1)

NEW DELHI: At a time when faultlines have emerged in the Congress over Rahul Gandhi’s leadership, the party’s first family became the focal point of deepening schisms within the party. The man at the centre of it all this time is his controversial brother-in-law Robert Vadra. Vadra had on Saturday lost his cool and reportedly pushed aside the microphone of an ANI reporter at a five-star Ashoka Hotel gym when he was quizzed about his controversial land deals in Haryana. A livid Vadra was seen on a video footage shown repeatedly on TV channels counter questioning the ANI reporter four times, “Are you serious?” and then shoving hismicrophone away. Not talking as a Congress member but an individual public figure, former MP party spokesperson Sandeep Dikshit took critical view of Vadra’s behaviour. He called Vadra’s reactions ‘inappropriate’, even if he had been hounded by ‘overbearing’ media. Incidentally, Sandeep’s mother and former Delhi chief minister, who recently quit as Kerala Governor Sheila Dikshit, has spoken in an ambivalently favourable tone on Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his vision for India. The Vadra episode could not have happened at a worse time. The Congress is battling a controversy in Kerala, vis-a-vis the corruption charges against its UDF ally KCM leader/Finance Minister K M Mani, and is also staring at a split in neighbouring Tamil Nadu, where it has been an ‘also-ran’ for decades. In both states, simultaneously the BJP is making inroads. The ouster of the Congress regime in Haryana has also witnessed an eruption of fresh charges against Vadra’s controversial deals, some of which has come in the purview of the CAG. However, by the end of day, the Congress mounted a grim defense of Vadra on the grounds that he’s a private citizen and aggressive media hounding is unfair. The party’s self-appointed Gandhi family loyalist, Digvijay Singh, did not wait for an official response. He tweeted in Vadra’s favour early in the day, much before Congress president Sonia Gandhi paid a visit to her son-in-law at his residence, in a highly visible move probably to underline the fact that she was in no way distancing herself from his daughter’s family. Though she left wordlessly, it proved to be a good enough signal for party spokesman Randeep Singh Surjewala, who’s a Haryana leader, to issue a formal defence. This ran along the same line as Digvijay’s. Taking it a step further, the party also highlighted Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s brush with the media and said the entire episode is being propagated as a “political agenda for obvious reasons” which cannot be considered either fair or proper.    (New Indian Express 3/11/14)

74. Karnataka home minister under fire over remarks on media (1)

BENGALURU: Karnataka home minister K J George came under attack from opposition for his controversial remarks that the media highlighted sexual assaults for TRP ratings, even as chief minister Siddaramaiah sidestepped the issue. As George waded into controversy, HP slammed his remarks for shifting the blame on the media and accused him of being “irresponsible” and “reacting out of frustration” and said he should quit if he can’t perform. “According to me, he is just trying to cover himself up by blaming media. If at all these incidents are coming out it is because of the media reports and their support,” BPS National Vice-President B S Trapper told reporters. Asked about George’s remarks, Dioramas said “I don’t know. I will discuss with Mr George. I don’t know in what context he made the statement. I will discuss with him.” Facing heat over increasing sexual assaults of minor girls in schools, George had yesterday landed in a controversy as he blamed the media for highlighting “only such news” and projecting Bengaluru as “a rape city” to increase TRP ratings. “What has happened to the media is you want only such news, you are showing only such news to increase your TRP. Show good news, it will be good,” he had said. Observing that the media has its own role to play, Yeddyurappa said George’s response attacking media shows that the government “is helpless and is in panic mode. Home Minister of Karnataka can’t react out of frustration when he has utterly failed to perform its duty.” The ruling Congress is not fit to govern properly, Yeddyurappa said, adding, “I request Home Minister not to utter such things in future. Do your duty, if not possible, quit Home Ministership and give it to some other person.” Former Chief Minister and state senior BJP leader Jagadish Shettar said shifting blame on the media was “completely wrong and irresponsible.” He also flayed the Chief Minister for his comments on George’s remarks, calling it “irresponsible”. Shettar described Siddaramaiah as the “most irresponsible Chief Minister I have ever seen.” George had made the controversial remarks when questioned about a spate of sexual assault incidents in schools here grabbing national headlines with four cases involving minor girls occurring in as many months, evoking public outrage and protests. (Times of India 7/11/14)

75. Panel to draft agenda on media’s portrayal of gender (1)

THIRUVANANTHAPURAM: Kerala Women’s Commission (KWC) plans to set an agenda on how media should handle gender sensitive issues. It will conduct a series of interactive sessions and seminars at the district level, across the state involving media personnel and social activists. The state level seminar will be inaugurated by chief minister Oommen Chandy and it will be presided over by social justice minister Dr M K Muneer, here on November 11. “When there is widespread criticism on the representation of women in the media, KWC plans to create a women-friendly approach by media on handling gender issues and the aim is to ensure the safety of women by enhancing the status of the women,” KWC chairperson KC Rosakutty said. A series of seminars are planned in association with the Press Clubs to enhance the participation of women in drafting an action plan, in order to set an agenda on representation of women in media, she said. The first two rounds of discussions with social activists and media monitoring cell of the KWC was held already. Certain recommendations have come up during the discussions, in terms of need for handling gender issues by the media. The commission will work towards drafting a set of recommendations for the decent representation of women by media. (Times of India 9/11.14)

COMMUNAL RIOTS

76. Over 300 died in 9 years in communal incidents in UP: RTI (7)

New Delhi, Nov 2: Over 300 people lost their lives and 3,000 were injured in incidents of communal violence in Uttar Pradesh in last nine years, according to a RTI reply. According to information received through the RTI for the period of 2005-2014, 1,271 communal incidents have taken place in Uttar Pradesh in the last nine years, out of which 56 were recorded in 2014 in which 10 persons died and 144 were injured. In the 1,271 incidents, 336 people lost their lives and 3,107 were injured. The highest number of communal violence incidents was recorded in 2013 at 247 in which 77 people died and 360 were injured, the Ministry of Home Affairs said in the reply. It said that public law and order and police administration are state subjects and information about loss of property, number of displaced or arrested persons, is not kept with the Centre. Year 2005 saw 121 such incidents in the state in which 47 people died while 42 lost their lives in 113 incidents of communal violence in 2006. 138 such incidents were recorded in 2007 in which 37 people died and 397 were injured. Similarly, 2008 saw 114 incidents of communal violence, the RTI reply said, adding, 18 people died and 408 were injured. The number of incidents rose to 159 in 2009. 32 people lost their lives and 525 were injured. The years 2010, 2011, and 2012 121, 121, 84, and 118 such incidents respectively. 22 people lost their lives in 2010, where as 12 and 39 people died in 2011 and 2012 respectively. (Oneindia.in 2/11/14)

77. 1984 riots: Accused in only 7 of 255 cases convicted (7)

New Delhi: An RTI query has revealed that accused in only seven cases out of the 255 lodged in connection with the 1984 anti-Sikh riots have been convicted by September this year. Twenty-seven accused in the seven cases were convicted while 591 accused in as many as 121 cases were acquitted, according to the RTI reply. Delhi-based RTI activist Gopal Prasad had filed a query with the anti-riots cell of the Delhi police, which was constituted in 1990, asking for details about the 1984 anti-Sikh riots. A total of 255 cases pertaining to 326 deceased victims had been registered, in which 622 accused had been arrested. As per the anti-riots cell, four of the accused are under trial. In the seven cases, the trial of one is pending while investigation is pending in another. The case in which investigation is pending has been registered at the Nangloi police station and it has been transferred to the CBI on the direction of Union home ministry. The government had on October 30 decided to give Rs 5 lakh each to the next of kin of 3,325 victims of the 1984 anti-Sikh riots triggered after assassination of the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. In 2006, the UPA government led by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh had announced a package of Rs 717 crores, which included monetary compensation of Rs 3.5 lakhs to each killed in the riots besides financial assistance to injured and those who had lost their property. Out of this, only Rs 517 crore had been spent and the remaining Rs 200 crore could not be distributed because of dispute over claimants. (Asian Age 3/11/14)

78. 14 injured in communal clashes in 2 Madhya Pradesh districts (7)

INDORE: At least 14 people were injured, five of them critically, in communal clashes in Madhya Pradesh’s Barwani and Khargone districts on Monday night, just before Muharram, prompting the administration to enforce prohibitory orders in the trouble-torn parts. In Nimrani village in Khargone district, trouble started when some people hurled crackers at a religious procession. Those part of the procession set ablaze three shops. The first group then damaged some shops owned by those belonging to the second group. The clash developed into a free-for-all, with the groups attacking each other with swords. Seven people were injured. Five of them, who were seriously injured, were referred for treatment to Indore. Their condition remained critical on Tuesday. One of them, Shailendra Rajput, lost his right thumb in the sword attack. “The situation was brought under control by Monday late night and additional police force from neighbouring districts has been deployed in Nimrani,” Khargone superintendent of police Amit Kumar Singh told TOI on Tuesday. “Twelve people have been arrested for violence and 20 others have been booked in criminal cases.” In Barwani, violence started after a group of people allegedly threw crackers at a religious procession near a place of worship in the sensitive Pala Bazaar area of the town around 10pm. Trouble makers from both groups then pelted stones at each other. Soon, at least two shops were set ablaze and six motorcycles were damaged. The police cane-charged the rioters and lobbed tear-gas shells to bring the situation under control. Seven people were injured, including Barwani superintendent of police Tilak Singh, assistant sub-inspector S P Mehta, a trainee woman sub-inspector and a constable. Tilak Singh received minor injuries in the stone-pelting. “At least 15 people have been booked for rioting and arson in three criminal cases and efforts are being made to arrest them,” Tilak Singh said on Tuesday. “Prohibitory orders were clamped in Pala Bazaar on Monday night.” On Tuesday, saffron outfits forced commercial establishments across Barwani town to shut down in protest against the violence, while the police and local administration carried out a peace march. (Times of India 5/11/14)

79. Over 100 Muslim residents from Trilokpuri may be relocated to Seelampur (7)

NEW DELHI: Communal tensions in Trilokpuri that erupted into riots two weeks ago have also been simmering at a Delhi Metro construction site. And at the centre of the controversy is a piece of land over which the metro plans to relocate over 100 families living in Muslim-dominated Block 15. The move is being opposed by Hindu residents of Blocks 16, 17 and 18, which is located opposite the relocation site. They claim they are against construction of a new block as it is the only ‘green belt’ in the neighbourhood. The under-construction Mukundpur-Shiv Vihar corridor of Delhi Metro Phase-III cuts across Block 15 and the construction of viaducts will displace 108 families. Through an RTI query with the Delhi Metro Rail Corporation, residents of Block 15 found that they will be rehabilitated in the plot that falls in front of Blocks 16, 17 and 18 in Trilokpuri. According to residents awaiting relocation, East Delhi BJP MP Maheish Girri and former MLA Sunil Vaid held consultations in mid-October and assured residents of the Hindu-dominated blocks that their Muslim neighbours will not be relocated to the “green belt”. In response to a query on the exact location of their rehabilitation, the DMRC told RTI applicant S. Khurram that “the land has been allotted by the Delhi Urban Shelter Development Board (DUSIB)”. This was the position before the BJP MP intervened in the matter. Afzal Hussain (63), whose family will be among the displaced, said “former BJP MLA Sunil Vaid had interacted with residents of Blocks 16, 17 and 18 and there was a propaganda to not allow Muslims to be relocated to the allotted land.” Mr. Hussain, who has lived in the area for four decades, said: “At the meeting that took place last month, East Delhi MP Maheish Girri was also present and assured the gathering that these houses will not be built here”. A member of the Delhi Police-appointed Aman Committee, C. Adhikesavan, confirmed this. (The Hindu 8/11/14)

80. Delhi underground: Communal tension in Babarpur (7)

New Delhi: The Babarpur Assembly segment in Northeast Delhi is simmering with communal tension after the carcass of a cow was allegedly found in the area, police said. While police officially denied any violence in the area, sources confirmed that senior officers were present at the spot. Police sources said the incident took place a little after 10 pm on Sunday in Babarpur’s Noor-e-Ilahi area, a Muslim-dominated neighbourhood. Residents said that near the spot, a wedding was taking place in a community centre. “When it (the cow) was discovered, a Hindu wedding was taking place in the area. The people at the wedding got agitated and the situation has since been tense. People in the area are scared and are indoors,” Ovais Sultan Khan, a social worker, said. A senior police officer, on the condition of anonymity, said that after the carcass was found, “local shopkeepers reacted very angrily and the situation was brought under control only after deployment of police force was increased”. AAP leader Gopal Rai tweeted, alleging that certain “anti-social elements” were attempting to spread communal tension in the area. Joint Commissioner of Police (eastern range) Sanjay Beniwal, while stressing that there had been no instance of communal violence, said, “The situation is now normal. Persons who were out on the streets have gone back to their houses. The roads are clear.” (Inian Express 10/11/14)

COMMUNALISM

81. VHP holds blood donation drive (26)

Mangaluru: Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP) celebrated their golden jubilee with a blood donation camp here on Sunday. Organised at Sharada Vidyalaya, the VHP intends to collect over 1 lakh units of blood from across the country, to commemorate the 24th anniversary of firing on Karasevaks who had gathered around Babri Masjid at Ayodhya. D. Veerendra Heggade, Dharmadhikari of Shri Kshetra Dharmastala, inaugurated the drive. He said the donation of blood was for the needy without discrimination of religion, caste, class. Calling VHP the voice of Hindus, MP Nalin Kumar Kateel condemned the State government for what he said attempting to crackdown on activists of the organisation. Referring to the arrest of Manoj Thokur, a member of the Hindu Jagrana Vedike, under the Goonda Act, Mr. Nalin said, “There is politics of hate here. Hindu activists who are working to save our culture are being arrested. If this continues we will initiate protests.” (The Hindu 3/11/14)

82. Lesson on Hindutva at RSS’ youth camp (26)

LUCKNOW: In an effort to make more and more people join the Rashtriya Swayemsewak Sangh (RSS), its chief Mohan Bhagwat presented a more ‘secular’ definition of Hindutva, saying it was the pivot of the unity-in-diversity religion and culture in the country. “Irrespective of diversified cultural practices, languages, castes and religion, it is Hindutva that unifies Bharat,” Bhagwat said addressing a gathering of over 5,000 people at the organisation’s three-day ‘Yuva Sankalp Shivir’ of Braj prant in Agra on its last day on Monday. Swayemsewaks had mobilised over 5,000 under graduates for a session on Sangh ideology during the camp. Presence of RSS chief in the programme indicated its high priority. Though several sangh members attended the camp, RSS focus was mainly on students who had recently passed Class XII. Whether Bhagwat’s definition of Hindutva was departure from his earlier explanation or not is arguable but he made a bid to elaborate what RSS means by it. “There was a time when all Indian kingdoms were separate, yet no visa or passport was required to travel from one place to another. Such was people’s faith in Hindutva,” Bhagwat said. Bhagwat added that Hindutva should not be seen as ideology of a religion or as subject of one language. It is the identity of Bharat. He cited examples of Lord Ram and Sikh gurus as role models. Before defining Hindutva, Bhagwat, in an indirect attack on RSS critics, said to understand what RSS is all about one should witness its working and activities by getting involved with it. “Nursing different notions about RSS was like blind people fearing and describing an elephant by touching only its trunk, legs or tail,” said Bhagwat. Urging people to contribute in a small way for the country’s better, Bhagwat said Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s Swachchh Bharat Mission campaign was a small which could go a long way. (Times of India 4/11/14)

83. PM Narendra Modi adopts Varanasi village already under RSS care (26)

New Delhi: As part of a government initiative under which each Member of Parliament would “adopt” a village, Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Lok Sabha MP from Varanasi, has adopted Jayapur village for its all-round development. Interestingly, the RSS had selected the same village in 2002 to develop it under its “ideal village scheme”. Moreover, the Sangh, during internal discussions in the past, has expressed that it would be ideal if villages being looked after by it are not adopted by MPs. Jayapur, located in Raja Talaab tehsil nearly 25 km from Varanasi, has a population of 4,000. Of them, 2,700 are voters. The village is dominated by Bhumihars and Patels. Modi will visit the village on November 7 and is likely to announce some new schemes for its development. Arvind Singh, a native of the village and RSS district co-general secretary, said, “We had adopted the village in 2002 and focused on planting trees, promoting animal husbandry and forming committees to take care of children. We are preparing for the PM’s visit. Let us see what more he does for the village.” Singh also claimed there is not a single Muslim family in the village. Other BJP MPs have also tried to adopt villages already under RSS care. The Sangh has coined three categories for villages — Uday (where work has just been initiated), Kiran (where work is ongoing) and Prabhat (where significant work has been done). Chief of the RSS Samagra Gram Vikas project, Dinesh Kumar, who was in Adilabad for the past three days to discuss the progress in these villages, told The Indian Express, “We have 175 villages in the Prabhat category and nearly 700 villages in Uday and Kiran categories.” Since the Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana was launched by Modi for MPs last month, the RSS has been discussing the fate of its villages, it is learnt. Sources said that the issue was raised at the Lucknow meeting of the Akhil Bhartiya Karyakari Mandal of the RSS last month, where several delegates said that there may be clashes and conflict if MPs adopt villages already being looked after by the RSS. Sources added that the RSS is likely to encourage BJP MPs not to adopt the same villages. A senior RSS functionary, who did not wish to be named, said, “We are not too keen on MPs adopting our villages. Even if they adopt some of them, we will not let them use our workers.” (Indian Express 6/11/14)

84. Ban Chinese products in Indian market: VHP (26)

Kolkata: Alleging that the flooding of Chinese products in the market has emerged as a threat to Indian companies Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP) leader Pravin Togadia on Wednesday demanded the Bharatiya Janata Party-led NDA government’s intervention to counter China’s “economic aggression”. Addressing a press conference in Kolkata Mr. Togadia said that the dumping of Chinese products has put Indian industries especially the steel and small scale industries on the verge of closure. “Centre should take serious note of Chinese economic aggression,” the VHP leader said, adding that if immediate steps are not taken to counter this Chinese “economic aggression” these industries will collapse and lakhs will be rendered unemployed. “The Centre should ban the Chinese products,” Mr. Togadia said pointing out that dumping of Chinese products has created problems for Indian steel and small scale Industries. Asked whether the government should impose a higher import duty on Chinese products, the VHP leader said that it is for the Centre to decide how to stop the influx of Chinese goods. Raising the issue of “illegal migration” from Bangladesh Mr Togadia said that there are three crore “ infiltrators” from Bangladesh settled in different parts of the country whose presence is creating pressure on the country’s resources. Despite raising the issue of “ illegal migration” the VHP was soft on State’s ruling All India Trinamool Congress and said that Bengal should not be “singled out” as foreign influx is happening in other states in the country like Assam. Mr Togadia has in the past being critical of the AITC but chose to remain silent when the BJP is accusing the State’s ruling party of creating a safe haven of terrorist in the State after the October 2 blasts at Burdwan town. “The need is to rise against political concerns and take steps in the nation’s interest and expel these infiltrators,” he added. (The Hindu 6/11/14)

85. RSS workers arrested across Tamil Nadu (26)

CHENNAI: Thousands of Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh workers were arrested across Tamil Nadu on Sunday when they defied police orders and tried to take out processions to mark the founder’s day. RSS counsel served “contempt notice” on the authorities because the Madras High Court had allowed the procession. The police said that at least 21,000 persons were taken into custody and released a couple of hours later. Though permission was granted for the procession in all districts, the police prevented the workers from taking out the march. The action was based on the amendment to the Chennai City Police Act, 1888, which empowered the police to prohibit training or assembly by groups with arms or in uniform that resembles that of the armed forces or the police. Most of the RSS workers were in the ‘khaki’ uniform. Under Section 41(A) of the Act, to ensure public peace and safety, the police may prohibit any drill with arms by five or more persons at any place or carrying of arms in any procession. The word ‘arms’ meant any type of offensive weapon and included ‘lathi’ or stick. However, the High Court, while directing the police to grant permission for the procession with certain restrictions, had said the initial orders by the police, rejecting the request for the procession, did not comply with Section 41 (A) of the Act. The court had held that the provision did not apply to processions but only to drill, training, assembly with arms or in uniform. The aspect of uniform appeared to have been “raised as a bogey,” it had said, as no member of the police force wore short pants today. B. Rabu Manohar, counsel for the RSS who moved the High Court for permission, said notice was served on the DGP, the Home Secretary and the Chennai Police Commissioner on Sunday. “We got information that the police were going to stop the processions. Hence, the notice was served,” he said. (The Hindu 10/11/14)

TERRORISM

86. ISIS militants kills 85 more members of Iraqi tribe (12)

BAGHDAD: Islamic State militants have executed 85 more members of the AlbuNimr tribe in Iraq in a mass killing campaign launched last week in retaliation for resistance to the group’s territorial advances, a tribal leader and security official said on Saturday. Sheikh Naeem al-Ga’oud, one of the tribe’s leaders, told Reuters that Islamic State killed 50 displaced members of Albu Nimr on Friday. In a separate incident, a security official said 35 bodies were found in a mass grave. The sustained bloodshed shows how the al Qaeda offshoot has proven resilient despite US airstrikes against militant targets in parts of Iraq and Syria it controls. It has been killing at will, with no signs that Iraq’s armed forces will come to the tribe’s rescue anytime soon. Members of the Albu Nimr tribe had held out for weeks under siege by Islamic State fighters in Anbar Province to the west of Baghdad, but finally ran low on ammunition, fuel and food. Hundreds of tribal fighters withdrew and hundreds of members of the tribe fled their village. Islamic State rounded many up and shot them at close range. Over 300 people have been executed since the killing began in the middle of last week. (Times of India 2/11/14)

87. Suspected suicide bomber, 20 others held; more bombs found at Wagah (12)

LAHORE: Amid heart-wrenching scenes in Lahore’s hospitals, where bodies of Wagah blast victims were handed over to their families after postmortem, Pakistani authorities announced the arrest of at least 20 people, including a suspected suicide bomber, for Sunday’s attack. The death toll rose to 62 on Monday. Authorities said they recovered 8kg explosive and a suicide vest from area flanking the blast site, even as entire Pakistan was on red alert on Muharram eve to deter any possible attack on Shias who’ve been targeted by the Taliban and its offshoots in the past. Cops in Lahore told news agencies that residential areas in Wagah were being searched and 20 people were arrested, including a 17-year-old suspected suicide-bomber, Abdul Rehman, a resident of Multan district, 350km away. Rehman had gone missing from a seminary in the old city of Lahore a month ago. “Police along with an intelligence agency raided a house in Multan and arrested Rehman,” a cop said, adding Rehman is now at an unknown place being questioned. Sunday’s attack was the first major retaliatory strike by the militants since Pakistan’s launched Operation Zarb-i-Azab, a military offensive against the Taliban in North Waziristan along the border with Afghanistan four months ago. Unlike in the past, the militants this time struck on the eastern border sparking speculation that they might be looking at a strategic shift. While banned outfits Jundullah and Al Qaeda-affiliate Jamaat-ul-Ahrar were the first to claim responsibility for the attack, a third group, Mahar Mehsud, joined the assertion. Jundullah has claimed most of the past attacks on Christians, Hindus, Shias and Ahmedis, and the spokesman of newly formed Jamaat-ul-Ahrar, Ehsanullah Ehsan, had recently vowed to establish his outfit’s presence throughout the broader South Asian region, including India, Bangladesh and Myanmar. The strike at Wagah suggests the militants have expanded their reach from western Af-Pak border to the eastern front between Pakistan and India. The explosion has led to questions about whether it was a security lapse or due to engagement and concentration of the political administration and police force in Lahore to avoid sectarian violence during Muharram. Punjab government sources said a warning was issued four days ago, indicating a suicide strike at security personnel without more details. After initial reports that flag lowering ceremony was suspended for three days, India and Pakistan went ahead with the military ritual on the border crossing. Lauding the bravery of the crowd that turned up to watch the ceremony, Lahore Corps commander Lt Gen Naveed Zaman, said these attacks can’t diminish the zeal and enthusiasm of the Pakistanis. The Punjab government is revising the security plan for Muharram processions. “The Muharram security is the top-most priority at this time of the year and everybody in the government is combat-ready. We have devised best possible security arrangements,” a senior official said… (Times of India 4/11/14)

88. Rajnath calls for combined efforts to tackle terrorism (12)

MONACO: Union home minister Rajnath Singh on Wednesday called on governments across the world to collectively address the issue of safe havens for organised criminal and terrorist groups. “Governments across the world have to collectively address the issue of safe havens for organized criminal and terrorist groups and their tainted money,” said Rajnath Singh at the third Interpol ministerial meeting and general assembly here. Addressing the meet in Hindi, Singh also called on evolving a strategy to tackle cybercrime. “In the recent years, the internet and social media are being increasingly used to instigate communal riots to destabilize the state. We need to strengthen our strategy relating to cyber-crime on this momentous occasion of the centenary year of the Interpol,” he said. The home minister also pointed out that the 21st century has seen a significant increase in international criminal activity. “In the 21st century, there has been a significant increase in the range and scope of international criminal activity. The dynamics of globalisation and financial transactions across borders have enabled international crime groups to expand their global reach. “The world is also witnessing some cataclysmic changes as lethal non-state actors fired by toxic ideology turning into state themselves,” said Singh. Calling on the need for the police and judicial systems to evolve continuously to meet new challenges, the minister said: “Outdated laws have to be weeded out with effective legislations that can address corruption, recovery and confiscation of ill-gotten wealth.” He congratulated Interpol on completing its centenary and lauded its contribution to international cooperation in law enforcement. “We want to see Interpol even more powerful, effective and result oriented.” (Times of India 6/11/14)

89. Burdwan blast case mastermind remanded to 12 days NIA custody (12)

Kolkata: A city court today remanded the alleged mastermind of Burdwan blast case, Sajid, to NIA custody till November 20. Chief Judge of City Sessions Court Md Mumtaz Khan remanded Sajid, a Bangladeshi national who is stated to be a Chief Commander of Jamaat-ul-Mujahideen Bangladesh (JMB) terror group, to 12 days custody of NIA after its counsel prayed for a 14-day remand for interrogating him to unearth the activities of the terror group. The NIA counsel submitted that he was involved in conspiring against India and other countries. Sajid, when asked by the judge whether he had to say anything, told the court from the dock, “I committed crime in Bangladesh, I fled to save myself. I want to stay in India.” He told the court that his name was Sk Rahmatullah, alias Shakil, alias Borhan and that his father’s name was Siddique Ali. The NIA counsel submitted that Sajid, who was arrested by sleuths of Bidhannagar Police and handed over to NIA, was the mastermind and kingpin of the terror network. They submitted that Rs one lakh in cash, fake voter identity cards and driving licence were found from his possession and the seized articles were produced before the court. Sajid was arrested by sleuths of Bidhannagar Police Commissionerate yesterday afternoon from the Airport area of North 24-Parganas district, situated in the northern outskirts of the metropolis. Bidhannagar Police Commissioner Rajeev Kumar had told reporters that they had arrested a person named Sheikh Rahamatullah who is a Bangaldeshi and that after interrogation, it was revealed that he is Sajid who is allegedly involved in the Burdwan blast case and is the chief of Burdwan module. NIA had declared a cash award of Rs 10 lakh for Sajid’s arrest. Sajid, alias Sheikh Rahmatullah, is a member of Jamat-ul-Mujahadeen Bangladesh and is a member of Majlis-e-Sura which is the central committee of Jamat, according to Kumar. Kumar also said that Sajid had spent a few years in a jail in Bangladesh. (Deccan Herald 9/11/14)

NAXALS/ MAOISTS

90. New Naxal strategy to protect arms (12)

Raipur: A sudden spurt in cases of Naxal surrenders in Chhattisgarh’s conflict zone of Bastar has forced the Maoist leadership to evolve strategies to secure their weapons. The rebel leadership appeared so worried about the prospect of its arsenal falling into the hands of security forces owing to a growing number of their cadre joining the mainsteam in the past few months that it resorted to superstitious practices to protect their arms and ammunitions, intelligence sources told this newspaper Friday. “They are painting the small weapons, such as countrymade guns available to the jan militia members (foot soldiers), in green colour to invoke the fear of god among the lower-rung cadre, who mostly comprise tribals. The tribal cadre have been given the impression that the weapon has been anointed and any attempt to steal it will invite the wrath of the forest goddess,” a senior police officer posted in Bastar division, comprising seven Maoist-infested districts, said on condition of anonymity. A surrendered Naxal has brought to light the superstitious practice, which, incidentally, is banned in the Maoist ideology pursued by the ultras currently. “This clearly indicates how the surrender spree of the Naxals has caused the panic button to be pressed in the Maoist camp. The rebel leadership is now more concerned about protecting their armoury,” an intelligence officer said. The development has also led Maoists to prohibit their cadre from carrying weapons while leaving camp, apparently to ensure that the arms do not fall into the hands of the security forces. When contacted, Bastar district SP Ajey Yadav said, “All I can say is that the Maoists have become extra-cautious about securing their weapons.” (Asian Age 1/11/14)

91. Top Maoist leader accused in 2010 Dantewada attack arrested (12)

NEW DELHI: In a major success for the counter-Naxal forces, top Maoist leader and an accused in the April 2010 Dantewada attack that killed 75 CRPF personnel, Hemant Mandavi alias Bijja, was arrested in Dantewada on Sunday. The Chhattisgarh police, which made the arrest, claimed that he was involved in the murder of 136 civilians and security personnel and was leading Platoon no 1 of a CPI(Maoist) military company. The Chhattisgarh police picked up Bijja after he was spotted and identified by some surrendered Naxal cadres during a procession in Dantewada. Though he initially claimed that he was only an ordinary tribal and a case of mistaken identity, the video of the attack at Tadmetla, Dantewada, seized earlier from Naxalites, nailed his lie. He is clearly visible in the video, according to an intelligence source. When confronted with the video, Bijja is said to have confessed to his being part of the armed Maoist group that killed 76 security personnel in a single ambush. Bijja’s arrest comes days after a top tribal leader from Odisha with alleged Maoist links, Nachika Linga, surrendered in Koraput district of the state. Linga, leader of the Chasi Mulia Adivasi Sangha (CMAS), was wanted by the Odisha police after as many as 43 cases were registered against him. There was non-bailable warrants (NBW) against Nachika Linga’s name in 23 cases. The Odisha police had been hunting for Linga since 2009, after he led an attack on a police station at Narayanpatna. He is said to have carried a Rs 25 lakh reward. Linga had set up CMAS with the alleged help of left wing extremists, with the aim of demanding land settlement in Narayanpatna and Badhugaon blocks of Koraput district. (Times of India 3/11/14)

92. Naxals gun down seven in Gumla (12)

Ranchi: In yet another attack by Maoists ahead of the Jharkhand Assembly elections, members of the banned People’s Liberation Front of India (PLFI) on Monday ambushed seven people between Redwa and Hapu village under Kamdara police station in Gumla district. All the seven victims were  reportedly former members of Shanti Sena, an outfit comprising reformed Naxals supported by the Jharkhand Government. According to the police, the Naxals were waiting for a car near Rewada jungle under Kamdara police station. When the vehicle approached the forest the ultras started indiscriminate firing in which all the seven occupants were killed. The four-wheeler was then burnt by the extremists, a splinter group of the CPI-Maoist. According to sources, three of the deceased have been  identified by the local villagers. Jharkhand has been on high alert ahead of the Assembly polls this month. (Pioneer 4/11/14)

93. Naxals set vehicles afire, block roads during Bastar bandh (12)

Raipur: Naxals resorted to looting and arson besides uprooting a railway track in restive Bastar region in Chhattisgarh during the one-day ‘Dandkaranya bandh’ called by them, police said. Maoists set on fire three vehicles at Nareli Ghati between Bhansi and Bacheli areas under Bhansi police station limits in Dantewada district in early hours, police said. In another incident in Bastar district, rebels looted a walkie-talkie handset, a mobile phone and a computer terminal from the office of station master of Kaknoor railway station, senior police officials told PTI/Bhasha on condition of anonymity. The call for bandh in Dandkaranya, a stretch of forest that runs through the states of Chattisgarh, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra was given in protest against government policies and Operation Green Hunt, police said. The anti-naxal operation is an “all-out offensive” believed to have been launched by government in November 2009 along five states in the “Red Corridor”.When contacted, Additional DGP (Naxal Affairs) R K Vij said, “Naxal leaders have organised the bandh as they are incensed by a spate in naxal cadres surrendering before police. The purpose of bandh is to show their relevance.” He said barring interior areas in Bastar range, traffic is smooth in other areas. Naxals uprooted a railway track near Tudparas village in Dantewada district, affecting services on Kirandul- Vishakhapatnam route. They also blocked traffic on Sukma Road near Katekalyan village by felling a tree. In Narayanpur district, ultras felled a tree on Ravghat road blocking the stretch. Similarly traffic in Kondagaon, Orchha and Antagadh roads remained shut. Similar blockades were placed in Sukma district as well, with naxals damaging a stretch on the National Highway-30 near Rokel and Keratong villages. Flow of traffic was also blocked by felling trees and digging up roads in Kanker district of Bastar region and at many places in Bijapur district. Police teams have already been fanned out to prevent any violence and to help agencies in restoring normalcy. Meanwhile, a naxal, identified as Sondhar, was arrested from Kondagaon district in Bastar region today while his accomplices escaped after spotting police. (Zee News 8/11/14)

TRAFFICKING

94. SC Concerned over Arrest of Trafficked Girls (1)

NEW DELHI: Expressing concern over the trafficking of girls for prostitution, the Supreme Court on Thursday said the practice of arresting them on the charge of indulging in flesh trade should stop, as many of them were the victims of the social malady themselves.  A three-judge Bench, headed by Justice Anil R Dave, asked the Centre to file an affidavit, giving details of the actions taken by it and all the state governments in pursuance of directions issued by the court in 1990, on curbing the menace of child trafficking and prostitution. “We would like to know what actions have been taken in pursuance of the directions issued in the judgement in 1990. The Union of India shall file an affidavit, giving complete details with regard to actions taken. We direct all the state governments to cooperate, so that an appropriate Affidavit could be filed,” the Bench said. During the hearing, senior advocate Dushyant Dave, appearing for petitioner Prajwala, said such girls were being arrested and kept in police lock-ups, which usually lacked facilities like separate toilets for women. “The way they are treated by police during and after the raid or rescue operations is tortuous and they should not be arrested, as many of them are victims,” the Bench observed. Dave argued that certain provisions of the Immoral Traffic Prevention Act needed to be amended and that the court should hear and pass directions on the PIL filed in 2004. The Bench then said that instead of focusing on the rescue and post-rescue actions, measures should be initiated to prevent trafficking. “Please go one step back. We should have anti-trafficking measures in place,” the court said and asked the Centre to apprise it of the steps taken to curb the menace, as directed by the apex court. The court had, in 1990, directed all the states to form Advisory Committees for making suggestions to eradicate prostitution. It had asked the state governments and the Union Territories to direct their law-enforcing authorities to take appropriate and speedy action under the existing laws to eradicate child prostitution, without giving room for any complaint. The PIL has sought implementation of Victim Protection Protocol in the country. (New Indian Express 1/11/14)

 

95. Anti-trafficking cell to come up in Garhwal region (1)

DEHRADUN: The state police are planning to form a specialized cell to check human trafficking in Garhwal region. The cell will closely monitor gangs involved in this trade at both micro and macro levels, DIG Sanjay Gunjyal said on Sunday. The need for setting up the cell was felt after several cases of missing persons, suspected to be preys of trafficking gangs, were reported from the region. “The cell will have retired policemen, psychiatrists, media persons, social workers and informers who will handle the cases of rescued people and will also help in tracking the gangs,” said the DIG. Gunjyal was in Pauri district to have a review meeting with the police officers where he explained the concept of the cell. “It will also provide legal counseling to rescued people who have returned home and want to start a fresh life. The psychiatrists will help them in regaining confidence and start afresh,” Gunjyal said. As per the police, the young boys and girls in remote areas of the state are lured by the traffickers. They are promised lucrative jobs and comfortable stay in big cities. That is how they fall prey to such gangs and are eventually forced into crimes like flesh trade. “In cases of girls involved in flesh trade, they face a huge problem even after being rescued. The social stigma and rejection from their own parents makes life difficult for them. All this needs to be addressed with utmost care, something the new cell intends to do,” the DIG said. As per the tentative plan, each district in Garhwal region would have a cell where members will share information with their counterparts in other places. After it gets functional, the local police stations will start referring the missing complaints here. “We will be covering districts like Chamoli, Uttarkashi, Rudraprayag and areas close to the border,” said a senior police officer. (Times of India 2/11/14)

96. Give us our rights, children to MLA hopefuls (1)

Ranchi: As many as 1,500 children, who are members of NGO Bachpan Bachao Andolan’s Bal Mitra Gram (Child Friendly Village) programme, will join a statewide campaign from November 14 to December 20 to seek their rights from politicians contesting the Assembly polls. Called Chune Neta Jo Bachpan Bachaye, the campaign will see the young crusaders, most of whom are victims of child trafficking, child labour and other forms of abuse, touring districts like Ranchi, Pakur, Khunti, Koderma, Dhanbad and Palamau to spread the word about their manifesto that highlight issues concerning them. Apart from taking part in demonstrations, rallies and nukkad nataks to draw the attention of the state administration, politicians and commoners, the children will also obtain signatures of nominees of various political parties on the manifesto. Some of the demands featuring in the manifesto are eradication of child marriage and child labour, proper implementation of RTE Act, provision of girls’ toilets and water facilities in government schools, improvement in quality of midday meal and curbing absenteeism among teachers. “With the Assembly elections round the corner, we want the voices of children, who have been victims of bonded labour and trafficking, to be heard. These children have gained confidence as they are receiving education in a friendly environment and are enjoying all kinds of facilities. They are empowered and strong enough to take part in the decision-making process,” said state coordinator of Bachpan Bachao Andolan Sanjay Mishra. Shedding more light on the campaign, Mishra said they would be rolling out four Bal Adhikar Mukti Caravans comprising 25 children each. These vehicles will move in various districts, raising awareness about the basic rights of children.They will ask questions like what the MLA hopefuls are doing to stop child trafficking, child labour and other forms of abuses. The candidates have to sign the manifesto, promising to take up the issues after winning the polls. “We had undertaken a similar initiative in the Lok Sabha polls early this year. Congress candidate Subodh Kant Sahay, minister of state for social justice and empowerment in the Narendra Modi government Sudarshan Bhagat and JMM chief Shibu Soren had signed the children’s manifesto. As promised, they raised their voice for the cause of children and helped improve quality of midday meal and ensure appointment of para-teachers in government schools,” Mishra claimed. Gangotri Kujur, BJP candidate from Mandar constituency, welcomed the initiative. “The children are raising pertinent issues like child labour and trafficking. I have decided to sign their manifesto and will definitely take up the cudgels for them if voted to power,” Kujur promised. (The Telegraph 9/11/14)

CORRUPTION

97. NHRC directs DGP to probe govt role in influencing MPPEB cases (5)

BHOPAL: National Human Rights commission (NHRC) has asked director general of police Surendra Sinh to conduct an inquiry into allegations that chief minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan and some bureaucrats were trying to influence investigations into the Madhya Pradesh Professional Examination Board (MPPEB) scam. DGP has been asked to probe and appraise the complainant about finding within eight weeks. A whistleblower in MPPEB scam, Ashish Chaturvedi, 24, has informed NHRC there was a threat to his life from those involved in the scam. He has filed more than 100 complaints of corruption in PMT entrance exam in last three years. Gwalior police have registered FIRs in 10 cases so far. “I have evidence against people who I have named in the complaint. It has been more than four months since FIR has been lodged against CM’s close aide Dr Gulab Singh and others, but nothing has happened so far. Police is under pressure to hush up case,” Chaturvedi told TOI. Gwalior-based social activist Chaturvedi has already suffered three attacks on his life, including an abduction bid. Chaturvedi also petitioned CBI to probe admissions of 5,000 doctors in MBBS and pre-medical courses between 2003 and 2013 in all state colleges. He lodged a similar complaint against the CM to the prime minister’s office (PMO). PMO responded by forwarding his complaint to the state home secretary for ‘appropriate’ action. Chaturvedi, who blew the whistle on chief minister’s relative and seven others for their role in MPPEB scam, also accused additional advocate-general of Madhya Pradesh M P S Raghuvanshi of issuing veiled threats. (Times of India 3/11/14)

98. Bar Scam: VS Urges RSP, SJD to Quit UDF (5)

THIRUVANANTHAPURAM : In the wake of the bar scam, RSP and SJD should come out of the United Democratic Front, urged Opposition leader V S Achuthanandan. In a statement here on Monday, Achuthanandan urged both parties to make their stand clear on various issues including the bribery charges levelled against Finance Minister K M Mani. “The Oommen Chandy Government has become an insult for Kerala. Each day there are new reports of corruption allegations against ministers coming out. “The latest allegations of bribery charges levelled against Finance Minister K M Mani has made it more clear. The Government Chief Whip himself had alleged that the Chief Minister and a section within the Congress are behind the allegations. Soon, names of more ministers would come out in the bar scam,” he said. The RSP and the SJD should seriously consider whether they should continue in  such a government, which is fully immersed in corruption, V S Achuthanandan said, adding that the government’s attempt was to play down the corruption charges. (New Indian Express 4/11/14)

99. Government Has Nothing to Hide in Bar Scam: CM (5)

KANNUR:  Taking advantage of the discord in the Opposition over the allegations of bribery involving senior minister K M Mani, Chief Minister Oommen Chandy and Home Minister Ramesh Chenithala attacked the Left Democratic Front (LDF) on Tuesday and asked the Opposition to spell out their demand clearly. Speaking to mediapersons here on Tuesday morning, Chief Minister Oommen Chandy claimed that the government had nothing to hide in the bar scam. The government is not afraid of any investigation. The Home Minister asked the Vigilance to make a preliminary enquiry about the allegations when the Leader Of Opposition V S Achuthanandan raised the demand in writing. VS gave a letter to the Vigilance Director to probe the allegations and the Home Minister directed the vigilance to make an inquiry. V S Achuthanandan now dismisses his earlier letter and wants a CBI inquiry. Why he did not demand a CBI probe in writing, Oommen Chandy quipped. The Chief Minister also criticised Achuthandan’s invitation to RSP and SJD back into the LDF camp. The invitation extended to SJD and RSP was the result of political disappointment, he ridiculed. “Since the UDF gained power, the Opposition has been trying out various tricks to topple the government. And all those stratagy fell flat. Now, out of desperation, they are trying to wean off some of the UDF constituents,” the chief minister criticised. Interacting with the press here, Ramesh Chennithala said that Vigilance would probe the political conspiracy behind the allegations against K M Mani in the bar scam. The minister also slammed the opposition for the discord in the front. Let the LDF first reach a common decision on what kind of investigation should be ordered in the bar scam. The government cannot change its decisions as per the whims of the Opposition, he added. (New Indian Express 5/11/14)

100. Demand for CBI probe into Health Dept scam (5)

JORHAT, Nov 6 – Demanding a CBI probe into the alleged scam in the appointment of some Health Department officials in Jorhat, Sivasagar, Golaghat, Dhemaji, Dibrugarh and two other districts of the State, senior BJP members and advocates said that the Government must do it in public interest as several crores of rupees from the public exchequer have already been disbursed by Treasury officials illegally to pay the salaries of those employees. At a press conference here on Monday, State BJP secretary Santanu Pujari alleged that the ongoing investigation by the Chief Minister’s Vigilance Cell may not find out the corrupt doctors and employees of both the Health and Finance departments as some influential persons are trying to mislead the probe. According to Pujari, rampant corruption took place in Jorhat during 2010-2013 and a Joint Director of Health Services resorted to unfair practices in the appointment of more than 100 Grade III and Grade IV employees in different hospitals and offices. “The then Joint Director of Health Services refused to give us details about the recruitment process and the job details of the employees by citing a Bombay High Court decision on maintaining secrecy. The senior doctor tried a lot to cover up the scam even when we sought the details under the RTI Act,” said Pujari. He claimed that later they could access some government documents which substantiated the fact that some employees availed of the chance to join their offices under the aegis of the Joint Director of Health Services in Jorhat by showing some “fake transfer orders from some other districts.” “The nexus between Health Department and Treasury officials helped all the illegally-appointed employees to get their monthly salaries from the District Treasury Office. They were not appointed earlier in any district. It is mysterious how they could join service at the offices in Jorhat by showing fake transfer orders. A sum of about Rs 15 crore was disbursed illegally from the Jorhat Treasury itself for their salaries,” Pujari maintained. Expressing concern over the alleged violation of the legal procedure by some senior Finance Department officials, advocate Rintu Goswami said that the Deputy Commissioner of Jorhat did not heed their request for a probe earlier though the case was reported months ago. “We demand a CBI probe. Several senior officers of the both the Health and Finance departments are suspected to be involved in the case. The State Government’s investigation may not bring them to book for political reasons,” said Goswami. Though the Deputy Commissioner has constituted a committee for probe, the recent transfer of a senior Health officer has cast doubt on the Government’s will for a fair investigation, he added. Advocate Gautam Bora also said that only the CBI should be entrusted with the probe as some powerful officers and political personalities are allegedly involved in the case. “Documents revealed that such cases took place not only in Jorhat. Sivasagar, Golaghat, Dibrugarh, Dhemaji and two other districts also witnessed such violation of government rules. Public money has been disbursed from the Treasuries illegally. The Government must confiscate the disproportionate assets of the officers and employees involved in the case through a legal process,” added advocate Bora. (The Assam Tribune 7/11/14)

ENVIRONMENT/ CLIMATE CHANGE

101. Environmentalists appeal India to take lead role in global climate negotiations (9)

NEW DELHI: A day after scientists of the UN-backed panel appealed the world to take urgent actions to save the globe from disastrous consequences of climate change, environmentalists on Monday asked Indian government to take a leadership role in global climate negotiations for an ambitious action saying “the rich nations have failed to take the lead” in solving the problem. Ahead of crucial climate talks in Peru next month, they also said the world can only come together if the global negotiations are based on the principles of fairness and equity. Referring to the findings of the IPCC synthesis report, Chandra Bhushan, deputy director general of the Delhi-based Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) said, “The actions currently being taken by countries are not sufficient to limit temperature increase. Developed countries have failed to take lead in resolving this evolving crisis. Instead of reducing emissions, the developed countries have in fact increased their consumption-based emissions over the past 20 years”.The IPCC synthesis report, released in Copenhagen on Sunday, noted that the inaction from the governments across the world had not only led to increase of average surface temperature by 0.85 degree celsius over the period from 1880 to 2012 but also resulted in warming and acidifying of oceans, contributing to extreme weather events across the all continents in the past few years. Commenting on the report, the CSE chief Sunita Narain said, “The IPCC report is a clear warning against inaction. However, it also says that the world can come together and take on this challenge. But the world can only come together if the global negotiations are based on the principles of fairness and equity.” The CSE’s analysis shows that a fair deal would require developed countries to reduce their emissions substantially by 2030. However, no developed country has announced an ambitious emission cut targets. “The 40% emissions cuts announced by the EU are just not sufficient. The US has done even worse. It has not announced any targets, but the boom in fossil fuel use in that country — especially in the use of shale gas and oil — is going to be a major obstacle for the US to put forth an ambition target”, it said. Seeking actions from nations to face the challenges climate change, the IPCC, in fact, wants the world to completely phase out fossil fuels (oil, coals and natural gas) in electricity generation by the end of this century and reduce their use to 20% by 2050. Scientists have clearly noted that if disastrous consequences of climate change are to be avoided, all nations will have to collectively bring emissions of greenhouse gases to nearly zero by year 2100. It is expected that the representatives of over 190 countries would deliberate on the issue while discussing finer points of desired actions at the Lima climate talks next month. The negotiations in Peruvian capital and expected commitment from countries will hopefully be the basis of the global climate deal which is expected to be arrived at in Paris summit next year. Bhushan said, “India must take the lead in negotiations and push for an ambitious global goal. It also must take ambitious action itself.” Director of the Climate Action Network South Asia (CANSA), coalition of 120 civil society organizations, Sanjay Vashist, too emphasized on ambitious action from India saying the country needs to increase its ambition post-2020 riding on success of renewable energy initiatives. He said, “For success of 2015 climate deal, formula for equitable effort sharing is must”.Other global groups too have similar concerns. Referring to the IPCC report, which warned adverse consequences of inaction, the head of the ACT Alliance climate change advisory group, Mattias Soderberg, said, “Politicians around the world must act on these predictions and there is no time to waste. We need to do whatever we can to reduce our emissions, help people to adapt, and where this is not possible, help displaced people to settle and move on with their lives somewhere else”.The ACT Alliance is a coalition of more than 140 organizations working together across the globe to create positive and sustainable change in the lives of poor and marginalized people. Soderberg said, “Governments must adhere to the report, and base their positions and commitments on the recent science. The UN climate talks are in a critical phase, where parties will present their intended contributions to the future agreement. As such the IPCC report is extremely timely. Governments should now reconsider their targets in light of the new findings.” (Times of India 3/11/14)

102. IPCC dropped key chart ‘inconvenient’ to developed world: CSE (9)

NEW DELHI: Four days after the UN-backed Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) brought out its detailed findings predicting a gloomy future for the world if it fails to cut emissions drastically, the Delhi-based research and advocacy group Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) on Thursday claimed the global body had dropped a key ‘graph’ from its synthesis report which was “inconvenient” to rich nations. The dropped ‘graph’ shows how developed countries shy away from focusing on their fast growing consumption-based emissions. They instead, prefer to project their success in reducing production-based emissions over the past few years. CSE said, the chart indicates that the production-based emissions of these countries have decreased because they shifted the manufacturing base to the developing countries and have been fulfilling their domestic requirements through imports Although the CSE has consistently been in full agreement with the IPCC over its findings and analysis, in this instance, they believe, the climate panel succumbed to the politics of climate change. IPCC chairman R K Pachauri, however, rejected the claim, saying “this is completely wrong”. In a text message to TOI, he said, “There was not a single figure which was dropped from the synthesis report. Every figure from the draft submitted for approval was retained intact”.The IPCC later tweeted that “the chart CSE refers to is on page 16 of the Working Group III Technical Summary. It was not dropped.” Though the important chart was there in the WGIII summary, it could not find place in the final synthesis report. Flagging the matter in its annual media briefing on climate change, the CSE’s deputy chief and the group’s climate expert Chandra Bhushan on Thursday highlighted that the ‘graph’ was in the draft report of working group-III of the IPCC but it was finally dropped from the synthesis report. The synthesis report, released in Copenhagen on Sunday, distilled and combined all the three working group reports of the panel which were brought out by it in the past 13 months. Claiming that he could access the ‘graph’ from a key member of the IPCC, Bhushan said, “The chart actually shows how consumption in developed countries is increasing rapidly and that consumption is being supported by developing countries”.He noted that had this ‘graph’ been part of the report, it would have been a “big embarrassment” for developed nations, which are historically the top emitters. Bhushan, at the same time, also blamed India and China for letting rich nations drop such an important eye-opener, saying both these countries are supporting the consumption of the developed world by turning themselves to the west’s manufacturing base in the name of economic growth. Elaborating further, CSE chief Sunita Narain said, “They (developed countries) are still consuming. Actually the rich have not reduced (emissions) at all. They exported it (emissions) to developing world including China and India. They pretend to be reducing emissions but are not actually reducing it. This is the dirty politics.” She later also tweeted the ‘graph’, saying the chart that went missing in the IPCC final report shows how rich countries have not reduced emissions. Urging developing countries, including India, not to miss these points while negotiating for a global climate deal, Bhushan said rich nations should not escape from their responsibilities of drastic emission cuts by presenting different data to the world. (Times of India 7/11/14)

103. Smog scare: Patients told to stay indoors (9)

NEW DELHI: Air quality in the city is deteriorating every day as agricultural waste burning continues unabated in Punjab and Haryana. Doctors, too, are seeing a jump in cases of acute bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD) and asthma. They are advising those who are vulnerable or already suffering from respiratory disorders to avoid going out during peak traffic hours, keeping inhalers handy and, if smog is severe, recommending a few weeks stay outside Delhi. The PM2.5 (fine respirable particles) levels have increased from 180 microgram per cubic metre on November 4 to about 205 microgram per cubic metre on November 9, about 3.5 times the safe standard of 60 microgram per cubic metre according to data with System of Air Quality Weather Forecasting and Research (SAFAR) under Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM). PM10 (coarse particles) increased from 289 microgram per cubic metre to 315 microgram per cubic metre on Sunday. At 6.45pm, the PM2.5 level at Mandir Marg was 303 microgram per cubic metre, five times the standard and at RK Puram it was 343 microgram per cubic metre, almost six times the standard. According to IGI airport’s met department, smog formed and reduced visibility on November 8 midnight to late morning of November 9. For about eight hours, the visibility remained at 400 to 500 metres. More smog is expected in the next few days. Due to western disturbances (WD) the wind speed had increased slightly, to about 15 kmph in some areas. But the WD has now moved away and the winds are calm now. “The smog has suddenly increased with longer low visibility periods for the first time this season. In view of smog favouring circulation pattern now likely to continue for another 3-4 days the airport will be affected,” said a statement issued by IGI Met. Meanwhile, doctors are seeing a sudden jump in complaints of acute respiratory conditions and associated complications. Dr Randeep Guleria, professor and head of pulmonary medicine at AIIMS, said, “Due to the PM2.5 level being very high, there is a 10-15% increase in complaints of asthma and COPD. We are suggesting that those who are vulnerable should keep relief medication and inhalers. They should avoid travel during peak hours and around mid-day. If smog is severe we suggest they go out of Delhi for a few weeks till pollution levels come down.” The link between lung cancer and air pollution is not directly established, but Guleria said some studies do link lung cancer. His department is planning to conduct a study linking hospital admissions with air pollution in Delhi. SAFAR’s AQI states that children and elderly are most likely to experience health impacts during “poor” air quality, even the healthy will experience discomfort. The air pollution levels on Monday for PM2.5 and PM10 is likely to be 215 microgram per cubic metre and 350 microgram per cubic metre, respectively, according to a forecast by SAFAR, IITM. (Times of India 9/11/14)

AGRICULTURE/ FARMERS SUICIDES

104. Suicide by farmers confined to rain-fed areas: Pocharam (20)

HYDERABAD: Agriculture Minister Pocharam Srinivas Reddy has said that suicide by farmers in Telangana was confined to rain-fed areas after September 20 due to scanty rainfall which resulted in crop damage. Reacting to reports that 325 distressed farmers had committed suicide in the five-month-old TRS government, Mr. Srinivas Reddy told media persons that most of the deaths were exaggerated by newspapers. It was true that some farmers had committed suicide but district-level committees were verifying specific reasons for their rash act. A revolving fund was also kept at the disposal of Collectors to address the distress of farmers. He also said the problem of suicide did not arise where irrigation was by borewells, covering 50 lakh acres. Suicide by farmers was nothing new to Telangana as 3,915 of them ended their lives from 1998 to 2014. The government was gathering details about farmers who committed suicide during TRS rule. To mitigate the shortage of power for borewells, Mr. Srinivas Reddy said the government proposed to energise 20,000 agricultural pump sets by harnessing solar power this year. An allocation of Rs. 200 crore would be made for the purpose in the coming budget. The Telangana government would launch on Saturday a programme to extend Rs. 4 a litre incentive to dairy farmers supplying milk to the government-owned Vijaya Dairy. Mr. Reddy himself will symbolically receive milk on behalf of the dairy at Takrajguda of Tallakondapalli mandal in Mahbubnagar district. He will also participate in another programme at Yerrapad of Tadvai mandal in his native Nizamabad district. (The Hindu 1/11/14)

105. Farming community loses all hope (20)

Nalgonda: Nearly 330 ryots end lives since September 20. Already in debts, the delayed monsoon forced the 28-year-old  Janganaboina Paramesh to sow cotton seed twice but they did not sprout due to extended dry spell. As the tragedy of farmers committing suicide due to crop failure stares the five-month-old Telangana government, the gruesome tales continue to haunt villages across the State. Nearly 330 farmers were said to have ended their lives since September 20 when the rains receded and led to a severe demand for power to energise the 20 lakh pumpsets to save the standing crop. The government did not deny the distress death of farmers but it was confined to rain-fed areas. Already in debts, the delayed monsoon forced the 28-year-old  Janganaboina Paramesh to sow cotton seed twice but they did not sprout due to extended dry spell. Losing hope if he would get back what he had invested on his 14-acre cotton crop back, Paramesh committed suicide by consuming pesticide on July 4 this year — leaving his three below 6-year-old children in the care of his 22-year-old wife, Padma. A neighbour Vanam Venkataiah said that Paramesh had been cultivating cotton since eight years but never reaped good harvest due to either dry spell or excess rainfall. He also said Paramesh had borrowed money from private money lenders to a tune of Rs 5 lakh and he also got Rs. 1 lakh from banks excluding the interest amount. Human Rights Forum (HRF) visited Paramesh’s house recently and concluded that the district administration never made any attempts to compensate the family. (The Hindu 2/11/14)

106. Amid Telangana Farmer Suicides, Lawmakers Seek A Raise (20)

Hyderabad:  New state Telangana has recorded some bleak statistics in its first five months of existence – 348 farmers have committed suicide. While that will be a big issue in the state’s first Budget session that began today, legislators are also pushing for a salary hike. The bigger pay package did not find mention in the budget presented by Finance Minister Etala Rajender today, but legislators from the ruling party Telangana Rashtriya Samiti or TRS say the government plans a Bill in this session to increase the salary of legislators from Rs. 1.2 lakh to Rs. 2 lakh a month. Such a hike will mean an additional expense of over Rs. 38 crore per annum in a state that is reeling under a massive agriculture crisis brought on by an acute water and power shortage. While delayed and deficit rains have played havoc, social activists say no fresh bank loans and poor power supply this season have pushed debt-ridden farmers further into despair. Uttam Kumar Reddy a Congress legislator said it would be embarrassing to get a hike at a time when the entire state is reeling under drought. But Jupally Krishna Rao of the TRS said a salary hike for legislators hike was very justified and the Telugu Desam’s Revanth Reddy said the increase should be even more. He said spending a little over Rs. 3 crore on legislators salary was nothing at all, considering they had so many responsibilities and obligations as elected representatives. The BJP’s Ramachandra Reddy said his party has not demanded the hike so they “are not responsible.” Across parties, legislators however justified the hike in private, saying they need the extra money to function effectively. Chief Minister K Chandrasekhar Rao had also justified his proposal for a hike, saying that when they were presenting a one lakh crore budget, Rs. 38 crore was not a big spending on legislators with many duties, responsibilities and obligations. Within the budget, a hike in Constituency Development Fund has been mentioned, from Rs. 1 crore to Rs. 1.5 crore that will cost the exchequer Rs. 234 crores. (NDTV 5/11/14)

107. All farmer suicides not due to crop loss: Harish (20)

SANGAREDDY: Irrigation Minister T. Harish Rao said that all farmers’ suicides are not due to crop loss and the opposition parties were trying to blame the government by making such a claim. He said that they would refute the charges of the opposition on the floor of Assembly. Participating in various programmes held at Siddipet and other areas of Medak district on Thursday, Mr. Harish Rao alleged that even the deaths of farmers due to ill health and suicides for other reasons were being termed as “farmers’ suicides”. Stating that the government was very much committed for the welfare of farmers, the Minister said that according priority for farming in the budget by the government shows the true spirit. Referring to belt shops and country made arrack, he said that the women should lead the fight against this practice. He said that the government would ensure that there would be no cases against women who fight against belt shops.(The Hindu 7/11/14)

108. CJI calls for more compensation to farmers (20)

AHMEDABAD: As the Centre plans to make amendments in the Land Acquisition Bill, the Chief Justice of India Justice HL Dattu has cautioned the in power to make minimum use of agriculture land for the corporate sector and if at all the land was to be given to the farmers they should be given more compensation than the existing rate. The Chief Justice was speaking on “Strengthening Climate Justice Initiatives: Livelihood Challenges at Local Level with a Focus on Farmers,” at a conference organized in the city. The Chief Justice said that apart from discussing the impact of climatic change on agriculture and farmers, the party in power should discuss on how they can help the farmers. “In my opinion the agricultural land being acquired by the state governments for the purpose of handing over to corporate sector, if it could be minimized it could help the agricultural community to a large extent,” he said. He said that his statement was in the context that the land was the bread and butter for the agriculturists. He said, “When you take the land of the farmer, not only give him compensation but it should be more than the compensation he deserves.” He further said that as a Supreme Court judge when he was hearing such land compensation cases, he always asked the question to the advocate appearing for the states as to why they were fussy when it came to giving compensation to the farmers for whom the land was the sole means to earn his livelihood. Looking at state Minister Bhupendrasinh Chudasma he asked him to pass it on the at the centre that the farmers should be given good compensation. The Chief Justice even said that the family of the farmer who committed suicide has to give bribe to the officer to get a ceritificate that the farmer has committed suicide. (Times of India 9/11/14)

LAND ACQUISITION/ DISPLACEMENT

109. ‘POSCO will not be shelved’ (4)

BHUBANESWAR: Nearly a decade after the mega steel project proposed by South Korean company POSCO failed to take off in Jagatsinghpur district of Odisha, the steel major here on Friday said the project would not be shelved. “We have been waiting here for 10 years. We would never quit,” said Gee Woong Sung, Chairman and Managing Director of POSCO, India, who met Chief Secretary G.C. Pati here. POSCO India is said to have discussed issues from the physical handing over of the required land for the proposed steel plant in Jagatsinghpur to providing mining linkage to the project. POSCO India had proposed to establish a 12 million tonne per annum capacity steel plant and a captive port at Rs. 52,000 crore of investment — the biggest Foreign Direct Investment — in Jagatsinghpur district on June 22, 2005. When local resistance grew against acquisition of land, the company reshaped the project into 8 mtpa capacity. It also brought down the land requirement from over 4000 acres of land to 2700 acres. Industrial Infrastructure Development Corporation of Odihsa (IDCO) with the help of Jagatsinghpur district administration acquired about 2700 acres of land. But it was yet to give physical possession of land to the company. When IDCO attempted to construct a boundary wall, it was resisted by local people under the banner of Posco Pratirodh Sangram Samiti. The land acquisition process has not been completed, even in a decade. Mr. Sung was said to have requested the State government to expedite the process of land acquisition and develop road linkage to the project area. The meeting which lasted about four hours was attended by IDCO CMD Vishal Dev and Steel and Mines Secretary G Srinivasan here on Friday. “The meeting was successful,” said the POSCO CMD while coming out of the meeting hall. The POSCO top executive, sources said, wanted to know the fate of Khandadhar iron ore mine. The South Korean company also got a shot in arm after Union Ministry of Environment and Forest on October 28 clarified that in case of plantations which were notified as ‘Forest’ on a day less than 75 years prior to the December 13, 2005 and are located in the villages having no recorded population of Scheduled Tribes, as per the Census-2001 and Census 2011, then no forest rights are likely to be recognized, even if the process of stipulation in Forest Rights Act and the rules framed under for recognition and vesting of forest rights is initiated and completed. Government sources said the MOEF circular would help POSCO India overcome the forest right hurdle in Jagatsinghpur district. (The Hindu 1/11/14)

110. Tata files revised proposal for relief to displaced in Orissa (4)

Berhampur: Leading steel producer Tata Steel has submitted a proposal to the Orissa government on revision of compensation. The company will announce its revised package after the state government approves the proposal, said Arun Mishra, vice-president of the project here on Monday. The people of Sindhigaon, Badapaur, Patrapur, Kalipalli and Paikapada villages near Gopalpur were displaced after the company acquired 2,970 acres for the then proposed shore-based mega steel plant in 1996. However, the company later shelved the project and decided to set up an industrial park and multi-product special economic zone (SEZ) for which the foundation stone for the proposed project was laid by chief minister Naveen Patnaik in August 2010. Expressing resentment over the inordinate delay in the execution of the project, the displaced families, in a memorandum to the Tata Rehabilitation Village Development Committee, had demanded a special resettlement and rehabilitation (R&R) package and a permanent job to one member of each affected family. (Asian Age 4/11/14)

111. Illogicalities in land acquisition law need to go: Jaitley (4)

New Delhi: Finance Minister Arun Jaitley Wednesday said the government is considering changes to some “illogical provisions” of the Land Acquisition Act. “There are some illogical provisions like land cannot be used or acquired under this law for private educational institutions, private hospitals and hotels. There are some factors in it, which certainly require a relook,” Jaitley said at the India Economic Summit here. “By this, a new capital of Andhra Pradesh, or the 100 smart cities proposed cannot have private universities and schools, private hospitals or hotels,” he added. Speaking at a question and answer session at the summit inauguration, Jaitley said the new law lays down extremely complicated procedures, making it almost impossible to acquire land. The act now makes it mandatory to take the consent of 80 percent of the people whose land is taken for private projects. In the case of public-private-partnership projects, the consent of 70 percent of people is required. “As defence minister, I face difficulties every day, even defence is not exempt,” Jaitley, who holds this additional charge, said. Important infrastructure projects like industrial corridors and housing, especially for the poor, were being held up by such illogicalities in the law, he added. (Business tandard 5/11/14)

112. Andhra Pradesh government planning ‘land bank’ to promote industries (4)

Rajahmundry: Andhra Pradesh Government is mulling over to constitute a “land bank” of two lakh acres to promote industries, state Finance Minister Yanamala Ramakrishnudu said here on Thursday. “Many countries are interested in establishing industries in our state and we need to show them that land is available in our state,” the minister told a press conference at Pithapuram in East Godavari district. He said the state government was making sincere efforts for promotion of industries and state Chief Minister N Chandrababu Naidu is visiting Singapore for this purpose. “The decision of Central government to declare special status for AP would be of help as more industries will come here to set up their shops. A special package has also been proposed for seven coastal districts under the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Bill,” Ramakrishnudu said. Observing that Andhra Pradesh has 49 SEZs, he said the state possesses valuable mineral resources as well as 14 ports in coastal districts which would help in development of the state. Responding to a query on global players evincing interest in setting up units in AP, Ramakrishnudu said an Australian firm has come forward to establish a ship building unit at Kakinada. “The state is in favour of ship building units, but not for ship-breaking units as they cause pollution,” he added. On an industrial corridor announced by Centre, the minister said industries without pollution are essential and Centre has already proposed to establish hardware industry in the district. (DNA 6/11/14)

113. Jaitley vows to amend Land Act, promises non-aggressive tax policy (4)

NEW DELHI : Finance Minister ArunJaitley today said the government will amend the tough land acquisition law even if the opposition does not support as it looks to restore confidence in the economy. On a day when Prime Minister Narendra Modi is expanding his Cabinet, Jaitley promised a rational, non ultra-aggressive tax policy and make India a global manufacturing hub. “Some changes may be necessary (to the Land Acquisition Act). We will first try to reach a consensus and if that is not possible we will go ahead and take the decision,” he said addressing India Global Forum meeting here. The Land Acquisition Bill, which was passed during the previous UPA regime with then opposition BJP supporting it, seeks to set a fair compensation for farm land being taken over for industrial projects. But the law has made land acquisition very difficult, slowing projects. States too have come out openly against the law saying it had hurt the process of acquiring land for infrastructure projects. Jaitley said that the “obstacles” to the land laws would have to be first removed in order to implement the concept of smart cities in India. In Budget 2014-15, Jaitley had proposed an allocation of Rs 7,060 crore for developing 100 ‘smart cities’ in the country. The Rural Development Ministry has already suggested a number of amendments to the Land Acquisition Act that will water down provisions such as mandatory consent of at least 70 per cent locals for acquiring land for PPP projects, and 80 per cent for private projects. Jaitley also said that the government’s disinvestment programme will “unfold” in the next couple of days. He added that the government aims to bring down its equity in public sector banks to 52 per cent. “Economy was and is in a challenging situation and one of the principal challenges before us is to restore the confidence in the Indian economy, to expand economic activity and move towards increasing the growth rate,” he said. Stating that growth rate next year will be “a little better”, he said if the trend continues, India can be on high growth trajectory soon. “We have seen the challenges before the economy. So, a reasonable and rational tax policy (is needed). It can’t be ultra aggressive with the tax payers,” the Minister said. (Times of India 9/11/14)

114. DDA policy to provide relief to 5 lakh displaced people (4)

NEW DELHI: Over five lakh displaced people staying in DDA properties without official authorisation or on lease by paying damages will soon be benefitted with the land agency working on formulating a policy to regularise such properties. DDA vice-chairman Balvinder Kumar has initiated the process of formulating a policy for thousands of properties occupied by displaced persons and others from 1940 onwards on the basis of “paying damages” or “leases” in 23 nazul estates of Delhi in areas like Karol Bagh, Paharganj, Anand Parbat, Chuna Mandi, etc. The DDA said government land falling under these 23 nazul estates, after partition, was mainly occupied by refugees, who settled in these open spaces without official authorisation. These occupants were issued slips known as “damages slips” for using the government land. On constitution of the DDA in 1957, these lands were transferred to the land agency. The number of such properties in 1959 was approximately 18,179. Over a period of time, these plots were either inherited, subdivided or sold and “damages slips” became the basis of various transactions, i.e., sale mutation etc. and in many cases the transactions were registered also. The “damages”, as per the slips issued, were being collected through Damages Collectors. The DDA said the number of these properties have now multiplied many times and there are around one lakh families, i.e., about five lakh occupants who are staying in these properties after paying damages and many even without paying any damages. Some of the land in these areas was on leasehold basis and continues to be occupied by such occupants even though the leases have either expired or have been cancelled /determined. “In order to provide relief to such thousands of unauthorised occupants who have been continuing to occupy government land either without official authorisation or through leases for more than 60 years, a policy is being formulated to regularise such occupancy. For working out the basic guideline, details of the households, their occupants are being collected from the Census House Listing Schedules of 2010-2011, where each structure has been listed along with the status of the owner or the tenant. Help of the National Population Register-2011 and various socio-economic surveys are also being taken to get the exact details,” the DDA said. (The Hindu 10/11/14)

RIGHT TO HEALTH

115. It’s never been so good for pregnant women here (3)

ADILABAD: Pregnant women in the agency area of Adilabad now have good reason to be happy about. A specialised initiative to improve institutional deliveries has not only resulted in better access to hospitals but also succeeded in significant reduction of infant and maternal mortality rates (IMR and MMR) among tribal people of nine mandals in the district. The initiative was launched in February to eventually cover the mandals of Narnoor, Jainoor, Sirpur (U), Kerameri, Wankidi, Asifabad, Tamsi, Sirpur (T) and Kutala under a centralised mechanism to track each and every case of pregnancy aimed, among other things, to facilitate transport of pregnant women to hospitals. A 24×7 call centre at the ITDA sends SMS alerts to everyone concerned – including the ITDA Project Officer, the Additional District Medical and Health Officer in Agency, the ANM and even the driver of the ambulance on the time of the delivery in a given case. The ITDA has purchased six vehicles used exclusively for the purpose in the mandals in question. The facilitation has drastically reduced home deliveries from 1,768 in 2013 to 322 so far, said R.K. Anantha Krishnan, Prime Minister’s Rural Development Fellow with the ITDA, who is also the nodal person looking after implementation of the programme. Adilabad district has one of the highest rates of IMR at 56 (deaths per 1,000) against the State’s average of 47 and country’s average of 41. The MMR rate of 222 (deaths per 1 lakh population) is also among the highest in the State and the country. “In the last six months since the initiative was launched, the IMR has come down by over half to 20, and the MMR is just 2 in the mandals where the initiative has been taken up,” Mr. Krishnan reveals. “Against the 681 institutional deliveries in these mandals recorded last year, we have already achieved 1,018 during the eight months in question,” he adds to underscore the success of the specialised initiative. The programme has also helped the ITDA tackle the perilous problem of anaemia, the haemoglobin percentage being less than 8 in a majority of pregnant tribal women. “The help of Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) is enlisted to provide proper food to weak mothers through the tracking system in operation,” Mr. Krishnan says. (The Hindu 1/11/14)

116. MP in hall of shame, tops chart in infant deaths (3)

INDORE: Despite relentless efforts of the government to curb infant deaths, Madhya Pradesh along with Assam has earned the dubious distinction of recording highest infant mortality rate (IMR). Though the IMR has witnessed a dip by two points this year, the number of infant deaths in MP exceeds national average and is relatively higher as compared to other 18 states. According to the recently released sample registration survey (SRS) conducted by Census, Union government, the IMR was 56 deaths per 1000 live births last year, which has reduced to 54 deaths per 1000 live births this year. However, the figure is still large among the 19 bigger states of the country. The other four states in top IMR list are Assam (54), Odisha (51), Uttar Pradesh (50) and Rajasthan (47 deaths per 1000 live births). Overall, IMR of the country is 40 deaths per 1000 live births, which is quite low in comparison to the IMR in the state. According to the health department sources, they have a target to bring down the IMR to 28 by the end of 2015. At present, the state health department has 53 functional special new born care units (SNCU) while there are over 100 newborn stabilization units. Moreover, the auxiliary nurse midwives (ANM) are monitoring the health of the newborn till 42 days since birth. The ANM visits the house of the newborn and monitors the health of the newborn. If the infant is found to be suffering from any disease, she refers the child to hospital for treatment. Moreover, the health department has put up radiant warmers at the health centres which have facility of child birth (delivery). It prevents the newborn from hypothermia, which is one of the major causes of infant mortality. Also, the state government has identified 40 districts in the state, which are tagged as ‘high focused areas’. In these districts, the health indicators are not good in terms of IMR and maternal mortality ratio. The health department, which aims at achieving the target by the end of 2015, is taking steps to strengthen facilities and improve health indicators in high focus districts. The targets are known as millennium development goals. (Times of India 5/11/14)

117. Birth Defects in Attappadi Stun Health Experts (3)

PALAKKAD:  The medical fraternity here has been found divided over the causes related to the issue of the death of two infants in Attappadi due to anencephaly in the course of one week. Anencephaly is the congenital absence of part or all of the brain, skull and scalp in an infant. While a section connected the outbreak with the overuse of endosulphan and other pesticides on the crops, others clung to the deficiency of folic acid in pregnant mothers. During the last 17 months of monitoring the pregnant mothers, only two cases of anencephaly deaths were reported, and, therefore, it cannot be attributed completely to pesticides, said Dr Sreehari, the district programme manager of the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM), adding that folic acid deficiency could be deemed as the main cause, though in stray cases pesticides might have acted. Folic acid is usually administered on women during their initial stages of pregnancy, but in Attappadi and surrounding areas, social compulsions come in the way, and the women disclose it only after three to four months, said Dr Sreehari. Folic acid is generated from fruits and vegetables with sour tastes. But according to Dr Sreehari, the tribal women shy away from consuming them as they couldn’t tolerate the sour tastes. Their teeth are mostly ruined with the habit of chewing tobacco, and they refrain from it. But according to District medical officer K Venugopal, two cases of anencephaly reported from Cheerakadavu and Bommiampadi in Pudur panchayat were of congenital defects. The settler farmers as well as adivasis here cultivate banana and they use pesticides such as furidan in large scale, which must have caused the outbreak in the children, said the DMO. A survey made in the panchayat has confirmed excessive use of pesticides, he said. As a counter measure, the women have been asked to boil the drinking water before they consumed it, he added. Dr Seema Bhaskar, mission manager of the National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM) in Attappadi, said that a vital reason for such abnormal child births might be the lack of nutrition in pregnant women. They also use untreated water from Siruvani and Bhavani rivers, where the water is mixed with feacal wastes, which carry infecting worms, said Dr Seema. Janani Suraksha Yojana, a government programme for the safety of motherhood, in one of their findings has reported the pregnant women in various oorus (abodes) are still anaemic. The report has also said that overuse of pesticides could be the reason. The Mahila Kisan Shakthikar Pariyojana of the NRLM had educated the people in the adivasi camps in the area to avoid pesticides when they undertake cultivations. But such endeavours were rendered futile as the nearby settler farmers had been antagonistic about it, said Dr Seema. The one way out to resist such anomalies, according to Dr Sreehari (NRHM), is to encourage the tribals to cultivate ragi, jowar and other millets which are considered nutritional enhancers to women in pregnancy period. A study undertaken by NRHM, with the support of UNICEF, indicated that 154 cases of child malnutrition in the area in last January has come down to 77 in October. (New Indian Express 7/11/14)

118. Patients probably contracted Hepatitis C at Stanley Hospital: report (3)

The report of an inquiry committee formed to look into cases of patients who allegedly tested positive for Hepatitis C virus (HCV) at Government Stanley Hospital has determined that most of the patients are “likely to have acquired HCV infection in Stanley hospital only.” In August, 16 patients who were awaiting kidney transplants alleged that they had contracted Hepatitis C from a dialysis machine at the hospital. They also said that the hospital had then asked them to go elsewhere for dialysis, as it did not have dedicated machines to dialyse HCV patients only. Following protests by the patients and members of the Aam Aadmi Party (AAP), the government formed a three-member inquiry committee to probe the issue. N. Gopalakrishnan, head, nephrology department, Mohammed Ali, head, medical gastroenterology, and G. Jayalakshmi, director, Microbiology, all from MMC formed the committee. The report says that of the 16 patients who tested positive for HCV, only six had undergone dialysis at hospitals before coming to Stanley. “Though it is theoretically possible that some patients could have been harbouring HCV – but not detected by tests, it is unlikely that all the 16 patients could have had HCV infection at entry into Stanley hospital itself….it is quite possible that many, if not all patients could have acquired the infection at Stanley hospital,” it observes. It also says that the patients could have been dialysed at Stanley itself, with 2 or 3 dedicated machines – a step that was subsequently taken. Also, “Breaking the news of HCV infection and subsequent counselling could have been done with more professionalism,” it says. Following the protests in August, the hospital set up a special ward to treat the patients with HCV. “We have a total of 13 dialysis machines, of which three have been set aside for the HCV patients,” said hospital dean AL. Meenakshisundaram. The wife of a patient, who is being treated at Stanley now, said that her husband was receiving regular injections for HCV treatment and was on dialysis. “But the delay has cost us. We came here in June, expecting the transplant to happen in July. Now though, it may take several more months. Many of the patients are sicker now, and several are very hard up financially,” she said. AAP members had also demanded that all patients who had undergone dialysis at the hospital over the last six months be recalled, tested and treated if found HCV positive. The report states that 234 patients had received haemodialysis at Stanley for varying periods in the last six months. They hail from different parts of the State and PCR testing (a highly sensitive but expensive test) would cost between Rs 3-3.2 lakh. However, hospital officials said they had already begun sending letters to the patients and some of them had already arrived for testing. “All deans and joint directors of government hospitals across the State have been informed, so that patients can go to the nearest facility and get tested. Those who test positive will be treated, and if required, kidney transplants performed,” Dr. Meenakshisundaram said. The AAP however alleges that one patient, Rajini, passed away. “The hospital contacted her very late. Her family had not been able to afford her dialysis, and the government hospitals at Thoothukudi and Tirunelveli had turned her away as she had Hepatitis C. She died on October 21, a day after the hospital contacted her family,” a party member said. However, the committee’s report states that Rajini did not have HCV on leaving Stanley. On hygiene and sterilisation procedures followed, the committee found that the procedure followed – dialysers washed with saline, hydrogen peroxide and then filled with formaline – was appropriate. “Dialyser reuse is scientifically accepted,” the report states, but in its recommendations, it says minimising the number of reuses or not reusing at all, would mitigate the spread of HCV. “This would cost more; but, still, it is worthy,” it says. The report also calls for strict adherence to universal precautions and strict infection control policies. Having PCR machines available at government hospitals for testing would also help, it says. In conclusion, the report says “there is no wilful negligence on the part of the nephrology department, but, certainly, there is a lack of a robust and foolproof mechanism to vigilantly monitor for inadequacies in infection control measures.” At a press meet on Friday, AAP members had demanded that Rajini’s family be given Rs, 10 lakh, the families of the 16 patients be compensated financially and action be taken against the doctors and staff who were negligent. (The Hindu 8/11/14)

HIV/AIDS

119. HIV-positive women forcibly sterilised in Namibia, says court (3)

Windhoek: Namibia`s Supreme Court on Monday found that HIV-positive women were forcibly sterilised after giving birth — a decision hailed by activists as a victory for women throughout Africa. The southern African nation`s highest court dismissed a government appeal against a judgement holding it liable for sterilising three HIV-positive women in state hospitals without their informed consent. Chief Justice Peter Shivute ruled that the doctors should not have sterilised the women and ordered consideration of damages for the victims, who each claimed one million rand (about $90,000). The director of the Namibian Women`s Health Network, Jennifer Gatsi Mallet, applauded the decision, saying the cases were only the tip of the iceberg. “We have documented dozens of cases of other HIV-positive women who have been forcibly sterilised. The government needs to take active steps to ensure all women subjected to this unlawful practice get redress,” she said. Mallet said the decision proves that “public hospitals in Namibia have been coercively sterilising HIV-positive women without their consent.” The Southern Africa Litigation Centre, which backed the women in their legal challenge, said the decision had far-reaching consequences for HIV-positive women throughout Africa who have been forcibly sterilised. “This decision sends a clear message that governments throughout Africa must take concrete actions to end this practice,” said deputy director Priti Patel. The judge said the women should have been allowed to make an informed decision and been given an opportunity to return to the hospital later to undergo sterilisation if they wanted. “None of the respondents gave informed consent because they were in varying degrees of labour and may not have fully and rationally comprehended the consequences of giving consent for the sterilisation procedure,” he said. “There can be no place in this day and age for medical paternalism when it comes to the important moment of deciding whether or not to undergo a sterilisation procedure.” (Zee News 3/11/14)

120. 35 infants face key HIV test (3)

Jharkhand State AIDS Control Society (JSACS) is eagerly awaiting the results of what could be one of the biggest breakthroughs in preventing HIV transmission. The JSACS, which decided on September 19 to adopt the national policy of multi-drug anti-retroviral therapy (ART) to prevent parent to child transmission of the virus, rolled out the initiative from September 22 onwards. The JSACS put 39 HIV-positive pregnant women on the multi-drug regimen of which 35 women delivered new-borns in due course. These new-borns were put on medication for six weeks. JSACS sources said virologic tests have started for infants who turned six-weeks-old. Results of this test will determine if they are HIV-positive or not. If the infants are found completely healthy, it would mean a thumping success for the newly introduced multi-drug ART regimen in the state. As there is no medical cure for HIV, the virus that leads to full-blown AIDS, controlling its spread is the only remedy. In this, preventing viral transmission from an HIV-positive mother to her newborn is a challenge that the JSACS is taking head on. In the run-up to the multi-drug ART regimen, the state AIDS control society tested 1,23,209 people, including 74,743 pregnant women, for HIV. Of the pregnant women, 39 were found to be HIV positive. These expecting women were put on multi-drug therapy under the National AIDS Control Programme-IV (2012-17), an ambitious initiative that aims to eliminate new parent-to-child HIV transmissions in India by 2015. B.P. Chaurasia, additional project director of JSACS, said they were looking at protecting both new mothers and infants under the ambit of the multi-drug regimen. “Our aim is to prevent fresh cases of mother-to-child transmission. “Our paramedics and doctors were trained in September on multi-drug ART. After this, we started the multi-drug regimen. We are administering Naropin (a vaccine) for six weeks to infants and mothers,” he pointed out. This aside, 1,019 people who were tested HIV-positive are being treated at seven ART centres at state-run healthcare hubs, RIMS (Ranchi), MGM (Jamshedpur), PMCH (Dhanbad) and Sadar hospitals (Hazaribagh, Giridih, Deoghar and Daltonganj). The state also has 64 Integrated Counselling and Testing Centres (ICTC) with multi-drug regimen. (The Telegraph 4/11/14)

121. Blood banks in MP ill-equipped to detect HIV among donors (3)

INDORE: Blood banks in the state are ill-equipped to detect HIV among donors, who are carriers of the virus and are in a window period of six months, posing high risk to patients that require blood, said doctors. The window period is phase between contracting HIV and detection of virus in patients. According to doctors, blood banks rely heavily on ELISA test to screen HIV-carrier patients. “ELISA test is not a confirmatory test for detecting HIV in its window period among blood donors. It poses high risk even though blood banks screen patients on different parameters. Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) method is the only confirmatory test to detect HIV in its window period. The test is hardly done in any of the blood banks. It should be introduced in tertiary care centres,” said MYH blood bank in charge Ashok Yadav. Choithram Hospital, head of pathology department, Dr DS Chitnis, said, “We opt for fourth generation Elisa test, which enhances chances of detection of HIV at an early stage. It is the latest available test.” However, experts do not suggest the test as it does not confirm chances of the virus among patients. Medical education department Dr SS Kushwah said, “As per government policies, currently, Elisa test is being used to screen blood for HIV though it is not a confirmatory test.” Indore has highest number of HIV/ AIDS-infected patients in state and most blood banks rely on professional donors. (Times of India 5/11/14)

122. Isolated patient takes fatal leap (3)

A 30-year-old HIV-positive man, admitted to a private hospital in Ranchi with pneumonia and kept in isolation, took a fatal leap from its second-floor balcony on Wednesday midnight. Manjeet Kumar Singh, a resident of Hazaribagh, succumbed to his injuries at state-run Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences (RIMS) on Thursday morning. Police have registered a case under Section 304 (culpable homicide not amounting to murder) of the IPC against Alam Hospital and Research Centre in Bariatu. According to Hazaribagh resident Birendra Rana, who had accompanied Manjeet and his elderly father Parashuram Singh on Wednesday, lax security and medical negligence at the private heal hub led to the youth’s untimely death. “Manjeet had been undergoing treatment for pneumonia at RIMS since Sunday (November 2). Yesterday, someone advised his father to get him private medical attention. We shifted the boy to Alam hospital, half a kilometre away,” Rana told The Telegraph. Around noon, Manjeet was admitted to the private hospital, and past midnight, his father received a call saying he had jumped off the balcony and was critical. “At 11pm, the guard had driven out Parashuram, saying no one was allowed to stay on campus at night. The elderly man had begged with folded hands, but the guard was adamant. He asked him to stay at a lodge instead. An hour later, Parashuram received the bad news. If a private hospital cannot take care of its patients, it should at least allow relatives to do so,” Rana contended. Alam hospital administrator Dr Gaurav Roy denied the allegations of medical negligence and security lapse, but at the same time could not explain why a pneumonia patient, even if he was HIV-positive, was kept in isolation. “The patient was suffering from HIV/AIDS and was kept in isolation. At night, when he was alone, we believe he developed suicidal tendency and jumped from the second floor. His family members took him to RIMS, where he died this morning while undergoing treatment,” Roy said. Officer-in-charge of Bariatu police station Vinod Kumar said that the matter would be probed. “A case under Section 304 has been registered against Alam hospital based on the statement of the father of the deceased man. We will investigate the case.” (The Telegraph 6/11/14)

123. Chhattisgarh HIV patient denied treatment in private, government hospitals (3)

RAIPUR: In a blatant case of discrimination, government and private hospitals in Chhattisgarh seem to be denying treatment to a 35-year old patient suffering from HIV. The 35-year old youth patient, a resident of Rajnandgaon, the home constituency of chief minister Dr Raman Singh, who reportedly needs dialysis, has been denied treatment not only by private hospitals but also the state run premier institutes, Dr BR Ambedkar Memorial Hospital. The denial of treatment to the youth is a contravention of the apex court’s orders and the HIV AIDS bill 2007 that prohibits discrimination of a HIV/AIDS patient in several matters, including healthcare. According to sources, the youth was recently diagnosed with HIV at a private hospital in Raipur. Since his condition was deteriorating, he was advised to undergo dialysis and initially approached Dr BR Ambedkar Memorial hospital, which denied treatment to him. He subsequently approached Dr BR Ambedkar Memorial Hospital, which too denied treatment to him and asked him to approach private hospitals. Sources said with no hospital was willing to undertake his treatment, the youth has gone back to his hometown. According to Dr Puneet Gupta, nephrologist at Ambedkar hospital, the youth was initially undergoing treatment for some ailments at a private hospital where he was diagnosed with HIV. “Once the doctors there learnt about his condition, they washed their hands off and advised him to move to other hospitals or a government run institute,” said Dr Gupta. Dr Gupta admitted that the patient had approached dialysis unit but the same was denied to him, as there is a risk of transmission of HIV through machines if they are used on patients suffering from the disease. He said though they manage treatment of such patients through drugs, they couldn’t use dialysis machines on them, as it can put other patients to risk. “If a dialysis machine is used on a patient suffering from HIV, it not only affect the other machine due to same pipes interconnected but needs sterilized again, which isn’t a very simple procedure”, explained Dr Gupta. He said there are presently 60 patients admitted in the hospital and 35 of them are on dialysis. “We cannot use the machines on HIV patients at the cost of treatment to other patients”, he said while attempting to justify the hospital’s decision to deny treatment to the HIV infected person. Interestingly, Dr Gupta said that if more dialysis machines were available with the hospital, they could think of earmarking one for such patients. (Times of India 9/11/14)

 

Posted by admin at 10 November 2014

Category: Uncategorized

DALITS/SCHEDULED CASTES

1. Dalit boy burnt to death: NHRC issues notices to Bihar Chief Secretary, DGP (2)

Mumbai: Taking suo motu cognizance of a media report that a 15-year-old boy was allegedly burnt to death after his goats ate the paddy crop of an upper caste man at Mohanpur village under Karakat police station in Rohtas district, the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) has issued notices to Bihar’s Chief Secretary and Director General of Police and sought a report on this matter within four weeks. Taking cognizance of the press report, the Commission has observed that it amounts to serious violation of human rights if the contents of the report are true. Reportedly, one Kumkum Singh and his three associates forcibly entered the house of Juit Ram and set his son Sai Ram afire after pouring kerosene on him. The boy sustained 90 percent burns and was rushed to Bikram Ganj Government Hospital for treatment but he succumbed to his injuries. (DNA 22/10/14)

2. Triple murder of Dalit family rocks Maharashtra (2)

Pune: Three people were murdered and their mutilated body parts dispersed on a farm in Maharashtra’s Ahmednagar district. In what appears to be a case of caste violence, a Dalit family of three was savagely murdered and their mutilated body parts dispersed on a farm in Maharashtra’s Ahmednagar district, around 180 km from Pune. According to sources, the gruesome murders of Sanjay Jadhav (42), his wife Jayashree (38) and their teenage son Sunil (19) took place after midnight on October 21 in the sparsely populated village of Javkhede Khalasa-Kasarwadi in Pathardi Taluk. Relatives strongly suspect the incident to be a case of ‘honour killing’. “Rumours of an illicit affair between a married lady in an upper-caste household, who lived adjacent to the Jadhav’s farm, and a member in the Jadhav family, had been festering for more than a year. This may have led to such a savage retribution,” said a relative of the family. At the time of the crime, Mr. Jadhav, a mason by profession, was staying in his makeshift home on his acre-and-a-half farm plot with his wife and his son. Sunil, pursuing his Diploma in Dairy Science from Goregaon in Mumbai, had come over for Diwali holidays.  “We rushed to their home on Tuesday after some farm labourers informed us of their absence. We found blood spattered and household items strewn everywhere,” Dilip Jadhav, his elder brother, told The Hindu, recounting the horrific incident. Mr. Jadhav’s relatives mounted a frantic search for the trio at the Ahmednagar district hospital, but drew a blank when they reached there. “On returning to my brother’s field, we decided to search the well. We found some body parts floating in the water,” says Suresh Jadhav, another of Mr. Jadhav’s brothers. An ominous silence has descended on the village and the Dalit hamlet of Jadhavwadi in the aftermath of the triple murder, with tight police security in place for the funeral. The Pathardi police said they had dispatched teams to several places to locate the murderers. The homicide has traumatised Mr. Jadhav’s aged parents, Jagannath (75) and Sakharbai (70), who haven’t spoken a word since the crime. The incident has drawn sharp condemnations from the Dalit community. “There were no previous incidents of caste tension in Pathardi earlier. The sheer ferocity of the murders has profoundly disturbed the sentiments of the community,” said Sunil Salve, a local Dalit activist. “Sunil’s torso was found only on Wednesday evening, before which the family’s last rites could not be conducted. The murders simply beggar description,” said a stunned Anandraj Ambedkar, chief of the Republican Sena. Alleging that the police and district administration was corrupt, Mr. Ambedkar said that the Ahmednagar police did not do act when a Dalit youth was beaten to death earlier this year. When contacted, Ahmednagar Superintendent of Police Lakhmi Gautam said no arrests had been made so far.“We have not picked anybody as yet. Various angles are being explored,” he told The Hindu, refusing to comment on the possible motives of the killers. Ahmednagar has been a hotbed of atrocities against Dalits in the recent past, with a similarly gory precedent found in the January 2013 Sonai murder case. There, the mutilated bodies of three Dalit youths, who worked as sweepers, were found in a septic tank in Sonai village, hacked to death. Dalit leader and president of the Republican Party of India (A) Ramdas Athawale, while demanding a CID probe into the incident, has urged that Ahmednagar be declared as an ‘atrocity-prone area’. (The  Hindu 23/10/14)

3. He allegedly assaulted a seven-year-old Dalit boy at a temple in Nelamangala (2)

Bangalore: An atrocity case has been booked against the priest of Rudreshwara temple in Nelamangala who had allegedly assaulted a seven-year-old Dalit boy in the temple on Monday. The priest, Vijay Kumar, allegedly banged the head of Santosh against the wall when he went into the temple to collect ‘prasada’ which was being distributed. The priest, however, claimed the boy was caught stealing in the temple and had slipped and injured himself when they tried to chase him, according to the Nelamangala police. Initially, the boy’s parents and the temple administration had a meeting and decided not to file a complaint. The parents, however, filed a complaint later since the boy was admitted to the Nelamangala government hospital and the doctors registered it as medico-legal case. According to a senior police official, the boy’s father, a cobbler residing in Jayanagar (a Dalit colony) in Nelamangala, in his complaint said that though the priest had beaten up Santosh, he did not know about his caste background. The police, however, have registered an atrocity case against Vijay Kumar along with the charge of assault. The police are on the lookout for Vijay Kumar. (The Hindu 23/10/14)

4. Dalits have tough time in Panampatti (2)

COIMBATORE: For all its proximity to an industrial city, Panampatti, about 25 km from here in Kinathukadavu taluk, still witnesses discrimination of Dalits, allegedly by Caste Hindus. A casual visit to a small eatery revealed two entrances to it. While the main door was meant for the Caste Hindus, the other was a small gap on a broken wall a few feet away for the Dalits. There were separate enclosures for the Dalits to wash hands and dispose of used banana leaves. Enquiries revealed that the Dalits worked in farm lands of Caste Hindus or went to construction work in nearby towns and lived on Arunthathiyar and Maduraiveeran Streets. They also claimed that they cut each others hair or went to other saloons in nearby places. A construction worker said that though the Caste Hindus or eatery owners did not stop the Dalits from using the main entrance, the other entrance remained open. “We don’t go there because we don’t want to create trouble,” he said. Others said they avoided frequenting the eateries to avert humiliation. A Dalit youth said that when he questioned some Caste Hindus about the discrimination, they reportedly told him not to use the facility if he did not like the practice there. “Dalits are afraid to raise these issues as they lack unity and also because they work in the farm lands owned by Caste Hindus,” said S. Manikandan, of Thanthai Periyar Dravida Kazhagam . The party’s general secretary, K. Ramakrishnan, said that they would organise a demonstration in front of the Kinathukkadavu taluk office on October 31.  The Tamilar Viduthalai Iyakkam has planned to gherao the Collectorate here on Monday .When contacted, Coimbatore Superintendent of Police M. Sudhakar said there was no complaint from the villagers.  Collector Archana Patnaik said that special teams were trying to gather evidence on the allegation.  (The Hindu 26/10/14)

5. Two Dalits murdered; 3 injured in lathicharge (2)

Tirunelveli: Two Dalits, one a district secretary of a Dalit outfit, were allegedly murdered in different areas today, leading to violence by protesters and a police lathicharge to disperse them, injuring three persons. Mahesh, District Secretary of Mallar Meetpu Kazhagam was allegedly murdered by a gang at Purkidmal Nagar in the city while he was talking to his friends, while N Marimuthu was murdered at nearby Kottaram, police said. Mahesh had complained to the District Collector yesterday to initiate action under Protection of Civil Rights Act over a recent incident in which another Dalit youth was allegedly hacked and injured at Seevalaperi Pottal after a skirmish between him and caste Hindus, they said. They had also prevented the youth from being taken to a hospital for treatment. However, police intervened and and got him admitted. Police said that Dalits in Purkidmal Nagar blocked the road, demanding the arrest of the culprits responsible for Mahesh’s murder and pelted stones at buses, damaging two of them. Attempts to get them to disperse failed after which police lathicharged them, injuring three persons. Marimuthu, hailing from Kottaram near Melpakkam, 14 km from here, had demanded money from illegal sand miners operating in the area and might have been done away by them, they said. Armed reserve Police has been deployed in sensitive areas to monitor the situation, they added. (Business Standard 29/10/14)

TRIBALS

6. Tribal backlash severe blow to Maoist activity in Andhra-Odisha border area (6)

VISAKHAPATNAM: The incident in which angry tribals lashed out against Maoist atrocities and killed three of their Korukonda area committee members in the Maoist stronghold of Korukonda block on Sunday night has dealt a severe blow to the attempts of the Reds to regain their lost glory in the Andhra Odisha Border (AOB) area, said sources. According to sources, Sunday’s incident in the Korukonda block of Visakha agency would give enough room for the security forces to run a negative campaign against the Reds, who had only recently swung back into action following the decision of the Andhra Pradesh government to start bauxite mining in the Visakha Agency. Over the past few years the large scale arrests and surrenders of the Maoist rank and file had led to a lull in Maoist activities in the AOB. In fact, sources said that it is for the first time in the history of the Naxalite movement since the late 60s, that Maoist supporters attacked and killed Naxalites for their brutality. People first started revolting against their erstwhile heroes in the Visakha Agency after the Lakkavaram and Sagulu incident in GK Veedhi on February 19, 2013, where Naxalites opened fire and beat to death two tribals and severely injured five others. Two days after that incident one more tribal had succumbed to his injuries. According to a senior police official involved in anti-Maoist operations, ever since the Sagulu incident, the Maoists have been losing the faith and sympathy of the people in some of their stronghold pockets in Visakha Agency and the Sunday incident only added fuel to this fire. “They have already witnessed the people’s resistance in Sagulu. To revive relations with the tribals they used all kinds of strategies and were slowly increasing their presence in the Visakha Agency recently. But this incident will have wider repercussions for the Maoist movement not only in AOB, but also other stronghold areas across the country,” he said. “Such brutal tactics are only eroding their support base and taking them away from the people. No movement can sustain without people’s support,” said a former Naxalite on condition of anonymity. He said the cops would now cash in on the incident by pasting photographs and posters in every interior pocket to take up an extensive campaign against the Maoists. “People used to share their food and give us shelter when we were part of the movement in early 80s and 90s. They used to help us escape from police squads and protect us by shielding us during our journey from one area to other area. Now, the lack of ideology and affection towards the very people they claim to be taking up arms for, in addition to a dearth of able and knowledgeable leadership has been giving the movement a bad name,” he said. According to police officials, tribals were vexed with the dictatorial attitude of the Reds as well as the merciless killings of innocent tribals by branding them as police informers. “People have realized the destructive attitude of the Reds and have begun revolting against them because of their cruelty,” OSD naxal operations Vishal Gunni told TOI. “Once upon a time the movement was led by knowledgeable and committed leaders, who fought for the rights of tribals and were concerned only with their betterment. But the present movement is ridden with barbaric acts, showing the people the true colours of the Reds,” Gunni alleged. (Times of India 21/10/14)

7. Tribals kill three Maoists (6)

VISAKHAPATNAM: Tribals killed three Maoists in retaliation to the killing of a villager in the Agency area of Visakhapatnam district on Sunday night. The Maoists had abducted Sanjeeva Rao, a native of Veeravaram village and spiritual leader Jagganna Dora Simhachalam. They killed Sanjeeva Rao, after branding him as a police informer, near Balapam village. As the news of Sanjeeva Rao’s killing spread, about 300 villagers reached the spot. They surrounded the Maoists and questioned them for the killing. The villagers also demanded the release of Simhachalam. Surprised at the reaction, the Maoists pointed their weapons against the villagers and asked them to proceed to Korukonda village, where they intended to organise a ‘praja court’ and execute Simhachalam. At this juncture, the crowd, apprehending more killings, pounced on the Maoists and snatched their weapons. In the melee, three Maoists were stoned to death. The police recovered the AK -47 rifle of Sharat that was snatched by the Girijans in a damaged condition. Staff Reporter from Vijayawada reports: Director General of Police (DGP) J.V. Ramudu told mediapersons that the police were in no way involved in the incident and they reached the spot on receipt morning on receipt of information. Sanjeeva Rao, who joined in the mainstream, was not named in any incident since 2001. Last night, a group of Maoists cordoned Mr. Rao and another local, Simhachalam, and tried to abduct them branding them as police informers. The Maoist whose body was reportedly washed away in the stream was yet to be identified, said Mr. Ramudu. (The Hindu 21/10/14)

8. Forest dwellers agree to move out of Similipal (6)

Baripada, Oct. 22: Similipal authorities have taken an initiative to shift a tribal settlement from its core area — a major step for conferring the national park status on the wildlife sanctuary. A palli sabha (village council meeting) was held last week at Jamuna village in the core area of the sanctuary, which was the first tiger reserve of the state. The majority of the inhabitants agreed to leave the area. The consent for shifting was given by 56 of the 62 tribal families that attended the meeting presided by the local ward member. The block development officer (BDO) and Jashipur tehsildar, apart from forest officials, were also present. Jashipur BDO Dharmendra Mallick said: “Fifty-six of the 62 families had attended the palli sabha, and they agreed to shift. A resolution to this effect has been passed, and we will hand over a copy of the resolution to the wildlife authorities.” The buffer area of the sanctuary is home to 60 villages, but they need not be relocated. The shifting is required in the case of the four tribal settlements at Jenabil, Jamuna, Kabatkhai and Bakua located in the core area since 1973. While Jenabil residents have already relocated, three other settlements remain. “Though Similipal had been considered for the status of a national park earlier, there hasn’t been any formal notification because of the presence of three human settlements in the core area,” said field director of the Similipal Tiger Reserve Anup Nayak. The forest department has been trying since long to shift them, but the efforts suffered a setback when Maoists attacked the sanctuary in 2009 and again in 2010. “Following the Maoist attacks, the forest department employees were afraid to enter the core area. Some voluntary organisations also tried to mislead the tribal people staying there,” said a wildlife activist, adding that the tribal people had now begun to realise that the shifting would be in their own interest. “After sustained efforts, a palli sabha could be held successfully at Jamuna village, and the outcome was positive,” said Nayak. “According to the Wildlife (Protection) Act and guidelines of the National Tiger Conservation Authority, the core area of a tiger reserve should be free from human habitation and such habitations, if any, should be relocated through the consent of the residents,” deputy director of the tiger reserve Ajit Satpathy said. “After a series of visits to the village, the inhabitants were convinced about the forest department’s proposal of shifting. They have agreed to shift. A place has been identified for relocating them,” said honorary wildlife warden Bhanoomitra Acharya, adding that following relocation, the villagers could get the benefits of several government schemes. “Besides a compensation of Rs 10 lakh to each family, as approved by the National Tiger Conservation Authority, the district collector will provide 10 decimal homestead land and a house under the Mo Kudia scheme to each family at the relocation site,” said a district official. Sanjukta Basha, another wildlife warden of Mayurbhanj, said: “The tribal residents of Jamuna village are encouraged by seeing the Janabil residents, who have been resettled in Udala. They have realised that their brethren are leading a better life now. Therefore, they have agreed to vacate the core area.” After the palli sabha’s success, the forest department’s next move will be to convince the inhabitants of Kabatghai and Bakua to move out of the core area. The department has started issuing identity cards to those staying in the buffer zone. The mission’s aim is to identify the genuine residents and prevent unlawful activities, mainly poaching and smuggling of timber and forest produce. Each identified individual above the age of five would be issued with an identity card. Nayak said: “The department has undertaken the drive to identify the genuine residents. After the identification process is over, the settlers will be issued with identity cards following approval of the gram sabhas.” The exercise will give forest officials a fair idea of the exact population in the buffer zone. The sanctuary authorities have, for the first time, introduced package tours for visitors. The cost of each package depends on the areas and the facilities. While the package costing Rs 4,000 includes visits to Ramtirtha, Gudugudia, Uski, Bareipani and Joronda waterfalls apart from Chahala and Brundaban, the one that comes for Rs 5,000 takes tourists to some more places. There are two other packages worth Rs 10,000 and Rs 12,000. (The Telegraph 23/10/14)

9. Seven tribal villages now open defecation free (6)

UDAIPUR: South Rajasthan may be a tribal dominant and a socio-economically backward area in the state but great things are happening here. Seven villages of Chittorgarh, Udaipur and Bhilwara districts have become Open Defecation Free (ODF) as 10,000 households have broken off from the traditional practice of defecating in the open after constructing pucca toilets at their homes. Project ‘Maryadaa’ is being championed by the state government and Vedanta group’s Hindustan Zinc, one of the global largest producer of zinc, silver and lead, with a mission to make Rajasthan an Open Defecation Free state. The project operates with an innovative methodology for mobilizing communities to progressively work towards stopping open defecation. “Vedanta ‘Maryadaa’ campaign joined the Prime Minister call for Swachh Bharat, we carried a special drive at Vedanta premises, colony and within community,” Anil Agarwal, chairman of the group, tweeted recently. Vedanta business locations carried out cleanliness drive and employees too joined the campaign in its townships. “Taking forward the Swachh Bharat campaign, Hindustan Zinc is constructing 30,000 toilets out of which 10,000 have already been constructed. Once we complete our initial target, 80 villages will become ODF in Rajasthan within two years,” Pavan Kaushik, the spokesperson informed. “I learnt about the negative effects of open defecation, and I did not want to be the one contributing to the pollution of the environment and exposing other people to risks,” said Kaisi Bai a poor tribal woman at Karget village, near Debari in Udaipur, who was among the first people to dig a pit. All the members of her family now use toilet and do not go in open for defecation. “My grandchildren do not suffer from stomach problems now after we started using toilet,” she said. Kaisi Bai had to spend only 900 rupees from her pocket, the rest of the expenditure, about Rs 8000 was met by Hindustan Zinc and the state government. Similarly, many households of Maton village at Maton mines, Rela, Nevatalai and Chanawda villages at Zawar Mines, Dabok, at Zinc Smelter Debari are the villages in Udaipur while Bansen at Chittorgarh Parasrampura village at Agucha Mines in Bhilwara have been facilitated by the project partners to become ODF. “I am very happy to have a lavatory. I find it very convenient using it instead of going to the bush. This gives me privacy to do my business with dignity” said Kanku Bai, another beneficiary. The project also emphasis on behaviour change as a more sustainable way to sanitation improvement. It triggers a realization in the community on the harmful consequences of open defecation and a desire to take immediate action. “The villagers required a great amount of persuasion and counseling for construction and use of toilets and importantly to maintain them amicably. Initially, no one was ready as they obviously preferred the easy way, open defecation. But women and children played important role and so the elderly people. It’s a collective effort to live a life of dignity” Kaushik added. Now all the households at the seven villages are are proud of their achievements. It is not easy for poor earning tribal families to spare money required to build their individual toilets when it can be had for free in the fields. Certainly there are going to be many more success stories on the lines of these villages, which has already taken a lead. (Times of India 26/10/14)

10. Tribal blocks to get Rs.10 crore each for development (6)

New Delhi: The government Tuesday launched a programme under which Rs.10 crore will be provided to each block for the development of various facilities for Scheduled Tribes.  The “Vanbandhu Kalyan Yojana” (VKY) was launched by Tribal Welfare Minister Jual Oram at a meeting of the tribal welfare ministers of states and union territories. The scheme was launched on a pilot basis in one block each in Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Telangana, Orissa, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan, Maharashtra and Gujarat. Under the scheme, the Centre will provide Rs.10 crore to each block for the development of various facilities for tribals. The blocks have been selected on the recommendations of the concerned states and have very low literacy rate. “The scheme mainly focuses on bridging infrastructural gaps and gaps in human development indices between Scheduled Tribes and other social groups,” Oram said. The minister said blocks having at least 33 percent of tribal population will be chosen for the programme. (New Kerala 28/10/14)

11. Maoist victims stage protest (6)

VISAKHAPATNAM: A group of tribals staged a protest in front of the houses of three civil rights activists in the city on Wednesday to protest the alleged support to Maoists by civil rights activists. Around 20 to 30 tribals belonging to Veeravaram village and other parts of GK Veedhi mandal, one of the most Maoist-infested mandal, raised their voice against civil rights activists. The protesters included family members and relatives of Gemmeli Sanjeeva Rao, who was brutally killed by Maoists a week ago in the Korukonda block. It may be recalled that soon after Sanjeeva Rao’s brutal killing, enraged tribals had killed three Maoists, including a commander, Sindri Chinna Ranga Rao alias Sarat. The activists staged protests outside Andhra Pradesh Civil Liberties Council (APCLC) Visakha unit president T Srirammurthy’s house at Gajuwaka, as well as APCLC members G Raghuram’s house at Mangapuram Colony near Kalabharathi Auditorium and A Annapoorna’s house at Arilova. They questioned the civil rights activists on their reasons for supporting Maoists who have been killing innocent tribals and urged the civil liberties leaders to protect them from Reds. But the civil rights leaders alleged that the tribals were brought from Visakha agency by cops, who influenced them to conduct the protest. Interestingly, the presence of many Visakha Rural police cops involved in anti-naxal operations was visible in the protest areas. Speaking to media persons, one of the tribals Sanjeeva Rao asked why the civil rights leaders were not questioning the Maoist menace against tribals. “APCLC leaders have been raising their voice whenever any Maoist is killed or arrested, but never in support of tribals being killed at the hands of Naxalites,” he said. On the other hand, APCLC leader Raghuram accused the police department of creating another Salwa Judum in the Visakha Agency against Maoists and alleged that it was the cops who had brought the tribals to his house. “APCLC does not have any link with the killings of tribals by Naxalites or the killing of Naxalites by tribals. APCLC will send a fact finding committee to the Korukonda incident area,” he said, pointing out that APCLC has never told people or Naxalites to kill anyone and its only endeavour was to protect the democratic rights of the people. (Times of India 30/10/14)

WOMEN

12. ‘Marital and other rapes grossly under-reported’ (8)

New Delhi: Two of every three women in the study reported sexual violence by husband. Husbands commit a majority of acts of sexual violence in India, and just one per cent of marital rapes and six per cent of rapes by men other than husbands are reported to the police, new estimates show. In keeping with the widely held belief among women’s rights activists in India that sexual violence is grossly under-reported, social scientist Aashish Gupta with the Research Institute for Compassionate Economics compared National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) statistics on officially reported cases of violence against women with data from the National Family Health Survey (NFHS), which asked women respondents whether they had faced any sexual or physical violence. Since the most recent round of the NFHS was conducted in 2005, Mr. Gupta compared the NCRB statistics for that year with the extent of violence that women had admitted to in the NFHS survey. Mr. Gupta found that while 157 per 1,00,000 women reported to NFHS surveyors that they had experienced rape by men other than their husbands in the past 12 years, 6,590 — or nearly two of every three women — said their husbands had physically forced them to have sexual intercourse against their will. This meant that just 2.3 per cent of all rapes experienced by women were by men other than their husbands. For both marital and non-marital rapes, however, the officially reported figures were extremely low, Mr. Gupta said in a working paper he shared with The Hindu. Comparing the NCRB and NFHS data in 2005, just 5.8 per cent of rapes by men other than the woman’s husband were reported to the police, and just 0.6 per cent of rapes by the husband. Since marital rape was not recognised as a crime in India, it was probably reported as “cruelty,” Mr. Gupta found. While India lacks a “crime victimisation survey,” which in countries such as England has largely replaced police statistics as official crime data, Mr. Gupta’s findings are confirmed by other sources. The NFHS itself asks women who experienced violence if they reported it to the police; just 0.6 per cent said that they had. The Delhi-based women’s rights organisation Jagori made similar findings in a sample survey in Delhi in 2011 — just 0.8 per cent of women who had been sexually assaulted, stalked or harassed reported it to the police. “There have been some area-specific studies like ours, but the NFHS is really the only victimisation study that India has,” Kalpana Viswanath, researcher and executive committee member of Jagori, told The Hindu. “Our recommendation has been for the NFHS to expand their questions on violence and look at sexual violence other than rape too,” she said. Severe physical violence was equally under-reported, Mr. Gupta found. At the State level, Mr. Gupta looked at physical violence and marital rape, since the numbers on rape by men other than the husband were too small at the State level for statistical analysis. Delhi has the lowest actual incidence of violence against women and highest rates of reporting in the country. In general, States associated with gender equality — the North-Eastern States, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka — had both lower levels of actual incidence of violence and higher levels of reporting, but no State reached double digits in its extent of reporting. (The Hindu 22/10/14)

13. Sex determination cases: HRC suggests fast-track courts (8)

BHOPAL: Madhya Pradesh Human rights Commission (MPHRC) has recommended to state government to form special fast-track courts to speed up trial in female foeticide and sex determination cases to curb illegal sex determination cases being carried out on the sly in some hospitals in the state. The commission has asked state to supervise 19 districts of the state to prevent the obnoxious practice. The commission also recommended that collectors of all districts be directed to take strong action against the crime. In 21 districts, sex ratio is skewed and number of female is less than 900 per 1000 compared to male. Gwalior, Sagar, Betul, Guna, Morena, Indore, Khargone, Khandwa, Bhind, Ratlam, Shivpuri, Bhuranpur, Chhindwara are among districts where the skewed sex ratio is more pronounced. In Tincha village of Indore, male to female ratio is 1000:571. All sonography centers, genetic and ultra-sonic clinic should be connected to main server of the district through satellite observation system, ultra-sound tracking technology and active tracker to monitor sonography, the commission said. To sensitize people about repercussions of sex determination, workshops should be conducted by hospitals and district committees after looking into reasons for anomaly. “Some hospitals in state are still indulging in illegal practice of sex determination. Illegal practice of female foeticide continues to take place in cities and districts. Strict vigilance and tough action are only way to curb the practice” said Rohit Mehta, spokesperson, MPHRC.  (Times of India 23/10/14)

14. Women draw up charter against sexual violence (8)

Kozhikode: A discussion on the women’s protection Bill here saw women demanding sterner action against the guilty in cases of sexual abuse of minors and the elderly. They said these were not normal sexual harassment cases and the guilty should be chemically castrated in addition to the usual punishment under the law. The discussion was organised by the Kerala Women’s Commission and Awass, a cultural organisation, at Thiruvambadi here on Wednesday. Hundreds of women who took part in the discussion felt that the guilty in sexual harassment cases should be sentenced to life imprisonment along with a fine up to Rs.50 lakh. They demanded that moral education be included in the curriculum from kindergarten to post-graduation. Those trying to rescue the accused in such cases should be listed as convicts and sentenced to a minimum of three years in prison with a fine of Rs.5 lakh. These were part of a 52-point guideline drawn up at the discussion that would be submitted to the Assembly subject committee at a sitting at the Kozhikode Collectorate soon. Earlier, chairperson of the Kerala State Women’s Commission Rosakutty inaugurated the discussion as well as a women empowerment seminar. In her address, Ms. Rosakutty demanded fast-track courts at the taluk level for dealing with cases relating to violence against women, especially sexual harassment cases. President of the Thiruvambadi grama panchayat Eliyamma George presided over the programme. Around 400 women representing the 12 grama panchayats in the district attended the programme under the leadership of the respective grama panchayat presidents and vice presidents. (The Hindu 26/10/14)

15. Anti-dowry law caution to states (8)

New Delhi, Oct. 26 (PTI): The Union home ministry has asked all state governments and Union territories to be judicious in slapping the penal code’s stringent anti-dowry section in cases of matrimonial disputes as the provision might be used as “weapons rather than shields by disgruntled wives”. In an advisory to the states and Union territories, the ministry has asked them to instruct police officers not to automatically arrest a person when a case under Section 498A is registered but to first satisfy themselves if arrest is necessary under Section 41 of the Criminal Procedure Code. Section 41 of the CrPC gives the police powers to arrest any person without an order from a magistrate and without a warrant in case of a cognisable offence. Under Section 498A of the IPC, the husband of a woman or his relatives accused of subjecting her to cruelty can be jailed for up to three years and also fined. The home ministry advisory quoted a Supreme Court observation that said there has been a phenomenal increase in matrimonial disputes in recent years. That the offences under Section 498A were cognisable and non-bailable had lent it a dubious place of pride among the provisions that are used as weapons rather than shields by disgruntled wives, the ministry said. “All the state governments/Union territory administrations are requested to take effective measures to scrupulously enforce the directions/order of the Hon’ble Supreme Court as also advisories issued by the government of India from time to time,” the ministry said. The state governments have been asked to provide all police officers with a check list, including the reasons and materials that necessitated the arrest, while forwarding or producing an accused before a magistrate for further detention. The magistrate, the advisory said, shall peruse the report furnished by the police officer concerned and authorise detention only after recording his or her satisfaction. The advisory said the decision not to arrest an accused should also be forwarded to the magistrate concerned within two weeks of the date of the institution of the case. The ministry said failure to comply with the above-mentioned directions would, apart from rendering the police officers concerned liable for departmental action, also make the officers liable to be punished for contempt of court in proceedings to be instituted before the high court that has territorial jurisdiction over the case. The judicial magistrate concerned shall also be liable for departmental action by the appropriate high court if he authorises detention without recording the reasons, the ministry said, quoting from the Supreme Court order. (The Telegraph 28/10/14)

16. Man gets 5 years RI for abetting wife to suicide (8)

PANCHKULA: A local district court on Wednesday sentenced a man, Pardeep Singh, to five years rigorous imprisonment and a fine of Rs20,000 on charges of abetting his wife to commit suicide. Additional district and sessions judge AK Sharma pronounced the verdict after finding Pardeep (34), a resident of Morni, guilty of the crime. Reena was found hanging from the ceiling of her house on December 23, 2013, when she was eight weeks pregnant. Her husband, the accused in the case, told police that he had a fight with her a night earlier, and they did not sleep together. Police booked him after a complaint from Sunil, brother of the deceased, who alleged that Singh used to beat his sister regularly for dowry. A case of dowry death was registered at the Chandimandir police station, but the police did not recover any suicide note from the spot. Pardeep was arrested the next day on December 24, 2013. He was later released from dowry allegations, but witnesses in the case confirmed that Reena used to be beaten up regularly by her husband. Reena had locked the room from inside, and no signs of struggle were found by the police. After the trial, Pardeep was convicted and sentenced to five years rigorous imprisonment. (Times of India 30/10/14)

CHILDREN/ CHILD LABOUR

17. Scared of abuse, life is not easy for street children (14)

New Delhi: Even though facts and figures are the essence of the issue of child labour in India, it is important to get in touch with the ground reality to understand the apathy that street children face. Studies have found that one out of five children, employed illegally, is a rag picker. The same studies indicate that two out of five children are roped in by placement agencies as domestic labour. Another avenues which involve child labour are segregation and dismantling of e-waste. This newspaper explored the lives of three children who battle for survival every day in Delhi. Ragi, a nine-year-old boy lives with his best friends close to the dumps in South Delhi’s Nizamuddin area. He works for more than 12 hours a day. Life is not easy for Ragi and his friends. They spend most of the day on heaps of waste material dumped by the city. Ragi and his friends say that working as rag pickers has taught them a lot. “Yahan sab se darna padta hai, bade ladke nasha karke hume pareshaan karte hai,” says Karmi. While these children have to struggle for their livelihood they also have safeguard themselves from the elder boys who bully them for money and at times also molest them. The risk of survival is manifold as the garbage heaps mostly have toxic waste which exposes them to diseases. Ragi said they all fear for their lives as they recently lost a friend. “We do not know how Lucky died, he had started coughing blood and then he stopped coming to dumps regularly. Rest is history.” The matter of fact tone of Ragi gives away the fact that all these children know that they might have similar fate. Ragi ran away from his house in Uttar Pradesh when he was seven. Since then he has been living with two of his friends. Each of them have a unique story Sukku, a 12-year-old, works for a chaiwala in Lajpat Nagar. He was sold by his family to someone who introduced himself as an agent for placement service in Delhi. “My family sold me for Rs 500, from Jharkhand to Delhi, it was a journey I thought I would never survive. That man had sold me to another person who seemed very suspicious. I ran away. Then I came to Delhi. Its has been three years since then,” said Sukku. Interestingly, he feels safe with the owner of the tea stall. “He beats me when I break a glass, but that is fine. He also gives me food and I know he will not harm me. I don’t want to go back.” The owner of the tea stall said that the boy came to him for work and help. “He came to me on his own, he works during the day and is free to study at night. But he says he wants to have enough money to run his own tea stall when he grows up. How can I stop him from pursuing his dream.” One thing that is common between these children is that they all are aware of the consequences of the lives they are leading. Not all of them feel that they being ill-treated as for most of them it is the way of life. (Asian Age 21/10/14)

18. Child Rights Panel Moots Compensation (14)

THIRUVANANTHAPURAM : State Commission for Protection of Child Rights on Tuesday recommended the Additional Chief Secretary, Home Affairs, to grant Rs 25,000 each as compensation to two tribal children of Wayanad who were beaten up by the police for their alleged role in a burglary. The Division Bench of the Commission comprising acting chairperson Nazeer Chaliyam and member Glory George has directed the Additional Chief Secretary to handover the compensation to the parents of the children within one month. The children and their parents had given  statements before the Commission that the policemen manhandled them accusing them of stealing a laptop and camera from the school in which they have been studying. (New Indian Express 22/10/14)

19. Half a lakh children out of school in Tamil Nadu (14)

CHENNAI : Nobel laureate Kailash Satyarthi’s call to end child labour should be taken up in earnest by the state if it has to ensure that all its children are enrolled in schools. A door-to-door survey conducted by the Sarva Siksha Abhiyan wing of the school education department this year has revealed that 43,448 children are out of school in the state, and experts says prevalence of child labour is big stumbling in achieving 100% enrolment. Villupuram tops the list of districts with the most number of out-of-school children. As many as 3,085 children are not enrolled in schools in the district. It was not among the top five four years ago, but has overtaken Coimbatore, which held the number one position in 2010, this time. Coimbatore, Tiruvallur, Kancheepuram and Salem complete the top five. Chennai comes ninth with 1,945 out-of-school children. Tamil Nadu is ahead of most states when it comes to enrolment of children. The state is known to have achieved more than 99% enrolment. Child rights activists said Villupuram, a predominantly agricultural district, is plagued by high prevalence of child labour. Tribals in the area tend to migrate across the district in search of work and take their families along. This prevents the children from joining regular school, and they eventually join their parents at work. “Poorly run government schools that do not have separate toilets for girls and boys, lack of a compound wall or even a teacher for every classroom do not encourage parents to send their children to such schools. They prefer to send them to low-cost private schools, but when finances run dry they pull them out,” said P B Prince Gajendra Babu, child rights activist and general secretary of State Platform for Common School System. Around 12.5% of the population in Villupuram belongs to scheduled castes. Frequent incidents of caste-related violence also make sending children to school unsafe. Alcoholism is rampant and unemployment high as the district ranks low in terms of industrialisation, activists said. R Vidyasagar, child protection specialist at Unicef, said in TN there is access to education, but some communities are not empowered to access it. “It is time the state looked beyond general schemes for bringing children to school. This is the last mile population and enrolling them in schools is the big challenge,” he said. The other districts with a high number of out-of-school children also have a large population of migrant labourers. The lack of identity proof makes them ineligible for social security, which ultimately results in parents sending their children to work to add to the family income. (Times of India 24/10/14)

20. Kids missing from city being sold as bonded farm labour (14)

New Delhi: Seventeen-year-old Aman has spent his teenage so far rearing cattle and toiling at a farm in Gurdaspur, Punjab. He would have joined college this year had he stayed home that morning six years ago. Aman was abducted from near Shalimar Bagh in Delhi when he was going for tuition. He woke up at a farmhouse hundreds of kilometres away and was forced into agricultural labour. He worked for 16 hours a day till he managed to run away last month. He is among hundreds of boys kidnapped from Delhi every year to be sold off to rich landlords by traffickers. The sad part is that families buying these boys believe they are giving them a better life. “I was forced to learn Punjabi and they hardly gave me any food or money. They woke me up at 5am daily and then locked me in a room again at 11pm without a ten-minute break during the day,” Aman told counsellors after his rescue. After several attempts to flee, the owners of the farm had let dogs loose on him. But he succeeded in breaching the fence one day and got help from army personnel to reach Delhi. The National Commission for Protection of Child Rights had estimated in 2007 that two-third of the country’s child labour force was engaged in agriculture. That number has only increased since then. Children are stolen from the city and sold for anything between Rs. 10,000 and a lakh mainly in villages of Uttar Pradesh, Haryana and Punjab. “There were two children who reached the Old Delhi Railway Station from Ballia in Bihar two years ago. They were caught by traffickers and put to work at a dhabha nearby. They ran from there but were caught again and taken to Meerut to work in sugarcane fields,” said Rakesh Senger, who heads the rescue team at Bachpan Bachao Andolan. According to Senger, it’s a growing racket whose existence and enormity becomes known only when a child is rescued. Thousands of children go missing from Delhi every year. Those trafficked land up in sex trade, begging and now at farms in neighbouring states. “Often children do not understand they are being exploited. Ask them if they were ever taken for an outing. They share how the owner once let them sit in a jeep and be driven around the farm,” said Senger. A decline in the number of agricultural labourers due to migration to cities and the convenience of employing a child has led landlords to get in touch with traffickers. “Children are silent workers. They can work for long hours at less pay. Their dexterity and nimble fingers are particularly used in fields of Bt Cotton,” said Soha Moitra, Director, Child Rights and You. She blamed the loopholes in the Child Labour Act, which does not ban employing children aged between 14 and 18 years in non-hazardous activity, for increase in such cases. “Agriculture is not considered hazardous. So children above 14 years can be engaged on farms. Also, there is a lack of regulation. The ministries of agriculture and labour should work together on this issue,” she said. Often such cases end with the rescue of a child. The employers seldom face action due to a lack of will and coordination among the police in different states. (Hindustan Times 26/10/14)

21. Push for child law review (14)

New Delhi, Oct. 28: The country’s apex child rights body has acknowledged that the laws on children are contradictory and initiated the process of a review. The National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) has decided to set up a three-member working group to harmonise the laws and remove conflicting provisions. “The commission has observed that there are many gaps and discrepancies in various laws concerning the rights of children. The commission is, therefore, of the view that the provisions of these laws need harmonisation for better understanding and applicability,” Asheem Srivastav, member-secretary of the NCPCR, said in a letter to rights activists. The letter, dated October 24, invites them to be part of the proposed group. The aim of the group, likely to be given two months for the job, is to examine and review existing laws, identify gaps, discrepancies and contradictions, and prepare a “concept note” on how they can be harmonised. The discrepancies have long been a sore point between governments and child rights groups. According to them, the only time the problem was addressed was almost 30 years ago during the tenure of Rajiv Gandhi as Prime Minister, who had formed a committee under eminent activist Padma Seth to look into the issue. The matter has been on the backburner since. “This (review of the laws) has been our long-standing demand. Instead of amending the Indian Penal Code (IPC), the government has created special laws like POCSO (Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act) and the JJ (Juvenile Justice) Act, which not only contradict each other but also create unnecessary confusion, harming children in the process. The recommendations of this (proposed) group will open the doors for repeal of redundant and contradictory laws,” said Enakshi Ganguly, a child rights activist. Others cited examples. Under POCSO, having sexual relations with a minor is statutory rape, but under the Prohibition of Child Marriage Act, child marriage is not invalid unless either party seeks annulment. While the IPC gives criminal immunity to children below seven — they cannot be arrested or prosecuted — no such provision exists under the JJ Act. This, activists say, keeps them out of the care and protection of the JJ Act that aims to reform minors. “Several laws in India regarding children contradict each other, particularly over the question of age. The sentence under each law is different, leading to confusion. In fact, there are laws dating back to 1933 and they should be repealed immediately,” said Bharti Ali, co-director of HAQ: Centre for Child Rights. Ali pointed to some discrepancies in rape laws. On the one hand, POCSO makes consent immaterial in the case of rape victims below 18. On the other hand, married girls between 15 and 18 cannot claim rape by their husbands because of lack of laws on marital rape, Ali said. Lawyer and activist Ananth Asthana, who has been approached by the child rights panel to be part of the review group, believes multiple laws have led to “chaos”. “The legislative exercise on matters related to children has been so multi-dimensional and multi-pronged that it has resulted in chaos. High time this is resolved. I am thankful to the National Child Rights Commission for having taken note of this.” (The Telegraph 29/10/14)

MINORITIES – GENERAL

22. HC poser on minority schools, EWS (7)

NEW DELHI: The Delhi high court has asked the state government to answer why unaided minority schools are exempted from providing free admission and tuition to students belonging to the economically weaker sections. HC’s notice came in response to a petition by an NGO challenging a single judge’s order upholding the government policy. In September this year, the court had held that irrespective of the lease deed, a minority school has no liability to admit students for free even if the lease deed of the government mentions that the land was allotted to the school at concessional rates. Civil rights organization Social Jurist, in its plea before a bench of Chief Justice G Rohini and Justice Rajiv Sahai Endlaw sought reversal of the order. While issuing notice to Delhi government, Delhi Development Authority, Land and Development Office and a private school, HC has given them time till November 3, the next date of hearing. Advocate Ashok Aggarwal, appearing for the NGO, submitted “all schools including unaided minority schools which are on public land allotted to them at concessional rates are obliged to provide admission to EWS students to the extent of 20% and to grant free-ship to them”. (Times of India 21/10/14)

23. Minority status sought for Zakir Husain college (7)

New Delhi: A city-based NGO for minority rights has sought minority status for the Zakir Husain Delhi College (ZHDC) in view of its historical background and its significant role as in imparting education to the Muslim community. The NGO, Nawa-e-Haque Welfare Association, has approached the Zakir Husain Delhi College authorities and its board of trustees, including former Union minister Salman Khurshid, and Delhi Congress MLA Harun Yusuf, to seek and push for minority status considering that about 70 per cent of the members of the institution’s governing body and staff administration belong to the minority Muslim community. “I request all concerned authorities of the ZHDC to initiate the process of getting minority status certificate from the concerned authorities so that 50 per cent seats can be reserved for minorities as per our constitutional laws,” the NGO said in its memorandum to the college authorities and its trustees. The letter emphasised that the ZHDC was a Muslim minority institution since its origin as its history could be traced with the founding of a madrasa, where the complex containing a tomb, a mosque and a madrasa could be visited even today outside the Ajmeri Gate near the Dargah of Hazrat Hafiz Sadullah. “Not without any specific reason, even today more than 70 per cent members of the ZHDC governing body and administrative staff belong to Muslim minority community including the top key posts,” it asserted. The memorandum added: “Let’s not ignore the fact that the administrative bodies of four Sikh and two Christian colleges affiliated to the University of Delhi struggled for their rights and today they enjoy their religious minority status.” The organisation said that it was a matter of “serious” concern that the governing body of the Zakir Husain Delhi College had never taken up the matter for grant of minority status certification with the concerned authorities besides the fact that a special commission was established by the Central government for this purpose which has awarded 9,973 minority status certificates since 2005 till date. (Asian Age 23/10/14)

24. Trilokpuri clashes: Hotbed of discontent since ’84 riots (7)

New Delhi: This is not the first time that Trilokpuri has been at the epicentre of communal violence. Thirty years ago, during the 1984 massacre, 350 Sikhs were mercilessly slaughtered here. Trilokpuri never quite recovered from it. The area has been reeling under tension since then, with locals claiming that clashes during festivities have become a recurrent feature over the years. On November 1, 1984, a mob came ripping through the neighbourhood of Block 32 in Trilokpuri. Nearly 350 Sikhs were dragged out their homes and killed; some burnt alive, others beaten to death. As violence broke out here again on Friday, a day after Diwali, locals residents claim that such an incident was only waiting to happen. Friday’s clash is also the biggest in the area in the last 30 years. Locals said the clashes so far have been restricted to bylanes and have never spread beyond. “This is the first time after the 1984 riots that an issue has flared up to this degree. Local fights over parking and use of speakers during namaaz and jagrans are daily affairs,” a resident said. “Such violence doesn’t require the excuse of a trigger. On August 15, there was a clash between two groups over kite-flying. Earlier this month, during Eid, there was a clash. Every time there is a festival, it is an excuse for people to instigate a clash,” Javed, a local resident said. Sunil Kumar Vaid, former MLA of Trilokpuri, said, “The area has been declared a sensitive zone by the Election Commission and Delhi Police. I have spoken out against the issue of bootlegging and gambling in the area. As a result, I got shot at and the Delhi Police assigned a personal security officer to me. The area requires maintenance of proper law and order.” “The area is predominantly a Dalit constituency. Muslims occupy about 20 per cent of the area. They are mostly concentrated in and around Block 20. During the Kanwariya procession, the Hindus go through the Muslim-dominated areas. This triggers an issue with Muslims protesting against the noisy procession. During Eid, the Hindus ask Muslims not to slaughter goats and this leads to clashes,” a source said. (Indian Express 26/10/14)

25. ‘Minorities now prefer BJP’ (7)

Kolkata: : A day after the attack on people from the minority community at Makra village in Birbhum district of West Bengal, State BJP president Rahul Sinha said on Tuesday that minorities in the State are shifting their allegiance from the All India Trinamool Congress (AITC) to the BJP. “There are 28 per cent Muslim voters in West Bengal, of which 24 per cent support Trinamool Congress. The BJP is eating into the minority votes and this is resulting in attacks by the Trinamool Congress,” Mr Sinha said. State BJP leader said that after the Lok Sabha polls, two BJP activists were killed in Birbhum district on June 7 and October 9. He pointed out that Tausheer Sheikh, a BJP supporter was killed in a violent incident on October 27. While the AITC leadership said that the BJP is intimidating minorities to enter into its fold, the Congress leadership is of the opinion that the minorities joining BJP is a “temporary phenomenon”. “There are disgruntled elements in every party who change their allegiance, but what the BJP is trying is malign a particular committee so that it feels threatened and joins them,” AITC MP Sultan Ahmed told The Hindu . (The Hindu 29/10/14)

MINORITIES – MUSLIMS

26. Muslim representation in Maharashtra assembly declines further (7)

MUMBAI: In an election where the hawkish All India Majlise Ittihadul Muslimeen (MIM) made an impressive debut, signalling a possible shift in Maharashtra’s Muslim politics, the number of Muslims voted into the assembly declined further. Both developments worried a section of community leaders. Before the Hyderabad-based Owaisi brothers successfully brought their party here, some Muslims had identified with the Samajwadi Party (SP) and some with the “secular” Congress and NCP. Now though, political observers say, the picture has changed. Many Muslims have deserted SP, while some have sided with Shiv Sena and BJP. Does MIM’s debut threaten Samajwadi Party? “MIM is like MNS, which came in with a bang in 2009, winning 13 seats, but has been reduced to one seat this year. MIM too will meet the same fate since it relies on its leaders’ rhetorical speeches. Muslims will tire of the rhetoric just as Maharashtrians lost faith in MNS,” said SP leader Abu Asim Azmi, who was the party’s sole winning candidate. Many see MIM’s victory as a result of Congress and NCP’s failure to address the issues faced by the Muslim community. “MIM fielded candidates in some areas with strong Muslim presence and tapped into the community’s anger. In several constituencies where Muslims make up a sizeable portion of the population, like Bandra (West), Kurla and Anushakti Nagar, a section of the community backed BJP or Sena candidates. It shows that saffron parties are no longer untouchables for Muslims,” said senior community leader Ghulam Peshimam. “A consolidation of votes along religious lines,” many believe, paved the victory of MIM’s Waris Pathan in Byculla and Imtiaz Jaleel in Aurangabad Central. “Congress and NCP wouldn’t field Muslim candidates from Muslim-dominated constituencies Byculla and Aurangabad Central, believing that these candidates would not get non-Muslim votes. MIM candidates’ victory proved that consolidated Muslim votes can be enough to secure a win,” said All India Milli Council’s M A Khalid. Khalid maintained that SP in Maharashtra was never Muslims’ preferred choice; it received support in a few constituencies with high concentration of north Indian Muslims. “If it was the first choice of most Muslims, Azmi’s son Farhan wouldn’t have lost in Muslim-dominated Bhiwandi East,” he said. (Times of India 21/10/14)

27. After Maharashtra show, MIM eyes UP Muslims (7)

LUCKNOW: After tasting blood in Maharashtra, where the Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen (MIM) won two seats, MIM chief Asaduddin Owaisi is all set to turn his attention to Uttar Pradesh. Not ruling out a formal launch of the party in UP ahead of the 2017 Assembly elections, the MIM-projecting itself as the next ” Muslim league” with a pan-India presence -will also launch its office in Lucknow in November. Other stops are West Bengal and Bihar, where elections are due soon. Speaking to TOI over phone from London, Hyderabad MP and MIM chief Asaduddin Owaisi, said, “We have been building our base in Uttar Pradesh. In Maharashtra, we realized we could have done better if we had started sooner and changed our electoral a strategy. In UP, we have time to s strengthen our presence.” Owaisi’s UP dreams were fired by MIM’s show in Maharashtra where it bagged two seats, lost three by a narrow margin and finished third in nine constituencies. Overall, MIM polled over 5.13 lakh votes, even though it fielded, in many cases, political novices. The party also cut into the traditional vote banks of the Congress, the NCP and managed to wrest control of some areas where the BJP was believed to be strong. They also appear to have dented the Samajwadi Party in some places. And, the party’s dalit candidates also did well. Owaisi said he would visit Lucknow to inaugurate the MIM office in November, adding that he will also visit Azamgarh, Samajwadi Party chief Mulayam Singh Yadav’s parliamentary constituency, where he wants to address mass gatherings. Ahead of the Lok Sabha elections, the Azamgarh district administration had blocked Owaisi’s repeated attempts to enter the district citing law and order concerns. The two-time Lok Sabha MP, however, said, “I am a free citizen of the country and I intend to go to Azamgarh, come what-may.” The MIM strategy pivots on “sharp decline of Muslim representation in Parliament and the failure of secular parties to represent the community adequately”. “The absence of a credible Muslim voice in the party has lead to the social, economic and political marginalisation of Muslims. For this, we are asking the community to vote for us, instead of allowing their vote, and voice, to be splintered between the parties that they have traditionally voted for,” said Owaisi. Over the past months, in a series of speeches emphasizing the need for a pan-India Muslim party, Owaisi has talked about the “failure of the 25 crore Indian Muslims to make their presence felt in the LS elections.” For UP, he cited examples of how, despite being nearly 3 crore in number – about 19% of the state’s population – the community has failed to send a single Muslim to Parliament. They feel that Moradabad, Bijnor, Sambhal, Sharanpur, Muzaffarnagar and Meerut went to the BJP owing to a divided Muslim vote. Apart from the sharp oratory by the Owaisi brothers, the formal pan-India launch of the MIM, experts say, is expected to dent the Congress party the most. In UP, MIM is expected to eat into the vote share of regional parties that banked on Muslim votes; the SP and the BSP. (Times of India 23/10/14)

28. RSS body seeks to prove Indian Muslims are Hindus (7)

Jaipur: An RSS-backed organisation of genealogists is undertaking an ambitious academic exercise to prove that most Muslims in India are converts from Hinduism, a move that has met with robust scepticism from some social scientists and Islamic scholars. The Akhil Bharatiya Vanshawali Sanrakshan evum Samvardhan Sansthan (ABVSSS) says it will use oral interviews, historical records, genetic analysis and other genealogical documents to prove its theory which, in turn, can help bridge social divides. Genealogy is the study of families and tracing of ancestries to prove kinship and pedigrees and is considered by many as an inexact science. In India, genealogical records are legally tenable. The effort was agreed upon at a one-day national conference of genealogists held in the city on Monday. It is being patronised by Ram Prasad, the founder of ABVSSS, who says all Muslims and Christians in India are converts. “Ask any one of them about their lineage and their ancestors would be Hindu at some point of time,” he said. “I interacted with a number of Meo Muslims and they accepted facts about their conversion. And it was on the basis of their vanshawalis (genealogical records).” If the ancestral roots of Indian Muslims and Christians were dug deeper, claims Prasad, their exact origin and lineage could be found in some Hindu caste or community. But many believe such efforts are part of a wider ideological shift being pushed by Hindutva groups seeking to rewrite Indian history and social narratives. One such sceptic of Prasad’s genealogical proposal is Rajiv Gupta, ex-head of sociology department at University of Rajasthan who believes the information could be misused by “right wing forces” to create division. “It is an important danger. It can be used to rewrite history which may disturb (the) secular and social fabric of the country,” cautioned Gupta, while maintaining that gaining unbiased ancestral knowledge is good. Prasad, a Jaipur based RSS pracharak, said he first came across the possibility that all Indian Muslims are converts when he visited a mosque at Gulpada area of Bharatpur district in 2007. “There I asked Meos about their ancestry and many of them accepted their ancestors were Meenas (a Hindu community in eastern Rajasthan). Now Meos and Meenas have developed more social acceptance in that region,” he said. Prasad founded the ABVSSS in 2009 to further study genealogy and the organisation has been expanding ever since. Dr Sukhdev Rao, a genealogy writer and general secretary of the organisation, says a majority of Muslims in Rajasthan and its neighbouring states have started accepting their roots and it is leading to social bonding. Prasad’s organisation has already started the process to digitise genealogy records of a cross section of the population to preserve them for future generations. The organisation has formed units in 11 states and has even established a youth wing to carry forward its work on the origins of Muslims and Christians in India. For now, the reaction from the Muslim community appears to be mixed. “It is a fact that majority of Muslims are converted in India. Knowing history generates awareness but intention of the organisation (ABVSSS) should be clear,” said Mohd Iqbal Siddiqui, the media secretary of Jamat-e-Islami-Hind. “We welcome them if they want to create social harmony through genealogy.” (Hindustan Times 28/10/14)

MINORITIES – CHRISTIANS

29. Canon Law Society Meet Begins at Pala (7)

KOCHI: The Annual conference of the Canon Law Society of India began at the Alphonsian Pastoral Institute, Pala, on Monday. The meet, which was inaugurated by Finance Minister K M Mani, will conclude on October 24. Founded in Mumbai in 1985, for conducting studies and holding discussions on legal administration in the Church, the Canon Law Society of India gives membership to canon law experts in the three Catholic Rites in India -  Latin, Syro-Malabar, and Syro- Malankara. Oswald Cardinal Gracias of Mumbai and Rayappan Arulselvan of the St Peter Pontifical Institute, Bangalore, are patron and president of the Society, respectively. Over 200 delegates from all the dioceses in India are expected to participate in the conference. The opening session was presided over by Bishop of Pala Mar Joseph Kallarangatt.  National Minority Commission member Cyriac Thomas and Archbishop of Thrissur Mar Andrews Thazhath were also present. The sessions will be led by experts in canon law from various parts of the country. (New Indian Express 21/10/14)

30. Catholic Church demands ban on surrogacy in India (7)

MUMBAI: The Catholic Church in India is leading an appeal to the Central government to ban surrogacy in India along with a demand to not legalize euthanasia or mercy killing. Around 400 professionals including doctors, lawyers, nurses, social workers and priests had gathered at a national symposium on the subject of ‘Protecting, Preserving and Promoting the Gift of Human Life’ at St Pius X College, Goregaon. The conference from October 17-19 was organised by the Catholic Conference of Bishops of India (CCBI) Commission for Theology and Doctrine. The participants later issued a unanimous statement signed by Bishop Agnelo Gracias, who is chairperson of this commission. “Deeply saddened by the growing, dehumanising, alarming practice of surrogacy in India, we appeal to the government to uphold the dignity of Indian women and ban surrogacy in India as is done in several countries of the world. Surrogacy commercialises and demeans motherhood.” The delegates questioned the loss of dignity that surrogate mothers are subject to. TOI has reported that women who hire their wombs nearly always come from impoverished homes and live in slum colonies and are drawn by the promise of a few lakh rupees and a better future. Doctors make them live apart from their families in specialised surrogate hostels until the child is born. Fertility clinics do not allow the mother to see the newborn or breastfeed it lest she develop a bond with the child and refuse to part with him or her. The Church’s statement adds, “Vulnerable and marginalized women lured to rent their wombs are treated like commodities. This disregards their dignity as human beings, women, wives and mothers. The prolonged separation and confinement to surrogate hostels wrenches women away from their own biological families. The commissioning parents, agents and concerned medical centers control the delivery process through their monetary power invariably forcing unwarranted caesarian sections increasing maternal morbidity and mortality.” The panelists said, “The Indian government has banned the commercialisation of blood donation and organ transplantation, so the question arises as to why surrogacy has not been treated similarly. We strongly appeal to the Supreme Court, the Legislature and the Executive to ban surrogacy in India.” The community is also apprehensive of the reported move to legalise euthanasia. “We strongly condemn euthanasia which is a deliberate act of taking away a person’s life. We are opposed to it even when a person asks for his or her life to be terminated. Healthcare providers have a duty to ensure treatment which is necessary and appropriate,” the statement says. (Times of India 23/10/14)

31. Bastar Christians attacked by right-wing activists (7)

RAIPUR: After the controversial gram sabha resolutions banning non-Hindu religious activity in villages in tribal Bastar, there was fresh tension in Madota village after local Christians were assaulted allegedly by right-wing activists, leaving 12 people injured late on Saturday. Eleven of the injured are still undergoing treatment at a hospital in Jagdalpur, where they were brought in a truck. While the police recorded their statement, senior civil and police officials are tight-lipped about the clash. Chhattisgarh Christian Forum (CCF) president Arun Pannalal told TOI that the manner in which the attack was orchestrated raises suspicion that local officials were hand in glove with attackers. “An announcement was made through drum beats that residents of Kotwar village should assemble at 9am on Saturday to meet the sub-divisional magistrate, deputy superintendent of police and town inspector to discuss ways to douse tension between the two communities. They waited till evening, but nobody turned up. By evening, right-wing activists came in a truck and attacked Christians, accusing them of promoting religious conversion,” he said. Quoting local Christians, Pannalal said, a week ago BJP MP Dinesh Kashyap had visited Bhanpuri village and me gram sabha t local Christians. The MP washed their feet and then made a public announcement that they had completed the process of “ghar wapsi” or home-coming to the Hindu fold. Since then tension has been brewing between Hindus and Christians over prayer meetings at the local church. Pannalal said that Christian organisations have already moved high court challenging the resolutions adopted by the gram sabhas. “Now our writ is pending in the high court. We see this latest attack as a pressure tactic,” he said. Tribal Bastar was in focus in May this year after a number of gram sabhas, powerful bodies under the provisions of Panchayati Raj Act, adopted resolutions under section 129 (G) of State Panchayati Raj Act, banning “non-Hindu religious propaganda, prayers and speeches in villages”. (Times of India 27/10/14)

REFUGEES/ MIGRANTS

32. CPI (M) plans to agitate on refugee issue (13)

KOLKATA: The issue of refugees has once again become a topic of political debate in West Bengal with the Communist Party of India (Marxist) planning agitations demanding citizenship rights in the coming months. Senior CPI (M) leader and secretary of the North 24 Parganas district committee Goutam Deb said that the party will stage demonstrations outside the office of North 24 Parganas District Magistrate in which more than 20,000 refugees will participate. Commenting on the development, State President of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) Rahul Sinha accused the CPI (M) of trying to gain political mileage. The All India Trinamool Congress (AITC) has also described it as a futile attempt of indulging in vote bank politics as none of the refuges seeking permanent status support the party. It is interesting that the issue of refugees particularly for those belonging to the Matua community, a socio-religious sect, which crossed over from Bangladesh, has come up after the death of AITC Kapil Krishna Thakur MP representing the Bongaon Lok Sabha constituency. Addressing a press conference here on Monday Mr. Sinha said, “Prior to the Lok Sabha by-poll, the CPI (M) has suddenly waked up to the Mautua issue.” Mr. Sinha also accused the CPI (M) of indulging in “narrow minded communal politics.” He claimed that having lost public support in Bengal, the CPI (M) is trying to capitalise on the refugee issue to regain political relevance. “In 34 years of its rule, the CPI(M) completely ignored the matuas. Mr Deb is not aware of the political realities of Bongaon area where the CPI(M) was close to getting its deposit forfeited in the Lok Sabha polls,” senior AITC leader and State’s Minister Jyotipriya Mullick said. On Friday, Mr. Deb declared that in December the CPI (M) will organise a gathering of “20,000 refugees” and submit a memorandum to the concerned District Magistrate demanding citizenship for them. He asked if the Centre can spend Rs.500 crore for those who came from Kashmir to Delhi, then why do refugees of North 24 Parganas have to live beside rail tracks. Earlier during the campaign for Lok Sabha polls, AITC chairperson and Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee was locked in in a war of words with BJP leader and Prime Minister Narendra Modi over the refugee issue. (Th Hindu 21/10/14)

33. Now, Tibetans in exile can start enterprises (13)

Dharamsala: After getting the right to exercise their franchise in the Indian political system, Tibetans in exile can now start their own enterprises. A decision to this effect was finalised following the approval of the “Tibetan Rehabilitation Policy 2014″ by the government of India this week, an official said here Wednesday. According to the policy dated Oct 20, any Tibetan can undertake any economic activity, the official from the Central Tibetan Administration (CTA) told IANS. For this, they are entitled to get a trade licence and permit. Matter concerning land lease and extending central and states benefits are also specified in the policy. Besides, it has clear-cut guidelines about the welfare of Tibetans in India. It also says Tibetan refugees may also be permitted to pursue and take jobs in any field for which they are professionally qualified. These fields could be nursing, teaching, chartered accountancy, medicine and engineering. The guideline is significant since the Indian government has tried to set a uniform policy in all states in dealing with the rehabilitation and welfare of Tibetan refugees, the official said. The CTA’s home minister Dolma Gyari thanked the Indian government for the “clear and positive” policy guidelines.

For the first time in Indian history, the Election Commission allowed India-born Tibetans to register as voters and participate in the general elections this year. Dharamsala and its nearby areas support 16,000-18,000 exiled Tibetans. Tibetan spiritual leader the Dalai Lama has lived in India since fleeing his homeland in 1959. The Tibetan administration-in-exile, which is not recognised by any country, is based in this town in Himachal Pradesh. India is home to around 100,000 Tibetans. (Deccan Herald 23/10/14)

34. Number of Rohingya Muslims fleeing Myanmar tops 100,000 (13)

YANGON: A growing sense of desperation is fueling a mass exodus of Rohingya Muslims from western Myanmar, with the number fleeing by boat since communal violence broke out two years ago now topping 100,000, a leading expert said on Saturday. Chris Lewa, director of the nonprofit advocacy group Arakan Project, said there has been a huge surge since October 15, with an average of 900 people per day piling into cargo ships parked off Rakhine state. That’s nearly 10,000 in less than two weeks, one of the biggest upticks yet. Myanmar, a predominantly Buddhist nation of 50 million that only recently emerged from half a century of military rule, has an estimated 1.3 million Rohingya. Though many of their families arrived from neighboring Bangladesh generations ago, almost all have been denied citizenship. In the last two years, attacks by Buddhist mobs have left hundreds dead and 140,000 trapped in camps, where they live without access to adequate health care, education or jobs. Lewa said some Rohingya families have been told new ships have started arriving in neighboring Thailand, where passengers often are brought to jungle camps, facing extortion and beatings until relatives come up with enough money to win their release From there they usually travel to Malaysia or other countries, but, still stateless, their futures remain bleak. In Myanmar, the vast majority live in the northern tip of Rakhine state, where an aggressive campaign by authorities in recent months to register family members and officially categorize them as “Bengalis”, implying they are illegal migrants from neighboring Bangladesh, has aggravated their situation. According to villagers contacted by Associated Press, some were confined to their villages for weeks at a time for refusing to take part in the “verification” process, while others were beaten or arrested. But there seems to be a growing sense of desperation this year, with numbers nearly double from the same period in 2013. Lewa said a number of Rohingya also were moving overland to Bangladesh and on to India and Nepal. More recently, dozens of men were detained for having alleged ties to the militant Rohingya Solidarity Organization, or RSO, said Khin Maung Win, a resident from Maungdaw township, adding that several reportedly were beaten or tortured during their arrests or while in detention. Lewa said three of the men died. “Our team is becoming more and more convinced that this campaign of arbitrary arrests is aimed at triggering departures,” she said. (Times of India 25/10/14)

35. ‘Most Tamil refugees want to remain in India’ (13)

NEW DELHI: A survey by the Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS), Mumbai, among the one-lakh-odd Sri Lankan Tamil refugees in India has found that 67 per cent of them want to remain in India. Only 23 per cent of the 520 families surveyed wanted to return to the island nation, while four per cent wanted to migrate to a third country where they had relations, said the TISS survey. The study titled ‘Exploring Durable Solutions for Sri Lankan Tamil Refugees in India’ was released by Rafael Garcia, Country-Director of Adventist Development and Research Agency, India, at the India International Centre here on Monday. The most preferred destinations for those who want to go back are Mannar and Vavuniya. Their top three priorities are basic amenities and livelihood opportunities followed by safety. Although 48.2 per cent of those who wish to return said they needed assistance from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), only 12 per cent of them have approached the agency. K.M. Parivelan, who led the study, said this was because the UNHCR puts them on a flight home and does not provide the logistics for them to take their belongings back. (The Hindu 28/10/14)

RIGHT TO INFORMATION

36. Ministries to put up RTI replies online from Oct 31 (1)

NEW DELHI: Taking transparency to another level, the government on Tuesday directed all its ministries and departments to suo motu display RTI applications and responses thereof, on their respective websites from October 31. However, the DoPT instructions in this regard do leave scope for withholding RTI replies that contain personal information relating to an individual. “It may be noted that RTI applications and appeals received and their responses relating to the personal information of an individual may not be disclosed if they do not serve any public interest,” said the DoPT note circulated to all Union ministries and departments on Tuesday. To facilitate uploading of RTI applications and appeals received and their responses on the website, a new feature has been added to the CPIO/FAA module on the ‘RTI Online’ portal on pilot basis for DoPT. Through this feature, an option is given to the central public information officers (CPIO) and first appellate authority (FAA) to upload the reply to RTI query and the first appeal respectively on to the department’s website. This particular feature will now be extended to other ministries and departments as well. To display the RTI applications received in the ministry/department and the reply given using this feature, web services will be provided through a URL to each ministry or department by NIC or DoPT. “The concerned ministry/department needs to consume this web service (by writing a program) to display the desired contest on its respective website,” the DoPT note said while asking the ministries and departments to take the help of NIC or DoPT experts in this regard. “An immediate action is requested so that the facility to upload the reply to RTI application and first appeal respectively on the website of the respective ministry/department may be started with effect from October 31, 2014,” directed the DoPT. (Times of India 22/10/14)

37. From Oct 31, get RTI replies online (1)

New Delhi: The Centre, in an attempt to achieve better transparency in governance, has directed all its ministries and departments to post responses to RTI applications on their websites. So far, only the RTI applicant seeking information from a ministry or any other office used to get the reply through post. The Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT) has issued an official memorandum recently directing all ministries and departments to take immediate action to ensure uploading of responses to RTI applications and first appeal on their websites starting on October 31. The DoPT,which issued the guidelines in April last year, has reminded the departments that the public authorities are obliged to proactively disclose RTI applications and appeals received by them and their responses on their websites. However, it added, the RTI applications and appeals received and their responses relating to the personal information of an individual may not be disclosed, if they do not serve any public interest. The DoPT has already initiated the process of uploading RTI responses on the RTI online portal through a new feature  which is being extended to other ministries and departments. For displaying the RTI applications and replies, an option is provided to the Central Public Information Officers (CPIO) and First Appellate Authority (FAA) to upload these information. (Deccan Herald 24/10/14)

38. 401 LS members yet to declare assets details (1)

New Delhi: Over 400 incumbent Lok Sabha members, including Rahul Gandhi, Sonia Gandhi, Lal Krishna Advani and Rajnath Singh, have not yet declared their assets and liability details, according to an RTI reply. Lok Sabha Secretariat said in an RTI query said the assets details of 401 members of Lok Sabha are still awaited. According to the Members of the Lok Sabha Declaration of Assets Rules 2004, a member is supposed to declare his assets within 90 days of taking oath. The Lok Sabha MPs who have not yet submitted the assets and liability details include Union ministers Sushma Swaraj, Uma Bharti, Nitin Gadkari, and SP supremo Mulayam Singh Yadav. Lok Sabha Secretariat said no communication in this regard was sent to the members until September 26, when the RTI was received. According to the RTI reply, there are 209 BJP MPs who have not yet submitted their details. There are 31 members from Congress, 27 from TMC, 18 frm BJD, 15 from Shiv Sena, 14 from TDP, nine from AIADMK and eight from TRS. Seven members are from YSR Congress, six from Lok Janshakti Party and four from NCP, CPI(M) and SP each, three members from Akali Dal, RJD, and AAP each, and two each from JD(U) and Apna Dal. Action against the members who have not submitted their asset details are taken under the Assets and Liability Declaration Rules 2004, Provisions 5 and 6, and the Representation of the People Act 1951, Section 75(A). Other MPs who have not yet submitted their details include Union minister Harsh Vardhan, Radha Mohan Singh, Anant Geete, Anant Kumar, Ramvilas Paswan, Capt Amarinder Singh, Veerappa Moily, Mehbooba Mufti, Upendra Kushwaha, Kiren Rijiju and Supriya Sule. (Hindustan Times 26/10/14)

39. Women make up just 9% of RTI applicants (1)

Mumbai: A compilation of the data of RTI applications filed online has found that it is a male-dominated area as 91 per cent applicants were men and only nine per cent were women. Experts said as it involved writing and paperwork, women were not turning up in large numbers. The facility of filing RTI applications online was started in August 2013 for only central government establishments. Figures obtained from Department of Personnel and Training through an RTI application shows that numbers of applicants are dwindling. In August 2013, when the online facility was launched, 7,734 men and 489 women filed online applications. In August 2014, 6,993 men and 676 women filed online applications. In last 14 months, since online facility has been launched, a total of 1,08,306 men (91 per cent) and 10,353 (nine per cent) women have filed applications online. C.J. Karira, an activist, said, “Women have always been shy of those fields that involves interactions especially with government bodies. The nine per cent women are those who have filed application in ration card offices or hospitals and it may be personal.” Mr Karira said he was trying to encourage women to file RTI applications. A recent study had shown that there were only seven per cent women applicants in the country. Hence, women have bettered in online filed at least. Aftab Siddiqui, a city based woman RTI activist, said, “Women are genuine RTI applicants while I know of men who file 25 queries, most not related directly to them. I would say such men are defeating the purpose of RTI, while women applicants are choosy and focused. That is why women are in fewer number in this field.” Maharashtra is at third position in filing RTI applications (11,776) online while Delhi (21,528) and Uttar Pradesh (14,354) occupy first and second position. ..  (Asian Age 28/10/14)

RIGHT TO EDUCATION

40. Petition seeks effective implementation of RTE Act (11)

CHENNAI: Under the RTE rules, the Tamil Nadu Director of School Education is the competent authority to grant recognition to CBSE schools in the State. A notification to this effect issued by the School Education Department of September 19 was filed before the First Bench of the Madras High Court, comprising Chief Justice S.K. Kaul and Justice M. Sathyanarayanan, in response to a public interest litigation petition. The petitioner, A.V. Pandian of Thirumullaivoyal here, said there was a lapse on the part of the State government in implementing the Act for CBSE schools with reference to granting recognition. After the RTE Act came into force on April 1, 2010, all schools should obtain recognition from the competent authority. But the government failed to prescribe the authority to grant recognition to CBSE schools. In view of the notification of September 19, G. Sankaran, counsel for the petitioner, said no further direction was required other than effective implementation. The Bench disposed of the petition. (The Hindu 21/10/14)

41. Pvt group to conduct safety surveys in schools (11)

Bangalore: Alarmed by back-to-back incidents of sexual abuse and assault on children in schools, the RTE (Right to Education Act) Task Force, a group of  various organisations working for children and parents rights, will on its own conduct a drive to observe safety measures in schools. A team comprising parents—three women and two men will be formed, who will visit schools in their respective areas and inspect issues like whether staff details have been verified by schools, are they aware of POCSO (Protection of Children from Sexual Offences) Act, 2012 and other measures. “We will be carrying permission letters from Commissioner of Public Instruction and Child Rights Commission. If they (schools) do not allow us inside in spite of this, then we will stage a protest in front of the school. Parents in each locality will have to organise themselves into groups and talk to children about safety measures in their schools. At times like these the community needs to step in and do its part in ensuring safety for children,” said G Nagasimha Rao, convener, RTE Task Force. (Deccan Herald 25/10/14)

42. Urdu teachers seek more posts (7)

KADAPA: Urdu teachers on Friday took out a rally from Koti Reddy statue and staged a demonstration in front of the Kadapa Collectorate, demanding that the government sanction more Urdu teaching posts. They alleged that not even a single post was sanctioned at as many as 12 Urdu schools in the Kadapa Municipal Corporation limits in the last 12 years. The protesters demanded that the government sanction posts of 26 secondary grade teacher, 21 school assistant and one headmaster at nine Urdu primary schools, two higher secondary and one high school in Kadapa and make recruitments through the District Selection Committee – 2014 in accordance with the Right to Education Act. They added that the government should recruit only eligible general category applicants. Kadapa MLA S.B. Amzath Basha, Mayor K. Suresh Babu, TDP State minority cell president Ameer Babu and District Congress Committee president Shaik Nazeer Basha expressed solidarity with the protesting teachers. State Teachers Union (STU) leaders L. Jamal Reddy, Iliyas and Sattar Faizi participated in the protest. The STU leaders said the foundation stone for the proposed Urdu University near Kadapa should be laid by November 11, the National Education Day. They demanded that the government set up Urdu anganwadi centres, adding that Urdu schools should be exempted from rationalisation. They also wanted an Urdu Special Officer to be appointed in each district. In a memorandum to Collector K.V. Ramana, the protesters called for the setting up of an Urdu Academy in the State and an Urdu junior college and a degree college for every four mandals. (The Hindu 25/10/14)

43. Experts demand RTE’s proper implementation (11)

New Delhi: Highlighting the lacuna in the implementation of the RTE Act, 2009, experts Tuesday launched a national campaign demanding the fulfillment of the “constitutional obligation of the government with regards to education within the stipulated time”.The campaign, Claiming Education for Every Child, beginning Nov 1, will run till March 2015 – the deadline for the act’s implementation. It was launched by Right to Education Forum, a civil society coalition of 10,000 grassroot organisations, educationists, national networks and teacher’s organisations. “The government is implementing the RTE like a scheme and not like a fundamental right. In 2014, The government admitted that even the minimalist norms it set for itself had been implemented in only 10 percent of the 1.3 million schools in this country. This being so, we do not perceive any sense of urgency or anxiety in the governments to make amends in haste,” Ambarish Rai, national convenor, RTE forum said at the launch. The Right To Education (RTE) Act, 2009, enforced with effect from April 1, 2010, secures the right of children to free and compulsory education till completion of elementary education in a neighbourhood school. It also lays down the norms and standards relating to pupil teacher ratios, buildings and infrastructure, school working days and teacher working hours. Rai pointed out that India lacks 1.2 million regular, trained and qualified teachers in government schools, adding that 10 percent schools are single-teacher schools. “Despite the Act strictly prohibiting the appointment of contract teachers, states are continuing the recruitment of lowly-paid contract teachers in gross violation of the RTE norms,” Rai said. He also highlighted the process of merger and closure of schools in different states to surrender assets to private players. Social activist Annie Namala emphasised the proper focus and inclusion of disadvantaged and marginalized groups in the implementation of the Act. “We need comprehensive thinking, and should consider it as a basic fundamental right,” she said. As a part of the campaign, 10 lakh grievances would be collected from different parts of the country highlighting the violation of different provisions of RTE Act. These grievances will then be submitted to the National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) and State Commission for Protection of Child Rights(SCPCRs) for immediate action. A memorandum will also be submitted to Prime Minister Narendra Modi with a charter of demands highlighting some quick action points for the implementation of the Act. (Business Standard 28/10/14)

44. Govt’s confusion: To shut school or not (11)

BANGALORE: The future of 567 students of a private school in North Bangalore where a three-year-old girl was allegedly raped last week hangs in balance as the state government is in confusion whether to let it function or not. Primary and secondary education minister Kimmane Rathnakar said on Wednesday there is no provision to let the school offer nursery classes, and standard 6 and 7 either under the Right to Education Act or the Karnataka Education Act. So, 567 students of these classes may have to seek admission in other schools in the middle of the academic year. The school has total 962 students. The school had permission to run classes 1 to 5 in Kannada medium, but ran English medium classes from nursery to class 7 and offered CBSE syllabus. Rathnakar said he is trying to take a decision that will not affect the future of the students. “We will observe the Supreme Court’s judgment on the language policy (medium of instruction) to find out is there’s any option to let if function after violating the rules,” he said. Asked how the school’s TC will be valid for joining other schools, the minister said: “We will discuss this at a meeting tomorrow (Thursday).” According to a source in the education department, the government has identified eight nearby schools for admitting the students in the eventuality of the institution closing down. As of now, the government has given permission to the school to run classes 1 to 5. Kimmane said he will hold a meeting with the parents on Thursday and take a final decision regarding the functioning of school. However, anxious parents said they cannot afford to send their kids to another school. “We came to know that Rathnakar is talking tough on the irregularities. We agree that the school has committed a big blunder. But our children should not be made scapegoat for the school’s mistake,” a parent told TOI. The school worked for the third consecutive day on Wednesday, but only a few students turned up for internal exams. “The school management never informs us about the developments. Instead, they are trying to divide us. We are going to meet Rathnakar at 4 pm Thursday,” another parent said, adding “We will contact all other parents and ask them to attend the meeting. The core committee members will attend the meeting at Vidhana Soudha.” (Times of India 30/10/14)

RIGHT TO FOOD/ HUNGER/POVERTY

45. Food Security Act rollout may be delayed (21)

THIRUVANANTHAPURAM: The differences in opinion between the Central and State governments over fixing the number of Below the Poverty Line (BPL) cardholders are likely to delay the implementation of the Food Security Act in the State. The State government’s plan to implement the Act from November 1 is likely to be deferred at least by a month. While the State government had sought grain allotment for 14 lakh BPL families or the priority sector, the Centre had fixed it at 10.25 lakh families. Which means, about 3.75 lakh families will have to opt out of the public distribution system. The State government had earlier fixed the number of BPL families at 25 lakh. Official sources told The Hindu here that the Centre had offered to continue grain allotment for the 3.75 lakh families even after enforcing the Act but it would be given only at the rates fixed for the Above Poverty Line (APL) or non-priority sector families. Once the families moved out of the purview of the Act, the Centre could scrap the allotment without prior notice. “Kerala and Tamil Nadu have an efficient public distribution system which covers almost 58 per cent families. Whether the Centre will be able to honour its commitment on retaining the system is a matter of concern. Since the Centre is rapidly switching over to a mode of restricting subsidies to target groups, the commitment may be repealed any time,” the sources said. ‘Door delivery’ being one of the highlights of the Act, grain silos will have to be provided to store at least three months’ stock of around 2.98 lakh tonnes. Warehouses will have to be constructed in all districts and taluks for smooth grain distribution. The Food Corporation of India had said the storage capacity in three districts had already been enhanced to 15,000 and proposed to further increase it to 25,000 tonnes soon. But the Food and Civil Supplies Department was reported to be going slow on the process. But for the stamping of the BPL and APL cards into priority and non-priority cards, end-to-end computerisation and modernisation of the PDS had not made any palpable progress so far. It was unlikely to be completed before the year-end, the sources said. (The Hindu 22/10/14)

46. 6,000-crore worth project for migrant shelters (21)

NEW DELHI: The Union Housing and Poverty Alleviation Ministry has earmarked a special component for providing rental accommodation to the homeless and migrant workers in urban areas. Under its flagship Rs. 35,810-crore Housing for All by 2022 project, the Ministry will offer them a place to stay for a stipulated period and monthly rent. The Ministry, which has earmarked Rs. 6,000 crore for rental housing, has proposed different types of dwellings for families and individuals. “Rental housing has been proposed as in the absence of affordable spaces in urban areas, the migrant workforce is forced to stay in slums. The scheme envisages a house up to 30 sq.m. for families and a single room or dormitory for individuals. The Centre will fund up to 75 per cent of the construction cost of these dwellings,” said a Ministry official. The corporate sector can partner in the initiative as part of its corporate social responsibility activity. Urban local bodies (ULB) will be mandated to identify the beneficiaries, work out the specifications of the rental agreements and decide the rent. “The houses can be given on rent for a period of up to five years in case of migrant workers; the time stipulation will not be followed for the destitute and the homeless,” said the official. The ULBs will also be responsible for planning, execution and management of these rental accommodations; they will have to carry out city-wide surveys, GIS mapping of the city and available land. As per the government data, the housing shortage in the country is expected to go up from the current 18.78 million to 30 million by 2022, which means a shortage of one million houses in urban areas every year. “A consequence of rapid urbanisation has been an increasing number of people being forced to live in slums and squatter settlements,” said the official. (The Hindu 24/10/14)

47. Poverty reduction schemes implemented (21)

VELLORE: Poverty reduction schemes worth Rs.2108.15 lakhs have been implemented under Pudhu Vazhvu Thittam (PVT) in Vellore district, in the five selected blocks of Gudiyatham, Alangayam, Madhanur, Pernambut and Thimiri in Vellore district, according to R. Nanthagopal, Collector of Vellore district. Talking to newspersons at Madhanur during a press tour to Gudiyatham and Madhanur panchayat unions to see the progress of PVT on Friday, Mr. Nanthagopal said that under PVT, credit link has been provided to 5790 women’s self-help groups and economic loan-cum-direct loan to the tune of Rs.100 crores. Besides the village poverty reduction committees (VPRCs) established in the 207 selected villages, 638 special poverty reduction groups for differently-abled and vulnerable persons, and 11 special VPRCs for tribals have also been established to provide livelihood support to these special groups through credit link to the tune of Rs.56 crores. A total of 272 `Poocharams’ or Common Livelihood Groups (CLGs), which are groups comprising persons engaged in the same profession have been formed . A district level livelihood group has been formed to market the products made by the self-help groups which are members of the panchayat-level federations and the PVT. Padmamani, Project Manager, PVT said that the district-level group participated in all state-level and district-level exhibitions of SHG products and marketed the products made by the SHGs created under PVT. The Collector later presented a cheque for Rs.9.90 lakhs towards scholarship to the children of the SHG members. (The Hindu 25/10/14)

48. Permanent solution on food security in WTO rules is must: India (21)

UNITED NATIONS: In a stern message, India has told the UN general assembly that developing countries must have the freedom to use food reserves to feed the poor “without the threat of sanctions” and a permanent solution on food security with necessary changes in WTO rules is a must. “The issue of food security is central to the pursuit of poverty eradication and sustainable development in developing countries and must be treated with the same urgency as other issues, if not more,” counsellor in the Indian mission to the UN Amit Narang said in a UN general assembly session on ‘Macroeconomic Policy Questions: International Trade and Development’. He termed as “paradoxical” that just as the international community is assigning a high priority to food security as part of the Post-2015 Development Agenda there seems reluctance in addressing the important issue as part of global trade rules. “A permanent solution on food security with necessary changes in WTO rules, if required, is a must and cannot be kicked down the road,” Narang said. He said that India had participated actively and “in good faith” in the ninth ministerial conference of the WTO in Bali in December 2013 and the country remains committed to the Bali decisions, including the one on trade facilitation. “India is a signatory to all the Bali decisions and has no intention of going back on them. The concern that India has been constrained to flag, arises from the uneven progress on the Bali decisions,” Narang said. “While all focus seems to be on the agreement on trade facilitation, the same sort of commitment is not evident on other Bali decisions, in particular the agreement on food security,” he said. Narang stressed that the issue of food security must be taken forward in the WTO in the same time frame as other decisions taken in Bali such as trade facilitation. “Overall balance is important even in a limited package of outcomes. The Bali outcomes were negotiated as a package and must be concluded as such,” he said, adding that “developing countries such as India must have the freedom to use food reserves to feed their poor without the threat of sanctions.” He expressed hope that the international community will join hands for the implementation of the Bali decisions in a balanced manner and as a single undertaking. He said that India has stressed that trade and investment and an open, rules-based, transparent and non-discriminatory WTO-based trading system can play an important role in restoring global growth. (Times of India 25/10/14)

49. Scheme helped in transforming lives of beneficiaries (21)

AMANATHAPURAM: Pudhu Vazhvu Thittam, an empowerment and poverty alleviation project implemented in five blocks in the district since 2006, has helped the poor households and most vulnerable sections improve their standard of living if interaction with cross section of the beneficiaries was any indication. The project, implemented by the Rural Development and Panchayat Raj department was first introduced in Bogalur block in 2006 and later extended to Mudukulathur, Paramakudi, Kamudhi and Kadaladi blocks, covered target population of poor, very poor, differently abled and marginalised sections in 244 villages. Talking to reporters during a press tour on Monday, D Jerome, District Project Manager and S Assan, Assistant Project Manager said the project implemented under the Community Driven Development (CCD) approach has benefitted a number of poor and very poor families to earn additional income and provided livelihood to the differently abled and marginalised communities. S Sonia of Paramakudi block could not pursue her studies after she passed plus two due to poor family background. But with the help of the project, she completed a nursing course and was working in a private nursing home. In the last three years since April 2011, the targeted population were given financial assistance of Rs. 2.18 crore under the Village Poverty Reduction Committee (VPRC) scheme and Rs. 12.22 crore under Panchayat Level Federation (PLF) scheme. In addition, the beneficiaries were given special fund of Rs. 96.22 lakh, they said. As the project was implemented under CCD approach, the village people themselves implement and monitor the project after identifying different categories of beneficiaries, Mr. Jerome said. “The department played only the facilitator role,” he said. Under the VPRC scheme, each committee was given an assistance of Rs. 6 lakh to Rs. 15 lakh mainly for training and self employment. Under the PLF, each Self Help Group was given Rs. 10 lakh to Rs. 20 lakh loan, he said adding 80 per cent of the loan was given only for livelihood purpose. C Kannithai, a beneficiary in Kamudhi block said she got Rs. 3 lakh subsidised loan and had helped her husband, a carpenter, to set up his own unit. “The daily income has increased by three times and we are living happily thanks to Pudhu Vazhvu Thittam,” she said. B. Indira Gandhi in Kamudhi block was a farm worker and she has now owned a poultry farm. She had set up the farm availing subsidised loan from the bank and from PLF. She had repaid the loan and was making regular monthly income from the farm. (The Hindu 29/10/14)

50. One-third of Indian women and children under 5 are underweight: Report (21)

NEW DELHI: Global thinktank IFPRI on Wednesday said that one-third of Indian women and children under-five are underweight, though the country has made progress in combating malnutrition. International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) has also suggested India’s central and state governments coordinate and accelerate efforts to tackle hunger and the causes of malnutrition to combat these grim statistics, and ensure that poor nutrition does not hold back human and economic development. “India is making progress against under-nutrition as seen in the 2014 Global Hunger Index recently released by IFPRI. Yet one-third of Indian women and children under five remain underweight,” IFPRI said in the statement. In the backdrop of these statistics, IFPRI is organising a two day conference ‘Together for Nutrition 2014′. Over 200 researchers, government officials and other delegates are expected to attend the conference and discuss ways to improve nutrition in Indian children and women. “India is home to a third of the world’s stunted children. There is a significant opportunity for us to help our children reach their full potential not only through direct feeding programmes but also through improved access to toilets and empowerment of their mothers,” Public Health Foundation of India Vice-President for Research and Policy Ramanan Laxminarayan said. Sessions at the conference will highlight research and programme experiences and moving the nutrition agenda forward through convergence, collaboration, and cooperation at the state, district, block, and community levels, the organisation said in a statement. Evidence and experiences will be shared from states as diverse as Bihar, Maharashtra, Odisha, Madhya Pradesh and others, it added. (Times of India 30/10/14)

LABOUR/ MGNREGA

51. App to monitor rural job scheme (14)

NEW DELHI: Amid row over moves to tweak MGNREGS to stop doling out easy money, the Centre is to provide smart phones at half price to Gram Panchayat officials monitoring the rural job scheme. GP officers overseeing implementation of the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme can now own a subsidised smart phone, with the Union Government paying half its price. Rural Development Minister Nitin Gadkari seems all set to brush aside protests by civil society activists and a section of development economists and go ahead to tweak the UPA regime’s pet programme and stop “doling out easy money” to beneficiaries. His ministry has of late reworked and revived a proposal to provide smart phones or tablets to all Gram Panchayat functionaries as well as members of the technical and supervisory staff involved with implementation of the scheme across the country. The government will pay up to Rs 10,000 to each Gram Panchayat functionary or member of the technical or supervisory staff to purchase a smart phone or a tablet, which will at least have an Android Jellybean 4.1 operating system. Half of the cost of the phone will then be recovered from the functionary in 10 equal interest-free instalments. When the recipient pays back half the amount, he or she will own the device, according to a note the Ministry of Rural Development sent out to all the states. The Bharat Nirman volunteers who have been identified in various blocks will work as Local Level Monitors for rural development programme, it added. A Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD) note says, the government is keen to launch the Mobile Monitoring System to improve supervision in implementation of the MGNREGS and provide for real-time data upload from the worksite to the scheme website. The scheme is intended to empower Gram Panchayats and other implementing agencies with live data from the MGNREGS worksites, allow online and real-time updating of database, provide for real-time visibility of data for complete transparency and facilitate easy verification of location of assets created with the help of geo-tagging. (Deccan Herald 21/10/14)

52. Unemployed seeking jobs reduce in October (14)

NASHIK: The number of man-days generated through the Mahatma Gandhi National Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) fell by 8,000 in first week of October 2014, compared to the corresponding period last year, which had witnessed 24,036 employees. The man-days generated for the period this year was 16,806. While officials claim better water levels in fields was one reason, the assembly elections could also be a reason for labourers being diverted from MGNREGA. “The total man-days generated in the first week of the October shows a fall of 30 per cent when compared with 2013. This is huge and the major reasons for the fall are the availability of water in the fields and farms this year, compared to last year, and also because of the closure of nurseries that were included under the 100 crore plantation programme in 2013,” an official from the MGNREGA cell at the Nashik collectorate told TOI. Observers claimed that other factors, like the election period, could account for the difference in employment. “Last year, people were allowed to dig wells for personal use under the scheme. This ensured that an individual who wanted to dig a well for personal use would receive payment of labour for the same. Such activities in 2013 saw generation of employment for over 8,000 employees. This year, the number of beneficiaries is very low,” the official said. A similar trend can be observed for the nurseries under the 100-crore plantation programme. “The nurseries were the biggest source of employment in 2013. This year, the number has dropped – largely because of the government deciding to stop all the nurseries in the village development department. This actually benefitted villagers aged over 50 years and women, who could earn by undertaking such work in the villages, rather than toiling it out in the sun,” the official said. Digging up pits and the carrying out plantation has been the largest employment provider to people in the rural areas this year. “There are lesser labourers out in the field; plantation accounts for a large number of people being employed,” the officer said. He dismissed speculations that there were no works for the labourers. “The labour budget prepared by villages every year is readied at least a year in advance and hence there is no dearth of work. But labourers failed to turn out in large numbers, probably because they get more money in other areas – including agriculture,” the officer said. The chart shows that the biggest beneficiary for MGNREGA work in the current year was Peth taluka, where 3,286 labourers had benefitted from 62 works being undertaken. Of these, 32 works are related to forestation. Similarly, the highest number of works is being carried out in the Igatpuri taluka, where 2,320 labourers are beneficiaries. The total man-days generated in the first week of the October shows a fall of 30% when compared with 2013. This is huge and the major reasons for the fall are the availability of water in the fields and farms this year (Times of India 23/10/14)

53. MGNREGS works hit after Centre withholds salaries (14)

COIMBATORE: The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS), the flag ship rural job scheme of the erstwhile United Progressive Alliance Government, has almost ground to a halt in the district. Despite assurances of continuing the scheme, the Central Government has not disbursed the salaries for workers in this scheme since the beginning of this financial year, sources in the District Rural Development Agency (DRDA), which implements the scheme, told The Hindu here on Sunday. While the agency had sought Rs. 100.20 crore to pay for an estimated 60 lakh man days in Coimbatore during 2014-15, only Rs. 1.20 crore had been allocated towards the administrative expense such as paying the salaries of staff overseeing the MGREGS implementation. Even this was below the required Rs. 3 crore. No explanation has been given so far by the Union Ministry of Rural Development despite queries, a senior DRDA official added. This seems to be the case not only in rest of the State but in other parts of the country as well. A source in the State Rural Development Department said that enquires had revealed that Centre had not provided salaries in many States. While revamping the rural job scheme towards productive asset creation linked to agriculture and allied activities, the new Bharatiya Janata Party Government had increased the annual outlay by Rs. 1,000 crore to Rs. 34,000 crore in the Union Budget. As a result, from a peak of 24,000 labourers, the district now recorded just around 1,500 workers who were turning up with the hope that their wages would be credited in the future. The payments were usually made every week on Tuesdays. The official said that while allocation for the entire State was in the region of Rs. 5,000 crore for the scheme, the figure for Coimbatore district would be in the range of Rs. 90 crore. As a pilot project, the rural job scheme was used in Coimbatore for agricultural activities since last financial year. A farmer was chosen in each of the 12 blocks under this project. The labourers carried out farm work such as removing weeds, spraying pesticides and harvesting besides dairy, poultry and rearing sheep, goats and pigs. As many as 1,324 farm ponds were created under this scheme. This resulted in a substantial reduction in cost of operations for farmers. However, all of this has now been halted, sources said. A greening campaign under which the labourers took up plantations of saplings alongside national and State highways besides at panchayat and Government land was also taken up under MGNREGS in Coimbatore. Nearly 7,500 saplings of mango, neem and other native species were planted in Sarcarsamakulam block alone, of which 87 per cent survived due to the maintenance done under this scheme. The State Government was considering continuing this initiative with local funds, sources added. (The Hindu 25/10/14)

54. Rajasthan labour law awaits President’s nod (14)

New Delhi: Big labour reforms across the country are just a signature away. The central government has cleared the various changes made to its laws by the Rajasthan government, and these were sent to President Pranab Mukherjee for his signature on Tuesday. He is expected to sign on within a few days. Once this is done, other states are expected to follow suit. Madhya Pradesh has already started the process of making similar changes along the lines that Rajasthan has. While Rajasthan had sent its labour law changes to the Centre some months ago, a mandatory process of consultation with various

ministries is required. Once this was over, the home ministry sent the Rajasthan law to the President. Rajasthan has made three sets of changes to the Factories Act, the Industrial Disputes Act and the Contract Labour Act. Under the changes, government permission will not be required for retrenchment of workers if the factory has 300 workers — this is 100 right now. Similarly, trade unions will need to represent at least 30% of workers in order to be recognised — this is 15% right now. And in the case of the Factories Act, it is to be applicable only to firms that have more than 20 workers as opposed to 10 right now. Under Article 252(2), even if the state law runs counter to the central law, the President’s assent ensures the state law prevails. So, once President Mukherjee signs on to Rajasthan’s laws, other states like Madhya Pradesh are expected to rush in their laws as well. (Financial Express 30/10/14)

RESERVATION

55. Reservation in urban bodies to clear air over mayoral candidates (25)

INDORE : Reservation for post of mayors in municipal corporations of state is scheduled to take place in the state capital on Tuesday. With this suspense over possible candidates for mayor in Indore will be clear. State has 14 municipal corporations and as per rule 50% seats of mayors seat will be reserved for women and 5% for SC, ST and OBCs. For last three terms Indore is having a mayor from general category. Only after reservation process will it be clear as to who would be among front runners for the post. Last three mayors of Indore were from general category. They were Kailash Vijayvargia (1999-2004), Umashashi Sharma (2004-2009) and incumbent Krishanmurari Moghe (2009-2014). BJP MLA from Indore II, who had won assembly election by record margin of votes is said to be front runner for mayor candidate of BJP if Indore’s mayor will be from general category, while Congress may field former MLA Satnarayan Patel. In case Indore’s mayor is reserved for OBC then former IDA chairman Madhu Verma may get BJP ticket for mayor post. “There are many strong candidates in the party, picture will be clear after reservation process is complete,” said a BJP leader. Similarly, reservation process for panch and sarpanch of Indore district would be conducted on Wednesday at respective panchayats. Indore district has 309 gram panchayats with 4360 panch and 309 sarpanch. Along with district will elect 100 janpad members and 17 jila panchayat members and 4 janpad president in the ensuing civic election. Reservation of seats for janpad members, jila panchayat members and janpad president would be held on October 24 at collectorate. (Times of India 21/10/14)

56. Caste Quotas Soon for All Outsourced Government Jobs (25)

BANGALORE: The state government will insist on caste quotas for private agency workers who provide services for its departments. Social Welfare Minister H Anjaneya told reporters on Tuesday that the decision was taken at a Cabinet sub-committee meeting earlier in the day. More than a lakh jobs are outsourced by government departments and state-owned boards and corporations. “An amendment will be brought in to enforce reservation,” the minister said. He said an amendment to the SC/ST and OBC Recruitment Act of 1990 will be tabled in the next Assembly session. He also said he would insist on the roster system in the Social Welfare Department without waiting for the legislation. The roster stipulates 18 per cent of all jobs for the SC and ST categories, 32 per cent for OBCs, including 5 per cent for minorities. The remaining is open for general merit. Anjaneya said the sub-committee has also decided to conduct a survey to identify post-2001 backlog posts reserved for SC and ST candidates. The last survey was done for 1984-2001 and more than 19,115 posts had been identified. It has come to light that 3,220 such posts are yet to be filled, he said. “This time, the survey will also cover backlog promotions from 1978 to date.” (New Indian Express 22/10/14)

57. College union, DUTA lock horns over appointments (25)

New Delhi: The DUTA’s opposition to the ongoing interviews for filling up 73 permanent teaching positions at Deshbandhu College on Friday infuriated the college teachers’ association. While the Delhi University Teachers’ Association claimed that the college is conducting interviews on the basis of a public advertisement, which is opposed to the government’s reservation policy, the college association accused the former of disrupting the selection process for three hours. “Out of the 73 posts advertised, only nine are reserved for SC and four for ST categories. This amounts to only 12.3 per cent of posts reserved for Scheduled Castes, and 5.5 per cent for Scheduled Tribes, which fall far short of the mandated requirement of 15 per cent and 7.5 per cent respectively,” the teachers’ body said in a statement. “Further, the two posts reserved for persons with disabilities have not been earmarked for specific subjects, which is in violation of the standing court order,” it said. The college association, however, said the recruitment process has the university’s approval. While slamming the DUTA leadership for holding up appointments, Ashwini Shankar of Deshbandhu College said, “Instead of working tirelessly for regularisation of teachers, she (DUTA president Nandita Narain) sought to perpetuate ad hocism in Delhi University and play havoc with the career of thousands.” As per the directions of the Delhi High Court to fill up 4,500 teaching positions in the university, Shankar said the interviews for 13 teaching positions, six of them unreserved and seven reserved ones, were conducted by the Department of Chemistry on Friday. DUTA said their intervention came after two other groups of the same college – Deshbandu College Teachers’ Welfare Association and the SC/ST Teachers’ Forum – approached them. “Responding to the teachers’ appeal, a DUTA delegation went to the college today and tried to meet the principal. But the principal refused to meet the delegation,” said the teachers’ group, adding the reservation roster was not placed for approval before the staff council or the college governing body. A complaint has been lodged with the SC/ST Commission, the group said. (Deccan Herald 25/10/14)

58. Petition against quota benefits for Arunthathiars (25)

CHENNAI : Legality of a quota within quota, providing 3% reservation for Arunthathiars within the 16% reserved for scheduled caste members, has been questioned by an advocate who says the sub-quota has robbed educational and job opportunities of many SC communities. Advocate G Saravana Kumar, an SC member, said the opportunities of other SCs are being taken away by Arunthathiars who enjoy 3% exclusive reservation and then compete for remaining posts within the remaining 13% meant for other SCs. A division bench of Justice Satish K Agnihotri and Justice K K Sasidharan, before which the matter came up on Monday, have issued notices to the state and the TNPSC, besides the registrar-general of the Madras high court. Tnn (Times of India 28/10/14)

59. ‘Respond positively to grievances’ (25)

Mandya: State SC/ST Commission Chairman E Ashwath Narayan said, action will be initiated against officials who do not help solve problems of people belonging to Scheduled Caste and Tribes. He was chairing a meeting, held to discuss the problems faced by people belonging to Scheduled Caste and Tribes, in the city, at the ZP Hall, on Wednesday. “All officials have been asked to respond positively to the grievances of the people of the communities. So, the people should make use of the benefits extended by the governments, shedding differences either as sub-castes or separate groups,” he said. Dalit leaders, who attended the meeting, aired several problems faced by the communities. They demanded filling of backlog job vacancies in the governments, severe punishment for those availing benefits by producing fake caste certificates, reservation in issuing contracts in government departments, regularisation of services of civic workers (pourakarmikas), and speedy issuance of compensation to atrocity victims. Venkatagiriaiah said, people belonging to backward castes should not be included under Scheduled Castes. “An authority should be constituted to protect Buddist places of worship. Steps should be taken to check atrocity against Dalits,” he said. M B Sreenivas said, at least 25 per cent of the works issued on contract by various government departments should be earmarked for Dalits. “Contract civic workers should be made permanent. Reservation should be provided in promotions in government institutions. Job reservation should be provided to Dalits in APMC and other cooperative organisations,” he said. Guruprasad Keragodu said, reservations had not been provided for Dalits in the recruitment for Mandya Institute of Medical Science. M Krishnamurthy said, the change in rules for provision of compensation to atrocity victims was not proper. “Earlier relief was provided as soon as a case was filed, now, it is paid only after the charge sheet is filed,” he pointed out. (Deccan Herald 30/10/14)

HUMAN RIGHTS/ CIVIL SOCIETY/ NHRC

60. India wins re-election to UN human rights body (1)

United Nations: India on Tuesday got re-elected to the UN’s main human rights body for the period of 2015-17. India is currently a member of the 47-nation UN Human Rights Council and its term will end on December 31, 2014. It was seeking re-election to the UN body, the elections for which were held on Tuesday during the ongoing 69th session of the UN General Assembly. India was competing in the Asia group in which four seats were up for election. The other countries in the Asia group competing in the election were Bangladesh, Qatar, Thailand and Indonesia. “The support of member states for India’s candidature in the Human Rights Council elections would be greatly appreciated,” a note from the Indian mission had said last month. The Council members are elected for a period of three years by the majority of members of the General Assembly through direct and secret ballot. (Asian Age 22/10/14)

61. Migrant Workers in UAE Exploited, Abused: Report (1)

MANILA: Migrant domestic workers in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) are beaten, exploited and trapped in forced labour situations, Human Rights Watch said in a report released Thursday. The UAE government, about to take up an influential new role in the International Labour Organization (ILO), has failed to adequately protect female domestic workers – many of them from the Philippines – from abuse by employers and recruiters, it said. The 79-page report documents how the UAE visa sponsorship system, known as kafala, and the lack of labour law protections leave migrant domestic workers exposed to abuse. Domestic workers, mostly from Asia and Africa, cannot move to a new job before their contracts end without the employer’s consent, trapping many in abusive conditions, the US-based rights body said. Labour-sending countries don’t fully protect the workers against deceptive recruitment practices or provide adequate assistance to abused nationals abroad, it said. “The UAE’s sponsorship system chains domestic workers to their employers and then leaves them isolated and at risk of abuse behind the closed doors of private homes,” said Rothna Begum at Human Rights Watch. “With no labour law protections for domestic workers, employers can, and many do, overwork, underpay, and abuse these women.” Human Rights Watch interviewed 99 female domestic workers in the UAE as well as recruitment agencies, lawyers and others. Human Rights Watch sent letters to 15 UAE ministries and bodies in January, April and August to seek information, request meetings and present its findings but received no response. The UAE government did have a short meeting with Human Rights Watch representatives in September but did not address any domestic worker issues. Domestic workers told Human Rights Watch about not being paid, not having rest periods or time off, being confined in the employer’s homes, and of excessive workloads, with working days of up to 21 hours. They described being deprived of food and reported psychological, physical and sexual abuse. Many said their employers treated them like animals or as if they were dirty and physical contact with them would be contaminating. In some cases the abuses amounted to forced labour or trafficking. “My boss started hitting me after two weeks of being there,” one worker said. “She hit me with her fist to my chest. She scraped her fingernails to my neck, and slapped my face. I was bruised on my neck. She sometimes pulled out tufts of my hair.” The worker said she remained there, hoping to be paid, but never was. At least 146,000 female migrant domestic workers – possibly many more – from countries such as the Philippines, Indonesia, India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal and Ethiopia work in the UAE. Some embassies or consulates in the UAE do not have shelters or adequate staffing to deal with abused domestic workers. In June 2014, the UAE authorities revised the standard domestic worker labour contract to require a weekly day off and eight hours of rest in any 24-hour period. However, the contract does not address other issues such as limits on working hours and is weaker than labour law protections for other workers that are enforceable by judicial authorities. (New Indian Express 23/10/14)

62. Shillong groups condemn ‘assault’ on woman (1)

Shillong, Oct. 24: Civil society groups today unanimously condemned the alleged assault on and arrest of a woman while expressing solidarity to the safety and freedom of sexually marginalised and oppressed groups in Meghalaya. The meeting, attended by various social organisations, activist groups and individuals condemned the recent brutal assault on Angelbeth Lyngdoh Nongpiur and her “unjust arrest” by Meghalaya police. According to the police, on October 11, one Mohan Pegu was allegedly abducted in a Maruti Zen Estilo car supposedly driven by Angelbeth from Lumparing here, near the Buddhist Temple. The police arrested Angelbeth from Jumar Lane, Laban, on October 15, based on an FIR lodged by Pegu’s wife Saralin Marbaniang. On October 22, Angelbeth’s father lodged a complaint at Laban police station that on October 15 he came to know through social media that unidentified persons had assaulted and molested Angelbeth at a public place in Shillong. Those who participated in the meeting included members of Thma U Rangli-Juki (TUR), Lympung Ki Seng Kynthei, CSWO, Seng Kynthei Laban-Lumparing, North East Network, Meghalaya State Network of Positive People, Samkami, WISE, Bethany Society and other individuals, including family members of Angelbeth. The participants were also dismayed at the “one-sided, insensitive and prurient reporting” of this incident in the local press and called upon the media to be sensitive towards marginalised and prosecuted groups like the LGBT community. “People expressed their revulsion towards the lynch mob, which not only grievously assaulted Angelbeth, but also voyeuristically recorded the assault on their mobiles and criminally circulated the clip. The meeting also expressed its concern at the arrest of Angelbeth on false charges,” Thma U Rangli-Juki (TUR) leader Angela Rangad said in a statement. “The police, rather than acting to defend human rights of the citizens and protecting individuals from moral policing and lynch mobs and voyeurs, have instead defended those who have violated human rights. The meeting urged the police to invoke the recent criminal law amendment act to book the culprits involved in the assault and circulation of the video clip,” Rangad added. She said the organisations have decided to fight to free Angelbeth from her “unjust arrest”, and bring the perpetrators of this “brutal and heinous assault” to justice. (The Telegraph 25/10/14)

63. NHRC asks UP govt to pay Rs 5 lakh to victim of alleged torture (1)

NEW DELHI: National Human Rights Commission today directed the Uttar Pradesh government to pay Rs five lakh to a victim of alleged police torture due to which he became permanently disabled. According to an official statement today, the state government, through its Chief Secretary, has been given six weeks time to submit proof of payment to the victim. “The case is related to a student, Ashish Kumar Madheshiya (17), who was picked up by police personnel of Pipraich Police Station of Gorakhpur district on January 23, 2010,” it said. During the course of inquiry, the Commission found that Ashish was illegally detained and severely tortured allegedly by the Station Officer (SO) and two Constables, which caused serious injury to his spine making him permanently crippled. As a result, the victim would not be able to walk in his lifetime without help from others. The Commission has observed that this is a case of grave violation of human rights allegedly committed by the police officials for which the State is liable and recommended monetary relief. NHRC has also asked the Senior Superintendent of Police, Gorakhpur to respond within four weeks with the status of the departmental action and charge sheet against the erring police officials in the court. (The Economic Times 27/10/14)

64. NE consultation on human rights held in Agartala (1)

Imphal, October 29 2014: North East Students’ Organisation (NESO) with support from Twipra Students’ Federation(TSF) organized a ‘North East Consultation on Human Rights: Soliciting People’s Opinion on Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act, 1958′ at the Conference Hall of Hotel Rajarshi in Agartala (Tripura) today. Biswajit Koloi, General Secretary of TSF welcomed the hundred strong delegation, consisting of student leaders, researchers, teachers, civil society leaders etc. Sinam Prakash, Secretary NESO, in the keynote address, pointed out the need for the whole north east to come together to fight against the draconian act. Anthony Debbarma of Borok People Human Rights Organisation, speaking as a resource person, detailed the atrocities committed under the shadow of AFSPA in Tripura. Babloo Loitongbam of Human Rights Alert, also speaking as the resource person, called upon the people of Tripura to stand in solidarity with Irom Sharmila in her unprecedented struggle. After a thread bare discussion, the consultation unanimously resolved to strongly condemn the discriminatory and racist nature of AFSPA particularly in its implementation in Tripura; demand the repeal of AFSPA and to call upon all the people of the North East to be united in this call; sensitize the student community of the North East on the human rights consequences of the prolonged imposition of AFSPA in the region; pressure the Members of Parliament from the North East region to raise the issue to repeal AFSPA in the Parliament during the forthcoming winter session; and ensure that the issue of repeal of AFSPA in the list of priorities of NESO. (Manipur: E-Pao)

JUDICIARY/ LAW

65. HC Directive to Implement SC Order on Plaints Against Judicial Officers (19)

KOCHI: The Kerala High Court has decided to implement the Supreme Court directive not to accept any anonymous complaints against judicial officers in Magistrate, Sessions and Munsiff courts in the state. A Supreme Court circular in this regard was forwarded by the Registrar of Subordinate Judiciary to all the courts in the state on Tuesday. As per the circular, the anonymous complaints against any member of the subordinate judiciary should not be accepted from now. Instead, the complaints have to be filed in the form of an affidavit with proper details against the officers, at the HC. Once such affidavits are received, the HC would appoint an officer who will look into the complaints and file a report in the court. Only on the basis of the report should action be recommended against the judicial officers. The court officials said that the SC came out with the circular after a large number of anonymous complaints were received at the HCs. Most of the anonymous complaints were found to be baseless. Some complaints would be sent owing to the enmity with the officials of the court. Often investigating such allegations is a wastage of time and serious consideration could not be given to complaints of genuine nature. (New Indian Express 22/10/14)

66. New law proposed for small factories (19)

New Delhi: The Labour Ministry has proposed the Small Factories (Regulation of Employment and Conditions of Services) Bill to govern wages and conditions of work in small and medium enterprises (SMEs). The Bill envisages rules for wages, overtime hours, social security and appointment of factory inspectors in units employing fewer than 40 workers. While the government introduced the Factories Act (Amendment) Bill, 2014 in the Lok Sabha in August, the new Bill has been proposed to align the work conditions in the SMEs with the Factories Act amendments and allow enterprises to file compliance forms online as the government announced earlier this month. “There was a demand from the SME sector for a separate Act to govern them. In line with that, this Act will reduce the number of forms required for compliance with rules. It will allow the SMEs to employ women in night shifts based on the fulfilment of certain conditions. It will change the inspection system to one based on self-certification and inspections based on computer lots as announced by the government earlier this month,” a senior Labour Ministry official says. The Bill builds on the Labour Laws (Exemption from Furnishing Returns and Maintaining Registers by Certain Establishments) Amendment Bill, 2011, which increases the number of laws under which units will be exempt from maintaining registers and filings returns, he adds. The Factories Act (Amendment) Bill is for allowing the States to raise the minimum number of workers employed to 20 where power was used and 40 for others, from 10 and 20, respectively. Based on the suggestions in a June 2011 report by an expert committee under former Planning Commission member Narendra Jadhav, the Bill removes prohibitions on women working on certain machines in motion and near cotton openers and allows the State governments to make rules allowing women to work night shifts in factories upon fulfilling certain conditions. It doubled the permissible overtime hours from 50 hours in one quarter to 100 hours and from 75 hours to 125 hours in certain cases. “The Small Factories Bill will bring the SMEs, which account for over 30 per cent of industrial production, in line with the amendments to the Factories Act,” an official says. The Ministry has invited public comments over the next 30 days. After the finalisation of the Bill, it will be sent to the Union Cabinet before being introduced in Parliament. Keywords: Labour Ministry, small and medium enterprises, Factories Act (Amendment) Bill 2014, Labour Laws (Exemption from Furnishing Returns and Maintaining Registers by Certain Establishments) Amendment Bill 2011 (The Hindu 27/10/14)

67. Judicial officers visit schools to ‘teach’ law to children (19)

New Delhi: In a first, serving and retired officers of the Delhi Judicial Services visited various city schools on Tuesday and interacted with children, explaining to them the importance of law in society. The sessions were organised by the Delhi State Legal Services Authority (DSLSA), which has launched legal literacy clubs in schools to educate students on the legal aspects of various issues. Students from Class 9 to 12 will be made part of the clubs. The judge who took the session at the Government Girls Senior Secondary School at Roopnagar focused on crimes against women. Girls spoke about harassment and how laws can help.  “The children have to be made aware that certain kinds of behaviour are crimes, but there is no point in telling them about the IPC, so we have to figure out how to say the relevant things without complicating them,” the judge, who conducted the session at the girls school, said. At a similar session at a boys school, students raised issues of “protection” against “false cases” and how it was the duty of all citizens to stop crimes against women. “What you see as ‘fun’ is actually eve-teasing that can get you jailed. Mistakes like these affect your life and that of everyone around you,” the judge, who conducted the session at the boys school, said. The judge and the principal asked the students to follow traffic rules, not ride motorcycles without licences and never overspeed. The DSLSA, along with the Education department, launched the legal literacy campaign on Monday, which was attended by school principals, lawyers and judges from district courts, the Delhi High Court and the Supreme Court. The legal literacy clubs have been launched in Delhi government schools for now. Similar sessions are planned at central government schools, private schools and schools run by the New Delhi Municipal Council from November. The students who are part of the clubs would then act as “peer counsellors”, spreading awareness about laws and civic duties among other students. “The challenge before legal aid today is to convey to the children that they have a legitimate stake in local, national and international governance, that we are all equal citizens and we all have an equal say in how our lives and communities should be run,” Chief Justice of India HL Dattu said at the inaugural session on Monday. Principals said for the initiative to succeed, constant monitoring and several sessions should be held. “Also, police have to enforce laws. Boys ride bikes on roads, but no action is taken against them,” one principal said. (Indian Express 29/10/14)

68. Proposal to legalize prostitution to be placed before SC panel: NCW (19)

NEW DELHI: The proposal for legalizing prostitution in India will be placed before the Supreme Court constituted panel on Nov 8, National Commission for Women (NCW) chief Lalitha Kumaramangalam said on Wednesday. “The proposal for legalizing prostitution will be put forth in the National Consultation scheduled to be held on Nov 8 by Supreme Court panel …,” Kumaramangalam said in a statement. The apex court had constituted the panel after a public interest litigation was filed 2010 on rehabilitation of sex workers. In its order dated Aug 24, 2011, the court had directed NCW to attend the panel’s meetings. “The panel has to make certain recommendations for the possible amendments in Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act, 1956 (ITPA) in the light of conditions conducive for sex workers to live with dignity in accordance with the provision of article 21 of the constitution,” added the statement. The Supreme Court-constituted panel would deliberate on the existing provisions of ITPA, loopholes, implementation of the law and the impact of such implementation on the sex workers and their lives.  Kumaramangalam meanwhile denied media reports that she was planning to put forward the proposal of legalizing prostitution at the cabinet meet. However, activists expressed concern and discontentment over the NCW’s proposal. “Legalization of prostitution goes against the International Labour Organization’s (ILO) definition of ‘decent work’ and is considered as selling sex under distress. Instead of criminalizing the buying and selling of sex, we are giving more power to those who exploit sex workers and treat them as commodities that can be sold in a market,” Ranjana Kumari, director, Centre for Social Research said in a statement. (Times of India 30/10/14)

POLICE/ AFSPA/ CUSTODIAL DEATHS

69. Report on custodial death wants SC fiat followed (1)

CHENNAI: The Campaign for Custodial Justice and Abolition of Torture has prepared a report on the death of Syed Mohammed in the S.Pattinam police station, Ramanathapuram, which it proposes to hand over to the Chief Justice of India and the Chief Justice of Madras High Court besides the National Human Rights Commission. The NGO’s fact-finding committee, which conducted a two-day inquiry with the local shop owners, police, relative of the victim and the local MLA, has stated that Syed Mohammed was taken into custody, tortured and killed before being shot at in the police station on October 14. The inquiry found that the police picked him up following a verbal complaint on that date from mechanic Aruldass who ran a shop near the police station. Around 4 p.m. the shopkeepers near the police station heard loud screams from within and then three gun shots. The committee, which interviewed witnesses, has recommended that all suspended or transferred police personnel be arrested and tried on murder charges. It also sought an additional compensation of Rs.10 lakh for the family and a government job for a family member. The report has demanded that the directions of the Supreme Court on encounter death be followed. These include filing an FIR, conducting a magisterial inquiry, submission of report to the judicial magistrate and conduct of trial after a full investigation. (The Hindu 21/10/14)

70. Government won’t dilute or partially lift AFSPA (1)

New Delhi: The Centre’s new policy on Jammu and Kashmir will clearly spell out the government’s firm stand on the contentious issue of the Armed Forces Special Powers Act in the state as it will categorically rule out any possibility of either diluting the contentious Act or even partially lifting it from some parts of the state. Sources said the government may wait for the Assembly elections in the state, which are due by the end of 2014, before making public its comprehensive policy on J&K. The previous UPA government was said to be favourably inclined to withdrawing the AFSPA from some parts of the state despite stiff opposition from the armed forces. But the new dispensation at the Centre seems to be on the same page with the security forces even though the state chief minister Omar Abdullah again made a strong pitch two days ago for lifting the Act from some areas in the Valley. Mr Abdullah, sources added, also raised the issue of AFSPA during his meeting with home minister Rajnath Singh a few days ago. The state government’s view is that militancy in the Valley is at an all time low and the timing is perfect for partial rollback of the AFSPA. However, the move also has a strong political under current since Mr Abdullah’s National Conference will get a major electoral boost in the Assembly polls if the Centre does agree to his demand. But the BJP-led government at the Centre seems to be in no hurry to announce its policy yet as it is completely against any kind of changes in the present format of the AFSPA. “At a time when the situation along the international border and the Line of Control is so volatile particularly in wake of consistent ceasefire violations by Pakistan we need to strengthen the hands of our security forces. And the government is clear that any dilution in the AFSPA at this stage will only weaken our fight against terror in the Valley,’’ an official said. Intelligence reports already suggest that Pakistan wants to disrupt the Assembly elections in the state by engineering more terror strikes. Close to 2,000 militants are said to be waiting at launch pads and terror training camps along the border to sneak into India. It is also suspected that having suffered serious reverses in wake of India’s retaliation during the ceasefire violation Pakistan was waiting for an opportunity to strike again. Thus given the present security and political scenario in the Valley there is a firm view within the Centre that the AFSPA should in no way be tweaked. Consultations have already been held among the national security advisor and ministries of defence and home on the issue. (Asian Age 23/10/14)

71. Villagers Seek Head of Karnataka Official in ‘Encounter’ Death (1)

SALEM: Mild tension prevailed around midnight on Saturday, when the body of Palani, the vicitim of the Karnataka Forest Department’s firing, arrived at his native village, Chettipatti. A large crowd from neighbouring villages had assembled to witness the last rites. Around 11.35 pm, when the body was brought by the Tamil Nadu Police, the angry crowd raised slogans against the Karnataka Forest Department personnel. They demanded the arrest of Vasudeva Moorthy, assistant conservator of M M Hills. The people said they would not allow the body to be cremated till Vasudeva Moorthy was arrested. Local representatives of political parties such as VCK, DK and PMK engaged in a heated argument with the police. Police told the people that the Karnataka Police had booked cases on Tamil villagers for ransacking their check post and the forest range office. They said about fifty people figured in the FIR, and if police was to discharge its duty, those named in the FIR would have to be arrested. Salem DIG V Kulkarni, Salem SP R Sakthivel, and Mettur RDO Anish Shekar were present and interacted with the people. Talks was held with the community elders and local leaders, who in turn pacified the people. Around 12.20 am the body was finally taken into the village and the cremation ended around 3 am on Sunday. An uneasy calm enveloped the village even as police maintained vigil. Bus services to M M Hills and Mysore resumed on Sunday morning. In the evening, the focus shifted to Mettur where Nam Tamilar Party chief organiser Seeman was scheduled to hold a public meeting. Earlier, he addressed the press at Salem, where he said, Karnataka officials have expressed their bitterness against the Tamils. For even minor reasons Tamils in Karnataka are attacked and theatres screening Tamil films are vandalised. Tamils will not suffer for long and the Karnataka government and the people of the State should maintain patience. (New Indian Express 27/10/14)

72. ‘Pay woman Rs 2 lakh in custodial rape case’ (1)

CHENNAI: A woman who was allegedly raped and tortured by the Udumalpet police a couple of months ago is set to get an interim compensation of 2 lakh in two weeks, as a division bench of the Madras high court on Tuesday refused to interfere with a single judge order to that effect. On September 24, Justice V Ramasubramanian, besides awarding interim compensation and ensuring medical assistance to the woman, had directed the CBI to probe the grave allegations against police. He also made it clear that the state government could place all the seven police personnel connected with the incident under suspension. The government chose to challenge the order. On Tuesday, when the appeal came up before a bench of Justice Satish K Agnihotri and Justice K K Sasidharan, the judges declined to interfere with the order. After CBI informed that more than 50% of the investigation had already been completed, the judges permitted the agency to proceed with its investigation. They then adjourned the matter to November 28 for further hearing. During arguments, the bench said the mighty state should not fight against a poor family, and added that while 3 lakh each was being given to people who committed suicide there need not be any hesitation to pay 2 lakh interim compensation to a victim of custodial violence. The issue relates to a petition filed by Girija (name changed) saying that her mother was picked up by Udumalpet police on August 11 in connection with a murder case. During the interregnum period, seven policemen subjected her to torture and they even inserted lathis into her private parts, she said. After summoning the woman to court, Justice Ramasubramanian referred her to the hospital, before awarding interim compensation. (Times of India 29/10/14)

MEDIA/ FREEDOM OF SPEECH

73. State likely to unveil new e-governance policy today (1)

Gandhinagar: The new e-governance policy of the Anandiben Patel government is expected to be unveiled on Monday. Under this policy, all government departments will be connected with the public on social media and at least one member per family will be made e-literate . Taking forward Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s ambitious agenda, the final draft says that the government also targets extending the scope of e-governance to the remotest area by 2019. The Gujarat government officials maintain that the project started by Modi when he was chief minister, has been given final shape as the eGovernance Policy 2014-2019, wherein all the departments will be encouraged to have a dedicated page on social media to ensure interactive communication with people. “The state government aims at suitably promoting the social media services to further improve citizen reach and feedback mechanism on the government services. An active presence of all the government departments on social media is recommended,” reads the draft policy, accessed exclusively by The Indian Express. As of now, all the departments have dedicated websites, but they are not yet live. The 2014-15 budget has already mandated all departments to earmark three per cent of their budgetary allocations towards e-governance. And, departments will be expected to prepare their respective Information Technology roadmaps. The sources maintained that the policy, to be formally announced on October 20, also aims to spread e-literacy among citizens. The government has proposed setting up of IT training centres through public-private partnerships which will offer short-term courses, to create the e-literates. Further, the government will ensure that children completing elementary education get an exposure to basic computer skills in school. The policy also proposes to strengthen e-governance by delivering 500 services through portals by way of various channels. For the same, it suggests to add more 20,000 civic centres to existing 15,000 in rural as well as urban areas. The state government plans to make available Government to Citizen (G2C) services within 2 kms and waiting period at service counters to be less than 30 minutes during this five-year period. (Indian Express 21/10/14)

74. Modi lauds media for turning ‘pen into broom’ (1)

New Delhi: In a bid to change the notion that he avoided the media, Modi sought to send out the message that he wants to rebuild his relationship with it. The occasion was “Diwali Milan”, organised by the BJP’s media cell at the party headquarters in Delhi. Recalling his days as a BJP functionary in Delhi, when he used to stay at the party headquarters as an office-bearer before becoming chief minister of Gujarat, Modi said, “I used to put chairs here for you people. Those were different days, when we used to interact freely. I had a beautiful relationship with you and it helped me in Gujarat.” He added, “Even though times have changed, I look for ways to deepen these old ties with the media. I will see to it that, time constraints notwithstanding, we interact with each other better.” Modi, who has had stormy ties with the national media since the 2002 Gujarat riots, said: “When I interact with the media, I get not only information, but also a different perspective. By interacting directly, one gets to know things which mediapersons cannot report. Not only does one get information but also vision, which is very valuable.” Modi praised the media for the coverage and reporting of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan. “You have turned your pen into a broom for my Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan. I have read many articles on Clean India. Electronic and social media are doing a comprehensive debate on it. This is a service to the nation. This is a good example of how the media can play a constructive role.” He added, “Many governments are being forced to wake up. Writing about the Clean India drive is a big service to the nation. I thank you for it. Since Independence, it was believed that the government would do everything. But the media is encouraging people to work for the nation. There is now an environment where citizens are realising that they have to work together.” After his barely-10-minute-long statement, Modi moved into the crowd, mingling freely with journalists. Some of them jostled to take “selfies” with him, and Modi happily obliged. Union ministers Rajnath Singh, Sushma Swaraj, Piyush Goel, Dharmendra Pradhan, Prakash Javadekar and BJP president Amit Shah were also present at the venue. Finance and Defence Minister Arun Jaitley had to leave midway to chair a meeting. (Deccan Herald 26/10/14)

75. UN condemns attack on journalist in DRC (1)

Head of UN Mission for Stabilisation of Congo (MONUSCO) Martin Kobler has strongly condemned the attack on a journalist working for the Congolese National Radio Television (RTNC). “The attack is a serious threat to media freedom and I want to strongly condemn it. I express my support to the Congolese press which should be allowed to operate freely,” the head of the UN mission said in a statement Monday. Philemon Gira, an RTNC cameraman based in Goma, the North Kivu provincial headquarters in the east of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) was last Saturday shot by unknown armed men who stole his camera. “It’s an unacceptable act that should never be repeated. Media freedom is governed by international and African conventions and such acts constitute serious violations of human rights,” Xinhua quoted Kobler as saying in the statement. According to Journalists In Danger, an organisation involved in promotion of media freedom in Central Africa, Gira was the object of a targeted attack. (Business Standard 28/10/14)

76. Decision to not give information to media on probe won’t protect victims:.. (1)

MumbaI: Dissatisfied with state government’s decision to not disclose information to media during the course of investigations in cases, the Bombay High Court Wednesday said the government’s stand is restricted to protecting the accused and that the decision will in no way protect the victim. The HC was acting on a public interest litigation (PIL) seeking restraint on trial by media, arguing it infringed on the right of an accused to have a fair trial. A bench headed by Justice A S Oka had earlier asked the government to consider issuing a circular that imposes restrictions on the police from giving media interviews or disclosing information acquired during an investigation. While acting on the PIL filed by advocate Rahul Thakur, the HC remarked, “The public prosecutor, police should not tell who’s the next witness; what witnesses disclosed in court or whether they are having a good case, and accused will be punished for so and so years.” After perusing the circular submitted by the state government, the judges said it was not protecting the victims and called a couple of clauses in the circular “vague”. According to the court, during the stage of investigation and trial, disclosing information about the victims, accused and their relatives, in addition to witnesses, might hamper the case. The court had earlier said the quality of investigation would suffer if a case is constantly under “media trial”. It had also said there was need for the police to refrain from disclosing the identity and photograph of an accused. The state government had earlier informed the HC that the central government had already issued a circular that prohibited publishing photographs. “Overzealous sections of the media had a tendency to infringe upon fundamental rights like privacy, fair trial and dignity of the citizens,” the PIL says. The petitioner contested the media portraying an accused as a convict even before the trial. Relying on judgments of the Supreme Court, Thakur said the right to freedom of speech was not an absolute right, but was subject to certain restrictions, and that the state could impose certain restrictions on liberties granted to the media. The petitioner also objected to police parading an accused before camerapersons from the media using gory pictures and revealing the names of accused and their kin. The HC, while asking the state to come out with a new circular, posted the hearing for October 31. (Indian Express 30/10/14)

COMMUNAL RIOTS

77. HC seeks response of Centre, J&K in Chattisinghpora Sikhs massacre (7)

Srinagar: The Jammu and Kashmir high court on Monday sought response of the Centre and the state government on a petition seeking a probe into the killing of 35 Sikhs in Chattisinghpora area in March 2000.A division bench of the high court comprising justices Mohammad Yaqoob Mir and MH Attar issued notices to respondents including the Centre and the state government to reply to the petition within two weeks. The Public Interest Litigation (PIL) has been filed by one Sardar Avtar Singh Sodhi, a resident of Mehjoor Nagar area here. The Lashkar-e-Toiba militants massacred 35 Sikhs at Chttisinghpora village of Anantnag district on March 20, 2000 — a day before then US President Bill Clinton was to arrive on his maiden visit to India. In 2010, an LeT associate David Headley, who was arrested in connection with the 2008 Mumbai attacks, reportedly confessed to the National Investigation Agency that the outfit carried out the Chattisinghpora massacre. Headley is said to have identified an LeT militant named Muzzamil as part of the group which carried out the killings apparently to create communal tension just before Clinton’s visit. The other major relief sought by the petitioner is reservation for Sikhs of J&K in all state departments and all other state institutions including the legislature, judiciary and executive. The petitioner has also pleaded for directions to the respondents for welfare of the Sikh community living in the state which included appointment of a board for welfare of the community, appointment of a commission to investigate the problems of Sikhs and to suggest appropriate measures for their improvement in social and economic sectors. He has also sought setting up of the Punjabi language department in the University of Kashmir and financial assistance to deserving students from the community for higher studies abroad. The petitioner has also sought directions for providing similar benefits to Sikhs to which other minorities are entitled to in rest of India under the National Commission for Minorities. (Hindustan Times 20/10/14)

78. Love affair sparks riots in Vadodra, 9 injured (7)

VADODARA: An alleged love affair between a girl and a boy belonging to different communities sparked communal clashes at Dhaniyavi village in Varnama on Monday morning. Nine persons including four policemen were injured in the rioting that broke out at about 11am. Police fired three rounds in the air to disperse the rioting mob. Over 24 persons have been detained and many more are likely to be rounded up in coming days. Over 32 weapons including swords and a licensed gun were recovered from the spot. According to the police, the two communities were at loggerheads over last few days after the allegations of an affair between a boy and a girl surfaced. “The communities had settled their differences earlier and father of the girl had even refused to register a complaint. However, on Monday morning they fought again,” said district superintendent of police (rural), Sandip Singh. Locals claimed that a similar attack happened on Sunday night in the village. “To ensure peace, we tried to strike a compromise. But we were attacked without any provocation in the presence of the police. Even women were present when the attack happened,” said an injured person. Another local said that the boy was accused of sending text messages to the girl and someone from the girl’s family informed her father. The injured persons were admitted to Makarpura hospital. Four cops including police sub-inspector, P V Solanki suffered head injuries. Security has been beefed up in the village to avoid any escalation. An injured person claimed that one of the reasons behind the clash was political rivalry between the two communities and that the affair was just a pretext to attack them. (Times of India 21/10/14)

79. Delhi’s Trilokpuri colony tense after communal clashes, one in critical condition (7)

New Delhi: Delhi’s Trilokpuri colony tense Ads by Google Used Cars at Low Price Get best deal in 2nd hand cars. Shop for the right used car today! cartrade.com/Used-Cars Free Trading Seminar Learn and Earn in Financial Markets Register for Seminar in Gurgaon www.mtrading.in/free-seminars New Delhi, Oct 26: Delhi’s Trilokpuri area remained tense on Sunday, Oct 26, though no violence was reported, police said, a day after five people were shot at during a communal clash, leaving one in critical condition. But police denied the area was curfew-bound. “The situation is tense but under control. No fresh violence or clashes have been reported,” Deputy Commissioner of Police Ajay Kumar told IANS. Police had detained around 70 people till Saturday night after two groups of Hindus and Muslims pelted stones at each other Friday. After a brief lull, clashes erupted again and five people were shot at Saturday evening. Three of the wounded were identified as 16-year-old Ajit, who has a back injury, 15-year-old Arjun, who is in critical condition with a head wound, and Praveen, whose age is not known. Following Thursday’s clash over Diwali celebrations, the authorities imposed prohibitory orders banning illegal gatherings. Trilokpuri residents said there was “a curfew like situation”. Delhi Police denied this. “There is no curfew like situation, but section 144 of CrPC (prohibiting unlawful assembly of people) is imposed in the area,” spokesman Rajan Bhagat told IANS. The whole of Trilokpuri, divided into 36 blocks, were being manned by more than 1,000 security personnel – from Delhi Police, Rapid Action Force and Central Reserve Police Force. Over 30 police vans, water cannons and riot control vehicles have also been deployed. Some of the roads where street clashes took places were strewn with stones and broken bottles Sunday. Though police said the five were injured in mob firing, their families blamed the police. “Arjun was shot by police when he was returning from a nearby block. He had gone for tuition and was returning around 1 p.m. Saturday,” his mother Malar told IANS. Ajit’s mother Anjali also claimed that her son was shot by police. Police said 14 people, including 13 police personnel, were injured in the stone-pelting. They were admitted to hospitals. Trilokpuri residents expressed anger over the police action, and accused officials of not apprehending the real culprits. “Most of the people staying in block 27 were nabbed from their houses. They were badly beaten up and dragged out of their houses. All of them are innocent,” Trilokpuri resident Md. Fahim told IANS. (One India 26/10/14)

80. Six held as VHP, Christians trade charges over Bastar clash (7)

Raipur: The VHP and Christians have accused each other for the violence in Madhota village of Bastar district when nearly two dozen people were injured in a clash between the communities Saturday night. Four members of right-wing groups and two Christians have been arrested. The present controversy is rooted in an attempt by the right-wing groups to take these converted tribals to the Hindu fold. A fortnight ago, Bastar BJP MP Dinesh Kashyap had visited the area and initiated “ghar vapasi” of neo-Christians. Since then, the area has been simmering and the Bastar administration had called a meeting of both communities on Saturday when the clash took place. “We were sitting outside our church when Dinesh Kashyap came with several persons and attacked us,” said Deva Madia, a converted Christian who is recovering at a hospital. Kashyap admitted he led the event but denied he was present on the spot Saturday. “I am in Raipur. I am still to get details about the incident,” he told The Indian Express. However, locals claimed his presence at the village. (Indian Express 28/10/14)

81. Drone helps police scan Trilokpuri locality (7)

NEW DELHI: Even as curfew remained in force in Trilokpuri on Day 5, the police carried out massive door-to-door search operations and recovered a huge amount of weapons and bottles of acid. For the first time, Delhi Police used a drone during the riot investigations. The search operation started on Monday evening after procuring warrants. Cops formed several teams comprising a senior officer, women personnel and constables, who were supported by Rapid Action Force sleuths. By Tuesday evening, the cops had searched 609 houses in eight blocks. Most recoveries were made from blocks 15, 20, 26, 27 and 28. Sources said intelligence officials were also present in plainclothes. A police officer said around 70 bags containing around 1,000 bricks and stones were seized from the rooms and terraces of the houses. Besides, cops seized five bags of acid bottles, around a dozen swords and meat cleavers and two dozen knives. Five people were arrested. Cops said the drive will continue till all suspects are arrested. The drone was a huge help as it could hover around multiple terraces and scan them within minutes. Delhi Police have procured two more drones with night vision after its use helped nab suspects and scan the area. The curfew was lifted between 2pm and 5pm during which essential supplies were distributed to people. Cops will also lift the curfew from 11am onwards for Chhath Puja. However, this will only be allowed if nothing sensitive is observed, an officer said. Police are sanitizing the entire area so that tensions don’t escalate again. Cops have also asked for the mobile and CCTV footages and appealed people to maintain peace through loudspeakers. Special commissioner (law & order) Deepak Mishra said he was monitoring the situation closely and appealed to people to not indulge in rumour mongering. “We have been getting hoax calls and a team is probing them. Those found to be creating panic and mischief will not be spared,” Mishra said. Joint commissioner of police Sanjay Baniwal said they hope to restore normalcy in the area in the next few days. (Times of India 29/10/14)

COMMUNALISM

82. Shiv Sena laments: NCP insulted Hindutva, mocked RSS and BJP wants its support (26)

Mumbai: Hitting out at NCP’s decision to extend outside support to the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in Maharashtra, the Uddhav Thackeray-led Shiv Sena today charged that the offer made by the Sharad Pawar-led outfit is to ensure that its “scam-tainted” leaders enjoy full protection. “Until yesterday, BJP was a communal force and was mocked to be a party full of half pant wearing individuals by the NCP. They insulted Hindutva by mocking the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh’s (RSS) diktat of wearing half pants. Are they now really concerned about providing stability to Maharashtra? They only want to ensure that their corruption is not brought out in front of people,” the Sena said in an editorial in its mouthpiece ‘Saamana’. Terming NCP leader Praful Patel as an opportunist, Sena said his party doesn’t even qualify to have an opposition leader. “PM (Narendra) Modi had campaigned extensively against the NCP and called it a ‘naturally corrupt’ party that has looted Maharashtra. Vinod Tawde (BJP leader) had even threatened to unearth the scams of the Congress-NCP and send corrupt leaders to jail. And so, a party which does not even qualify to have an Opposition leader is resorting to such opportunism,” the mouthpiece said. Reminding the BJP of Sena’s firm commitment towards a unified Maharashtra, it said that a massive mandate for the BJP in Vidarbha does not mean that people in that region have voted for a separate statehood. “BJP has got a huge mandate in the Vidarbha region which has increased their tally substantially. But we cannot believe that this mandate is for a separate statehood for Vidarbha. BJP may have MLAs there but the Sena has MPs from the region who are committed to having a unified Maharashtra. Their stand remains firm and will never change,” the Sena said. (Financial Express 21/10/14)

83. BJP has a majority, should fulfil commitment to Ayodhya: VHP (26)

ALLAHABAD: Vishwa Hindu Parishad today demanded that the BJP, having achieved a majority on its own in the Parliament under the leadership of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, fulfil its commitment to the Ayodhya issue by facilitating the construction of a Ram temple at the disputed site. “When the BJP was in power during 1999-2004, the then Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee used to cite coalition compulsions while explaining his inability to facilitate the construction of a Ram temple. “Narendra Modi has no such compulsions. He may be having people from other parties in his government but the fact remains that BJP got a complete majority under his leadership,” VHP patriarch Ashok Singhal told reporters here. He said that the Modi government should now exercise its powers to resolve the issue which has been inordinately delayed due to judicial intervention. “The VHP has always held that courts cannot settle matters of faith and the government should facilitate construction of temple at the Sri Ramjanmabhoomi by getting passed an act of Parliament to this effect,” he said. Singhal’s statement comes a couple of days after Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), considered to be the apex body of the ‘Sangh Parivar’” of which the VHP is a part and the BJP is the political offshoot, had expressed hope that the Centre will “take the Ram temple issue seriously”.Although Modi has in the recent past refrained from making any statement on the Ayodhya issue, which had figured prominently in the BJP’s election manifesto, a number of party leaders including former national president and Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh have gone on record to state that the party was committed to building a Ram temple at the site referred to as Sri Ramjanmabhoomi. The former VHP president, a staunch supporter of Modi since the days when he was the Chief Minister of Gujarat whom he has been fondly referring to as “Hindu Hriday Samrat” (emperor ruling the hearts of Hindus), also appealed to the Muslim community to “come forward and cooperate with the majority community”.”The Muslims should understand that the Hindus have no issues with them except Ayodhya, Kashi and Mathura. They would do the country a great service if they themselves renounce the wrongful claim on Hindus’ places of worship in these holy cities and acknowledge the majority community’s right to carry out its religious activities at these disputed sites”, the octogenarian said. (The Economic Times 22/10/14)

84. 5 Bajrang Dal men booked for abducting woman (26)

Mangalore: The Konaje police here have registered cases of abduction and attempt to outrage the modesty of a woman against five Bajrang Dal activists and a youth, based on a complaint filed by a woman from Elyarpadav near here.  The woman, a Catholic Christian, had married Roshan Shetty at Arya Samaj here on October 16 in the presence of some Bajrang Dal activists. The girl’s parents too had visited the wedding venue where a tiff occurred between both the parties and the girl had stood firm on her decision to marry Shetty. She had told reporters that she was marrying him by her own volition. She escaped from a hotel where she was staying with Shetty for three days and returned to her parents. On Wednesday, however, she filed a complaint at the Konaje police station, alleging that five Bajrang Dal activists and Shetty had drugged, abducted and forced her to marry the latter. She said in her complaint that she knew him and she had gone to meet him in the market to give some money. It was then that he forced her to drink some juice laced with a sedative. She also stated that the activists had threatened to harm her parents if she refused to marry Shetty. She has named Bajrang Dal leader Jagadish Shenava for forcing her to sign a few papers at the deputy commissioner’s office on October 17.  The police have registered cases against Shetty, Shenava, Dinesh Kadri, Sharath Amblamogaru, Ganesh Kumpala and Praveen. Mangalore City Police Commissioner R Hitendra said the investigation was on. (Deccan Herald 25/10/14)

85. Congress slams BJP, RSS condemns article (26)

NEW DELHI: The Congress on Saturday slammed RSS and BJP for their alleged “distasteful, malicious distortion of history” and demanded a statement from Prime Minister Narendra Modi over an article in an RSS mouthpiece, which suggested that Nathuram Godse should have targeted Jawaharlal Nehru instead of Mahatma Gandhi. Distancing itself from the article that appeared in the Malayalam edition of its mouthpiece ‘Kesari’, the RSS, meanwhile, said it did not endorse the views expressed by the writer, B Gopalakrishnan. “RSS strongly condemns the controversial article published in ‘Kesari’ Malayalam journal in Kerala on October 17, 2014. The views published therein are exclusively that of the writer and the RSS has nothing to do with it,” RSS’s national prachar pramukh Manmohan Vaidya said in a statement. Terming the article, “barbaric and illegal”, Congress general secretary Ajay Maken asked Modi and BJP to immediately make their stand clear in this regard. “Silence on their part would only point towards their complicity. The argument by the BJP leader that Godse should have killed Nehru instead of Mahatma Gandhi reaffirms that the basic tenets of their ideology are hatred and violence,” he said adding that it was difficult to find such perverse discourse anywhere except the darkest corner of a bankrupt mind that the RSS and BJP have been thriving upon. Writer Gopalakrishnan, who was a BJP candidate in the recent Lok Sabha elections, also claimed that Nehru never had any genuine attachment with the father of the nation. Congress spokesperson Anand Sharma said Modi, BJP chief Amit Shah and RSS chief Mohan Bhagwat should come out with a statement to clarify their stand on it or “expel” its author and sack the editor of the journal. Further, Congress general secretary Digvijay Singh said in a tweet: “Is it the beginning of rewriting Indian History? BJP/RSS and Modi must come out with a categorical statement on this. I know they won’t.”… (Times of India 27/10/14)

TERRORISM

86. Security Agencies Monitoring Al Qaeda, ISIS Developments: NSA (12)

NEW DELHI: There is no threat from either al Qaeda or ISIS of a magnitude which the country cannot deal with, National Security Advisor Ajit Doval today said but asserted that security agencies were keeping a “very close watch”.His comments came in response to a question at the Munich Security Conference (MSC) here on whether there was any major threat to India from al Qaeda and ISIS. “There is nothing as big or small terrorism. It is not on the basis of geography, but on the basis of groups, it is on the basis of capabilities and tactics. Any group, about whom we have information, that has the capability and intention to strike against would be our biggest targets,” he said. “I don’t think threats are of magnitude from either one of them which we are not in a position to cope,” he said. The NSA’s statement comes in the backdrop of al Qaeda leader Ayman al-Zawahiri’s video message about the creation of an Indian branch of his militant group to “raise the flag of jihad” across South Asia. There have been reports, some of which have been confirmed, of Indian youths, especially from Kalyan in Maharashtra, joining the ISIS. Concerns were raised after ISIS flags were recently raised in Kashmir. Doval, however, added that security agencies were keeping a close watch on the developments of both these terror groups. “But, we have to watch very very closely in case any of  these relationships develop and in case they start targeting India or interest of India, we will have to take a very serious view,” he said. (New Indian Express 21/10/14)

87. National security adviser set to visit Burdwan Monday (12)

New Delhi: One of the masterminds in the blast, Mufazzal Hussain, is the man who had set up two madarsas in Murshidabad which were primarily acting as a front for terror camps and some of the Jamaat cadres were being trained here for making the IEDs. Jamaat-ul-Mujahideen (JuM) is a banned terror outfit in Bangladesh and is suspected to have links with other bigger terror groups like HuJI and even Al Qaeda. NIA chief Sharad Kumar reached Kolkatta on Friday morning and went to Burdwan where he met the investigating team. Sources said the NIA D-G was given a detailed account of the probe and also what the accused persons, Hasem Molla, alias Badru Alam, Molla, Razia Bibi and Alima Bibi, have disclosed during interrogation so far. The NIA took over investigations into the case following directions from the MHA even as the TMC-led state government was reluctant for the Central anti-terror agency to conduct the investigations. The NIA is now closely investigating another aspect into the case as a large amount of cash recovered from the house in Burdwan has apparently been traced to a bank robbery in Telangana a few months ago. “We are trying to find out if there is a link between this terror module and the bank robbery as some of the cash from that incident has been recovered from the house,’’ an official said. (Asian Age 25/10/14)

88. NIA files chargesheet in ISI spy case (12)

Chennai: A preliminary charge sheet was filed by the National Investigation Agency in a court here in a case of alleged attempts to spy for Pakistan’s intelligence agency, ISI, and carry out sabotage activities in South India. The charge sheet was filed against Zahir Hussain, Siva Balan and Mohammed Saleem before a designated NIA court yesterday. The charges against them include offences under the IPC and the Unlawful Activities Prevention Act. Over 40 persons have been cited as witnesses and out of them the identity of 20 have not been disclosed. Totally, there are nine accused in the case including an official of the Pakistan High Commission in Colombo. “The investigation against others including the fourth man in the case Rafiq, who is also in jail is continuing,” Public Prosecutor for NIA cases, CSS Pillai told. Counterfeit currency and an unlicensed gun were recovered from Rafiq. Cases under Arms Act were also booked against him. “We are probing if Rafiq has connection with arms dealers,” the prosecutor added. On April 29 this year, Zahir Hussain, a Lankan national, was arrested by the Tamil Nadu police here. Documents including maps of Chennai city, photos of vital installations, and counterfeit currency were allegedly seized from him. The case was taken up later by the NIA. Subsequently, a Sri Lankan national Siva Balan, Mohammed Saleem and Rafiq were arrested. Last month, with the arrest of Arun Selvarajan, another suspected ISI operative here, the probe into the Pakistan- commissioned espionage ring came a full circle, the agency said. After his arrest, NIA said it was probing Selvarajan as part of the Thameem Ansari case. Ansari, another suspected ISI spy module, was arrested in September 2012. “A request to extradite Mohammed Hossaini, a Sri Lankan, is pending with Malaysian authorities. He is also an accused in the Zahir Hussain case,” the prosecutor said. (Zee News 25/10/14)

89. 8 LeT militants arrested in Kashmir Valley (12)

SRINAGAR: Eight Lashker-e-Toiba militants were today arrested by the security forces in North Kashmir, weeks before the first phase of Assembly polls in Jammu and Kashmir. With the arrest, the security forces claimed to have busted a module of the terror outfit and “averted a major terror plan of the militants”.A huge cache of arms and ammunition was also seized. “Police in Sopore (in Baramulla district), with the help of 30 Rashtriya Rifles(RR), have busted a recruitment module of militant outfit Laskhar-e-Toiba, thus averting a major terror and subversion plan of the militants. “Eight members of the module were arrested from different parts of Sopore town and adjoining areas,” a police spokesman said here. He said the militants, all local, were recruited into the outfit which was trying to execute militant activities. “The local boys were recruited into the outfit, which is building a network of LeT operatives. “They were bent upon executing various militant actions in and around the township in conspiracy with one foreign terrorist of LeT, Umer Khitab, a Pakistani national, who is operating in Sopore. Khitab has been taking directions from another LeT man Hanzulla, also a Pakistani national,” he said. Three of them Rayees Ahmad Bhat, Sajad Ahmad Bhat and Shabir Ahmad Kumar are residents of Harwan, Sopore. While remaining five, Lateef Ahmad Gujar, Zubair Ahmad Gujar, Mohammad Qasim Gujar, Mohammad Iqbal Gujar and Hakim Din Gujar are residents of Gujarpatti Zaloora village, the spokesman said. He said eight UBGL, five Chinese grenades and 100 AK-47 rounds have been seized from them, adding involvement of these militants in “other actions of terrorism and subversive actions is being probed”. (Times of India 27/10/14)

NAXALS/ MAOISTS

90. BJP woos Chhattisgarh Naxals who surrendered (12)

Raipur: A latest move by ruling BJP in Chhattisgarh to woo Naxals who surrendered to join the party has baffled not only the Opposition but also a section of saffron party leaders. After Chhattisgarh home minister Ramsevak Paikre “welcomed surrendered Naxals” to join his party last week, AICC general secretary Digvijay Singh accused BJP of creating base in tribal-dominated Bastar, a Maoist stronghold, with the help of left wing radicals. “BJP’s move to draft surrendered Naxals has clearly established the party’s nexus with Maoists that helped the saffron outfit win elections after elections in the conflict zone of Bastar in Chhattisgarh,” Mr Singh said. However, criticism by Congress has not deterred the saffron outfit from maintaining its stand, taking a strong section in BJP by surprise. On Tuesday, BJP MP from Bastar Dinesh Kashyap restated that his party would welcome to surrendered Maoists. (Deccan Chronicles 22/10/14)

91. National Investigation Agency report reveals chilling details of Naxal planning (12)

NEW DELHI: A three-month long conspiracy culminated into the meticulously planned Naxal attack, which was rehearsed over six days, on the convoy of senior Congress leaders in Chhattisgarh last year, the National Investigation Agency (NIA) has concluded after conducting a probe for nearly 16 months. “Presence of Salwa Judum founder and Congress leader Mahendra Karma in the convoy was one of tempting and lucrative reason for CPI (Maoist) in taking decision to attack the convoy of Congress. The previous and post conduct of the accused persons establish their intention, conspiracy, preparation, and execution to lay ambush on the Congress Parivartan yatra to avenge against Mahendra Karma,” says the 36-page NIA chargesheet, that was accessed by ET. It was submitted in a court in Bilaspur on September 23 and says Naxals celebrated with a “macabre dance of death” on the spot after killing Karma. About 24 persons, including senior Congress leaders like the state congress president Nand Kumar Patel, his son Dinesh Patel, former union minister VC Shukla, Mahendra Karma, Uday Mudaliyar and a dozen police personnel were killed. The NIA says over 150 Naxals armed with AK-47 and INSAS rifles, hand grenades and huge quantity of explosives for making landmines trapped the Congress convoy and the mayhem carried on for two hours. It says a big attack was planned for over three months and after concrete information of Karma’s movement in Darbha was received a week before the actual attack, detailed rehearsals were carried out by the Maoists for six days on how to execute it. “A decision to carry out a big attack in Darbha region was hatched in the meeting of South Regional Unified Command (SRUC) of CPI (Maoist) held from February 16-25, 2013, somewhere in forest area near village Pidia of Bijapur district and various Maoist formations were asked to assemble in Darbha”, the chargesheet says. A week before the attack, Naxals got “information” of possible movement of Karma and other Congress leaders in Darbha to participate in Parivartan Yatra and decided to target it, the NIA says. “In pursuant to the conspiracy to attack Parivartan Yatra, Maoist commanders conducted recce of Sukma – Jagdalpur Highway (NH221, now NH-31) and identified a suitable spot in Jheeram valley for ambush. The rehearsal / mock drills for the attack was carried out for fivesix days in the forest area near Ekkum-Chikpal. During mock drills, cadres were divided into various teams/groups like Assault group, Stop Group, Signal Group, Blast Squad, Seizing party and Senior Commanders briefed them about the terrain, possible situation, their individual role, snatching tactics & escape routes,” the NIA says. The NIA Investigation has also brought out that Maoists planted a landmine (IED) under the NH- 221 near the culvert as well as at different places for defensive measures as well as to inflict causality on probable reinforcement/ rescue team. (The Economic Times 24/10/14)

92. Maoists losing ground in tribal hamlets: DGP (12)

VIJAYAWADA: The Maoists are losing ground in their stronghold areas in tribal hamlets along the Andhra-Odisha Border (AOB), Director General of Police (DGP) J.V. Ramudu has said. To substantiate his statement, the DGP recently told the media that villagers of Korukonda in A. Annavaram police station limits in Visakhapatnam district thrashed four CPI-ML Maoists to death to avenge the killing of an ex-militia member and a local tribal person, Gemini Sanjeeva Rao, on October 20. “The revolt of tribals against the naxalites, when a big number of armed militants were gathered was a rare incident. The inhuman act of the Maoists prompted the attack,” said Mr. Ramudu. Asked whether naxals were still active in the State, the police chief said except for remote villages, the Maoist movement was very much under control. When police are chasing naxalites, they are escaping into forests in the neighbouring States, he said. “The attack on naxalites by tribals is an example on how villagers are opposing the Maoist activities. Earlier, the extremists had damaged a pipeline and were involved in some other anti-development activities in the same village, which was strongly opposed by the locals,” said the DGP. However, the dalam headed by Maoist district committee member Sindri Chinna Ranga Rao alias Sharat (who was killed by the locals) shot dead one Sanjeeva Rao, branding him as a police informer. They had alleged that the ex-Maoist was campaigning against the Maoists in the area, thereby damaging the movement. The DGP denied the allegations that Sanjeeva Rao was a police informer, and made it clear that he had not been involved in any Maoist activities for the past 13 years. Sanjeeva Rao had not passed any information on the Maoists to the police, he added. (The Hindu 26/10/14)

93. Orissa Maoist who helped abduct BJD MLA ‘surrenders’ (12)

Bhubaneswar: Prominent Maoist leader Nachika Linga, who in 2006 formed Maoist frontal organisation Chasi Mulia Adivasi Sangh (CMAS), surrendered before the police on Tuesday in his native village Bhaliaput in Koraput district. Linga (42), a tribal leader from Narayanpatna block of rebel-hit Koraput district with 49 cases of violence including abduction and murder against him, shot to prominence in April 2012 when he helped the Maoists abduct BJD MLA Jhina Hikaka two years ago. He had gone  underground after allegedly leading an attack on police in 2009. Inspector general of police (south-western range) Y K Jethwa said the police had persuaded Linga through intermediaries to surrender. “During negotiation, we had told him he would be produced before court as he has 33 non-bailable warrants pending against him,” said Jethwa. Of the 49 cases against him, Linga has been chargesheeted in 43. Social activist Prafulla Samantara, however, claimed that Linga was arrested from Bhaliaput and police’s story of surrender is false. He urged the state government to withdraw “false” cases against Linga as he was not a member of any banned organisation. In March this year, Linga was supposed to surrender in Narayanpatna block in presence of social activists, but he did not surface due to presence of police and paramilitary officials in large numbers. Sources said that though Linga helped the Maoists in Hikaka’s abduction, differences between him and the rebels cropped up soon over his plans of joining electoral politics. In March, the Srikakulam-Koraput Divisional Committee and Narayanpatna Anchalika Committee of the Maoists had publicly denounced him. The Maoists then had termed Nachika’s surrender move as “drama” that would serve his own interests at the cost of interests of the tribals. Maoists had also accused Linga of weakening the tribal agitation by joining hands with BJD. (Indian Express 29/10/14)

TRAFFICKING

94. Jharkhand couple held for trafficking (1)

New Delhi: A couple accused of trafficking minor girls and several others from Jharkhand has been arrested by the Delhi Police Crime Branch. It is alleged that Panna Lal Mahto (31) and his wife Sunita Kumari (37) supplied about 5,000 minors from Jharkhand for working as domestic helps in the Delhi-NCR region for the past eight years. It was from the arrested couple’s house in Shakurpur that Jharkhand MLA Yogendra Saw was held earlier this month. Mr. Saw, an accused in over a dozen cases of murder and other crimes, was allegedly harboured by his close aides Mahto and Sunita while on the run. Mahto and his wife had floated several placement companies, including illegal ones, the police said while adding that Sunita’s sister too had been arrested on October 13 for her involvement in trafficking activities. “The Jharkhand Police had approached the Crime Branch for the arrest of these most wanted human traffickers – Panna Lal Mahto and his wife Sunita Kumari – who were running a racket of supplying children. Non-bailable warrants had also been issued against them. Finally, on Sunday a trap was laid by the police team and both were successfully held from their hideout in J.J. Colony, Shakurpur, where both of them had come to collect their belongings,” said Joint Commissioner of Police (Crime) Ravindra Yadav. The two were also wanted in two separate cases. “It has been revealed that Mahto was running several sub-units to expand the human trafficking network in Delhi in order to make quick money,” said Mr. Yadav. Mahto was earlier arrested in 2006 by the Jharkhand Police for human trafficking and was in jail for about five months. While Mahto studied till Class XII, Kumari is a graduate and has also in the past worked with NGO Nehru Yuva Kendra, the police said. The arrested duo would be produced before a court here on Monday where the Jharkhand Police will seek their transit remand. (The Hindu 21/10/14)

95. Traffickers use abductions, prison ships to feed Asian slave trade (1)

Some 21 million people are victims of forced labour across the world, according to the International Labour Organisation. — AFP It’s unclear exactly how many people are being coerced onto the boats. But seven men who said they were taken by force described being held until the boats filled up with hundreds of people in what are effectively floating prisons. When Afsar Miae left his home near Teknaf in southern Bangladesh to look for work last month, he told his mother, “I’ll see you soon.” He said he expected to return that evening. He never did. When he reported for work at a house on the outskirts of Teknaf, a man there gave him a drink of water. Soon, his eyelids sagged and his head started spinning. When he awoke, it was dark. He had lost all sense of time. Two Bangladeshi men then forced him and seven others onto a small boat and bound them. “My hands were tied. My eyes were blindfolded,” said Miae, 20. The boat sailed through the night until it reached a larger ship moored far offshore. Miae was thrown into its dark, crowded hold by armed guards. He and his fellow captives survived on scraps of food and dirty water, some of them for weeks. The ship eventually sailed toward Thailand where, as Reuters reported last year, human-trafficking gangs hold thousands of boat people in brutal jungle camps until relatives pay ransoms to secure their release. Testimonies from Bangladeshi and Rohingya survivors provide evidence of a shift in tactics in one of Asia’s busiest human-trafficking routes. In the past, evidence showed most people boarded smuggling boats voluntarily. Now people are being abducted or tricked and then taken to larger ships anchored in international waters just outside Bangladesh’s maritime boundary. It’s unclear exactly how many people are being coerced onto the boats. But seven men interviewed by Reuters who said they were taken by force described being held until the boats filled up with hundreds of people in what are effectively floating prisons. Two of the men were taken to trafficking camps in Thailand. The experiences of these men recall the trans-Atlantic slave trade of centuries ago. Miae and four other men who were held on the same ship as him described being kept in near total darkness and being regularly whipped by guards. Two men from another boat said they were forced to sit in a squatting position and that the hatch to the hold was only opened to remove dead bodies. Miae and 80 other men were abandoned, starving and dehydrated, on a remote island by their captors, who appear to have fled for fear their operation had been exposed, according to two local Thai officials who were involved in rescuing the men in Phang Nga, located just north of the popular tourist island of Phuket. “Their conditions were beyond what a human should have to go through,” said Jadsada Thitimuta, an official in Phang Nga. “Some were sick and many were like skeletons. They were eating leaves.” More than 130 suspected trafficking victims, mostly Bangladeshis but also stateless Rohingya Muslims from western Myanmar, have been found in Phang Nga since Oct. 11, according to Thailand’s ministry of social development and human security. Prayoon Rattanasenee, the acting governor of Phang Nga province, said that interviews conducted by the police, rights groups and his own people revealed that the victims were “brought by force. Many were drugged but we don’t know the exact number,” he told Reuters. . … (Asian Age 23/10/14)

96. NCW chief for legalising sex trade (1)

NEW DELHI: The chairperson of the National Commission for Women (NCW), Lalitha Kumaramangalam, has advocated legalising sex work to regulate the trade and ensure better living conditions for women engaged in commercial sex work. Legalising the trade, she says, will also bring down trafficking in women and lower the incidence of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases. Ms. Kumaramangalam said she would put forth the proposal at the empowered committee meeting of the Cabinet on November 8. “It [legalisation] is meant to regulate the trade. A vast majority of women in sex trade are trafficked; if it is legalised then commercial trafficking can be dealt with stringently,” she told The Hindu. In the absence of regulation, she said sex workers were forced to serve clients in unhygienic and unhealthy conditions and without condoms, which led to the spread of HIV and other STDs. “For instance in Sonagachi [red-light area] in Kolkata, which is the best organised cooperative of sex workers, there is no security for the children; clients are reluctant to use condoms and become carriers of disease. All this can be changed, if we regulate the profession,” she said. The NCW chief said legalisation would cover various aspects — from working hours, remuneration and health care of sex workers to education and economic alternatives for their families. “There is a need to offer employment alternatives to the women in the sex trade,” she said. While she asserts that legalisation will also help weed out middlemen and brothel owners who exploit the women, activists campaigning for a ban on the trade disagree. “Legalisation of prostitution will only embolden the traffickers. Based on our experience, we know that women are abused, coerced and tricked into commercial sex trade. These women are not working by themselves, they are part of a brothel and there are pimps involved. And it is these people who make profit from the sex work; by legalising the trade, we will end up serving them,” said Tinku Khanna, of Apne Aap Women Worldwide, a grassroots movement to end sex trafficking. Supreme Court lawyer and president of NGO Shakti Vahini Ravi Kant not only demanded an end to the profession, but also strict punishment for those who force women into the trade. “The sad part is that in spite of the various recommendations from the Supreme Court, no genuine efforts have been made by any government to see that this social malice is eradicated,” he said. (The Hindu 28/10/14)

97. Orphanages using trafficked kids to get foreign aid, SC told (1)

NEW DELHI: The Supreme Court was informed on Wednesday about an organized child trafficking racket which supplied children from impoverished regions of north and northeast to orphanages and schools in southern states to enable them to receive foreign donations. Giving instances of child trafficking and sexual abuse of trafficked children in orphanages, amicus curiae Aparna Bhat focused on the state of affairs in Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Kerala and Andhra Pradesh to request the Supreme Court to order a CBI inquiry. She said National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) had found that “states of Manipur, Assam, Meghalaya, Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh were the source states in the northeast from where children as young as five-years-old were trafficked for education. The destination states of these children were TN, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Kerala”. Bhat said recently, Rajasthan Commission for Protection of Child Rights rescued 28 girls and a boy aged between 5 and 17 years from an illegal child home called ‘Grace Home’ in Mansarovar area of Jaipur. “Another 20 boys were rescued from another child home, a pastor who was running these homes was arrested. FIRs were lodged in Nagaland and Manipur and trial is pending,” she said. “Of the rescued girls, 23 were from Manipur’s Ukhrul district and the rest from Nagaland, Assam, Punjab, Jharkhand and Andhra Pradesh while all the boys were from northeastern states. Fourteen children were found to be sexually abused. Only one girl has given a statement before a magistrate while others were too traumatized to record their statements,” Bhat said. She also referred to four schools in Mangalore and Mysore in Karnataka – Vivekanand English Medium School, Shri Ram Vidya Mandir, JSS Institution and Pejawar Sarvajanik Uchitha Vidyarthi Nilaya – indulging in similar practice. Quoting the NCPCR report, Bhat said, “Most such orphanages/homes raised donations against the photographs of children sent to donors. There is no regulation on the activities of middlemen who arrange and transport children from the northeastern states on the pretext of providing them better education. “In these circumstances, investigations should be handed over to a central agency like CBI which should file reports before the Supreme Court. There is also a need for parallel rehabilitation process for displaced or trafficked children to avoid their further harassment during investigation.” (Times of India 30/10/14)

CORRUPTION

98. CBI files revised closure report in Birla coal block case (5)

New Delhi: The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) Tuesday filed a detailed and comprehensive revised closure report in a coal block allocation case involving industrialist Kumar Mangalam Birla and others in a Delhi court. The report was filed before Special Judge Bharat Parashar who posted the matter for Nov 10. After filing the report, the CBI said that the closure report contains a detailed account of the investigation being carried out in the case. It also told the court that the final closure report deals with everything collected by the agency during its investigation. The court, during the last hearing, had sought clarifications from the investigating agency whether an element of criminality was involved while allocating the coal blocks to the Birla-promoted Hindalco. The CBI had booked Birla, former coal secretary P.C. Parakh and others on charges of criminal conspiracy and corruption in the allocation of coal blocks in October 2013. But it filed a closure report in the case Aug 28, saying: “The evidence collected during investigations did not substantiate the allegations levelled against the people named in the FIR (First Information Report).” The court earlier also sought to know on what basis did the CBI  draw such a conclusion to close the case and what kind of investigation it has conducted. (Deccan Herald 21/10/14)

99. Four-time increase in graft cases in most state depts. (5)

MUMBAI : There has been a nearly four-time rise in corruption cases in most state departments, compared to last year. The state revenue department continues with the dubious distinction of being the most corrupt, followed by the state police. According to the last 10 months’ statistics, there has been a 123% rise in corruption cases in the state this year, and it is higher in Mumbai. At least 270 offences of corruption were registered against revenue department officials, compared to 148 last year; 246 cases of corruption were recorded against police officials in the state, compared to 155 last year. The gram panchayat samiti department’s figures doubled, from 31 to 72 this year. Fifty-five Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation officials and 10 private persons were trapped this year accepting bribes, compared to 37 last year. The latest among them were four civic engineers caught accepting a bribe of Rs 15 lakh from a builder in Byculla. Anti-Corruption Bureau (ACB) director-general of police Pravin Dixit claimed the increase in corruption cases was due to awareness programmes. “Initially, people were apprehensive if action would be taken against a public servant. Now, people’s faith in us has increased due to swift action on complaints, registration, verification and successful traps. A man walked in at 3pm on Monday, with a complaint, and by 7pm we trapped two Thane Municipal Corporation officials,” Dixit said. The ACB registered 1,005 offences of bribery, compared to 583 last year. The case of superintendent of police (Arthur Road jail) Vasudev Barkule and his deputy Pradeep Pathrikar being trapped in a bribery was one of the biggest blots on the state police. The duo was demanding Rs40,000 to clear a candidate in the jailer’s exam. ACB officials expressed surprise over the rise in cases involving the health and education departments. While 34 officials of the health department were caught, there was an equal number in the education department. The most prominent case this year was the arrest of Khalsa college principal Ajit Singh and his personal secretary Nikhita Vaid, for accepting illegal donations. (Times of India 27/10/14)

100. Give us names of foreign bank account holders by Wednesday: SC (5)

New Delhi: The Supreme Court Tuesday directed the central government to furnish, in a sealed cover by Wednesday, the names of all Indian foreign account holders given by the German, French and Swiss authorities. A bench of Chief Justice H.L. Dattu, Justice Ranjana Prakash Desai and Justice Madan B. Lokur told Attorney General Mukul Rohatgi that the government need not do anything but just disclose the names to the court and it will decide whether the matter should be investigated by the income tax authorities or by the Central Bureau of Investigation. As Rohatgi said that the veracity of the disclosed accounts is being investigated by the income tax authorities, Chief Justice Dattu said: “Why do you want to have the trouble of investigating. You give it to us. We will direct the CBI or the income tax authorities to undertake investigation in a month’s time.” “We don’t want the money that belongs to this country to go outside,” he added. “I have the list of 500 names, some of them are very sketchy,” Rohtagi told the court trying to hold his ground. The government had told that court Monday that it could not disclose the names to the apex court even in the proceedings under the constitution’s article 32 under which the apex court could be moved for upholding fundamental rights. “First give us the names, we will get them investigated. Not just one, two or three (names), give us in a sealed cover what you have got from French, German and Swiss governments,” the court told Rohatgi, wondering why the government was having “protective umbrella” for the account holders. The attorney general was told to give the names by Wednesday. “It will never happen during our time,” the court said expressing its misgivings on government’s assertion that under the SIT’s supervision, the income tax department will issue statutory notice to the people with foreign bank accounts whose names were disclosed by the foreign government. “We will never know that,” the court observed as Rohatgi said the government would come to the court after concluding the investigations. The court refused to modify its earlier order saying: “By this application you want to re-argue the entire case.” It said that it too had the same concern as petitioner Ram Jethmalani, while noting Rohatgi’s submission that the government was “not interested in holding back any name. We have disclosed all the names and details to the SIT headed by two former judges of the apex court. Once we get their (accounts) veracity checked, the process would be set into motion”.Faced with a situation where he was unable to persuade the court on the government’s intention to unearth black money and reveal the names of those who stashed it in tax havens, Rohatgi told the court: “Tell me that what can I do to allay your impression that we want to hide something.” Finding that the court was unrelenting on its insistence to get the names, he said: “The court will have to take the responsibility that that I will not be able to enter the treaty” scheduled to be signed with US in December wherein confidentiality of information is integral. “We are not that helpless. We will deal with the problem when it comes,” Chief Justice Dattu said brushing aside the contention. (Business Standard 28/10/14)

101. Centre submits black money list to Supreme Court (5)

New Delhi: As revealed to it by the French government, the Centre on Wednesday submitted to the Supreme Court names of the 627 Indians who are holding accounts in foreign banks. Attorney General Mukul Rohatgi handed over two sealed envelopes to the apex court bench headed by Chief Justice H.L. Dattu. Mr. Rohatgi said that half of these account holders are Indian residents and these accounts concern till 2006. He said that action has been initiated into the matter. Some of them have paid taxes while others are under investigation. The court directed that the sealed envelopes containing 627 names, including correspondence with the French government, be given to Special Investigation Team (SIT) chairman Justice M.B. Shah and vice chairman Justice Arijit Pasayat. The SIT was set up by the apex court July 4, 2011. The court said the SIT will move into the matter in accordance with the law. On Tuesday, the central government was directed by the Supreme Court to furnish in a sealed envelope the list of all individuals and entities in its possession who have accounts in overseas banks, legitimate or otherwise. The directive to this effect came a day after the government gave the court the names of seven individuals and one company, alleging they had funds in bank accounts abroad over which proceedings had been initiated for tax evasion. (The Hindu 30/10/14)

ENVIRONMENT/ CLIMATE CHANGE

102. Green policies can curb unbridled urbanisation: expert (9)

Thiruvananthapuram: The Indian ruling classes had instigated environmental disasters, ignoring the warnings about the dire effects of climate change, said political economist Amiya Kumar Bagchi Indian policymakers will have to try and develop renewable energy sources and promote bio-fuels and small hydel projects to put the brakes on the process of urbanisation that is responsible for the creation of slums and the displacement of people, eminent political economist Amiya Kumar Bagchi has said. Delivering the third Foundation Day lecture at the Centre for Development Studies here on Monday, he said investing in the abundant solar and other sources of renewable energy such as wind power and tidal power could help minimise the impact of unsustainable extraction of non-renewable resources and slow down the process of urbanisation. “Properly implemented, this strategy can generate decent jobs for the majority, long before we can foresee the end of market-driven, in equalising economics and politics.” Such moves would also be in consonance with the advice of climate scientists who have warned of the dangers of playing havoc with Nature, he said. Unlike China, Prof. Bagchi said, India no longer had the capacity to go down the accelerated industrialisation path by extracting resources from other countries. Besides, our whole environment is facing near collapse. Pointing to the unbridled promotion of luxury tourism and housing all down the steep slopes of the Himalayas from Arunachal Pradesh to Himachal Pradesh up to the Pir Panjal range in Kashmir, he said the Indian ruling classes had instigated environmental disasters, ignoring the warnings about the dire effects of climate change. Prof. Bagchi said privatisation of education was churning out students with no knowledge of the subjects for which they received degrees. (The Hindu 21/10/14)

103. Acts protecting environment should not be relaxed: Activists (9)

MADURAI: Environmental activists in Madurai have urged the Centre to spend more time to listen to the opinions of all stakeholders from across the nation before making changes in the laws related to environment. The ministry of environment and forests had in August welcomed suggestions as the government had proposed a review of the laws. The review would be done by a committee headed by a former Cabinet secretary. The suggestions are to be sent before the end of October. At a meeting facilitated by Samam Kudimakkal Iyakkam, a Madurai-based organisation, representatives from many NGOs working on the environmental front in Madurai and neighbouring districts took part and shared their views. The activists suspected the move by the central government and the way the work is speeded up is creating suspicion in the minds of many. The present laws protecting the environment should not be weakened in the review, they urged. They passed a set of resolutions at the end of the meeting and the same would be sent to the ministry for consideration. Opinions from people from all sectors including tribals, farmers, fishermen and environmental activists across the nation should be taken and considered seriously before making any changes in the existing laws. The time given by the ministry for public opinion is insufficient and should be extended. Industries, factories and companies creating environmental hazards should be checked and stringent action should be taken. Dyeing units and leather factories in several districts are creating environmental pollution, the resolutions said. The Forest Rights Act, 2006, which gives rights to tribals to eke out their livelihood and ensure their rights on the forest, should not be changes, the resolution said. M Arunachalam, head, department of environmental studies, Manonmaniam Sundaranar University addressing the activists said that lack of data on water bodies and the changes which took place in recent years has resulted in the failure to preserve them. Emphasising the preciousness of water and water bodies he said that such data would have helped to study the ecosystem. (Times of India 25/10/14)

104. ‘Swachh’ turning into photo op for many (9)

ADILABAD: The Swachh Bharat or Clean India drive in Adilabad has come more as a photo opportunity for officials and others than a chance to clear the place of weeds and garbage. The effort is also unlikely to achieve the desired success as it does not envisage control on garbage production. The standard practice of going about the garbage and weed clearance drive here is to inform the local press photographers of the day’s programme wherever it would be taking place. Officials and local people concerned line up with brooms for the benefit of the photographers. While the top officials participating in the programme leave soon after the photographers, those who have been shouldering the responsibility for the cleanliness drive stay for a bit longer. The best of efforts so far has not resulted in cleaning of over 50 per cent of any given premises since the drive started on October 2. Places like the huge premises of the Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences (RIMS), Adilabad, still have garbage strewn around despite a few hours of cleaning done under the drive. Evidently, the huge campus requires a concentrated and more prolonged effort in cleanliness which is its dire necessity. As most offices are located in urban areas and mandal head quarters the drive is mainly focussed on such places. There is hardly any cleaning done in rural areas. One example is the litter spread in the forest land which was cleared to accommodate a community kitchen at the remote Jodeghat village in Kerameri mandal when Chief Minister K. Chandrashekhar Rao came visiting on October 8. Though officials have come to the place after his visit, they have not bothered to clear the place of the garbage. “The